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BY
DR.B.MAHAMMAD RAFEE
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR IN MANAGEMENT
BRINDAVAN COLLEGE, BANGALORE
*Intellectual property is an intangible creation of the
human mind, usually expressed or translated in to a
tangible form that is assigned certain rights of property
or Intellectual property rights are the legal rights that
cover the privileges given to individuals who are the
owners and inventors of a work, and have created
something with their intellectual creativity.
Individuals related to areas such as literature, music,
invention, etc., can be granted such rights, which can
then be used in the business practices by them.
*The creator/inventor gets exclusive rights
against any misuse or use of work without
his/her prior information. However, the
rights are granted for a limited period of
time to maintain equilibrium.
It is also the legal ownership by person or
business of an invention / discovery
attached to particular product or processes
which protects the owner against
unauthorized copyright or imitation
The following list of activities which are covered by
the intellectual property rights are laid down by the
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) −
*Industrial designs
*Scientific discoveries
*Protection against unfair competition
*Literary, artistic, and scientific works
*Inventions in all fields of human endeavor
*Performances of performing artists, phonograms,
and broadcasts
*Trademarks, service marks, commercial names, and
designations
*All other rights resulting from intellectual activity in
the industrial, scientific, literary, or artistic fields.
BY Copy rights, Patented objects, trade marks, industrial
designs, trade secrets, Layout designs, Geographical
Indications.
*Functional and technical Inventions by Patents Act
*Purely artistic works by Copy right Act
*A symbol, logo, word, sound, design by Trade Mark
INDUSTRIAL PROPERTIES
PATENTS
INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS
TRADEMARKS
TRADE SECRETS
PLANT VARIETIES
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
GEOGRAPHICAL
INDICATORS
COPYRIGHT
LITERARY
NOVEL
POEM
PLAYS
FILMS
MUSICAL
ARTISTIC
DRAWINGS
PHOTOGRAHS
PERFORMING ARTS
SCULPTURES
SOFTWARE
Provides exclusive rights to the creators or inventors.
Encourages individuals to distribute and share information and
data instead of keeping it confidential.
Provides legal defense and offers the creators the incentive of
their work.
Helps in social and financial development.
Patent:
A patent is a legal title granting its holder the exclusive
right to make use of an invention for a limited area and
time by stopping others from, among other things,
making, using or selling it without authorization.
In return for this right, the applicant must disclose
how his invention works in sufficient detail.
When a patent is granted, the applicant becomes the
owner of the patent. Like any other form of property,
a patent can be bought, sold, licensed or mortgaged.
Patents are territorial rights, so an Indian patent will
only give the owner rights within India and rights to
stop others from importing products into India.
Patent law and practice India
Guided By The Patents Act,1970 as amended
By The Patents (Amendment ) Act,2005
Disclosure of Advancement
The Patent
Office
20 yrs of
Exclusive rights
on Advancement
Inventor-
Assignee of the
Inventor-
Legal Heir of An
Inventor
PATENTS
 As on date, India is fully in compliance with its international
obligations under the TRIPs Agreement.
 The Patents Act 1970 has undergone three amendments –
1999, 2002 & 2005.
 The III Amendment in 2005 has major implications on the
following:
 Introduction of product patent protection for food,
pharmaceutical and chemical inventions.
 Examination The “mail box” applications, from January 01, 2005
Industrial designs
The protection you receive is only for the
appearance of the article and not how it works.
Design registration is intended to protect
designs which have an industrial or commercial
use.
Duration of protection is initially for 10 years
and extendable for another term of 5 years.
Designs of stamps, labels, tokens, cards,
cartoons, or parts of an article not sold
separately, cannot be registered.
TRADEMARKS
(Governed By The Trade Marks Act,1999)
A trade mark is any sign which can distinguish
the goods of one trader from those of another.
Sign includes, words, logos, pictures, or a
combination of these.
