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Arsrapport 2015-Innovasjon-Entreprenorskap_Web

  2. 2. 2 Celebrating 30 years of Entrepreneurship research For more than 30 years, Bodø has been a stronghold for en- trepreneurship research in Norway. In 2016, the research group is stronger and more vital than ever. The research group in innovation and entrepreneurship conducts basic research and more applied research on var- ious topics within entrepreneurship and innovation. We are consistently working with several research projects. Nord University Business School represents the Norwegian part- ner in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), and cur- rently conducts large research project on research-based spin-offs, new technology-based firms, tourism entrepre- neurship and innovation, entrepreneurial opportunities, public sector innovation, innovation policy, university- industry collaboration, and gender perspectives to entre- preneurship and innovation. Other key research topics are entrepreneurial intentions, new venture start-up processes, new venture growth, social entrepreneurship and entrepre- neurship education. Overall, the group’s research has led to a wide scope of articles published in reputable scientific international journals, books, articles in books and popular science publications. Nord University Business School and Nordland Research Institute represent a vibrant and active research environ- ment with a strong international orientation. The faculty participates actively in international research conferences and networks. Further, we benefit from a strong team of affiliated international scholars, as well as many visiting scholars over the years. In this booklet, you can learn more about the faculty work- ing in areas related to entrepreneurship and innovation at the Nord University Business School and the Nordland Re- search Institute. You can read about our history, our faculty, our international orientation and some of our ongoing re- search projects. Photo: Nadia Norskott
  3. 3. 3 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL Established in 1985, Nord University Business School de- veloped a strong focus on entrepreneurship and innova- tion from the outset. Early commitment is bearing fruits, and the Business School has since developed to become Norway’s leading institution of entrepreneurship research. I am pleased to present our faculty, collaborations and re- search activities to you in this publication. This year the Nord University Business School and the Nordland Research Institute are proud to host the world’s preeminent scholarly conference on entrepreneurship, the Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Confe- rence (BCERC). During a few busy days in June, more than 300 entrepreneurship scholars from all over the world will gather to share their research and ideas. Moreover, the 4th Effectuation conference will precede BCERC, and The Di- ana International research conference will follow directly after. Hence, there will be ten days of international entre- preneurship conferences in Bodø in June. Entrepreneurship and innovation is among the top strate- gic areas of Nord University and the Nord University Bu- siness School. The aim is to further develop even stronger research activity in this area. Nord University and the Bu- siness School are strongly committed to promoting entre- preneurship and innovation in research, education and industry relations. We are welcoming everyone that have a passion for entrepreneurship to become a part of our group, as student, PhD candidate, faculty or collaborator. Entrepreneurship and innovation at Nord University Business School Erlend Bullvåg Dean Nord University Business School
  4. 4. Lars Kolvereid is professor of entrepreneurship. He has been at Nord University Business School since its very beginning as Bodø Graduate School of Business (Siviløkonomutdan- ningen i Bodø - SiB) in 1985. “We have a lot to thank our first dean, Professor John Skår, for. From day one he was determined that the course should focus on innovation and entrepreneurship, or “implemen- tation” as it was known in the early years. Bodø was the first Norwegian commercial college to teach innovation and entrepreneurship, and it was to take a long time before the others followed suit. In a European context, too, Bodø was an early starter. Professor Skår was always internationally oriented,” says Kolvereid. Nord University Business School is the country’s third big- gest school of business offering economics and adminis- trative courses up to PhD level. Since 1985, several thou- sand students have graduated from the school of business, and thus far 59 candidates have presented their doctoral theses there. A considerable number of these PhDs have been in entrepreneurship. A number of studies commissioned by the Research Co- uncil of Norway and carried out by the analyst company Damvad, place the Bodø community at the highest level in Norway when it comes to research into entrepreneurship: Nord University Business School in first place, the Nord- land Research Institute at fourth. Altogether then, the Bodø community clearly constitutes the strongest research com- munity in this field in Norway. The studies measure the number of publications issued, and how often these are The Bodø Community - Best in Test cited by others. In another evaluation report, covering research into innovation, Bodø also ends up at the top. “We publish as much as we can, take part in the most interesting international conferences and try to attract international confe- rences to Bodø. This provides us with a solid network. When the Babson Conference 2016 looked to Norway, it was obvious their choice would be Bodø,” says Associate Professor of Entrepre- neurship, Espen Isaksen. They point out close collaboration with the Nordland Research Institute and the Norwegian University of Science and Techno- logy (NTNU) as a key success factor. They also call attention to their own university’s will to succeed. Lars Kolvereid describes a subject that has ripened a great deal over the past 30 years, but which, in his opinion, still does not enjoy the recognition it deserves in academia. “Entrepreneurship is not considered scientific enough,” he maintains. “Has Nord University Business School helped change Norway?” “Yes, but sometimes it has happened via other countries,” Kolver- eid hints, referring to a time when he held a lecture at a crowded cinema in Stockholm. “A question was raised among the audience: How can we get Sweden up to speed? My answer came instantly: Increase econ- omic security for the founders of businesses, and make it easier to start limited companies. The Swedes followed my advice, and gradually so did Norway,” he concludes. TEXT: HANNE LØKÅS VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN PHOTO/ILLUSTRATION: ERIK VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN “Bodø is home to the strongest ­innovation and entrepreneurship ­research community in the country, and acts as a hub in the Norwegian educational ­landscape,” say Professor Lars Kolvereid and Associate ­Professor Espen Isaksen. Nord University is one of the newest in the country. Even so, the innovation and ­entrepreneurship research community in Bodø ranks right at the top in Norway, actually boasting “Best in Test” on a number of occasions.
  5. 5. 5 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL SkatteFUNN was established in 2002. The idea of the scheme was to motivate Norwegian trade and industry to carry out more research and development (R&D). The scheme is based on rights. This means that any company that can document that they are working on R&D has the right to tax deductions. “It is the Research Council that decides whether the R&D projects meet the required criteria. All applications, project descriptions and final reports are found there, and now we have gained access to them, all the way back to 2004. This constitutes fantastic documentation of the business oppor- tunities companies have tried to develop and commercial- ize,” says project manager and professor of entrepreneur- ship at Nord University Business School, Tommy Høyvarde Clausen. In summer 2016, the project is still at an early stage. “The establishment of a database of SkatteFUNN projects has high priority. When the base is researchable, the data may be the starting point for many exciting projects. We think there are many who wish to work together with us on this,” says Clausen. SkatteFUNN has a low threshold and the material includes both small and large businesses. “The scheme includes 3,000-4,000 projects a year. That is a lot of data. Many of the projects deal with product develop- ment, technology and manufacturing processes, some are about market development. In their applications, the com- panies describe what they intend to do, what resources they will spend on the work and who, if anyone, they are col- laborating with. The companies also submit a report when the project is completed. We can follow the projects, see how they pan out and try to identify success factors,” says Clausen. Building a unique database Several thousand Norwegian businesses benefit from the tax deduction scheme known as SkatteFUNN. Nord University Business School has now been given access to all ­applications to the scheme. This provides unparalleled opportunity for research into R&D at these companies. TEXT: HANNE LØKÅS VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN R&D-Based Entrepreneurial Opportunities R&D-BASED ENTREPRENEURIAL OPPORTUNITIES Project period: 2016-> PROJECT AIM: Project examines characteristics of entrepreneur- ial opportunities and their exploitation by small and large firms in Norway. The empirical data constitutes a longitudinal database over approx. 30 000 R&D and innovation projects which we conceptualize as the empirical manifestation of entrepreneurial opportunities. PROJECTTEAM: Tommy Høyvarde Clausen (project leader), Gry Agnete Alsos, Roberto Rivas Hermann, Karin An- drea Wigger, Tadeu Fernando Nogueira and a PhD student (fall of 2016) COLLABORATING PARTNER: Research Council of Norway, SkatteFUNN FINANCING: Internal RESEARCH PROJECT
  6. 6. 6 New PhD’S HIN HOARAU HEEMSTRA Thesis: Practicing open innovation in experience- based tourism: the roles of knowledge, values and reflexivity. Disputation date: October 8th 2015. Main supervisor: Dorthe Eide Co Supervisor: Ove Jacobsen KRISTER SALOMONSEN Thesis: Exogenous Shocks as Drivers of Growth in Peripheral Regions – A multilevel Ap- proach to Regional Development Disputation date and place: June 24th, 2015 Campus Helgeland, Mo i Rana. Main Supervisor: Roger Sørheim. Co supervisor: Jan-Oddvar Sørnes SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE THESIS: The thesis aims to provide insights and extend theory about the complex and multifaceted nature of regional development in the context of the oil and gas industry. A multilevel analysis with firms, institutions, and public actors at the micro level and systemic structures (e.g., clusters and regional innovation systems (RISs)) at the macro level, is applied to address the overall research question of the thesis: How can an exog- enous shock stimulate development processes at the micro and macro levels in peripheral regions, and what are the mechanisms that facilitate this development? Based on the theoretical discussions and the findings from the individual empirical papers, the thesis proposes a multi- level conceptual model that captures the regional develop- ment process. The overall objective of the conceptual model is thus to illustrate the different firmlevel processes that occur when firms exploit new business opportunities, the intercon- nections between these processes, and finally the effect of these processes on regional development. SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE THESIS: The thesis examines the knowledge, values and reflexivity dimensions of experience-based tourism innovation from an open and practice-based perspective. The empirical work is based on a qualitative study of Nordic nature based tourism. The main case study focused on Icelandic and Norwegian whale-watching firms, and the case “Destination Svalbard” has been added to study knowledge sharing processes on the network level. The analysis provides new theory and new insights regarding knowledge-sharing and innovation processes in the tourism experience sector. For example a better understanding of the absorption of scientific knowledge, and other types of exter- nal knowledge, in tourism innovation processes; how values and concerns for others play an important role in innovation processes of tourism businesses; and how network relations can influence understanding and innovation behavior. (Hin’s work has received a lot of attention, and a program about her research has even been sent on Norwegian national TV in January 2016.
