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Ict arvind jhajharia

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ICT concept and meaning

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Ict arvind jhajharia

  1. 1. Arvind Kumar Jhajharia Assistant Professor Department of Extension Education COA, Bikaner ICT initiatives in AgriculturalICT initiatives in Agricultural DevelopmentDevelopment
  2. 2. CONTENTS •Introduction •Significance of Problems •Review of Literature •Conclusion
  3. 3. INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION •India as knowledge superpower.India as knowledge superpower. •Create knowledge societiesCreate knowledge societies •Knowledge as a powerful tool toKnowledge as a powerful tool to drive societal transformation.drive societal transformation. •To preserve and protect traditionalTo preserve and protect traditional wisdomwisdom
  4. 4. • Agriculture continues to be back bone of Indian economy • ICTs can play a crucial role in information delivery in a vast and diverse country. • Knowledge has now been recognized as a major factor of production.
  5. 5. • ICTs can play a major role in delivery of knowledge to all the stakeholders’ • Agriculture Extension, in the current scenario of rapidly changing world has been emerged as an essential input in modern precision farming.
  6. 6. ICT has significantICT has significant advantage in:advantage in: •Societal TransformationSocietal Transformation • Economic DevelopmentEconomic Development • Strengthening of KnowledgeStrengthening of Knowledge
  7. 7. Mix of computer and communicationMix of computer and communication technologies.technologies.  Used for gathering, processing, storing,Used for gathering, processing, storing, retrieving information.retrieving information.  Computer and communication technologiesComputer and communication technologies are two supporting pillars.are two supporting pillars.  Reduces the skew in knowledgeReduces the skew in knowledge distribution.distribution. ICT-Meaning
  8. 8. It is a firm view of the govt.It is a firm view of the govt. that if any technology canthat if any technology can create new opportunity tocreate new opportunity to bridge the gap betweenbridge the gap between ‘haves’ and ‘have nots’ in the‘haves’ and ‘have nots’ in the present time, it is ICT.present time, it is ICT. (Directorate of Extension,(Directorate of Extension, 2002)2002)
  9. 9. CONCEPT OF ICTs Information and Communication Technologies are those technologies that can be used to interlink information technology devices (such as personal computers, digital cameras, digital video cameras and players, slide projectors , television) with communication technologies such as telephones and the telecommunication networks.
  10. 10. • ICTs posses vast potential to improve agricultural research, education and extension management by reducing the time and space barriers. • Worldwide ,ICTs are gaining prominence in all teaching, research and outreach programs of the agricultural institutions.
  11. 11. • ICT skills are currently of great interest to governments, businesses and individual. • ICT stands the chances to be counted first for the emerging opportunities and challenges.
  12. 12. ICT efforts in India:.ICT efforts in India:. • According to the Tenth five yearAccording to the Tenth five year plan:-plan:- • Twenty five percent of the fundsTwenty five percent of the funds allocated to state extension plan areallocated to state extension plan are meant for augmenting ICT formeant for augmenting ICT for information dissemination.information dissemination.
  13. 13. Union Ministry of Communication & Information Technology • Ten point agenda of the Union Ministry of Communication & Information Technology has claimed ICT to be of extreme importance for bringing about all round economic development.
  14. 14. STATEMENT OF ICT • This is a era of globalization. • Agriculture turning to be a profitable enterprise. • So, it demands competency in Agriculture education. • Need arises for developing positive attitude towards technology.
  15. 15. • GOI, State Govt. funding is increasing for the ICT infrastructure. • e-governance & ICT networking becoming talk of the day.
  16. 16. More importantly, it is expected that ICT would be fully integrated into the academic curriculum in order to prepare students for the world of work.
  17. 17. ICT Initiative Projects in India  Initiated by private organization, co-operative bodies and government for agricultural and rural development.  Major initiative projects are : 1. Gyandoot, Madhya Pradesh. 2. Warana Wired Village Project, Maharashtra. 3. Information Village Project of MSSRF, Pondichery. 4. Ikisan Project, Andhra Pradesh. 5. Tarahaat, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. 6. Bhoomi Project, Karnataka. 7. Sristi, Gujarat. 8. Milk Collection Centres, Gujarat. 9. e-Choupal, Madhya Pradesh. 10. Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), Gujarat.
  18. 18. REVIEW OF LITERATURE 1. Knowledge and Information age: • Munyua (2000) suggested that knowledge and information are basic ingredients of food security and are essential for facilitating rural development and bringing about social and economic change.
  19. 19. • Aneeja and Shenoy (2002) revealed that ICT is a powerful tool for the effective dissemination of information or knowledge gained across different areas. The basic function of the ICT is amalgamating local knowledge incubated by the communities with information existing in remote database and in public domain to herald formation of knowledge society.
  20. 20. • Singh and Salooja (2004) noted that ICT has the potential to improve the access to and benefits from rural poor, as well as creating a more informed policy environment. Use of ICT in every sphere of life, it will continue to influence every facet of human endeavor in the knowledge era.
  21. 21. • Shenoy and Banerjee (2005) stated that ICT in the field of agriculture, knowledge networking is going to make big differences in the life of farmers of the developing world. ICTs could provide farmers, farm related information such as best package of practices, weather forecasting, access to credit, price and availability of farm input, market information etc.
  22. 22. 2. New ICT’s: Amadhavalli(1996) found that ICT is a broad term that includes the use of computers, telecommunication and office systems in all aspects of information flows from collection to packaging and dissemination.
  23. 23. • Forno (1999) revealed that traditional media and new ICT’s have played a major role in diffusing information to rural communities and have much more potential. There is a need to connect rural communities, research and extension networks and provides access to the much needed knowledge, technology and services.
  24. 24. • Balit (2003) said that with new ICT’s, rural communities can acquire the capacity to improve their living conditions and become motivated through training and dialogue with other to a level where they are empowered and they make decision for their own-development.
  25. 25. • Dhaka and Mann (2004) defined that ICT is a recent and comprehensive term, which described the whole range of process for generation, storage transmission, retrieval and processing of information in a desirable manner.
  26. 26. 3. Information needs of Farmers: • Ahmed (1998) reported that most of the respondents (83.42 percent) were satisfied by the training programmer with a proper balance of the theory and practical. Designing training kit with adequate emphasis on practical and having a good mix of theory and practical was recommended.
  27. 27. • Rao and Reddy (2005) reported that the most expressed areas of training are, dose and method of application of manures and fertilizers, improved pests and diseases, their control, improved varieties, planting techniques and optimum plant population, suitable soils, irrigation intervals and method of irrigation, harvesting and processing, suitable months for planting in case of mango production technology.
  28. 28. ON-LINE LEARNING Petrova and Sinclair(2005) proposed organizational formats developed to accommodate the new educational paradigm need to be managed carefully in order to avoid early disillusionment and subsequent failure of students to realize the full education potential of on-line and e-learning.
  29. 29. Conclusion ICT empowers farmers, rationalize supply chain and improve productivity. ICT also facilitate research and development and information sharing on agricultural, farm extension technologies and approaches.