A trade mark is used as a marketing tool so that
customers can recognize the product of a
particular trader.
To register a trade mark , the mark must
be:-
distinctive, and, not deceptive, or contrary
to law or morality, and, not identical or similar
to any earlier marks for the same or similar
goods.
Trade Secrets: Confidential Info
(manufacturing and commercial secrets- May be consumer profiles, distribution Methods,
Manufacturing process, Advertising strategies)
A typical example is Coca-Cola. This soft drink was invented in
1886 and was never protected by a patent, only by a trademark
(for the name Coca-Cola) and by an industrial design (for this
very special design of the Coca-Cola bottle.
he process of the Coca-Cola drink is secret and is only known
by two persons in the world. They are not allowed to travel
together, so that there is no chance of them dying at the same
time in an accident. The secret of the Coca-Cola process was
well kept during all these years, and nobody is able to produce
a drink with exactly the same taste still today. You all know that
Pepsi Cola, its biggest competitor, has a different taste.
Protection of New varieties of Plants
(To Be Governed By Sui Generis system
The Protection Of Plant Varieties and Farmer’s Rights Act, 2001)
NEW PLANT VARIETY: a )DISTINCT b) UNIFORM and c)STABLE
The objectives of the Act are as follows :
To provide for the establishment of an effective system
for protection of plant varieties;
To provide for the rights of farmers and plant breeders;
To stimulate investment for research and development
and to facilitate growth of the seed industry;
To ensure availability of high quality seeds and planting
materials of improved varieties to farmers
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: LAYOUT DESIGNS [To be
governed by The Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout
Designs Law (SICLD) Act, 2000]
The Semi-Conductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design
(SICLD)Act, 2000 is the governing Act for 'Lay Out Designs of
Integrated Circuits' in India.
The aim of the Act is to provide protection of Intellectual Property
Right (IPR) in the area of Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Layout
Designs and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
The Act is implemented by the Department of Information
Technology, Ministry of Information Technology.
The Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design
Registry (SICLDR) is the office where the applications on Layout-
Designs of integrated circuits are filed for registration of created
IPR.
The Registry has jurisdiction all over India
GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS
(Governed By The Geographical Indication
Of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act,1999 )
•An indication used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods
originating from a definite territory in India.
•It should have a special quality or characteristics or reputation based
upon the climatic or production characteristics unique to the geographical
location.
•Examples of Geographical Indications in India are Darjeeling Tea,
Kanchipuram Silk Saree, Alphonso Mango, Nagpur Orange, Kolhapuri
Chappal, Bikaneri Bhujia, etc.
•Any association of persons, producers, organization established by or
under the law can apply representing & protecting the interests of the
producers.
•The registration of a Geographical Indication is for a period of ten years.
•Renewal is possible for further periods of 10 years each.
COPYRIGHT
(Governed by the Copyrights Act,1957)
Copyright in :
a) Original literary , dramatic, musical and artistic works;
-Computer Software's, Engineering Drawings
b) Cinematographic films; and
c) Sound recordings
Term : Usually lifetime of the author until fifty years following
the year of death of author
Broadcast Reproduction right – Twenty Five Years
Performers Right- Fifty Years
Authors Rights- Moral Rights-Authorship/Object to Alterations
Resale Share Right In original Copies
SOME ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES OF WORKS.
Literary works : Novels, Diaries, Poems
Musical works: Symphonies, Jazz, Improvisation
Choreographic works : Dance, Ballet
Artistic works : Paintings, Engravings, Sculptures
Architectural works : Buildings themselves
Figurative works : Maps, Drawings and Charts of a scientific nature
Cinematographic Works : Movies, Video
Photographic works : Photographs, Photogravures
Program works : Computer Programs, applications
Importance of IPR’s
To protect the intellectual property rights in the Indian territory, India
has defined the formation of constitutional, administrative and
jurisdictive outline whether they imply the copyright, patent,
trademark, industrial designs, or any other parts of the intellectual
property rights.