  7. 7. 7 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL Thesis: How Firms use University-Industry Collaboration to Innovate: The Role of Social Capital and Proximity Dimensions. Disputation date and place: March 27th 2015. Campus Helgeland, Mo i Rana. Main Supervisor: Roger Sørheim Co-Supervisor: Einar Rasmussen MARIANNE TERESE STEINMO Thesis: Border Firms: Norway and Russia Disputation date: April 24th 2015. Main Supervisor: Einar Rasmussen Co-Supervisor: Paul Westhead EVA JØRGENSEN SIRI JAKOBSEN Thesis: Environmental innovation cooperation: The development of cooperative relationships between Norwegian firms Disputation date and place: Åpril 29th, 2016 Campus Helgeland, Mo i Rana. Main Supervisor: Roger Sørheim. Co supervisors: Einar Rasmussen and Tommy H. Clausen SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE THESIS: This thesis aims to understand the development of the relationship between environmental innovation partners. Because well-working environmental innovation coopera- tion is important for the transition towards a more sustainable society, this thesis aims to open the “black box” of environ- mental innovation cooperation and understand whom firms might cooperate with and how this cooperation should be managed in order to reach its desired output. Using data from one large-scale innovation survey and two qualitative case studies, the main contribution of this thesis is an in-depth understanding of the development of cooperative relation- ships between environmental innovation partners over time. The findings provide implications for firms and policy makers with ambitions to contribute to a more sustainable society. SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE THESIS: The thesis explores the characteristics and behavior of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) operating in the borderland between Norway and Russia. These firms are labelled as border firms. Based on international entrepre- neurship and SME internationalization theory, insights from entrepreneurship, dynamic capability, embeddedness literature, and data from seven Norwegian SMEs, this thesis provides new knowledge related to the conceptualization of border firms and their start-up and development patterns. It offers a definition of border firms and conceptualizes them as geographically focused international ventures. Moreover, the thesis identifies three distinct start-up patterns among border firms and offer two novel perspectives on how they develop their internationalization. SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE THESIS: Universities and public research organizations (PROs) are potentially important knowledge sources for firms to gain access to new ideas in the development of innovations. Still, many firms find it challenging to develop a well working collaboration with PROs. This thesis builds theory on the development of social capital and proximity dimensions to explore how successful university-industry collaboration is developed to foster innovations. Based on case studies in research programs within the Research Council of Norway, the main contribution of the thesis is a theoretical framework regarding how firms use PROs as partners in university-industry collaboration for the development of innovations. The results from the thesis can assist firms and research partners in managing successfully collaboration where knowledge and innovations are created, as well as helping policy makers to stimulate to more effec- tive R&D collaborations.
  8. 8. 8 Nordland PhD Fellowship Program “The decision to do this is actually quite fantastic. Our County Council is good at interacting with research com- munities, and was quick to launch its first R&D strategy. The funding for the research fellow programme was granted in conjunction with this strategy, which is valid from 2013 to 2025,” says Professor of Entrepreneurship and Innovation at Nord University Business School, Gry Alsos. Nordland County Council has come up with the money to fund eight research fellows in order to achieve more research and more researchers in the county. All the projects deal with innovation, and the research fellows will be employing an interdisciplinary ap- proach. County Council funds “research factory” TEXT: HANNE LØKÅS VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN PHOTO/ILLUSTRATION: ERIK VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN All of the projects are about innovation, but the research is carried out in a wide range of divergent subject areas.
  9. 9. 9 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL She describes Nordland as a county with lots of trade and industry, a relatively low level of education and only a small amount of research carried out per inhabitant. “The latter shows, amongst other things, the need for re- searchers. The grant from the County Council was used to fund one research fellow for every subject area in Nordland with a doctorate. Three of the projects were aimed at in- novation in the public sector, but all of them come in under the label of innovation,” says Alsos. The first research fellow was appointed in January 2015, the eighth one year later. “The research fellow programme is intended to be more than just eight separate PhD projects. We arrange gather- ings so that the eight can get to know each other better. Discussing projects independent of subject area is an unfa- miliar process, but it stimulates a completely different type of question. I think the participants probably find it quite difficult, but they are extremely positive and are learning a great deal,” says Alsos, subsequently telling us how a biolo- gist asked a sociologist, “How do you actually carry out re- search?” The major part of the research fellow programme is, of course, mainly about each individual fellow’s research. At the gatherings, however, they do attend some joint classes together, on innovation, for instance. When the eight projects are finished in about 2018, the re- search fellow programme will be over. “Given the more rigorous demands made on the universi- ties, the programme will also help to secure our community and make it more robust,” she adds “Will this change Nordland?” “Nordland will gain eight new doctorates. We hope, of course, that several of them will remain here. During the programme they will be exposed to the people of Nordland and their local communities. They will enter into dialogues with local authorities and businesses. We hope that this will tempt them to stay. The fact that an ever increasing number of Doctors are working outside academia, also increases understanding of how important it is to work together with researchers,” says Alsos. PHD FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM NORDLAND PROJECT PERIOD: 2015-2018 PROJECT AIM: The program has innovation as overall profile and includes eight PhD fellowships in various disciplines, all ad- dressing key challenges related to innovation in the public and private sectors in Nordland County. In addition to the PhD projects, the program covers various joint activities with a focus on innovation, including PhD course, seminars and user interaction. PROJECTTEAM: Gry Agnete Alsos (project leader), and Inger Wassmo (co-ordinator) COLLABORATING PARTNER: Nordland Research Institute and UITThe Arctic University of Norway FINANCING: Nordland County administration “The research fellow programme ensures that Nordland will have more research- ers. This is something we need,” say Professor Gry Alsos (left) and co-ordinator Inger Wassmo of Nord University Business School. RESEARCH PROJECT
  10. 10. 10 DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MSc in Business, Master of Research, PhD Bodø Graduate School of Business. INTERESTS: Entrepreneurial behavior and new venture start-up processes, entrepreneurial opportunities, gender perspectives to entrepreneurship and innovation. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Entrepreneurship in expe- rience-based tourism, Empirical research on entrepre- neurial effectuation, Incubators and incubated firms, R&D-based entrepreneurial opportunities, Drivers and barriers in public sector innovation, Gender and innova- tion in Norway. TEACHING: Teaching and Master/PhD supervision in entrepreneurship and innovation. DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MBA, Halmstad University, 2007. INTERESTS: Firm formation process, research-based firms, types of entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial teams, development of human capital and social networks, incubators, entrepreneurship/leadership and ethics. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Technology transfer, technology-based entrepreneurship and innovation. TEACHING (PREVIOUS): Entrepreneurship, business ethics, leadership and organization at bachelor and master level. DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: Master of Science in Business, Nord University Business School. INTERESTS: Entrepreneurial behavior and new venture start-up processes, entrepreneurial finance, Entrepreneurial passion, the influence of social processes on firm growth . RESEARCH PROJECTS: Entrepreneurial finance from the perspective of the entrepreneur, the entrepreneur – investor relationship, entrepreneurial passion and capital procurement, Incubators and their firms. TEACHING: Teaching and supervision in entrepreneur- ship and innovation. DEPARTMENT: Market, Strategy and Management EDUCATION: M.Sc. (Norwegian School of Economics, 1979), PhD (Umea University, 1990). Master Mariner education (Bodin Maritime Academy). INTERESTS: Strategic management, entrepreneurship and industry development with main focus on the following industries; fisheries, aquaculture, agriculture, oil&gas, and shipping. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Offshore field logistics management, maritime preparedness and emergency management. Author of more than 170 publications and has been responsible more than 40 research projects. GRY AGNETE ALSOS Professor, Entrepreneurship and innovation gry.a.alsos@nord.no ANDERS BILLSTRÖM Researcher Entrepreneurship lars.a.billstrom@nord.no MARIANNE ARNTZEN PhD candidate, Entrepreneurship marianne.g.arntzen@nord.no ODD JARL BORCH Professor, Strategy odd.j.borch@nord.no TEAM
