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Meetup Oracle Database MAD_BCN: 4 Saborea Exadata

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Oracle Exadata es una solución sobresaliente en cuanto a rendimiento, disponibilidad y escalabilidad.

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Meetup Oracle Database MAD_BCN: 4 Saborea Exadata

  1. 1. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Oracle Exadata Technical Overview Stephane Duprat – stephane.duprat@oracle.com Principal Sales Consultant – Core & Big Data 25/10/2018
  2. 2. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Safe Harbor Statement The following is intended to outline our general product direction. It is intended for information purposes only, and may not be incorporated into any contract. It is not a commitment to deliver any material, code, or functionality, and should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions. The development, release, and timing of any features or functionality described for Oracle’s products remains at the sole discretion of Oracle. 2
  3. 3. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | 3 Chaos, Lack of Accountability, Operational Inefficiencies Enterprise IT … with Time How do I manage this? Where’s the problem? How much is this costing me?
  4. 4. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Exadata Database Machine Performance, Availability and Security Best Platform for Oracle Databases on-premises and in the Cloud Enabled by: • Single-vendor accountability • Exclusive focus on databases • Deep hardware and software integration • Revolutionary approach to storage 4
  5. 5. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Exadata Database Machine X7-2 5 State-of-the-Art Hardware 120 TB disk capacity (10 TB helium disks) 25.6 TB PCI NVMe Flash 20 cores for SQL offload 51.2 TB PCI NVMe Flash 20 cores for SQL offload 40 Gb/s InfiniBand internal network 25/10/1 GigE external network 2 socket Xeon processors 48 cores per server 384 GB - 1.5 TB DRAM • Scale-Out Database Servers • Fastest Internal Fabric • Scale-Out Intelligent Storage High-Capacity Storage Server Extreme Flash Storage Server
  6. 6. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | X7-2 Hardware Compared to X6-2 6 Twice the Flash, 25% More Disk, Faster Ethernet, Faster Processors, More Memory Compute X7-2 X6-2 Improvement Cores per CPU/server/FR* 24 / 48 / 384 22 / 44 / 352 20% - 40% faster CPUs DRAM per server/FR* 384 GB / 3 TB 256 GB / 2 TB 50% more memory Max DRAM per server/FR* 1.5 TB / 12 TB 1.5 TB / 12 TB Network X7-2 X6-2 Improvement Internal (InfiniBand) 40 Gb/s 40 Gb/s External (Ethernet) 25 GigE 10 GigE 150% faster Ethernet Storage X7-2 X6-2 Improvement All-Flash per server/FR* 51.2 TB / 720 TB 25.6 / 360 TB 100% more all-Flash capacity Flash Cache per server/FR* 25.6 / 358.4 TB 12.8 / 180 TB 100% more Flash Cache Disk capacity per server/FR* 120 TB / 1,680 TB 96 TB / 1,344 TB 25% more disk capacity SQL offload cores per svr/FR* 20 /280 20 / 280 * Full rack (FR) configuration has 8 database servers and 14 storage servers
  7. 7. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | • Scale-Out Database Servers • Fastest Internal Fabric • Scale-Out Intelligent Storage High-Capacity Storage Server Extreme Flash Storage Server Exadata Database Machine X7-2 7 Smart, Database-Aware Software Compute Software – Oracle Linux 6 – Oracle Database Enterprise Edition – Oracle VM (optional) – Oracle Database options Storage Server Software – Smart Scan (SQL offload) – Smart Flash Cache – Hybrid Columnar Compression – IO Resource Management
  8. 8. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Exadata Database Machine X7-8 8 Large SMP Processor Model – Big data warehouses – Massive database consolidation – In-Memory databases Oracle Confidential – Internal 120 TB disk capacity (10 TB helium disks) 25.6 TB PCI NVMe Flash 20 cores for SQL offload 51.2 TB PCI NVMe Flash 20 cores for SQL offload 40 Gb/s InfiniBand 25/10/1 GigE external connectivity • Scale-Out Database Servers – 8-socket x86 processors – 192 cores – 3-6 TB DRAM • Fastest Internal Fabric • Scale-Out Intelligent Storage High-Capacity Storage Server Extreme Flash Storage Server Same Networking, Storage and Software as X7-2
  9. 9. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Exadata Hardware Generational Advances* 9 V1 Sept 2008 Xeon E5430 “Harpertown” V2 Sept 2009 Xeon E5540 “Nehalem” X2 Sept 2010 Xeon X5670 “Westmere” Sept 2012 Xeon E5-2690 “Sandy Bridge” X3 Nov 2013 Xeon E5-2697v2 “Ivy Bridge” X4 Dec 2014 Xeon E5-2699 v3 “Haswell” X5 10 X 64 X 6 X 48 X 100 X V1 – X7 Growth Apr 2016 Xeon E5-2699 v4 “Broadwell” X6 * Assumes full rack configuration of 8 database servers and 14 storage servers Oct 2017 Xeon 8160 “Skylake” X7
