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life history of prophet mohammed sas . Arab before birth

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life history of prophet mohammed sas . Arab before birth

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life history of prophet mohammed sas . Arab before birth

  1. 1. Life History of Prophet Mohammed SAS History of Arab – Before Prophets birth By Arshad khan
  2. 2. Meaning of ARAB:  Linguistically, the word “Arab” means  deserts and  waste barren land  well-nigh waterless &  treeless. ‫صحراء‬ ‫ہ‬ ‫گیا‬ ‫و‬ ‫آب‬ ‫بے‬ ‫زمین‬
  3. 3. LOCATION OF THE ARABS:  The Arabian Peninsula is enclosed in the  west by the Red Sea and Sinai,  east by the Arabian Gulf,  south by the Arabian Sea, which is an extension of the Indian Ocean,  north by old Syria and part of Iraq.  The area is estimated between 10.25 lakhs square miles.
  4. 4. Arabia at time of the Prophet
  5. 5. geographical position - internal setting  it is mostly deserts and sandy places, which has rendered it inaccessible to foreigners and invaders,  and allowed its people complete liberty & independence through the ages,  despite the presence of two neighboring great empires.
  6. 6. geographical position - external setting  it was the centre of the world and provided it with sea and land links with most nations at the time.  Thanks to this strategic position the Arabian Peninsula had become the centre for  trade,  culture,  religion and  art.
  7. 7. Two Super powers in 7th century
  8. 8. ARAB TRIBES: Arab kinfolks have been divided according to lineage into three groups:  Perishing Arabs﴿‫بائدہ‬ ‫:﴾عرب‬ The ancient Arabs, of whose history little is known, and of whom were ‘Ad, Thamûd, Tasam, Jadis, Emlaq, and others. ﴿،‫ثمود‬ ،‫عاد‬ ‫﴾عمالقہ‬  Pure Arabs﴿‫عاربہ‬ ‫:﴾عرب‬ Who originated from the progeny of Ya‘rub bin Qahtan. They were also called Qahtanian ﴿‫﴾قحطانی‬Arabs.  Arabized Arabs ﴿‫مستعربہ‬ ‫﴾عرب‬ : Who originated from the progeny of Ismael﴿‫﴾اسمعیل‬ . They were also called ‘Adnanian Arabs ﴿‫عرب‬ ‫.﴾عدنانی‬ ‫قومیں‬ ‫عرب‬
  9. 9. Pure Arabs:  the people of Qahtan – originally lived in Yemen and comprised many tribes, two of which were very famous:  1. Himyar: The most famous were Zaid Al- Jamhur, Quda‘a and Sakasic.  2. Kahlan: The most famous of whose septs were Hamdan, Tai’, Mudhhij, Aws, Khazraj ﴿‫عاربہ‬ ‫﴾عرب‬
  10. 10. Pure Arabs: Kahlan emigrated from Yemen to dwell in the different parts of the Arabian Peninsula ‫عرم‬ ‫سیل‬Great Flood (Sail Al-‘Arim,( ‫برباد‬ ‫تجارت‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫کے‬ ‫قبضے‬ ‫پر‬ ‫راہوں‬ ‫شاہ‬ ‫کے‬ ‫رومیوں‬ ‫آباد‬ ‫آکر‬ ﴾‫﴿مدینہ‬ ‫یثرب‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫کے‬ ‫ہجرت‬ ‫خزرج‬ ‫اور‬ ‫اوس‬ ﴿‫عرب‬ ‫﴾عاربہ‬ ‫ہجرت‬
  11. 11. Arabized Arabs : ‫اسمعیل‬ ‫حضرت‬‫ہوگئے‬ ‫آباد‬ ‫آکر‬ ‫جرھم‬ ‫بنو‬ ‫وقت‬ ‫کے‬ ‫اسمعیل‬ ‫حضرت‬‫عمرو‬ ‫بن‬ ‫مضاض‬ ‫سردار‬ ‫کے‬ ‫جرہم‬ Mudad bin ‘Amr‫نکاح‬ ‫سے‬ ‫صاحبزادی‬ ‫کی‬ ‫کی‬ ‫آپ‬١۲‫اولدیں‬ ‫ہوئے‬ ‫مشہور‬ ‫قیدار‬ ‫و‬ ‫نابت‬ ‫ابراھیم‬‫کے‬۴۰‫عدنان‬ ‫بعد‬ ‫پشت‬ ‫کی‬ ‫عدنان‬۲١‫محمدﷺ‬ ‫میں‬ ‫پشت‬ ﴿‫عرب‬ ‫﴾مستعربہ‬
  12. 12. ‫رسول‬ ‫نسب‬‫ﷺ‬  Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:  “Allâh selected Ishmael from the sons of Abraham,  Kinana from the sons of Ishmael,  Quraish from the sons of Kinana,  Hashim from the sons of Quraish and  He selected me from the sons of Hashim.”
  13. 13. ‫حکومت‬ ‫کی‬ ‫یمن‬ ‫سبا‬ ‫۔‬ ‫قوم‬ ‫ترین‬ ‫قدیم‬ ‫کی‬ ‫عاربہ‬ ‫عرب‬ ۲۵۰۰‫تذکرہ‬ ‫میں‬ ‫کتبات‬ ‫کے‬ ‫ار‬ ‫میں‬ ‫ق۔م۔‬ ‫زمانہ‬ ‫کا‬ ‫عروج‬١١۰۰‫ق۔م۔‬ ﴿‫کو‬ ‫حکومت‬ ‫کی‬ ‫ان‬ ‫نے‬ ‫مورخین‬۴‫تقسیم‬ ‫میں‬ ‫ادوار‬ ﴾ ‫کیا‬
  14. 14. ‫۔‬ ‫دور‬ ‫پہل‬ ‫حکومت۔‬ ‫کی‬ ‫یمن‬٦۵۰‫م‬ ‫ق‬ ‫سبا‬ ‫مکرب‬ ‫لقب‬ ‫بادشاہ‬ ‫صرواح‬ ‫الحکومت‬ ‫دار‬ ‫قریب‬ ‫کے‬ ‫مآرب‬ ‫ہوئی‬ ‫تعمیر‬ ‫کی‬ ‫ڈیم‬ ‫میں‬ ‫دور‬ ‫اسی‬
  15. 15. ‫۔‬ ‫دور‬ ‫دوسرا‬ ‫حکومت۔‬ ‫کی‬ ‫یمن‬٦۵۰‫۔‬ ١١۵‫م‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ملک‬ ‫لقب‬ ‫بادشاہ‬ ‫مآرب‬ ‫الحکومت‬ ‫دار‬ ‫سے‬ ‫صنعاء‬٦۰‫مشرق‬ ‫میل‬
  16. 16. ‫۔‬ ‫دور‬ ‫حکومت۔تیسرا‬ ‫کی‬ ‫یمن‬١١۵ ‫۔‬ ‫م‬ ‫ق‬۳۰۰‫ع‬ ‫غلبہ‬ ‫کو‬ ‫حمیر‬ ‫قبیلہ‬ ‫شروع‬ ‫زوال‬ ‫قبضہ‬ ‫کا‬ ‫روم‬ ‫پر‬ ‫شام‬ ‫و‬ ‫مصر‬ ‫تباہ‬ ‫تجارت‬ ‫لڑائیاں‬ ‫باہم‬ ‫وطن‬ ‫ترک‬
  17. 17. ‫۔‬ ‫دور‬ ‫حکومت۔چوتھا‬ ‫کی‬ ‫یمن‬۳۰۰‫۔‬ ‫ع‬ ‫اسل

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