  11. 11. 11 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MBA (Bodø, 2010), MSc (Bodø, 2012). INTERESTS: New technology based firms, women entrepreneurship, new business creation processes, entre- preneurial intentions, education and entrepreneurship. TEACHING: Entrepreneurship and innovation, Research methods, Bachelor and Master levels. DEPARTMENT: Market, Strategy and Management EDUCATION: Dr. Polit INTERESTS: Innovation and management within service and experience based sectors; network driven innovation; experience design; testing as methods in the innovation process; gender and innovation; knowledge and learning; value creation; Management challenges; Quality. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Innovation and learning within and across experience-based firms; DMO re-organizing; A science based quality system for experience based tourism; Making science based research on testing during innovations into applied tools; TEACHING: Innovation and management in service and experience sectors; qualitative research methods; general organization and management theory. Bachelor/Master/ PhD supervision in innovation and management OXANA BULANOVA PhD Candidate, Entrepreneurship oxana.bulanova@nord.no DORTHE EIDE Associate Professor, Management and Organization | dorthe.h.eide@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: Cand. Polit (NTNU), PhD in innovation studies (University of Oslo). INTERESTS: Origins and consequences of firm het- erogeneity. The formation and evolution of capabilities, strategies and firm behavior. Entrepreneurial opportuni- ties. Innovation in the public sector. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Incubators and incubated firms, R&D-based entrepreneurial opportunities, Driv- ers and barriers in public sector innovation, Technology transfer, technology-based entrepreneurship and innova- tion, Entrepreneurship in experience-based tourism, Em- pirical research on entrepreneurial effectuation, Gender and innovation in Norway. TEACHING: Research Methods. Entrepreneurship and innovation, Master/PhD supervision in entrepreneurship and innovation. TOMMY HØYVARDE CLAUSEN Professor, Entrepreneurship tommy.h.clausen@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: BScH, Computer Science, Heriot Watt University (1985), MSc, NTNU (1985) INTERESTS: eHealth, Cognitive Flexibility and opportu- nity recognition, Knowledge entrepreneurship RESEARCH PROJECTS: Web application for meas- uring inhibitive behaviour, using low cost touchscreen devices, Non invasive, automated system to measure development of attention and social skills in children TEACHING: Knowledge development with ICT, Quality Management HENRIK DVERGSDAL Assistant Professor in Computer Science henrik.dvergsdal@nord.no TEAM
  12. 12. 12 DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MSc (UiN, 2014). INTERESTS: Innovation in the public sector, entrepreneurial opportunities, Organizational routines, capabilities, and their microfoundations, Austrian School of Economics. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Innovation in the public sector: entrepreneurial opportunities in the public sector, the role of dynamic capabilities in innovation in the public sector. TEACHING: Business Strategy. PETTER GULLMARK PhD. Candidate, Public Sector Innovation petter.gullmark@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Market, Strategy and Management EDUCATION: MSc International Development Studies Wageningen University, PhD Nord University. INTERESTS: The tourism experience sector. The role of innovation, knowledge sharing, networks and values in the evolution of organizations. I am especially interested in co-creation of knowledge and innovation. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Innovation in nature based tourism and whale-watching; the role of values in innovation projects. TEACHING: Management, Ecological Economics, bachelor and master supervision in organization, management and ecological economics. HIN HOARAU-HEEMSTRA Associate Professor hin.h.heemstra@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: Dr. Oecon. (Bodø Graduate School of Business, 2006). INTERESTS: Entrepreneurial intentions, Firm growth aspirations, New firm performance. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, The role of women in innovative and growth oriented start-ups. TEACHING: Entrepreneurship and innovation Bachelor and Master level, supervision of Master theses. ESPEN J. ISAKSEN Associate Professor, Entrepreneurship espen.j.isaksen@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: Joint European Master in Environmental Studies (TUHH Germany and Aalborg University 2011); Ph.D. Planning and Development (Aalborg University, 2015) INTERESTS: Entrepreneurial opportunities; Sustain- able entrepreneurship; Inter-organizational collaboration; Intermediaries in innovation/ entrepreneurial processes; Environmental and sustainability management in the shipping industry; Corporate Social Responsibility RESEARCH PROJECTS: R&D-based entrepreneurial opportunities: characteristics, exploitation, efforts and results TEACHING: Environmental management, Sustainable entrepreneurship, Qualitative research methods, Supervi- sion at BSc and MSc levels ROBERTO RIVAS HERMANN Postdoc, Entrepreneurship roberto.r.hermann@nord.no TEAM
  13. 13. 13 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MBA (International Business, University College Dublin, 2003), PhD (Management & Entrepreneurship, EMLyon Business School, 2013). INTERESTS: Entrepreneurship, Teams, and Quantitative Methods. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Longitudinal/Multilevel study of Innovative New Venture Teams hosted by Incubators and Science parks in Sweden, Analyses of Longitudinal/Multilevel data from the Forny program to promote Science-based University Spin-off companies in Norway TEACHING: Quantitative Research Methods, Group Dynamics and Innovation ALAN RICHARD JOHNSON Senior Researcher alan.r.johnson@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MSc (BI, 1978), MBA (Wisconsin, 1979), PhD (Henley, 1985). INTERESTS: New business creation processes, wealth creation and new business performance, education in entrepreneurship, corporate entrepreneurship. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Doctoral supervision, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, Amway Global Entrepreneurship Report Norway. TEACHING: Entrepreneurship. Bachelor, Master and PhD supervision in entrepreneurship and innovation. LARS KOLVEREID Professor, Entrepreneurship lars.kolvereid@nord.no DEPARTMENT: HHN Helgeland EDUCATION: MSc (UiN), PhD Nord University INTERESTS: Innovation, including fields like innovation-cooperation, environmental innovation and coopetition. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Technology-based entrepreneurship and innovation, cooperation between competing industrial firms in Norway, university-industry collaboration. TEACHING: Research methods. Sustainable Innovation. Bachelor and Master supervision in technology manage- ment, entrepreneurship and innovation. DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MSc Business, UiN 2012 INTERESTS: The intersection between inidividual’s and firms’ behavior; strategic management, organizational behavior; decision-making. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Technology transfer, technol- ogy-based entrepreneurship and innovation. The forma- tion, growth, and value creation in science-based new ventures. TEACHING: Research Methods, Master Supervision in Research Methods. SIRI JAKOBSEN Associate Professor, Innovation siri.jakobsen@nord.no ARE JENSEN PhD Candidate are.jensen@nord.no TEAM
  14. 14. 14 DEPARTMENT: HHN Helgeland EDUCATION: BSc (Bodø Graduate School of Business, 2011), MSc (Trondheim Business School, 2013). INTERESTS: University-industry collaboration, Knowledge Management RESEARCH PROJECTS: University-industry collaboration in research centers, TEACHING: Organization and Management, Bachelor and MBA supervision THOMAS LAUVÅS PhD candidate, Technology Management thomas.a.lauvas@nord.no DEPARTMENT: HHN Helgeland EDUCATION: Master of Science in Business. INTERESTS: Organizational sponsorship, co-production, entrepreneurial processes. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Incubators and their firms, Literature review on effects of incubators. TEACHING: Business economics and Bachelor supervision MARIT BREIVIK MEYER Ph.D. candidate, Entrepreneurship marit.b.meyer@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: BA in European and American Studies, BA in Political Science, MA in Political Science. INTERESTS: Innovation in governance. Policy innova- tions. Urban development and planning. Social housing. Smart cities. Local government and governance. RESEARCH PROJECTS: “The governance of urban development: Repowering government by innovations and smart governance” (PhD in Sociology). MAJA NILSSEN Higher Executive Officer / PhD Candidate maja.nilssen@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: Bachelor in Business Administration (Brazil, 2006) and MSc in Innovation, Knowledge and Entrepreneurial Dynamics (Denmark, 2013). INTERESTS: Entrepreneurship, Innovation; Entrepreneurial learning; Entrepreneurial opportunities; New technology-based firms; Business ethics. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Entrepreneurial learning and opportunities; Measurement of entrepreneurial learning. TEACHING: Supervision in business development. TADEU FERNANDO NOGUEIRA PhD candidate, Innovation tadeu.f.nogueira@nord.no TEAM
  15. 15. 15 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL DEPARTMENT: HHN Helgeland EDUCATION: MSc (Bodø Graduate School of Business, 2009), PhD (Bodø Graduate School of Business, 2015). INTERESTS: Regional development, entrepreneurship, innovation, oil and gas, interfirm collaboration. RESEARCH PROJECTS: University-industry collaboration for innovation, strategic development in the oil and gas supply industry, regional development in peripheral regions. TEACHING: Business economics, strategy. Bachelor and MBA supervision. KRISTER SALAMONSEN Postdoc, Regional Development krister.salamonsen@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MSc (Bodø Graduate School of Business, 1999), PhD (Bodø Graduate School of Business, 2006). INTERESTS: Science-based entrepreneurship and innovation. Entrepreneurial processes. University-industry technology transfer. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Technology transfer, technology-based entrepreneurship and innovation. The formation, growth and value creation in science- based new ventures. University-industry collaboration. Incubators and their firms. Policies and Public support for research-based innovation. Consulting editor: International Small Business Journal. TEACHING: Research Methods, Technology Manage- ment, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Master and PhD supervision in entrepreneurship and innovation EINAR RASMUSSEN Professor, Technology Management einar.rasmussen@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: PhD (Economics & Management, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, 2011). INTERESTS: Technology-based entrepreneurship, Uni- versity-industry technology transfer, Academic spin-offs. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Creation and development of science-based firms, Factors influencing faculty members’ engagement in technology transfer, Motivations and success of university spin-off firms. TEACHING: Business research methods, Economics, Entrepreneurship, Marketing management, & Supervision of MA and BA thesis students. DEPARTMENT: Market, Strategy and Management EDUCATION: Bachelor in Business Administration (Nepal, 2011) and MSc in Business (Norway, 2014). INTERESTS: Internationalization process, International entrepreneurship, born global firmINV, International marketing, experiential knowledge, network. RESEARCH PROJECTS: The role of experiential knowledge in the internationalization process of small firms. ADAM NOVOTNY Senior Researcher, Entrepreneurship and Innovation adam.novotny@ord.no SUDIP KRANTI TIWARI PhD candidate, International Management sudip.k.tiwari@nord.no TEAM