Back in the year 1999, the government passed an important legislation
based on international practices to safeguard the intellectual property
rights. Let us have a glimpse of the same −
The Patents (Amendment) Act, 1999, facilitates the establishment of
the mail box system for filing patents. It offers exclusive marketing
rights for a time period of five years.
The Trade Marks Bill, 1999, replaced the Trade and Merchandise
Marks Act, 1958
The Copyright (Amendment) Act, 1999, was signed by the
President of India.
The sui generis legislation was approved and named as the
Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and
Protection) Bill, 1999.
The Industrial Designs Bill, 1999, replaced the Designs Act,
1911.
The Patents (Second Amendment) Bill, 1999, for further
amending the Patents Act of 1970 in compliance with the TRIPS.
Every new invention in the field of technology experiences a
variety of threats. Internet is one such threat, which has
captured the physical marketplace and have converted it into a
virtual marketplace.
To safeguard the business interest, it is vital to create an
effective property management and protection mechanism
keeping in mind the considerable amount of business and
commerce taking place in the Cyber Space.
Today it is critical for every business to develop an effective and
collaborative IP management mechanism and protection
strategy. The ever-looming threats in the cybernetic world can
thus be monitored and confined.
Every new invention in the field of technology experiences a
variety of threats. Internet is one such threat, which has
captured the physical marketplace and have converted it into a
virtual marketplace.
To safeguard the business interest, it is vital to create an
effective property management and protection mechanism
keeping in mind the considerable amount of business and
commerce taking place in the Cyber Space.
Today it is critical for every business to develop an effective and
collaborative IP management mechanism and protection
strategy. The ever-looming threats in the cybernetic world can
thus be monitored and confined.
To design and implement a secure cyberspace, some stringent
strategies have been put in place. The major strategies employed
to ensure cyber security, which include the following −
*Creating a Secure Cyber Ecosystem
*Creating an Assurance Framework
*Encouraging Open Standards
*Strengthening the Regulatory Framework
*Creating Mechanisms for IT Security
*Securing E-governance Services
*Protecting Critical Information Infrastructure
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Ipr's

  • 1. BY DR.B.MAHAMMAD RAFEE ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR IN MANAGEMENT BRINDAVAN COLLEGE, BANGALORE
  • 2. *Intellectual property is an intangible creation of the human mind, usually expressed or translated in to a tangible form that is assigned certain rights of property or Intellectual property rights are the legal rights that cover the privileges given to individuals who are the owners and inventors of a work, and have created something with their intellectual creativity. Individuals related to areas such as literature, music, invention, etc., can be granted such rights, which can then be used in the business practices by them.
  • 3. *The creator/inventor gets exclusive rights against any misuse or use of work without his/her prior information. However, the rights are granted for a limited period of time to maintain equilibrium. It is also the legal ownership by person or business of an invention / discovery attached to particular product or processes which protects the owner against unauthorized copyright or imitation
  • 4. The following list of activities which are covered by the intellectual property rights are laid down by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) − *Industrial designs *Scientific discoveries *Protection against unfair competition *Literary, artistic, and scientific works *Inventions in all fields of human endeavor *Performances of performing artists, phonograms, and broadcasts *Trademarks, service marks, commercial names, and designations *All other rights resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary, or artistic fields.
  • 5. BY Copy rights, Patented objects, trade marks, industrial designs, trade secrets, Layout designs, Geographical Indications. *Functional and technical Inventions by Patents Act *Purely artistic works by Copy right Act *A symbol, logo, word, sound, design by Trade Mark
  • 6. INDUSTRIAL PROPERTIES PATENTS INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS TRADEMARKS TRADE SECRETS PLANT VARIETIES INTEGRATED CIRCUITS GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATORS COPYRIGHT LITERARY NOVEL POEM PLAYS FILMS MUSICAL ARTISTIC DRAWINGS PHOTOGRAHS PERFORMING ARTS SCULPTURES SOFTWARE
  • 7. Provides exclusive rights to the creators or inventors. Encourages individuals to distribute and share information and data instead of keeping it confidential. Provides legal defense and offers the creators the incentive of their work. Helps in social and financial development.
