WHAT IS AUTHORITY??
Authority is the power or right to give orders, make
decisions, and enforce obedience.
It allows its holder to action certain designated
ways and to directly influence the action of others
It allows its holder to allocate the organization’s
resources in order to achieve organizational goals.
TYPES OF AUTHORITY
The three main types of authorities that exist within
an organization are:
1. Line Authority
2. Staff Authority
3. Functional Authority
Most fundamental authority within an organization
that reflects existing superior-subordinate
It consists of right to make decisions and to give
order concerning the production, sales or finance
related behavior of subordinates.
Have right to advice and assist those who possess
line authority as well as other staff personnel.
Enable improvement in effectiveness of line
personnel to perform required task.
Authority exist for only a designated amount of time
and covers only specific tasks.
Consists of right to give orders within a segment of
organization in which their right is normally non-
CONFLICTS IN LINE & STAFF AUTHORITY
From the view point of line personnel, conflict is
created because staff personnel tend to
1. assume line authority
2. Steals credit for success
3. fail to keep line personnel informed of
4. do not see the whole picture
WHERE DOES AUTHORITY COME FROM??
It’s a concept of power.
Power + Legitimacy = Authority
Power is expressed in command &
• legitimacy is the act of arrangement
that is regarded useful for those who
are affected by it.
It’s the grant of authority by one party(the
delegator) to another party (the delegatee )
In terms of management, it means the sharing or
transfer of authority and the associated
responsibility, from an employer or superior(who
has the right to delegate) to an employee or
The delegation of authority is a
process wherein the manager
assigns responsibility to its
subordinates along with the certain
authority to accomplishing the task
on the manager’s behalf.
1. ASSIGNMENT OF DUTIES TO SUBORDINATES
Before the actual delegation of authority, the
delegator must decide on the duties which he
wants to subordinates to perform. Here, the
manager lists the activities to be performed along
with the targets to be achieved, the same is spelled
out to the subordinates.
Duties are assigned as per their job roles
2. TRANSFER OF AUTHORITY
An adequate authority is delegated to the
The Manager must make sure; that authority is
strictly delegated just to perform the responsibility,
as more authority may lead to misuse.
3. ACCEPTANCE OF ASSIGNMENT
Subordinate either accepts or refuses the task
assigned by superior.
If refused move onto another subordinate ready to
accept the task and authority of it.
next, it reaches its last stage.
The delegation process ends at creation on
obligation on the part of subordinate to perform
In the stage, the subordinate becomes responsible
for completion of duty and is accountable to
superior for his/her performance.
ADVANTAGES OF DELEGATION
Helps is effective functioning
Results in quick results
Reduction in managerial load
Leads for specialized service
Aid to employee development
Training ground for executive ability
DISADVANTAGES OF DELEGATION
Central management is far removed hence makes it
difficult to pinpoint major problems when they
Problem in area of coordination as resulting in