  16. 16. 16 DEPARTMENT: HHN Helgeland EDUCATION: Cand. Merc (Nord, 1999), PhD (NTNU 2003) INTERESTS: Early stage finance, technology based en- trepreneurship, entrepreneurship education RESEARCH PROJECTS: Development of academic spin-offs, Commercialization of renewable energy TEACHING: Entrepreneurship courses at bachelor and master level. Director of the Norwegian Research School in Innovation (NORSI). ROGER SØRHEIM Professor, Entrepreneurship roger.sorheim@iot.ntnu.no DEPARTMENT: HHN Helgeland EDUCATION: MSc (UiN), PhD (UiN) INTERESTS: Entrepreneurship and innovation, including fields like collaboration between firms, competitors and R&D-organizations in the development of innovations. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Technology-based entrepreneurship and innovation. University-industry collaboration. Policies and Public support for research- based innovation. TEACHING: Business Development, Sustainable Inno- vation, Bachelor and Master supervision in entrepreneur- ship and innovation. DEPARTMENT: Market, Strategy and Management EDUCATION: MSc (Joint-degree University of Nordland and Baltic State Technical University, 2012). INTERESTS: Corporate entrepreneurship, organizing of innovation process, entrepreneurial opportunities, circumpolar studies in particular in the fields of tourism and maritime industry. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Increased creation of value of land and sea-based tourism enterprises in the High North, Research based entrepreneurial opportunities. TEACHING: Maritime economics and management. DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MSc Management 2010 INTERESTS: Knowledge management, Innovation processes, innovation management, tacit knowledge, organizational learning, strategic entrepreneurship. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Knowledge management in Innovation processes. TEACHING: Entrepreneurship and innovation, Bachelor and Master, and organization and learning. MARIANNE STEINMO Associate professor, Entrepreneurship and innovation marianne.steinmo@nord.no KARIN WIGGER PhD candidate, Maritime Innovation karin.a.wigger@nord.no HANNE STOKVIK Phd candidate, Entrepreneurship and Innovation hanne.stokvik@nord.no TEAM
  17. 17. 17 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL DEPARTMENT: HHN Helgeland EDUCATION: MSc (NTH, 1992). INTERESTS: Environment and sustainable development, Strategic planning and Strategy deployment, Lean Management, Empowering people and communities. RESEARCH PROJECTS: MIP Sustainability. TEACHING: Lean Management, Innovation within industry. DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MSc, (UiN, 2014) INTERESTS: Research- and technology based entre- preneurship and innovation, university-industry collabo- ration, public sector innovation, entrepreneurial teams, entrepreneurial finance, strategic entrepreneurship RESEARCH PROJECTS: Nordland PhD Fellowship Programme, Innovation in municipality organizations, Technology transfer. ARVE ULRIKSEN CEO, Mo Industrial Park, Industry Lecturer arve.ulriksen@mip.no INGER WASSMO Advisor inger.l.wassmo@nord.no DEPARTMENT: Innovation and entrepreneurship. EDUCATION: MSc (HHB, 1994), Cand.Merc (HHB, 2001), PhD (HHB, 2005). INTERESTS: Innovation, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship education, corporate entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, social entrepreneurship and entrepre- neurship in the public sector. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor; NUFU-Sri Lanka, SIU; Capacity building in Timor-Leste, Norwegian Government. TEACHING: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Research methods. Bachelor and Master supervision in entrepreneurship and innovation. BJØRN WILLY ÅMO Associate professor, Innovation bjorn.w.amo@nord.no TEAM
  18. 18. 18 Between 1999 and 2012, 371 businesses received grants from the FORNY2020 programme, most of them in the fields of technology, medicine and ICT. Data about these companies forms the basis of the lab. FORNY (Eng.: Renew) is the Research Council’s programme for bringing research-based business ideas to the market in cases where the projects originate from publicly funded re- search institutes. The School of Business has been collect- ing data about these companies for several years – every- thing from newspaper articles to accounts and applications for funding. In 2016 and 2017, work on comparing and ana- lysing them will be intensified. “Research-based companies are major consumers of pub- lic funding. They are open systems. The rest of the world is envious of Scandinavia for this easy access to data. No other country can follow a corporate portfolio in this way,” says Professor Einar Rasmussen. The material is thorough and extends over a long period of time. Business Research Lab TEXT: HANNE LØKÅS VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN PHOTO/ILLUSTRATION: ERIK VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN A lot of public funding is spent on research-based businesses. Nord University Business School is setting up a social sciences lab to carry out research into both traditional econo- mic growth and the benefits of these companies to society. Studying the Impact of Science Based Firms Researcher Anders Billström (left) and Professor Einar Rasmussen are studying the economic growth and social benefits of research-based businesses which have been awarded public funding.
  19. 19. 19 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL THE IMPACT OF SCIENCE-BASED ENTREPRENEURIAL FIRMS Project period: 2013-2017 PROJECT AIM: This project examine the start-up and development process of science-based entrepreneurial firms. The project uses a unique longitudinal database with comprehensive qualitative and quantitative information about a popu- lation of 371 science-based start-up in Norway established between 1999 and 2012. PROJECTTEAM: Einar Rasmussen (project leader), Alan Johnson, Anders Billström, Adam Novotny, Tommy Høyvarde Clausen, Are Jensen, Johan Wiklund. COLLABORATING PARTNER: NTNU (Marius Tuft Mathisen) FINANCING: Research Council of Norway “We can follow these companies from day one and for many years to come. Many of them are over ten years old. This is important, since research-based companies spend a lot of time developing. Their business plans place emphasis on the various reasons for their establishment. Some of them have an idealistic objective, aiming to fulfil some need in society. Whether a company is successful or not should be measured in relation to the founder’s objectives. We also have access to the complete history of ownership of the company, and can see what effect the various owners have had on developments,” says researcher Anders Billström, who is also working on the project. Many students have been involved in the work on collect- ing data. They have gone through almost 5,000 newspaper articles where these companies are mentioned, in search of, amongst other things, what is described as their benefit to society. “About 500 of these articles indicate this kind of benefit, such as health, environment or safety effects,” says Bill- ström. According to Billström and Rasmussen, the lab also has in- ternational relevance. “This data can shed light on a lot of things. In certain busi- nesses, benefit to society may weigh heavier than profit or employment, which are the traditional ways of measuring success. But little research has been done on this. It may, for instance, be a question of more environmentally friend- ly products which are not necessarily as profitable to the manufacturer, but which are important in other respects,” they say. The material is a good starting point for both quantitative and qualitative analyses. Nord University Business School works together with researchers from many different coun- tries and is open to new collaboration in order to research this data. “Some research-based companies have been extremely successful, in Norway, too. However, to be realistic: Re- search-based companies seldom generate major profits. But if we are looking for another kind of reward, such as benefit to society, then we might want to look into whether it is the right types of company that are receiving funding. This is something that could be researched into at our fu- ture lab,” says Rasmussen. RESEARCH PROJECT
  20. 20. 20 SIF was established in autumn 2013. – We study and teach the processes that lead to success- ful business development and innovation within industrial firms. What, for example, characterizes a good incubation process, and what determines whether it is successful or not? When innovation is necessary, it is important to understand how different factors - such as infrastructure, knowledge, networks and funding - influence innovation processes. . Research in this area is limited. SIF aims to contribute to developing understanding and knowledge. Our vision is to be a national leader for research and edu- cation on the intersection of industry, business develop- ment and innovation, says SIF’s leader, Associate Professor Marianne Steinmo. The center also contributes to educating students within the MBA in Technology Management and the Bachelor of Business Administration. SIF is proud to have been a key player in the establishment and development of the MBA in Technology Management. The MBA is attracting large numbers of applicants this year, which can be partly explained by restructuring in the oil and gas sector. Research in Industry and Innovation What determines the success or failure of industrial establishment, development and restructuring processes? These processes are the primary focus of research and teach- ing at the Center for Industrial Business Development (SIF). The research center is part of the Business School at Nord University, located at Campus Helgeland in the town of Mo i Rana, 230 km south of Bodø. The core team at the campus in Mo i Rana. From the left: Krister Salamonsen, Marit Breivik Meyer, Siri Jakobsen, Marianne Steinmo and Thomas Lauvås. TEXT: HANNE LØKÅS VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN PHOTO: ØYVIND GREGERSEN/MYE I MEDIA
  21. 21. 21 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL - Expertise from the oil and gas industry is highly relevant for research and education here, Marianne Steinmo and research fellow Thomas Lauvås say. SIF emphasizes close dialogue and solid networks within business and industry in their research and teaching. - In this way, we are able to provide skills that match the needs of business and industry, Steinmo and Lauvås state. They do not know any other academic environments in Norway similar to SIF. – The way we are working with the industry from a social science point-of-view is quite unique, they say. – In addition, the “campus effect” and a new, highly visible location at the brand new campus site in Mo i Rana has great value. Here, we are co-located with other academic communities and business actors who want to see us suc- ceed. Although we are still growing, we have strong sup- porters in institutions such as Kunnskapsparken Helgeland and Rana Utviklingsselskap, Steinmo points out. During 2015 and 2016, three members of SIF have com- pleted their PhDs. The research staff also includes two research fellows and a project team member. The aim is to grow further by focusing research within three main areas, to be strengthened in the years ahead: R&D coopera- tion, regional development, and environmental industrial development. - We get many offers to participate in interesting activi- ties, but we have had to learn how to say no. The primary activities of SIF are research, teaching and supervision of students, and we aspire to be the best within our focus areas. Eventually, more and more firms will have someone on their staff who has studied with us and understands the world of scientific research. This will strengthen the Norwegian industry, Steinmo says. HIGHEFF: CENTRE FOR AN ENERGY EFFICIENT AND COMPETITIVE INDUSTRY FOR THE FUTURE Project period: 2016-2024 PROJECT AIM: By increasing energy efficiency, HighEFF will help ensure that Norway has the world’s green- est industries. HighEFF is one of centers in the Research Council of Norway’s scheme Centre for Environment-friendly Energy Research (FME). HighEFF is coordinated by SINTEF and the Center for Industrial Business Development (SIF) at Nord University Business School is one of the research partners. PROJECTTEAM: Marianne Steinmo (project leader), Thomas Lauvås, Siri Jakobsen, Einar Rasmussen and Roger Sørheim. FINANCING: Research Council of Norway and Norwegian industry TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, TECHNOLOGY BASED ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND INNOVATION Project period: 2014-2017 PROJECT AIM: The main goal of the project is to contribute to new technology and research-based knowledge being implemented by the industry in the region, in order to strengthen the ability to innovate. The project will develop new knowledge on the link- ages between technological research and innova- tion in industry. PROJECTTEAM: Einar Rasmussen (project leader), Marianne Steinmo, Krister Salamonsen, Siri Jakobsen, Thomas Lauvås, Tommy Høyvarde Clausen and Roger Sørheim. COLLABORATING PARTNER: Norut FINANCING: Research Council of Norway and RFF Nord RESEARCH PROJECT RESEARCH PROJECT