  • 8. Patent: A patent is a legal title granting its holder the exclusive right to make use of an invention for a limited area and time by stopping others from, among other things, making, using or selling it without authorization. In return for this right, the applicant must disclose how his invention works in sufficient detail. When a patent is granted, the applicant becomes the owner of the patent. Like any other form of property, a patent can be bought, sold, licensed or mortgaged. Patents are territorial rights, so an Indian patent will only give the owner rights within India and rights to stop others from importing products into India.
  • 9. Patent law and practice India Guided By The Patents Act,1970 as amended By The Patents (Amendment ) Act,2005 Disclosure of Advancement The Patent Office 20 yrs of Exclusive rights on Advancement Inventor- Assignee of the Inventor- Legal Heir of An Inventor
  • 10. PATENTS  As on date, India is fully in compliance with its international obligations under the TRIPs Agreement.  The Patents Act 1970 has undergone three amendments – 1999, 2002 & 2005.  The III Amendment in 2005 has major implications on the following:  Introduction of product patent protection for food, pharmaceutical and chemical inventions.  Examination The “mail box” applications, from January 01, 2005
  • 11. Industrial designs The protection you receive is only for the appearance of the article and not how it works. Design registration is intended to protect designs which have an industrial or commercial use. Duration of protection is initially for 10 years and extendable for another term of 5 years. Designs of stamps, labels, tokens, cards, cartoons, or parts of an article not sold separately, cannot be registered.
  • 12. TRADEMARKS (Governed By The Trade Marks Act,1999) A trade mark is any sign which can distinguish the goods of one trader from those of another. Sign includes, words, logos, pictures, or a combination of these. A trade mark is used as a marketing tool so that customers can recognize the product of a particular trader. To register a trade mark , the mark must be:- distinctive, and, not deceptive, or contrary to law or morality, and, not identical or similar to any earlier marks for the same or similar goods.
  • 13. Trade Secrets: Confidential Info (manufacturing and commercial secrets- May be consumer profiles, distribution Methods, Manufacturing process, Advertising strategies) A typical example is Coca-Cola. This soft drink was invented in 1886 and was never protected by a patent, only by a trademark (for the name Coca-Cola) and by an industrial design (for this very special design of the Coca-Cola bottle. he process of the Coca-Cola drink is secret and is only known by two persons in the world. They are not allowed to travel together, so that there is no chance of them dying at the same time in an accident. The secret of the Coca-Cola process was well kept during all these years, and nobody is able to produce a drink with exactly the same taste still today. You all know that Pepsi Cola, its biggest competitor, has a different taste.
  • 14. Protection of New varieties of Plants (To Be Governed By Sui Generis system The Protection Of Plant Varieties and Farmer’s Rights Act, 2001) NEW PLANT VARIETY: a )DISTINCT b) UNIFORM and c)STABLE The objectives of the Act are as follows : To provide for the establishment of an effective system for protection of plant varieties; To provide for the rights of farmers and plant breeders; To stimulate investment for research and development and to facilitate growth of the seed industry; To ensure availability of high quality seeds and planting materials of improved varieties to farmers
  • 15. INTEGRATED CIRCUITS: LAYOUT DESIGNS [To be governed by The Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout Designs Law (SICLD) Act, 2000] The Semi-Conductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design (SICLD)Act, 2000 is the governing Act for 'Lay Out Designs of Integrated Circuits' in India. The aim of the Act is to provide protection of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) in the area of Semiconductor Integrated Circuit Layout Designs and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The Act is implemented by the Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Information Technology. The Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design Registry (SICLDR) is the office where the applications on Layout- Designs of integrated circuits are filed for registration of created IPR. The Registry has jurisdiction all over India
  • 16. GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS (Governed By The Geographical Indication Of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act,1999 ) •An indication used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods originating from a definite territory in India. •It should have a special quality or characteristics or reputation based upon the climatic or production characteristics unique to the geographical location. •Examples of Geographical Indications in India are Darjeeling Tea, Kanchipuram Silk Saree, Alphonso Mango, Nagpur Orange, Kolhapuri Chappal, Bikaneri Bhujia, etc. •Any association of persons, producers, organization established by or under the law can apply representing & protecting the interests of the producers. •The registration of a Geographical Indication is for a period of ten years. •Renewal is possible for further periods of 10 years each.
