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EMMOCs2015 - Do MOOC students come back for more? Recurring students in the GdP MOOC

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EMMOCs2015 - Do MOOC students come back for more? Recurring students in the GdP MOOC

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Today, most students enrolling in a MOOC already have attended to another MOOC before. We study here a subcategory of these students, who register to the same MOOC several times, which we call Recurring Students (RS). Using data collected during three 5-week sessions of the GdP MOOC (N > 14,000 on average per session), we show there is a significant and increasing proportion (over 10%) of RS. While their re-enrollment seems influenced by changes in course content, they succeed in the same proportions or less than new students (NS). A more granular analysis, separating RS who had previously completed a track (Recurring Successful Students - RSS) from those who hadn’t (Recurring Unsuccessful Students - RUS), reveals that RUS complete the new session in the same proportion as NS, whereas RSS fail more. As a conclusion, we propose recommendations to address these students, which could be valuable for other multiple-session MOOCs.

Today, most students enrolling in a MOOC already have attended to another MOOC before. We study here a subcategory of these students, who register to the same MOOC several times, which we call Recurring Students (RS). Using data collected during three 5-week sessions of the GdP MOOC (N > 14,000 on average per session), we show there is a significant and increasing proportion (over 10%) of RS. While their re-enrollment seems influenced by changes in course content, they succeed in the same proportions or less than new students (NS). A more granular analysis, separating RS who had previously completed a track (Recurring Successful Students - RSS) from those who hadn’t (Recurring Unsuccessful Students - RUS), reveals that RUS complete the new session in the same proportion as NS, whereas RSS fail more. As a conclusion, we propose recommendations to address these students, which could be valuable for other multiple-session MOOCs.

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EMMOCs2015 - Do MOOC students come back for more? Recurring students in the GdP MOOC

  1. 1. Do MOOC students come back for more? Recurring students in the GdP MOOC François Bouchet (UPMC/LIP6 – francois.bouchet@lip6.fr) Rémi Bachelet (Ecole Centrale de Lille – remi.bachelet@ec-lille.fr) April 17th, 2015 Download this slideshow : http://goo.gl/ZQGh83
  2. 2. Video https://goo.gl/xrFhX0 2Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet
  3. 3. Paper/slides on 3Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet @R_Bachelet @fbouchet
  4. 4. Are recurring students the future of MOOC enrollees? 4Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet Time ExperienceinMOOCs ExperienceinthisMOOC Recurring students? Experienced students Recurring students = register the same MOOC several times
  5. 5. Research questions RQ1: Existence and frequency? How to identify them? RQ2: Specific behavior leading to research bias? Implication in research questionnaires? RQ3: Success - better or worse? Impact on their performance 5Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet
  6. 6. Context: GdP MOOC  Topic: project management  First French MOOC issuing ECTS credits  2 sessions / year since Spring 2013  New content added every session  2 individual tracks : basic and advanced 6Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet
  7. 7. Data: 4 sessions 7Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 GdP 1 GdP 2 GdP 3 GdP 4 % Numberofstudents Enrolled Entry rate Basic track success Advanced track success Partially in this study
  8. 8. RQ1: How to identify Returning Students(RS)? How many are they?  2 sources: ▫ research questionnaire ▫ Platform (Canvas) student ID  GdP3: ▫ source : ID => 8.4% RS from GdP2 ▫ source : quest => 6.3% RS from GdP2 (40.5 % participation rate) ▫ 13.4% RS from GdP1&2 (source : quest.)  GdP4: ▫ 13.6% RS (source : ID) • 23% from GdP2 • 90% from GdP3 8Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet
  9. 9. RQ1: Validating the data?  2 sources: ▫ Optional research questionnaire ▫ Canvas ID  GdP3: ▫ 8.4% RS from GdP2 (ID) ▫ 6.3% RS from GdP2 (quest.) ▫ 13.4% RS from GdP1&2 (quest.)  GdP4: ▫ 13.6% RS • 23% from GdP2 • 90% from GdP3 9 ID: reliable Questionnaire: Possible mistakes ID only: Serial recurring students from GdP1? Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet
  10. 10. 2 categories of recurring students 10Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet Students Recurring (RS) 10% New (NS) 90% Successful (RSS) 1/3 Unsuccessful (RUS) 2/3
  11. 11. RQ2: taking part in research questionnaires? (1/2) Propensity to answer: ▫ RS = NS in GdP3 ▫ RS < NS in GdP4 ▫ RUS > RSS in GdP3&4 11Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet RS answer less overall, unsuccessful RS answer more than successful ones
  12. 12. RQ2: taking part in research questionnaires? (2/2) Time spent answering: No significant diff for NS, RS, RSS ▫ Significant : RUS < NS 12Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet Unsuccessful recurring students go faster through the questionnaires
  13. 13. RQ3: better grades? (1/2) Number of points obtained: ▫ Basic track: • RS < NS • RSS < RUS ▫ Advanced track: • RS < NS • RSS > RUS 13Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet Previously successful ones better on advanced track, less good on basic track
  14. 14. RQ3: better completion? (2/2) Session completed (true | false): ▫ RS < NS ▫ RUS > RSS in GdP3 ▫ RUS = RSS in GdP4 14Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet RS complete less than NS Previously unsuccessful complete more or as much
  15. 15. Results summary  Recurring students (RS) exist (10%) and here to stay (↗ %)  RS answer to research questionnaires less and faster  RS complete less the sessions, different reasons: ▫ Previously successful (1/3) : Go faster through basic content Don’t want to complete again ▫ Previously unsuccessful (2/3) : Motivated but struggling 15Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet Stud. RS 10%NS 90% RSS 1/3RUS 2/3
  16. 16. Further study/conclusions  Recurring students (RS) exist (10%) and here to stay (↗ %)  to be confirmed in new sessions (additional content)  RS answer to optional questionnaires less and faster  retrieve previous answers and offer to update them?  RS complete less the sessions, different reasons: ▫ Previously successful (1/3) : Go faster through basic content Don’t want to complete again should be able to focus only on new content “Carry over” of grades? ▫ Previously unsuccessful (2/3) : Motivated but struggling  provide additional support from the beginning 16Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet
  17. 17. Thank You ! 17Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet
  18. 18. 18Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet
  19. 19. 19Recurring students in the GdP MOOC – F. Bouchet & R. Bachelet

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