  22. 22. 22 “There are many similarities between innovation in trade and industry and that of the public sector. Innovation in trade and industry is often linked to profit. In the public sec- tor another type of profit applies: the know-how which can improve services or make them more efficient,” says project manager Tommy Høyvarde Clausen, professor of entrepre- neurship at Nord University’s School of Business. Innovation in the public sector is a new field of research, compared to similar research in trade and industry. “The public sector is of the utmost importance to econom- ic development. It’s hard to believe that we have not seen more research into innovation in this field,” says Clausen. In search of Innovation Drivers Seven researchers are set to examine what limits and what promotes innovation in the public sector. The study will be conducted in the municipalities of Tromsø, Bodø and Rana. The welfare state is under pressure, not only in Norway. New welfare technology and new ways of implementing services can help funding stretch further. “The introduction of new methods or routines to the public sector is often about improving or developing new services. Such new measures must have a certain substance before they can be called innovation. One concrete example of this might be the introduction of restorative homecare by Bodø City Council. An interdisciplinary rehabilitation team provides users with treatment and follow-up at home. Par- ticipants live better lives, manage with less help and the council saves money,” says Clausen, adding that Bodø City Council is one of the candidates for the Agency for Public Management and eGovernment’s 2016 innovation award. Nord University in Bodø and the Arctic University of Nor- way in Tromsø are collaborating on a project entitled “Inno- vation in the Public Sector”. Northern Norway’s three most densely populated municipalities have been selected as participants: Tromsø, Bodø and Rana. The project will have a duration of approximately three years and is funded by the Regional Research Fund of Northern Norway. “Our ambition is to make change in the three municipali- ties. But it is far too early to say how. We do not yet know which sectors we shall be working with. We will work to- gether on selecting two sectors from each municipality,” says Professor Gry Alsos. Amongst other things, the research project will be looking into how enthusiasts with new ideas are met. “Public servants may have many ideas, but there is no guar- TEXT: HANNE LØKÅS VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN PHOTO/ILLUSTRATION: ERIK VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN “The public sector is of the utmost importance to economic development. It’s hard to believe that we have not seen more research into in- novation in this field,” says project manager Tommy Høyvarde Clausen. Drivers and Barriers for Public Sector Innovation
  23. 23. 23 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL A major research project will be looking into what promotes and what limits innovation in various public organisations. antee that these will lead to innovation. What attitudes are they met with? And how does this effect their progress? In- novation in the public sector is, for the most part, distribut- ed as isolated examples in specialist literature. There is little research available that can be applied universally, and there is a considerable need to identify both hindrances and driv- ing forces. We also need to develop a system of concepts. When someone thinks big ideas outside the frame, we must have the courage to call it innovation,” they say. The benefits of the research will work both ways. “The local councils will learn from us, and we from them. We will not merely be studying the local authorities by way of interviews and questionnaires. Knowledge will be co-created. Council employees and management will be taking part in, amongst other things, workshops and semi- nars,” Alsos and Clausen explain, adding: “This is the beginning of a research community in North- ern Norway based on innovation in the public sector.” DRIVERS AND BARRIERS FOR PUBLIC SECTOR INNOVATION Project period: 2016-2018 PROJECT AIM: Project examines entrepreneurship and innova- tion in the public sector. Particular focus is on the agents and actors involved in entrepreneurial and innovation processes in the public sector, the barri- ers confronting innovation, and how obstacles are overcome (if at all). PROJECTTEAM: Tommy Høyvarde Clausen (project leader), Gry Ag- nete Alsos, Hin Hoarau-Heemstra, Inger Wassmo, Petter Gullmark, Joakim Flått Høgås, a post-doc (from fall 2016) and Kristin Woll (UITThe Arctic University of Norway) COLLABORATING PARTNER: UITThe Arctic University of Norway FINANCING: RFF Nord RESEARCH PROJECT
  24. 24. 24 EDUCATION: Master of Science in Business, MGIMO Moscow and Nord University. INTERESTS: Intrapreneurship, championing, public sector innovation. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Public sector innovation. EUDCATION: MSc (University of Nordland), PhD (University of Nordland). INTERESTS: Innovation and entrepreneurship, Organizational and Management theory. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Innovation in experienced based tourism. JOAKIM HØGÅS Researcher at Nordland Research Institute and PhD Candidate at Nord University jho@nforsk.no RAGNHILD JOHNSON Senior Researcher at Nordland Research Institute rjo@nforsk.no NRI has a strong focus on entrepreneurship, innovation, business and regional development, and the institute is among the leading research institutions within entrepre- neurship and innovation in Norway. Also research on gov- ernmental initiatives and means to promote innovation, entrepreneurship and economic development has been a core issue, while gender is an important dross-cutting per- spective in several projects. Innovation and entrepreneur- ship is a strategic focus area at the institute. Below follow some examples of central on-going project at the institute within these fields of research. • Together with Nord University, NRI is the project leading partner of the large tourism research project Northern Insight – Service innovation and tourism experiences in the high north (2009-2017), (part of the NORDSATSING program) financed by The Research Council of Norway. • Regional Innovation through Situated Knowledge Con- version (RISKC) (2014-2017) is a project we have with Nordland Research Institute SINTEF. The project is a part of the Program for Regional R&D and Innovation (VRI) and is financed by The Re- search Council of Norway and the two counties, Nord- land and South-Trøndelag. • A third example of on-going relevant research is GE- NINNO; Gender and Innovation in Norway (2014-2016). The project is financed by The Research Council of Nor- way and is a part of the ongoing research within the VRI-program, the regional program for innovation. This project is collaboration with Norut and Trøndelag R&D. NRI’s researchers have published in highly ranked aca- demic journals such as Entrepreneurship Theory and Prac- tice, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development and in textbooks and other printed publications. NRI has a broad international network and tight collaboration with academ- ics at e.g. Syracuse University (US), Strathclyde University (Scotland) and the Graduate School of Business at Turku University (Finland). TEAM
  25. 25. 25 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL EDUCATION: MSc (UiN, 2014). INTERESTS: Entrepreneurship and innovation, local food in the experience economy, as well as gender issues in entrepreneurship. RESEARCH PROJECTS: The role of women in innova- tive and growth-oriented start-ups. Literature review on local food in the experience economy, Nordic Mining and the search for women, Development of food and tourism. EDUCATION: Cand.Scient.Pol and Art. i Filosofi. INTERESTS: Regional development and restructuring, democracy, development and public policy, innovation in knowledge and network perspectives, evaluation. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Regional restructuring in practice, Rural Area Development With Advanced Tech- nology, evaluation of incubator incentives. MARIELL OPDAL JØRSTAD Project consultant, Entrepreneurship Mariell.jorstad@nforsk.no BJARNE LINDELØV Researcher at Nordland Research Institute bjarne.lindeloev@nforsk.no EDUCATION: MSc (UiN, 2010). INTERESTS: Tourism, institutional theory, health and welfare studies. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Financing and business founding in tourism industry, Norwegen Center for Tourism Research, Cruise Tourism. EDUCATION: PhD Social Geography (The Norwegian University of Technology and Science (NTNU), 2011), Master Social Geography (The Norwegian University of Technology and Science (NTNU), 2001). INTERESTS: Experience economy, Systems of innova- tion (global, national, regional), Education and training, Place-based and Spatial perspectives. RESEARCH PROJECTS: E-learning as a mean for skills development in the municipal sector, the development of food-experiences in the experience economy, Knowl- edge and skills development in the experience economy, Mapping and preventing dropouts from secondary high schools in the Lofoten region. MERETE KVAMME FABRITIUS Researcher at Nordland Research Institute merete.fabritius@nforsk.no KARIN MARIE ANTONSEN Senior researcher at Nordland Research Institute kan@nforsk.no TEAM
  26. 26. 26 EDUCATION: PhD in Business Administration (Umeå School of Business and Economics, Umeå University, Sweden, 2003. INTERESTS: Entrepreneurship and innovation, industry and regional policies and gender dimensions on these issues. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Gender, ownership and local culture, food and tourism - local development, Inno- vation and learning across sectors in the tourism industry, Gender and innovation, financing immigrant entrepre- neurs. EDUCATION: MSc (Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Bergen, 1981). INTERESTS: Strategic resource and competence management, Enterprise development in SMEs and clusters, Participation based enterprise devlopment and innovation, Total Quality Management, Regional develop- ment and innovation systems, Experience based manage- ment and strategy.. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Cross-disciplinary Research and Development in wind power generation, smart specialization in Nordland, sector analysis for tourism industry. EDUCATION: MSc (University of Tromsø, 1982). INTERESTS: Systems of innovation (global, national, regional), Triple helix, Globalization and the national state (MLG), Cultural political economy (CPE), entrepreneurial discoveries(S3), GAP analysis, evolutionary economics. RESEARCH PROJECTS: New knowledge creation through knowledge conversion, Smart Specialization. ELISABET CARINE LJUNGGREN Research Professor at Nordland Research Institute elj@nforsk.no JARLE NORMANN LØVLAND Senior researcher at Nordland Research Institute jlo@nforsk.no ÅGE OLAV MARIUSSEN Senior researcher at Nordland Research Institute; leader at BA Institute, University of Vaasa (Finland) agemariussen@yahoo.com EDUCATION: MSc (St. Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance, 1999), MSc (Bodø Graduate School of Business, 2005), PhD (University of Nordland, 2008). INTERESTS: Entrepreneurship, Immigrant Entrepre- neurship, Innovation, Ethnic Minorities, National Culture. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Transnational entrepreneur- ship, business models in agritourism, Innovation Norway evaluations, financing immigrant entrepreneurs. TEACHING: Statistics, entrepreneurship, international business. EVGUENI VINOGRADOV Acting Research Director, group for Entrepreneur- ship at Nordland Research Institute evi@nforsk.no TEAM
