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USING ARCHAEOLOGY
TO INFORM THE DESIGN OF
MODERN SUSTAINABLE
ARCHITECTURE
ASNM Annual Meeting 2010
Rachel Preston
This is Green Design! NOT!
This is Historic Preservation?
Now what?
Technology is not the ONLY answer!
We can look backwards…
Solar
Orientation
By ignoring the source and impact of materials used
to create our living spaces, we are poisoning the
earth, the water, th...
Construction Impacts
Worldwide effects of Construction
0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
Energy use
Potable Water
Use
US Effects of ...
Concrete is one of the worst
building materials!
We might find an answer…
in VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE
New Mexican Vernacular
Haciendas
• Small highly placed windows
• Rooms only as deep as locally
available vigas would allow
• Covered walkways pro...
• Massive walls control heat and
cooling
• Small highly placed windows
control solar gain
• Exterior terraces allow for fr...
• Near-constant earth
temperature of approximately
56 degrees inside, year-round
• Efficiently heated with small
fire
• Us...
Vernacular models reduce the size of your pie!
(Which means more money in your pocket!)
They also help the environment bec...
The Moon Lodge
Taos, New Mexico
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2010 - Using Archaeology to inform the design of modern, sustainable architecture

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Lecture given at the Archaeology Society of New Mexico's annual meeting in 2010.
Visit our website www.archinia.com to see more of Firm Principal Rachel Preston Prinz' presentations or like us at https://www.facebook.com/ArchiniaDesign

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2010 - Using Archaeology to inform the design of modern, sustainable architecture

  1. 1. USING ARCHAEOLOGY TO INFORM THE DESIGN OF MODERN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE ASNM Annual Meeting 2010 Rachel Preston
  2. 2. This is Green Design! NOT!
  3. 3. This is Historic Preservation?
  4. 4. Now what?
  5. 5. Technology is not the ONLY answer!
  6. 6. We can look backwards…
  7. 7. Solar Orientation
  8. 8. By ignoring the source and impact of materials used to create our living spaces, we are poisoning the earth, the water, the ground, and ultimately… ourselves.
  9. 9. Construction Impacts Worldwide effects of Construction 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Energy use Potable Water Use US Effects of Construction 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Timber Harvest Municipal Solid Waste Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  10. 10. Concrete is one of the worst building materials!
  11. 11. We might find an answer… in VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE
  12. 12. New Mexican Vernacular
  13. 13. Haciendas • Small highly placed windows • Rooms only as deep as locally available vigas would allow • Covered walkways provide shade in summer and weather protection in winter • Courtyards with trees and wells act as swamp coolers
  14. 14. • Massive walls control heat and cooling • Small highly placed windows control solar gain • Exterior terraces allow for fresh air, ventilation, shading, and communication with each other and with nature • Solar orientation controls solar gain in summer Pueblos
  15. 15. • Near-constant earth temperature of approximately 56 degrees inside, year-round • Efficiently heated with small fire • Uses only natural, locally- available materials • Simple construction Pit Houses
  16. 16. Vernacular models reduce the size of your pie! (Which means more money in your pocket!) They also help the environment because they use local materials, minimize transportation costs and effects, and they can be made… by you.
  17. 17. The Moon Lodge Taos, New Mexico

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