Aucune remarque pour cette diapositive
Foto von Spelterini 1908. Schadenpotential ist noch relativ bescheiden.
Foto AWEL 2008, Schwemmkegel der Sihl. Die Limmat liegt auf dem gesamten Stadtgebiet von Zürich ganz am rechten Talrand, abgedrängt durch die Sihl.
Hazard-appropriate behaviour in spatial planning only possible if hazards and risks are known.
Hazard mapping and risk analysis were forced during last years and is regularly updated
Federal authorities define the legal framework and provide financial support
Cantons and municipalities are responsible for the compilation of hazard maps.
Inform the population about the relevant natural hazards
Conserve and promote the knowledge by a dialogue on risk
Easily accessible information
Research and development
1. Disaster risk reduction is key for a sustainable and equitable future
Reducing the risk for natural disasters can increase our chances of building the sustainable and equitable future we want with resilient, secure, prosperous societies. The Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) with a strong post-Hyogo Framework for Action will advance these efforts. In addition to this process, the elaboration of the Sustainable Development Goals as well as the new international agreement on climate change are also underway and can become an essential future instrument for disaster risk reduction. Disaster risk reduction is a cost effective and cross cutting aspect of sustainable development!
2. Integrated disaster risk management approach – is the way to go
In order to protect and sustain development gains we promote an integrated disaster risk management approach to improve the resilience of the populations at risk. An integrated disaster risk management approach is based on sound knowledge of the characteristics of all prevailing hazards and risks. It sees mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery as complementary mechanisms which need to be combined in the appropriate way to achieve a level of safety and security that is sustainable, i.e. economically viable, socially acceptable and environment friendly. All measures need to consider and be adaptable to future developments (climate change or population growth) and accommodate excess loads including in land use planning. In order that disasters will always occur proper emergency preparedness and timely identification of hazard events are key to reduce future losses.
3. Create an enabling environment
Switzerland promotes as a step to reach governance and accountability to define clear roles and responsibilities at all relevant administrative levels (national, district, municipal) and for all stakeholders (state authorities, private sector institutions, academic sector, international and non-governmental organisations and civil society) that are followed by suitable capacities and budget.
Joint planning of DRR activities by all actors – governmental and non-governmental bodies – creates synergies and reduces duplication. Decision-making should be transparent and based on a participative approach. Considering that, natural and other hazards affect primarily local communities, the reduction and management of the risks of such events needs to be well anchored at the district and municipal level. Responsibilities and rights have to be delegated as far down to ensure that local knowledge is valued, ownership guaranteed and individual responsibility strengthened considering the limit of each level’s capacity.