  27. 27. 27 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL EDUCATION: Ph.D. in Entrepreneurship and Innovation INTERESTS: Corporate entrepreneurship, the formation and evolution of capabilities, strategies and firm behavior, entrepreneurship and innovation in SMEs’ and family businesses. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Northern Insights (www.opplevelserinord.no) (2009-2017) - Service innova- tion and tourism experiences in the high north (project manager), Value creation of land and sea-based tourism enterprises, Development of a Norwegian Tourism Moni- tor, Trailing research Smart specialization in Nordland County, Challenges for succession in family firms. TEACHING: Master/PhD supervision in entrepreneur- ship and innovation. EINAR LIER MADSEN Senior Researcher, Entrepreneurship and innovation Einar.Lier.Madsen@nforsk.no EDUCATION: MSc (University of Tromsø, Norwegian College of Fisheries Science, 2006), PhD candidate (Nord University, Bodø Graduate School of Business, 2010 and onwards). INTERESTS: Entrepreneurship, Strategic Management. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Arctic lamb meat – competi- tive advantage in a national and international market, Operational logistics and business process management in high arctic oil and gas operations, Northern Insights. Service innovation and tourist experiences in the high north: The Co-creation of value for consumers, firms and tourism industry, Local food in the experience economy: a literature review. TEACHING: Supervising master students. EDUCATION: Ph.D (UiN, 2014). INTERESTS: Entrepreneurship, innovation, culture, agri- culture and local community development. RESEARCH PROJECTS: Entrepreneurship incentives, entrepreneurship education evaluation, the embedding process of community ventures. EDUCATION: Master in Innovation and Knowledge Management (Copenhagen Business School, 2011). INTERESTS: Entreprenurial learning, entrepreneurial behavior and entrepreneurs’ institutional context. RESEARCH PROJECTS: New Venture Creation in the Tourism Industry. TEACHING: Lecturing and supervising master students. INGRID ROALDSEN Researcher at Nordland Research Institute and PhD-candidate at Nord University. iro@nforsk.no INGEBJØRG VESTRUM Senior Researcher, Entrepreneurship and innovation ikv@nforsk.no SØLVI SOLVOLL Researcher at Nordland Research Institute and PhD Candidate at Nord University sso@nforsk.no TEAM
  28. 28. 28 The projects’ goal is to develop knowledge and understand- ing of the role of gender in innovation and innovation pro- cesses. Assuming that gender is a key organizing principle in so- ciety, this will also holds true for innovation processes and the governing of those. Even though previous research finds gender imbalance in terms of participation in innova- tion processes, innovation has been seen as a gender neu- tral activity in mainstream innovation literature. - Innovation research and policy have generally paid little attention to the issue of gender equality, says Research Pro- fessor at Nordland Research Institute, Elisabet Ljunggren. Previous research has indicated that the understandings of gender at the regional level in VRI has been seen as some- thing that must not “come in the way” of dealing with the actual innovation process. At the same time, scholars have warned that seemingly “gender-neutral” policies of regional development agencies are at risk of reinforcing gender di- visions and inhibiting regional growth. Departing from governmentality, discourse theory and cul- tural understanding, the researchers exam gender and in- novation articulations in VRI, asking: how is the gender and innovation governed in VRI? - We find that innovation is articulated as a collaborative and interactive process of developing new products that should lead to financial gain for the stakeholders. Hence, to become innovative businesses needs access to human resources. Looking at the understanding of gender we find that gender as variable understanding dominate the con- tent of the analyzed documents, tells Ljunggren. Gender as a variable implies that men and women belong to two clearly defines categories; men and women. This makes gender easy to measure, but perhaps more notable gender equals women, and when gender issues are brought up it is as “women are lacking” or “how to include women”. To ensure the dominating innovation articulation, gender cannot be articulated as anything else than a potential re- source for innovation. Hence, the dominating discourse on innovation in VRI gives the premise for the variable under- standing of gender in VRI. Innovation needs access to dif- ferent types of knowledge (human resources) and gender balance will provide some of this knowledge, as men and woman are perceived to hold different types of knowledge. And as women are lacking, they are constantly needed. The domination of men is not questioned or articulated as a “problem”. Gender and innovation in Norway Research Professor and project leader Elisabet Ljunggren. The GENINNO-research project analyses the strategies and action stakeholders in the VRI-program have applied to face the “women demand” i.e. the demand on more women to be involved in innovation processes throughout Norway. Gender and innovation in Norway Project period: 2014-2016 PROJECT AIM: The project analyzes the role of gender in in- novation and innovation policy, with a particular focus on the VRI program, a policy program for regional R&D and innovation. We will analyze how gender and innovation is understood in the policy program, the development over time and the implementation of policy initiatives to raise gender awareness related to innovation. The project aims to generate knowledge that can be used in practical innovation, and to help develop innovation research field. PROJECTTEAM: Elisabet Ljunggren (project leader), Gry Agnete Alsos, Tommy Høyvarde Clausen, and Elisabeth Angel, Margrete Haugum, Birgitte Ljunggren and Trine Kvidal (collaborating partners) COLLABORATING PARTNER: Trøndelag Research and development and North- ern Research Institute FINANCING: Research Council of Norway RESEARCH PROJECT
  29. 29. 29 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL Norway is a high-cost country where the tourism industry to a lesser degree can compete on price. So, to be competi- tive, Norway must concentrate on the development of ex- ceptional experiences and products of high quality. That re- quires the right kind of knowledge at the right time from the best possible sources. Therefore, a significant investment in new knowledge and expertise must be implemented if the Norwegian tourism industry wants to succeed as an indus- try of world class. The Northern InSights (Opplevelser i nord) program con- sists of different projects related to innovation and learning, marketing, customer perspectives, value creation, destina- tion development, and organizations and leadership within service and experience-based tourism. Approximately 60 researchers are involved in the projects. The project has become a major national and international player in the building of a strong and competitive academic environment that works closely and in productive collabo- ration with the tourism industry, offering valuable knowl- edge for future value creation. Together with businesses in the field, we have come far in developing a better under- standing of what innovation in the tourism industry entails and how it leads to new and improved experiences while also increasing business value chains. Northern InSights is run by a consortium consisting of six institutions: Nord University Business School, UiT - Ar- tic University of Norway, Harstad University College (now a part of UiT), Nordland Research Institute, NORUT and NIBIO. NORTHERN INSIGHTS: KNOWLEDGE-BASED TOURISM DEVELOPMENT Project period: 2009-2017 PROJECT AIM: The main aim of the project is to carry out high quality research into (1) service innovation in experience-based tourism and (2) co-creation of values for companies, consumers and the tourism and experience industries in Northern Norway. By establishing a strong system for the exchange of information, the research will contribute to developing and strengthening experience-based tourism through increased competitiveness and sustainability. PROJECT LEADER: Einar Lier Madsen WORK PACKAGE LEADERS: Dorthe Eide and Nina Prebensen (UITThe Arctic University of Norway) FINANCING: Research Council of Norway PRODUCED SO FAR: - 2316 interviews conducted - 50 academic papers - Researchers from 21 different countries - 9 competed PhD projects - 200 work months - 69154 working hours Northern Insights: Knowledge-based tourism developmentThe tourism industry is a dynamic industry where attention to currents and change is essential for how we assert our competitive advantage. At the heart of this all is knowl- edge. It applies to everything from basic mechanisms behind how people and organiza- tions work to how to use optimally design materials, organize ourselves, package prod- ucts and market what we are about. RESEARCH PROJECT