  • 17. COPYRIGHT (Governed by the Copyrights Act,1957) Copyright in : a) Original literary , dramatic, musical and artistic works; -Computer Software's, Engineering Drawings b) Cinematographic films; and c) Sound recordings Term : Usually lifetime of the author until fifty years following the year of death of author Broadcast Reproduction right – Twenty Five Years Performers Right- Fifty Years Authors Rights- Moral Rights-Authorship/Object to Alterations Resale Share Right In original Copies
  • 18. SOME ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES OF WORKS. Literary works : Novels, Diaries, Poems Musical works: Symphonies, Jazz, Improvisation Choreographic works : Dance, Ballet Artistic works : Paintings, Engravings, Sculptures Architectural works : Buildings themselves Figurative works : Maps, Drawings and Charts of a scientific nature Cinematographic Works : Movies, Video Photographic works : Photographs, Photogravures Program works : Computer Programs, applications
  • 20. To protect the intellectual property rights in the Indian territory, India has defined the formation of constitutional, administrative and jurisdictive outline whether they imply the copyright, patent, trademark, industrial designs, or any other parts of the intellectual property rights. Back in the year 1999, the government passed an important legislation based on international practices to safeguard the intellectual property rights. Let us have a glimpse of the same − The Patents (Amendment) Act, 1999, facilitates the establishment of the mail box system for filing patents. It offers exclusive marketing rights for a time period of five years. The Trade Marks Bill, 1999, replaced the Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958
  • 21. The Copyright (Amendment) Act, 1999, was signed by the President of India. The sui generis legislation was approved and named as the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Bill, 1999. The Industrial Designs Bill, 1999, replaced the Designs Act, 1911. The Patents (Second Amendment) Bill, 1999, for further amending the Patents Act of 1970 in compliance with the TRIPS.
  • 22. Every new invention in the field of technology experiences a variety of threats. Internet is one such threat, which has captured the physical marketplace and have converted it into a virtual marketplace. To safeguard the business interest, it is vital to create an effective property management and protection mechanism keeping in mind the considerable amount of business and commerce taking place in the Cyber Space. Today it is critical for every business to develop an effective and collaborative IP management mechanism and protection strategy. The ever-looming threats in the cybernetic world can thus be monitored and confined.
  • 23. Every new invention in the field of technology experiences a variety of threats. Internet is one such threat, which has captured the physical marketplace and have converted it into a virtual marketplace. To safeguard the business interest, it is vital to create an effective property management and protection mechanism keeping in mind the considerable amount of business and commerce taking place in the Cyber Space. Today it is critical for every business to develop an effective and collaborative IP management mechanism and protection strategy. The ever-looming threats in the cybernetic world can thus be monitored and confined.
  • 24. To design and implement a secure cyberspace, some stringent strategies have been put in place. The major strategies employed to ensure cyber security, which include the following − *Creating a Secure Cyber Ecosystem *Creating an Assurance Framework *Encouraging Open Standards *Strengthening the Regulatory Framework *Creating Mechanisms for IT Security *Securing E-governance Services *Protecting Critical Information Infrastructure