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Bird Friendly Architecture

Draft presentation on bird friendly architecture for urban areas

Bird Friendly Architecture

  1. 1. BIRD FRIENDLY ARCHITECTURE IN URBAN AREAS
  2. 2. MINER’S CANARY WHEN A CANARY DIES, SOMETHING’S WRONG WITH THE MINE..WHEN THE BIRDS START DISAPPEARING, SOMETHING’S WRONG WITH THE ENVIRONMENT......
  3. 3. BY NATURE CITIES HAVE A GOOD SPECIES DIVERSITY FRAGMENTATION BECAUSE THEY ARE USUALLY HABITAT LOSS BIRDSSPECIE DEVELOPED NEAR PREDATORS S WETLANDS, RIVERS INVASIVE SPECIES DIVERSITY ETC. SPECIES HOMOGENEITY POLLUTION COLLISIONS DEVELOPMENT BIODIVERSITY ARCHITECT SUSTAINABILITY
  4. 4. ‘’Let's start by imagining a fine Persian carpet and a hunting knife. We set about cutting the carpet into thirty-six equal pieces. There's still nearly 216 square feet of recognizably carpet like stuff. But what does it amount to? Have we got thirty- six nice Persian throw rugs? No. All we're left with is three dozen ragged fragments, each one worthless and commencing to come apart."
  5. 5. MANICURED LANDSCAPE HABITAT COMPENSATION SEMI RUSTIC LANDSCAPE- URBAN,CAMPUS,CORPORATE, HOME GARDEN CAR PARKING AREAS
  6. 6. •AMPLE NESTING SPACE •COOLER •SHALLOW PONDS •FRUIT AND NECTAR •INSECTS FROM LEAF LITTER •SAFETY FROM PREDATORS
  7. 7. HABITAT VARYING DEPTH. ROCKS AND WOODS ELEMENTS FOR HUMIDITY AND PERCHING REUSED RECYCLED BUILDING MATERIALS..BENEFICIAL FOR BIRDS THAT PREFER OPEN GROUND LIVING ROOFS
  8. 8. GRASS LAND BROWN FIELD ROCK OUTCROP
  9. 9. PLATFOR M CAVITY CUP BIRD NEST TYPES PENDENT GROUND NESTING
  10. 10. ADAPTATIONS
  11. 11. ADD-ON NEST BOXES
  12. 12. ADAPTATIONS
  13. 13. ADAPTATIONS
  14. 14. ADAPTATIONS
  15. 15. ADAPTATIONS EARTH BERMS FOR GROUND NESTING BIRDS
  16. 16. The Liyuan Library by architect Li Xiaodong encourages birds to build nests on its structure. The exterior is clad with more than 400,000 locally sourced sticks of firewood, which Li hopes will attract birds that will contribute mud and droppings to help plant-life grow.
  17. 17. ‘DANCING TREES, SINGING BIRDS’ IN JAPAN- EFFICIENT USE OF SPACE
  18. 18. BIRD MORTALITY DUE TO COLLISION- GLASS , TRANSPARENT, REFLECTIV E, BIRDS CANNOT MAKE OUT... PATTERNED GLASS/UV GLASS/NETTING ETC. SOLUTIONS
  19. 19. ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING- DISORIENTATION DOWNLIGHTING, SHADED LIGHTING, PREVE NTING LIGHT LEAKS
  20. 20. Avoid fragmentation. Cluster designs. green network. Urban landscapes. semi rustic. Trees. Shallow water bodies. Lawns with local grass. Leaf litter. Roof gardens semi rustic Attic spaces. Part of the attic spaces accessible to birds. Holes or openings of 5cm- 10cm diameter. Compound walls as nesting spaces Balconies, verandahs and sit outs with hooks. Projecting decorative elements - window ledges, decorative bracket supports for balconies, eave boards for sunshades, smaller gaps between the sunshade top and roof overhang etc. Courtyards and atria with greenery which are accessible to birds can be thought of as part of lobby designs. Avoid the use of plain transparent and reflective glass in general. They can be used with narrow patterns, netting etc. Artificial lighting in open spaces should be just enough for use, avoid light spilling, and preferably use down lighting. Being conscious about biodiversity during designing is most important, because this can lead to context and project based design solutions encouraging bird presence.