  30. 30. 30 Hungary, Switzerland, Brazil, Nicaragua, Sweden, Poland, Ireland, Norway, the Netherlands, Russia. The innovation and entrepreneurship research community at the Nord University Business School consists of people from all over the world. “We want to be an international community, so we inten- tionally advertise on a broad front. We also make use of our co-workers’ networks. Familiarity is often a decisive factor,” says Rasmussen. Community members are diligent participants in interna- tional arenas. The Nord University Business School has in- ternational visiting professors who are among the world’s most prominent in their fields. The community has also succeeded in its efforts to host the distinguished Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference in Bodø in June 2016. “The conference gathers over 300 of the world’s most prominent experts in the field of entrepreneurship. The competition on hosting the Babson Conference is fierce, particularly every third year when it is arranged in Europe. It’s invigorating that Bodø will be the first Norwegian city to arrange the event, and it also says something about the position held by the Bodø community,” says Rasmussen. Researcher Anders Billström comes from Sweden. He be- came familiar with Nord University Business School when he met fellow researchers from there at a conference. The “whole world” is working together in Bodø TEXT: HANNE LØKÅS VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIKKEN PHOTO/ILLUSTRATION: ERIK VEIGÅRD/VIDEOFABRIK In recent years the entrepreneurship and innovation community in Bodø has become more and more international. “We are working hard to get the best people, wherever they come from,” says Professor Einar Rasmussen. ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN EXPERIENCE-BASED TOURISM Project period: 2010-2017 PROJECT AIM: The project examine new business start-up pro- cesses in the tourism industries, particularly how entrepreneurs behave in the process and the sub- sequent consequences for the development of the business over time. We examines the applicability of theory of effectuation in this context. Further, we investigate how public policy and external ac- tors influence the behavior of the entrepreneurs. The project is a part of the Northern Insights research program. PROJECTTEAM: Gry Agnete Alsos (project leader), Sølvi Solvoll, Tommy Høyvarde Clausen, Espen Isaksen FINANCING: Research Council of Norway INCUBATORS AND INCUBATED FIRMS Project period: 2011-2018 PROJECT AIM: The project analyses the effect of incubators, including incubators in rural areas, on innovation and new firm development in Norway. The project will document financial and non-financial out- comes created by firms in incubators in Norway, investigate why some incubated firms show better results than others, generate knowledge about the role of the incubation process inn new venture performance, and disseminate results to practi- tioners, policy makers and the research commu- nity. PROJECTTEAM: Tommy Høyvarde Clausen (project leader), Marit Breivik Meyer, Marianne Artnzen, Mariell Opdal Jørstad, Einar Rasmussen and Gry Agnete Alsos FINANCING: Siva RESEARCH PROJECT RESEARCH PROJECT
  31. 31. 31 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL The innovation and ­entrepreneurship research community at Nord University School of Business consists of people from all over the world. TESTIMONIAL: Coming from the Netherlands and having completed both my undergraduate and postgraduate studies at Dutch Universities, the University of Nordland has a lot to offer. The university is small and closely connected to society. A lot is happening in this dynamic Arctic region and the university has local but also international cooperation with businesses and governmental organisations. This makes it easier to find interesting and relevant research projects and get to know possible future employers. As an international student I was surprised by the amount of nationalities you meet here in Bodø. Because Bodø and the university are not too big, you get the chance to meet a lot of different people. The environment is totally different from what I was used to in the Netherlands: Wild nature all around the city, being able to enjoy a variety of winter sports and of course the northern lights and the midnight sun. Although Bodø is remote, it is remarkably well connected to the rest of Europe. “I realized that this was an international community where a lot of effort was put in. I wanted to become a part of it,” he says. “Was it more or less what you expected?” “It was much better! It is a stimulating professional commu- nity, there is strong focus on innovation and entrepreneur- ship and unequivocal support from Nord University. We work together regardless of faculty or institution, and this is a considerable advantage when it comes to the develop- ment of knowledge,” he says. Associate professor Hin Hoarau-Heemstra comes from the Netherlands and is researching innovation in nature-based tourism and other sectors. She presented her doctoral the- sis last year. “My husband and I came here seven years ago and we are very happy. We live a good life in Valnesfjord, forty kilome- tres from Bodø, with children and a horse,” she says. PhD candidate Petter Gullmark is half Polish half Norwe- gian. He grew up in Poland, has a MSc in Business degree, and is researching innovation in the public sector. “I have lived in Bodø for four years. I came here because I wanted to try something new and thought that Bodø looked like a nice town. After a while I got a Norwegian girlfriend and I am very happy in the city,” he says. Hin Hoarau-Heemstra
  32. 32. 32 Affiliated international scholars Education: B.A. University of Colorado, M.B.A. Boston College, D.B.A. Boston University. Interests / Areas of Expertise: Entrepreneurship, New Venture Creation, Women and Entrepreneurship. Teaching: Supervision and courses at Doctoral and Masters’ level. Education: PhD (University of Stirling, UK), BA Hons (Lancaster University, 1982) Interests / Areas of Expertise: Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Access to finance. Research Projects: Entrepreneurship in Experience-Based Tourism. Teaching: Supervision and courses at Doctoral level. CANDIDA G. BRUSH Adjunct Professor at Nord University Business School; Professor in Entrepreneurship at Babson College, USA. cbrush@babson.edu SARA CARTER Adjunct Professor at Nord University Business School and Nordland Research Institute, Professor of Entrepreneurship, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. sara.carter@strath.ac.uk Education: PhD, Jönköping International Business School, Sweden. Interests /Research Topics: New firm growth, Innovation, Corporate entrepreneurship, En- trepreneurial decision making, Strategic management of new firms, Family business. Research projects: Entrepreneurship in Experience-Based Tourism. Teaching: Supervision and courses at Doctoral level. ALEXANDER MCKELVIE Adjunct Professor at Nord University Business School; Associate Professor, Whitman School of Management at Syracuse University, USA. mckelvie@syr.edu Education: PhD Interests: Innovation, Entrepreneurs, Experience economy, Service innovation Research Projects: Innovation service projects, Service Innovation in Public-Private Networks. Teaching: Supervision and courses at Doctoral level. JON SUNDBO Adjunct Professor at Nord University Business School and Nordland Research Institute; Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Business, Roskilde University, Denmark. sundbo@ruc.dk
  33. 33. 33 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL Education: MSc (Turku School of Economics, 2005), PhD (Utrecht University 2013). Interests: Economics of Innovation, Science/research based startups & spin-offs, Innovation strategies and processes in established and young ventures, Business model innovation, New business creation processes. Research projects: Technology-based entrepreneurship and innovation, Environmental innovation MIKKO POHJOLA Postdoctoral researcher, Entrepreneurship and innovation, part-time mikko.pohjola@utu.fi Education: BA, PhD Interests: The impact of initiatives encouraging graduates to consider business ownership and/or careers in small firms; entrepreneurial teams; the internationalization of smaller private firms; the development of private family firms; and the habitual entrepreneurship phenomenon. Teaching: Supervision and courses at Doctoral level. PAUL WESTHEAD Adjunct Professor at Nord University Business School; Professor of Entrepreneurship at Durham University Business School, UK. paul.westhead@durham.ac.uk Education: PhD, Jönköping International Business School, Sweden. Interests/Research Topics: Small business growth, Self-employment, Self-employment decision-making, Corporate entrepreneurship. Research Projects: Technology-based entrepreneurship and innovation. Teaching: Supervision and courses at Doctoral level. Education: B.S., Ph.D., University of Colorado, M.B.A., Indiana University Interests /Areas of Expertise: Entrepreneurship; Venture Capital; New Venture Creation Teaching: Supervision and courses at Doctoral and Masters’ level. JOHAN WIKLUND Adjunct Professor at Nord University Business School; Professor of Entrepreneurship, Whitman School of Management, Syracuse University, USA. jwiklund@syr.edu ANDREW ZACHARAKIS Adjunct Professor at Nord University Business School; Chair in Entrepreneurship at Babson College, USA. zacharakis@babson.edu
  34. 34. 34 PUBLICATIONS 2015/EARLY 2016 Alsos, G. A., Clausen, T. H., Hytti, U. & Solvoll, S. (2016). Entrepreneurs’ Social Identity and the Preference of Causal and Ef- fectual Behaviours in Start-up Processes. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 28(3-4), pp. 234-258. Alsos, G. A. & Ljunggren, E. (2016). The Role of Gender in Entrepreneur-Investor Relationships: A Signaling Theory Ap- proach. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, online first. Bienkowska, D., Klofsten, M. & Rasmussen, E. (2016). PhD Students in the Entrepreneurial University - Perceived Support for Academic Entrepreneurship. European Journal of Education. Forthcoming. Borch, O. J. & Solesvik, M. (2015). Innovation on the Open Sea: Examining Competence Transfer and Open Innovation in the Design of Offshore Vessels. Technology innovation management review 5(9). Bulanova, O., Isaksen, E. & Kolvereid, L. (2016). Growth Aspirations among Women Entrepreneurs in High Growth Firms. Baltic Journal of Management, 11(2), 187-206. Fini, R., Fu, K., Mathisen, M.T., Rasmussen, E. and Wright, M. (2016) Institutional determinants of university spin-off quan- tity and quality: A longitudinal, multi-level, cross-country study. Small Business Economics. Accepted. Jakobsen, S. & Clausen, T. H. (2015). Innovating for a Greener Future: The Direct and Indirect Effects of Firms’ Environmen- tal Objectives on the Innovation Process. Journal of Cleaner Production, online first. Jakobsen, S. & Steinmo, M. (2016). The Role of Proximity Dimensions in the Development of Innovations in Coopetition: A Longitudinal Case Study. International Journal of Technology Management. Forthcoming. Kolvereid, L. (in press). Preference for Self-Employment: Prediction of New Business Start-up Intentions and Efforts. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Lindberg, F., & Eide, D. (2015). Challenges of Extraordinary Experiences in the Arctic. Journal of Consumer Behaviour 15(1), online first. Ljunggren, E. and Sundin, E. Introduction article: gender perspectives on enterprising communities. Journal of Enterpris- ing Communities 10(1) pp. 2-15. Munari, F., Rasmussen, E., Toschi, L. & Villani, E. (2015). Determinants of the University Technology Transfer Policy-Mix: A Cross-National Analysis of Gap-Funding Instruments. Journal of Technology Transfer. Online first. Rasmussen, E., Mosey, S. & Wright, M. (2015). The Transformation of Network Ties to Develop Entrepreneurial Competen- cies for University Spin-offs. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 27(7-8), pp. 430-457. Rasmussen, E. & Wright, M. (2015). How Can Universities Facilitate Academic Spin-offs? An Entrepreneurial Competency Perspective. Journal of Technology Transfer 40(5), pp. 782-799. Salamonsen, K. (2015). The Effects of Exogenous Shocks on the Development of Regional Innovation Systems. European Planning Studies 23(9), pp. 1770-1795. Salamonsen, K. & Henriksen, J. T. (2015). Small Businesses Need Strong Mediators: Mitigating the Disadvantages of Periph- eral Localization through Alliance Formation. European Planning Studies 23(3), pp. 529-549. Solvoll, S., Alsos, G. A. & Bulanova, O. (2015). Tourism Entrepreneurship – Review and Future Directions. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism 15(S1), pp. 120-137. Steinmo, M. (2015). Collaboration for Innovation: A Case Study on How Social Capital Mitigates Collaborative Challenges in University-Industry Research Alliances. Industry and Innovation, 22(7), pp.597-624.