  10. 10. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Smart Analytics • Move queries to storage, not storage to queries • Automatically offload and parallelize queries across all storage servers • Extend In-Memory DB with flash • Run In-Memory DB on standby • 10x – 100x faster analytics Smart Storage • Hybrid Columnar Compression reduces space usage by 10x • Database-aware Flash Caching gives speed of flash with capacity of disk • Storage Indexes eliminate unnecessary I/O 10 Smart OLTP • Special InfiniBand protocol enables 3x faster OLTP messaging • Ultra-fast DB-optimized flash logging • Instant detection of node failure and I/O issues Smart Consolidation • Critical DB messages jump to head of queue for ultra-fast latency • CPU, I/O, network resources prioritized for end-to-end quality of service • 4x more databases vs same hardware without Exadata software Exadata Unique Smart Database Software Highlights
  11. 11. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | In-Memory OLTP in StorageIn-Memory Analytics in Storage 11 Latest Exadata Smart Software Enhancements In-Memory Columnar Scans In-Flash Columnar ScansUp to 1.5 TB DRAM per Server Up to 25.6 TB Flash per Server Automatically converts data to In-Memory Columnar format and up to 4x better performance in Exadata Flash Cache DRAM Cache (HOT) Flash Cache Disks Storage Server Compute Server DB Blocks DRAM Cache in storage serves OLTP blocks 2.5x faster than Flash Cache
  12. 12. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Exadata HW and SW Integration Optimized HW platform, Intelligent Storage, Storage Indenxing Optimiced HW Platform Intelligent Storage Storage index Select * from Table where B<2 - Only first set of rows can match Exadata has smart storage cells which among other things can reduce the I/O that is sent from the storage servers to the compute nodes, thanks to the filtering of queries is that is performed in the storage cells . Exadata is build on standard market component s, designed to provide an optimized solution to offer; high performance without bottlenecks and easily scalable To speed up query filtering , Exadata cells have an indexing feature that allows to skip those pieces of information that do not meet the filter criteria .
  13. 13. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Exadata HW and SW Integration Smart Flash Cache, Resource Manager, HCC Smart Flash cache Resource Manager Hibrid Columnar Comprecsion Exadata counts with the hybrid columnar compression functionality that allows it to obtain compression ratios between x10 to x30 , drastically reducing the I / O that is sent to the compute layer. To speed up the time of reading and writing (commits ) the Exadata has a large flash storage capacity (3.2 TB per cell ) and also a " memory hierarchy “ feature that places the data in the best level base on its use Ensure different databases are allocated the correct relative amount of resources (I/O bandwidth, and Flash)
  14. 14. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Best Performance 14
  15. 15. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Breakthrough Database Performance 15 *Exadata Rack with 10 DB servers and 12 Extreme Flash storage servers Exadata X7 Full Rack* Read 5.97 million IO/sec 350 GB/sec Write 5.4 million IO/sec n/a IO Latency 250 microseconds n/a OLTP SCAN
  16. 16. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Best Availability 16
  17. 17. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Exadata Maximum Availability Architecture (MAA) Blueprint for HA: Designed and Tested to Handle All Failure Scenarios 17 Fastest RAC Instance and Node Failure Recovery | Fastest Backup - RMAN Offload to Storage Deep ASM Mirroring Integration | Fastest Data Guard Redo Apply | Complete Failure Testing with Lowest Brownouts Local standby for HA Failover Redo-based change replication with data consistency checking Online patching, reconfiguration, expansion LAN WAN Servers, Disks, Flash, Network, Power Active clusters, Disk/flash mirroring Within Exadata Within a Site Remote standby for Disaster Recovery Across Sites DATABASEIN-MEMORY DATABASEIN-MEMORY DATABASEIN-MEMORY Redundant Software Redundant Hardware Redundant Systems Redundant Databases Redundant Systems Redundant Databases
  18. 18. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Zero Data Loss DR to the Cloud Use CaseZero Downtime RACZero Data Loss Backup to the Cloud Use Case Prod/Departmental Business Critical Dev, Test, Prod Mission Critical Backup and Recovery Bronze + Zero Downtime High Availability 18 Silver + Zero Data Loss HA and DR GOLD BRONZE SILVER PLATINUM http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/availability/maa-reference-architectures-2244929.pdf Zero Downtime Golden Gate Cloud Svc. Gold + Zero Downtime Maintenance / Migration Local & Remote Backups Bronze + Active/Active Database Clustering + Backup & Recovery Silver + Remote Replication, Zero Data Loss, Reduced Downtime Gold + Advanced Capabilities for Zero Application Outages and Zero Data Loss MAA Reference Architectures Recovery Time and Recovery Point Objectives
  19. 19. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | Unique Fault-Tolerant In-Memory Databases • In-Memory databases can reduce availability – Server crash makes memory inaccessible until after data is reloaded • Oracle Database In-Memory uniquely duplicates in-memory columns on another server – Similar to storage mirroring • Downtime eliminated by automatically switching to duplicate after failure Only Available on Engineered Systems 19
  20. 20. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. | 20

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