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Basics of Vedic Cosmology

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The presentation covers the differences between Vedic and modern cosmology regardign the idea of 'distance'. In particular, it distinguishes between 'real' and 'apparent' distance and shows how a reality which is never perceived creates the phenomenal experience. The 'physical distance' used in modern cosmology is therefore not real. Vedic cosmology pertains to the study of that 'real' distance underlying phenomena.

Publié dans : Spirituel
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Basics of Vedic Cosmology

  1. 1. BASICS OF VEDIC COSMOLOGY A S H I S H DA L E L A I N T R O D U C I N G V E D I C P H I L O S O P H Y — L E S S O N 1 0
  2. 2. PHENOMENA AND NOUMENA
  3. 3. THREE COMPONENTS OF EXPERIENCE RELATION (sat) • The ‘reference’ of experience • E.g. the individual object and property instance • The reference is comprised of individuals and the directedness of awareness COGNITION (chit) • The ‘content’ of experience • E.g. the objects (such as table) and their properties (such as shape and color) • The content is comprised of universals EMOTION (ananda) • The ‘desire’ for a particular type of experience • E.g. the feelings of like and dislike • The desire exists even when the content and reference don’t
  4. 4. HOW IS DISTANCE MEASURED? BODY LEG HAND PALM FINGER CEO HEAD OF FINANCE HEAD OF SALES EUROPE SALES ASIA SALES BE HAPPY HAVE A FAMILY HAVE A CAREER EARN MONEY EXCITING WORK HIERARCHY OF CONCEPTS HIERARCHY OF ROLES HIERARCHY OF EMOTIONS DISTANCE IS THE PATH ONTHE TREE TRAVERSAL
  5. 5. T H R E E WAYS TO D I S T I N G U I S H • Each person is a combination of three things: • They have a body, which can be known by some concepts like Asian, Indian,African, etc. • They have a role in society, which can be known by concepts such as cook, salesman, writer, etc. • They have a personality of likes and dislikes such reading, playing football, watching movies, etc. • Each person can be distinguished from other persons by their body, role, and personality SALESMAN LOVES FOOTBALL AFRICAN COOK LOVES READING LOVES MOVIES WRITER INDIAN ASIAN
  6. 6. T H E D I S TA N C E F RO M I N T E R AC T I O N • Once the combination of three distances has occurred, the individual things have been produced; these things are roles, concepts, and desires • Now, we can speak about the interaction between individual things, and the strength of their interaction, which creates the fourth type of distance SALESMAN LOVES FOOTBALL AFRICAN COOK LOVES READING LOVES MOVIES WRITER INDIAN ASIAN STRONG INTERACTION = PROXIMITY WEAK INTERACTION = DISTANCE INTERACTIONS
  7. 7. PHENOMENAL SPACE (PHYSICAL DISTANCE) NOUMENAL SPACE (RELATION, COGNITION, EMOTION) R E A L A N D A P PA R E N T D I S TA N C E • The apparent or phenomenal distance is produced from an interaction between things • It is not the real distance between things, which is given by their semantic properties (role, concept, desire) • The real distance remains fixed if the role, concept, desire are unchanged.The apparent distance can change as the strength of interaction changes SALESMAN LOVES FOOTBALL AFRICAN LOVES READING WRITER ASIAN REAL DISTANCE APPARENT DISTANCE
  8. 8. EINSTEIN’S RELATIVITY
  9. 9. R E L AT I V I T Y I S A B O U T P H E N O M E N A L S PAC E • Einstein showed that “distance” and “force” cannot be separated – In classical physics, these were distinct; strength of force depended on distance – Space is actually a force field – The force field expands, contracts, and bends the space, changing the distance • Einstein did not take the leap of saying that distance is created by interaction – This leap would require us to say that there is another space in which we have to measure the ‘real’ distance • Einstein realized that we cannot separate the apparent distance and force; so he merged the two ideas • This makes relativity very difficult to understand • This difficulty can be resolved by taking a more radical stance that phenomenal space is an effect of the interaction in the real space; we regain the separate ideas of space, matter, time, and interaction
  10. 10. PHYSICAL DISTANCE (RELATIVITYTHEORY) SEMANTIC DISTANCE (ATOMIC THEORY) T H E P RO B L E M O F Q UA N T U M G R AV I T Y • The biggest outstanding problem in modern physics • Physics is trying to reconcile real and apparent distances in the same kind of ‘space’ when they require two separate spaces • Interaction is created by prana and karma and this interaction creates the apparent distance, which is then supposed to be the ‘objective’ physical distance • The ‘objective distance’ is factually an effect and not the cause SALESMAN LOVES FOOTBALL AFRICAN LOVES READING WRITER ASIAN REAL DISTANCE APPARENT DISTANCE