  21. 21. REFERENCES Daniel James Pedley (2010) Birds and People in Towns and Cities: An Exploration of Human-Bird Relations in Urban Areas; a Thesis submitted to University of Hull Hansell, Mike (2000). Bird Nests & Construction Behaviour. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Jameson F. Chacea, John J. Walshb(2004) Urban effects on native avifauna: a review John M. Marzluff, Ewing, K., 2001. Restoration of fragmented landscapes for the con- servation of birds: a general framework and specific recommendations for urbanizing landscapes. Restor. Ecol. John M. Marzluff , Reed Bowman, and Roarke Donnelly(2001) ''Avian Ecology and Conservation in an Urbanizing World'' Kluwer Academic Publishers K. Wang1, Z. Cao 2 and L. Xu3 Ecological compensation in urban design of coastal lowland city: lincheng new town lowland technology international Vol. 7, No. 2, December 2005 International Association of Lowland Technology Mathey, J., and D. Rink. 2010 'Urban wastelands – a chance for biodiversity in cities? Ecological aspects, social perceptions and acceptance of wilderness by residents' in Urban Biodiversity and Design edited by Norbert Muller, P. Werner, J. G. Kelcey. Wiley. Melles, S., S. Glenn, and K. Martin. 2003. 'Urban bird diversity and landscape complexity: species-environment associations along a multiscale habitat gradient'. Conservation Ecology Raphael K Didham, Ecological Consequences of Habitat Fragmentation, Australia Published online: November 2010 Rendell, Wallace B.; Robertson, Raleigh J. (1994),"Cavity Entry Orientation and Nest-site Use by Secondary Hole-nesting Birds" (PDF), Journal of Field Ornithology http://www.metrofieldguide.com/a-roof-for-the-birds-creating-habitat-on-the-portland-mausoleum-roof/ R. Fernandez-Canero and P. Gonzalez-Redondo 2010 Green Roofs as a Habitat for Birds: A Review; Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances; Volume: 9, Issue: 15 Simone Fontana, ThomasSattler, FabioBontadina, MarcoMoretti (2011)How to manage the urban green to improve bird diversity and community structure, Landscape and Urban Planning Turner, W. R., T. Nakamura, and M. Dinetti. 2004. Global urbanization and the separation of humans from nature. BioScience http://www.birdsandbuildings.org/docs/DougStotzFieldMuseum.pdf http://www.birdfriendlybuildingdesign.com http://www.krishnamb.com/composing-corporate-garden-landscapes http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/design-architecture/building-for-the-birds-and-the-bees-and-bats/7749 http://www.artinfo.com/photo-galleries/slideshow-a-library-lost-in-the-woods-of-china http://www.birdsandbuildings.org/documents/BirdFriendlyBuildingDesign.pdf http://www.behav.org/student_essay/birds/behav/finne_2010_urban_birds.pdf http://www.waterpark.org/documents/pages/birds_bats_and_buildings/690e5_007.pdf http://www.livingroofs.org http://www.waterpark.org/trust/biodiversity.html
  22. 22. THANK YOU
  • AnnetBabu1

    Apr. 17, 2020
  • SowmiyaTommy

    Oct. 10, 2019
  • arunams1

    Feb. 20, 2019
  • JalpPatel1

    Dec. 23, 2018
  • Naumankhan44

    Sep. 13, 2018
  • roopadhanesh

    Mar. 25, 2018
  • abinashsethi2

    Jan. 13, 2018
  • diganti

    Sep. 2, 2017
  • srinivas85

    Dec. 3, 2015
  • SatpalChauhan

    Aug. 8, 2015

Draft presentation on bird friendly architecture for urban areas

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