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Learning and development in a peer-to-peer world

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Keynote presentation to the MyLK project final meeting, Louvain-la-neuve, 2018-08-06, by Simon Grant, Cetis LLP

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Learning and development in a peer-to-peer world

  1. 1. Simon Grant Learning and development in a peer-to-peer world
  2. 2. Outline ● the wider story ● the story’s logic ● how does MyLK fit in? ● longer term P2P vision
  3. 3. the wider story
  4. 4. The wider story is about (all of) us ● … some questions : about : – learning experiences, relevant or not; – career paths; – careers advice … ● … for you and me … ● … maybe friends and relatives ● not just your best examples!
  5. 5. After sharing, where are we now? ● What is “peer-to-peer” (P2P) and why? ● “Commoning” of resources – See The Commons, Short and Sweet – or the Commons Transition Primer ● Questioning the effectiveness of – hierarchies – centrally planned or managed services
  6. 6. World of increasing complexity ● Compare now with 40 years ago: – Career paths and structures – Learning resources (knowledge and skills) – Global society and economy ● What will happen in the next 10 years?
  7. 7. World of increasing inequality ● Currently power of capital >> labour – compare the analysis of Piketty ● “Le Capital au XX1e siècle” ● Super-rich = super-powerful ● Drive for “efficiency” puts workers down ● Reducing care for workers’ well-being – rather, should use the “triple bottom line”
  8. 8. World moving towards élite rule ● Complexity and remoteness mean that it is easier for elite to ignore common people – gated communities: out of sight, out of mind – even benevolent rich don’t know what to do ● The more complex the world is, the easier it is to dismiss inconvenient opinion as “fake news” ● Less and less trust in authority
  9. 9. Distraction and manipulation ● Myth: “it’s poor people’s fault for not trying” ● Entertainment / mass media / lottery culture ● Maintaining the illusion of hope ● Trying to prevent real commons using IPR ● If all else fails, use Cambridge Analytica (or similar) to swing votes towards elite interests
  10. 10. William G Perry; Robert Kegan ● Forms of Intellectual and Ethical Development in the College Years: A Scheme (1968) ● In Over Our Heads: Mental Demands of Modern Life (1995)
  11. 11. My e-portfolio book (2009) ● “Electronic Portfolios: Personal information, personal development and personal values” ● It is freely available on my own web site – a kind of Open Educational Resource – but who rates it, and will recommend it to whom? ● Try reading Part 3 of the book for some more optimistic related ideas…
  12. 12. the story’s logic
  13. 13. Who will help us learn in a P2P world? ● Maybe co-operative institutions? – for some defined purposes, but mostly … – too complex for them, so it will have to be … ● ourselves and each other – P2P … but: – beware platforms that suck up profits (FB etc.) ; – if we are not directly in control, sooner or later the platform will be used to exploit or manipulate us
  14. 14. How will we help each other? ● If there is no central authority, then build a new digital commons for learning – like Wikipedia is a knowledge commons ● No one person can know everything ● Curation of information must be distributed ● Common standards must be agreed and maintained, to make it understandable
  15. 15. To be effective, such a commons… ● Must set out any stages of development – what there is for us to learn, explained accessibly ● Must allow us to find our present stage ● Must help us find useful learning resources – rated by those who have been there and done that ● Must allow us to govern it together – See Elinor Ostrom and her “polycentric” idea
  16. 16. Peer authority and responsibility ● No authority left with the power to ask: – “what do you want to do” and arranging it ● Instead, need to find out for ourselves – asking: “where do I fit in with my peers?” ● We recommend to each other – to cope with the vast flood of information
  17. 17. how does MyLK ft in?
  18. 18. What does MyLK give now? ● It helps us find more useful learning resources – we add information about our expertise, our interests and our ratings, and the system delivers better quality resource recommendations, peer to peer ● It helps us keep track of our own informal learning – this is important – it is so easy to forget and lose track of learning if not linked to a central conscious purpose ● MyLK uses ESCO to give multilingual occupations
  19. 19. MyLK ratings and recommendations ● Not composed by some “expert” team ● Gives peer ratings, as on Amazon, YouTube – But Amazon, YouTube, Twitter, Facebook etc. are capital controlled and exploit us (not just through adverts) along with helping ● MyLK could become a “platform cooperative”
  20. 20. What does MyLK envisage? ● Extending careers mapping – creating another knowledge commons – essential for P2P course and job guidance – even better quality resource recommendations – also recommendations of next career steps ● Making recommendations fit people’s position
  21. 21. What P2P could follow from MyLK? ● ESCO is a very useful multilingual resource – European Skills/Competences, qualifications and Occupations – documented at a point in time; centrally managed ● How could we improve on ESCO? – real-time updates from people on the job, P2P – could show national or cultural differences – more like Wikipedia, though very challenging!
  22. 22. longer term P2P vision
  23. 23. A global information commons ● knowledge, skills and competence – (the EQF’s “learning outcomes”) ● credentials linked to learning – evidence more diverse than “qualifications” ● occupations and careers information – based on real people’s experience
  24. 24. P2P services built on the commons ● learning, education and training opportunities ● careers advice and guidance ● employment, jobs, recruitment ● help towards self-employment ● support for start-ups
  25. 25. thank you for your attention! asimong@gmail.com Cetis LLP