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Road transportation

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ROAD TRANSPORTATION - BASIC GEOGRAPHY

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Road transportation

  1. 1. ROADS MOST COMMON SURFACES ON WHICH PEOPLE AND VEHICLES MOVE KEY PART OF HUMAN & ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
  2. 2. TRANS - PORTATION ACTIVITIES STRENGTHEN REGIONAL ECONOMY INFLUENCE LAND & NATURAL RESOURCE USE FACILITATECOMMUNICATION & COMMERCE EXPAND CHOICES SUPPORT INDUSTRY AID AGRICULTURE INCREASE HUMAN MOBILITY
  3. 3. HISTORY OF ROAD MAKING 1. EARLIEST TRAVEL: FOOT ON PATHS AND TRAIL 2. PACK ANIMALS & CRUDE SLEDS 3. DEVELOPMENT OF WHEEL 4. ROMANS  MOST ADVANCED HIGHWAY SYSTEMS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD 5. ROMANS CIVILIZATION’S PEEK  MILITARY ROADS: BECOME PERFECTED FOR WHEELED VEHICLES TO THE LIMITS OF EMPIRE
  4. 4. HISTORY OF ROAD MAKING 6. AFTER THE DECLINE OF ROMAN EMPIRE: ROADS DISREPAIR  COMMERCE TRAVELED BY WATER/ON PACK OF TRAINS 7. COMMERCIAL REVIVAL: INCREASED IN WHEELED VEHICLES
  5. 5. HISTORY OF ROAD MAKING 8. 18TH CENTURY: ART OF ROAD BUILDING REVIVED P. TRESAGUET – FRENCH ENGR.  METHOD OF LIGHTWEIGHT ROAD BUILDING NAPOLEON BONAPARTE (1800-1814) – ROAD CONSTRUCTING FOR MILITARY PURPOSES SAME TIME, THOMAS TELFORD & JOHN MCADAM – SCOTTISH ENGR.  ROAD BUILDING TECHNIQUES
  6. 6. ROADS AND DEVELOPMENT  VEHICLES IN THE BEGINNING OF 21ST CENT. 600 MILLION WORLDWIDE … CONTINOUSLY GROWING THAN POPULATION / GNP  AMERICANS – OWNS MOST CARS (1:1.7)  JAPAN – (1:2.1) GREAT BRITAIN – (1:5.3)
  7. 7. ROADS AND DEVELOPMENT  HIGHWAYS – STRENGTHEN NATIONAL UNITY TRANS-CANADA HIGHWAY  WORLD’S LONGEST NATIONAL ROAD BUILT TO IMPROVE EAST-WEST COMMERCE IN CANADA COMPLETED IN 1960’s GROWING ROAD TRAFFIC REQUIRED INCREASINGLY ROAD CONSTRUCTION
  8. 8. TRANS-CANADA H.WAY
  9. 9. TRANS-CANADA H.WAY
  10. 10. 1960’s WORLD BANK BEGAN TO FINANCE ROAD CONSTRUCTION, YET, SUSTAINABILITY WAS ALSO A QUESTION – COULD THE FACILITIES BE MAINTAINED ONCE THEY WERE BUILT? ROADS AND DEVELOPMENT
  11. 11. ROADS AND DEVELOPMENT 1990’s WORLD BANK FINANCED A PROGRAM TO BUILT AN ASPHALT RAOD NETWORK IN MOZAMBIGUE ASPHALT  KEY TO SMOOTH ROADS
  12. 12. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES PRIVATE TOLL ROADS COMMUNISM POOR COUNTRIES POOR TRANSPORT NEED FOR CUTS & FILLS/BRIDGES & TUNNELS SEVERE WEATHER CHANGES
  13. 13. HIGHWAY CLASSIFICATION 1. BASIC TYPES – CONVENTIONAL  UNDIVIDED 2-WAY ROAD – DIVIDED HIGHWAY  MEDIAN STRIPS/PHYSICAL BARRIERS 2. LANES – DETERMINE AMOUNT OF TRAFFIC – TYPICAL 2-3 – LOS ANGELES  5 – SOME ONLY 1 – TOLLWAYS  USERS PAY
  14. 14. CONVENTIONAL ROAD
  15. 15. 4 LANE DIVIDED HIGHWAY
  16. 16. LOS ANGELES LANE
  17. 17. CHINA TOLLWAYS
  18. 18. TOLLWAY
  19. 19. KOBE-WAWAJI-NARUTO EXPRESSWAY
  20. 20. HIGHWAY CLASSIFICATION 3. ROADS – HIGHEST LEVEL; FOR LONG- DISTANCE TRAVEL – EXPRESSWAYS – for high level of traffic – ARTERIAL – COLLECTOR – LOCAL IN URBAN AREAS

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