  11. 11. MODERN COSMOLOGY MEASURES THE APPARENT DISTANCES • Cosmology is constructed from relativity theory, which is about apparent distance • The cornerstone of this cosmology is the idea of gravitational force – However, gravity fails to explain more than 95% of galactic matter – The so-called ‘dark energy’ and ‘dark matter’ are outside cosmological theories • If something seems close perceptually we say it is indeed close – The fact is that our measurement proximity is an effect of conceptual interaction – The cause of measurement proximity is the concepts and their interaction Modern cosmology is wrong because it deals in appearances rather than reality
  12. 12. WHAT IS REAL COSMOLOGY?
  13. 13. COSMOLOGY IS THE EVOLUTION OF THE PLAYGROUND, NOT THE PLAYERS • The playground is the space and time – The playground is not fixed; it represents the possibilities that will manifest one by one – The playground is a tree that grows and sheds branches, twigs, and leaves • On this evolving playground, the players evolve creating personal trajectories – Each player has their own trajectory of relations, cognitions, and emotions – The trajectory in space-time is evolving separately from the evolving space-time COSMOLOGY The Evolving Playground TRANSMIGRATION The Evolving Individual
  14. 14. M AT T E R V S . F O R C E V S . C AU S E • Matter is ‘space’, but it is ‘inert’ –It is different from force and cause • Force is “how” change occurs, cause is “why” the change occurs – “How” and “why” explain individual trajectory not cosmic evolution – In modern science we study “force” or “how”; inVedic philosophy we also study “why” or “cause” • Example – a man shoots a gun The gun is matter – inert The pressing of the trigger is force The desire to shoot is cause The morality is consequence • “Why” – reason vs. justification Reason:“I wanted to shoot” Justification:“Action was right” • InVedic philosophy: • Force is prana • Reason is guna • Justification is karma
  15. 15. C O S M O L O G Y I S T H E S T U DY O F E V E N T S • It involves the cardinal questions of ‘where’ and ‘when’ • It doesn’t involve questions of individual evolution – how, why, who, and what – how and why it will happen, who will be involved, what will their individual experiences be • To study cosmology, we have to say that matter is the evolving playground different from players and their evolution Three kinds of “space”WHERE The “time” of causality; kalaWHEN The “soul” of causality; jivaWHO The “reason” of causality; gunaWHY (1) The “justification” of causality; karmaWHY (2) The “force” of causality; prana-vayuHOW The “phenomenal experience”WHAT COSMIC EVOLUTION INDIVIDUALEVOLUTION
  16. 16. U N D E R S TA N D I N G R E A L C O S M O L O G Y • The “real” cosmology (‘real’ = not phenomenal) is the study of real space and time • We can never observe this space and time with our senses, but we must explain and observations using the structure of this space and time • The real space and time is ‘semantic’ – i.e. it represents kinds of distances – concepts, roles, and desires – and their evolution with time REAL SPACE ANDTIME – DISTANCE AND DURATION RELATION COGNITION EMOTION REAL CAUSALITY – REASON AND JUSTIFICATION KARMA GUNA REAL FORCE – PRANA-VAYU (FORCE) PRANA APANA UDANA VYANA SAMANA APPARENT PHENOMENAL WORLD PLANETS GALAXIES STARS
  17. 17. COSMOLOGY AND SPIRITUAL EXPERIENCE
  18. 18. GOD IS ONE AND MANY • The many forms of God are the experience of the perceptual proximity to a single Supreme Being • Each soul, by an interaction with God, creates a perceptual proximity to God – Each soul can think that God is “with me”. Spiritual advancement creates experience of proximity to God; God is with everybody even though He is far from everybody • When God appears in the material world, He interacts with the world, even though He is situated in His abode – His appearance is perceptual proximity
  19. 19. V E D I C C O S M O L O G Y I S B A S E D O N S P I R I T UA L I T Y • Attempts to ‘reconcile’Vedic cosmology with physical distance misunderstandVedic philosophy – E.g. the attempt to reconcile the ‘flat earth’ with the modern idea of ‘round earth’ – E.g. the regions of bhu-mandala are congruous with the orbits of other planets (e.g. Mars andVenus) so bhu-mandala can be equated to the ‘solar system’ – E.g. since Jambudvipa has similarities with geography of South-Asia so it is a ‘map’ of South Asia, and cosmology is geography • Those trying to reconcile the modern andVedic cosmological concepts don’t understand the difference between reality and phenomena.They think that what they observe is reality • They are unable to grasp the fact that the observation is produced by the reality through causal interactions • We have to explain our observation by that causality
  20. 20. “One who knows the transcendental nature of My appearance and activities does not, upon leaving the body, take his birth again in this material world, but attains My eternal abode, O Arjuna.” ― Bhagavad-Gita 4.9 www.ashishdalela.com

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