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Artificial Intelligence and Social Development

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Artificial Intelligence and Social Development

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has evolved over time and is now being applied commercially. Certain techniques has scaled to work across large-data sets - esp. over the World-Wide Web. More recently, some technologies are being applied to social development. This slide explores a few applications of AI to social development.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has evolved over time and is now being applied commercially. Certain techniques has scaled to work across large-data sets - esp. over the World-Wide Web. More recently, some technologies are being applied to social development. This slide explores a few applications of AI to social development.

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Artificial Intelligence and Social Development

  1. 1. Artificial Intelligence and Social Development<br />ArunRamanujapuram<br />arun_ramanuj@yahoo.com<br />http://techseva.org<br />
  2. 2. Why AI?<br />"AI can have two purposes:<br />One is to use the power of computers to augment human thinking, just as we use motors to augment human or horse power. Robotics and expert systems are major branches of that. <br />The other is to use computers to understand how humans think, in a humanoid way….you're using AI to understand the human mind (cognitive science)."<br />- Herb Simon<br />
  3. 3. Interesting problems…quite challenging<br />Knowledge Representation<br />Deduction, reasoning, problem solving<br />Planning<br />Learning<br />Natural Language Processing<br />Motion & manipulation<br />Perception<br />Social Intelligence<br />General Intelligence<br />Many of them – “AI Complete”<br />Source: Wikipedia<br />
  4. 4. Many Approaches & Tools<br />Approaches<br />Cybernetics<br />Symbolic<br />Statistical<br />Tools<br />Search & optimization<br />Logic<br />Probabilistic methods<br />Statistical methods<br />Neural Networks<br />Control Theory<br />Source: Wikipedia<br />
  5. 5. …But, exponential growth!<br />
  6. 6. There’s good news….<br />
  7. 7. AI has worked at scale: WWW<br />Tons of data available  Machine Learning<br />Supervised learning – Search relevance ranking<br />Unsupervised Learning – Entity extraction<br />Wealth of human knowledge  Expert systems<br />Taxonomy / Ontologies<br />Semantic web<br />
  8. 8. Social Development<br />
  9. 9. What problems should we really be solving?<br />Poverty<br />Unemployment<br />Health<br />Education<br />Livelihood<br />…too numerous to list!<br />Significant Constraints<br />Geographic distance<br />Lack of resources<br />Lack of awareness / skills<br />…<br />~10% of India jobless [ref]<br />½ the world < $2.50/day <br />[ref]<br />mortality, <5 years –<br /> 67 per 1000 [ref]<br />30%-40% of India<br />Illiterate [ref]<br />
  10. 10. How can AI help?<br />Drawing inferences - with noisy/incomplete data<br />Forecasting – based on sparse data<br />Optimization – e.g. optimal recommendation of goods and services<br />Insights on poor – mining & visualizing field data<br />Cognition – understanding relationships, behavior or usage<br />Abuse detection – Disease surveillance, detecting abuse<br />Improve Usability<br />Perception – speech, object and handwriting recognition<br />Language understanding & translation – across multiple native languages<br />…and many more!<br />
  11. 11. Some examples<br />
  12. 12. txteagle – Livelihood for many<br />Mobile “crowdsourcing”<br />Translation, transcription, surveys, sentiment analysis…<br />Currently in Kenya and Rwanda<br />Key challenge<br />Noisy user responses<br />Technology<br />Inferring correct answers based on majority voiting<br />Bayesian inference<br />Task and user evaluation<br />Expectation Maximization (EM) with noisy responses<br />Source: http://www.txteagle.com<br />
  13. 13. OpenClinical.org – AI systems in clinical practice<br />GoPubMed – http://www.gopubmed.com<br />Ontology-based medical literature search, >15M abstracts<br />GeneOntology (>19K terms) + Term extraction<br />“Which enzymes are inhibited by levamisole?”<br />Anitbiotic Assistant – http://theradoc.com<br />Recommends optimal treatments, uses real-time patient data with medical knowledge<br />Expert system (rule-based)<br />…and many more!<br />Source: http://openclinical.org<br />
  14. 14. SamaanGuru – Access to essential goods<br />Supply-chain management on mobile<br />Optimizing stock-levels in village stores<br />Currently in India<br />Key Challenge<br />Accurate forecasting / optimization with sparse data<br />Technology<br />Data quality assessment, reputation modeling<br />Novel optimization algorithms<br />Source: http://www.samaanguru.org<br />
  15. 15. MIT: Reality Mining<br />Mining data on human social behavior<br />Data collected through mobile phones<br />Communication, Proximity, Activity<br />Machine learning - build generative models to predict user behavior<br />Entropy of Life <br />Quantify predictable structure in an individual’s life<br />Source: http://reality.media.mit.edu<br />
  16. 16. What does the future hold?<br />More social problems of increasing complexity…<br />But, also…<br />Increasing amounts of data through mobile phones<br />Cutting-edge technologies working at scale<br />Social entrepreneurs solving problems with sustainable models<br />Stronger Public, Private and Community partnerships<br />
  17. 17. Let’s create a good future….<br />Thank You!<br />Let’s create a good future…<br />arun_ramanuj@yahoo.com<br />http://techseva.org<br />
  18. 18. Some interesting resoures…<br />AI for Development – http://ai-d.org<br />Engineering social systems - http://ess.santafe.edu/<br />Reality Mining - http://reality.media.mit.edu/<br />Mobile Active – http://mobileactive.org<br />OpenClinical – http://openclinical.org<br />

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