  35. 35. 35 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL Steinmo, M. & Rasmussen, E. (2015). How Firms Collaborate with Public Research Organizations: The Evolution of Prox- imity Dimensions in Successful Innovation Projects. Journal of Business Research 69(3), pp. 1250-1259. Stokvik, H., Adriaenssen, D. J., Johannessen, J.-A. & Sætersdal, H. (2016). Managing Knowledge Resources. Problems & Perspectives in Management 14(1), pp. 95-106. Stokvik, H., Johannessen, J.-A. & Adriaenssen, D. J. (2016). Strategic Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurial Intensity. Prob- lems & Perspectives in Management 14(2), pp. 65-76 Stokvik, H., Johannessen, J.-A., Skålsvik, H. & Adriaenssen, D. J. (2016). Aspects of a Knowledge Theory for New Venture Creation: Management, Policy and Methodological Implications. Problems & Perspectives in Management 14(2), 144-152 Vestrum, I. (2016) Integrating multiple theoretical approaches to explore the resource mobilization process of community ventures. Journal of Enterprising Communities 10(1) pp. 123-134. Villani, E., Rasmussen, E., Grimaldi, R. (2016) How Intermediary Organizations Facilitate University-Industry Technology Transfer: A Proximity Approach. Forthcoming. Technological Forecasting & Social Change. In press. BOOKS Alsos, G.A., Bjørkhaug, H., Bolsø, A & Ljunggren, E. (Eds.) (2015). Kjønn og næringsliv i Norge. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk. Alsos, G.A, Hytti, U. & Ljunggren, E. (Eds.) (2016). Research Handbook on Gender and Innovation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, forthcoming. CHAPTERS IN BOOKS Alsos, G. A. (2016). Portfolio Entrepreneurial Households – Extending the Single Individual and Single Opportunity Focus. In: Landström, H., Parhakangas, A., Fayolle, A. & Riot, P. (Eds.). Challenging Entrepreneurship Research, Routledge, pp. 77-99 Alsos, G. A. & Andreassen, T. (2015). Innovative små bedrifter – om innovasjonsprosesser i opplevelsesbasert reiseliv. In: Jensen, Ø. & Skallerud, K. (Eds.). Innovativ og opplevelsesbasert verdiskaping i reiselivsnæringen. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, pp. 233-252 Alsos, G. A., Bjørkhaug, H., Bolsø, A & Ljunggren, E. (2015). Introduksjon – kjønn og norsk næringsliv. In: Alsos, G. A., Bjørkhaug, H., Bolsø, A & Ljunggren, E. (Eds.). Kjønn og næringsliv i Norge. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, pp. 15-28. Alsos, G. A., Carter, S. & Ljunggren, E. (2015). Entrepreneurial Families and Households. In: Welter, F. & Baker, T. (Eds.). The Routledge Companion to Entrepreneurship. Routledge, pp. 165-178 Alsos, G. A, Hytti, U. & Ljunggren, E. (2016). Gender and Innovation – An Introduction. In: Alsos, G. A, Hytti, U. & Ljun- ggren, E. (Eds.). Research Handbook on Gender and Innovation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, forthcoming Alsos, G. A. & Ljunggren E. (2015). Kvinner og menn som eiere i norske bedrifter. In: Alsos, G. A., Bjørkhaug, H., Bolsø, A & Ljunggren, E. (Eds.). Kjønn og næringsliv i Norge. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, pp. 49-66 Barrett, A. & Hoarau-Heemstra, H. (2015). Lo-Ve Is Complicated: Steinar’s Vision on the Uneasy Co-existence of Tourism and Petroleum in the Lofoten-Vesterålen Archipelago. In: Sørnes, J. O., Browning, L. & Henriksen, J. T. (Eds.). Culture, Development and Petroleum. An Ethnography of the High North. Routledge. Billström, A. (2016). The Role of Social Network Actors in the Formation of University Spin-offs – Case Studies of External and Inventor Entrepreneurs in Sweden. In: Fini, R & Grimaldi, R. (Eds.). Process approach to academic entrepreneurship: evidence from the globe. World Scientific Publishing.
  36. 36. 36 Carter, S. Alsos, G.A., Ljunggren, E. (2015). The Irrational Benefits of Small Business Ownership: Constructing Economic Well- Being in Business-Owning Households. In: Newbert, S. (Ed.) Small Business in a Global Economy: Creating and Managing Successful organizations. Volume 1. New York: Praeger, pp. 49-70 Eide, D. & Fuglsang, L. (2015). Nettverksdrevet læring og innovasjon i opplevelsesbasert reiseliv. In: Jensen, Ø. & Skallerud, K. (Eds.). Innovativ og opplevelsesbasert verdiskaping i reiselivsnæringen. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 205-232. Eide, D. & Mossberg, M. (2015). Opplevelsesdesign og innovasjon med fokus på kundeinteraksjoner. In: Jensen, Ø. & Skallerud, K. (Eds.). Innovativ og opplevelsesbasert verdiskaping i reiselivsnæringen. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, pp. 183-204. Eide, D., Hansen, A.H. & Lindberg, F. (2015). En multi-relasjonell tilnærming til turistopplevelser. In: Jensen, Ø. & Skallerud, K. (Eds.). Innovativ og opplevelsesbasert verdiskaping i reiselivsnæringen. Oslo: Cappelen Damn Akademisk, pp. 147-166. Eide, D. (2015) Humankapitalens særtrekk. In: Karlsen, J. E. (Ed.). Veivisere i norsk organisasjonsforskning. Organisasjonsfaglig kanon. Bergen: Fagbokforlaget. Hoarau-Heemstra, H. (in Press). Open Innovation in the Tourism Experience Sector: The Role of Practice-Based Knowledge Explored. In: Egger, R., Gula, I. & Walcher, D. (Eds.). Open Tourism: Open Innovation, Crowdsourcing and Co-Creation Chal- lenging the Tourism Industry. Springer. Hoarau-Heemstra, H. (2016). Ethical Use of Animals in Experience-Tourism: Lessons from Scandinavian Indigenous People. In: Fennel, D. (Ed.). Routledge Research in the Ehics of Tourism, Routledge. Jørgensen, E. & Rasmussen, E. (2016). The Internationalization Process of ‘Born Border’ Firms: Opportunity Development and Entry Modes. In: Etemad, H., Denicolai, S., Hagen, B. & Zucchella, A. (Eds.). The changing global economy and its impact on international entrepreneurship. Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 231-251 Ljunggren E & Berg A.-J. (2015). Kvinne, entreprenør og innvandrer: Kvinnelig entreprenør eller innvandreretablerer? In: Alsos, G. A., Bjørkhaug, H., Bolsø, A & Ljunggren, E. (Eds.). Kjønn og næringsliv i Norge. Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, pp. 83-108 Magnussen, T., & Wiggen O. (2015). “Hadde det ikke vært for turismen” - Om verdensarv og reiselivsutvikling på Vega. In: Jensen, Ø. & Skallerud, K. (Eds.). Innovativ og opplevelsesbasert verdiskaping i reiselivsnæringen. Cappelen Damm Akad- emisk, pp. 347-360. Nogueira, L. A., & Nogueira, T. F. (2014). The Ethical Dimension of Innovation. In: Al-Hakim, L. & Jin, C. (Eds.). Quality Innova- tion: Knowledge, Theory, and Practices. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. Nogueira, L. A., & Nogueira, T. F. (2015). Exploring Ethics in Innovation: The Case of High-Fructose Corn Syrup. In: Palmer, D. E. (Ed.). Handbook of Research on Business Ethics and Corporate Responsibilities. IGI Global. Rasmussen, E. & Mathisen, M. T. (2016). Science-Based Entrepreneurial Firms as Real Options: Assessing the Outcomes of the Norwegian Firm Population from 1995 to 2012. In: Fini, R. & Grimaldi, R. (Eds.). Process Approach to Academic Entrepreneur- ship: Evidence from the Globe. World Scientific Publishing. Roaldsen I. (2015). The Business Model and Entrepreneurial Strategies: The Case of SMEs in Mature Industries. In: Fayolle, A., Kyrö, P. & Liñán, F. (Eds.). Developing, Shaping and Growing Entrepreneurship. Edward Elgar. Salamonsen, K. (2015). The Petroleum Renaissance in Alstahaug Municipality. In: Sørnes, J. O., Browning, L. & Henriksen, J. T (Eds.). Culture, development and petroleum: an ethnography of the high north. Routledge. Vestrum, I. (2015). How Entrepreneurs Develop Relationships for Community Ventures Within Local Communities. In: Fayolle, A., Kyrö, P. & Liñán, F. (Eds.). Developing, Shaping and Growing Entrepreneurship. Edward Elgar. Åmo, B. W. (2015). Innovasjonsatferd blant sjefer, mellomledere og arbeidere i offentlig og privat sektor: Forskjeller og imp- likasjoner. In: Andersen, O. J., Gårseth-Nesbakk, L. & Bondas, T. (Eds.). Innovasjoner i offentlig tjenesteyting. Bergen: Fagbok- forlaget. Åmo, B. W. & Kolvereid, L. (forthcoming). Corporate Entrepreneurship: An Update on Recent Research. In: Blackburn, R., Cler- cq, D. D., Heinonen, J. & and Wang, Z. (Eds.). SAGE Handbook for Entrepreneurship and Small Business. SAGE, UK.
  37. 37. 37 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL CONFERENCE PAPER PRESENTATIONS Alsos, G. A., Carter, S., Ljunggren, E. & Johnsen, M. O. (2015). Women growth entrepreneurs and their strategies for work- life balance. Paper presented at the Diana International Conference, Boston, 8-9 June 2015. Alsos, G. A. & Clausen, T. H (2016) Team-level effectual and causal behavior: From individual decision-making to collective behavior. Paper presented at the 4th Effectuation Conference, Bodø, Norway 5-7 June 2016 Alsos, G. A., Clausen, T. H, Wigger, K. A. (2015). Characteristics of opportunities and exploitation in closed and open inno- vation. Paper presented at BCERC Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Natick, MA, 10-13 June 2015. Alsos, G. A., Clausen, T. H, Mauer, R. & Solvoll, S. (2016) Competence or context? Exploring the relationship of expertise, uncertainty and effectual behavior. Paper presented at BCERC Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Bodø, Norway 8-11 June 2016. Alsos, G., Ljunggren, E., Carter, S. & Jørstad, M.O. (2016) Women, family and entrepreneurship: strategies for managing work-life balance challenges. Paper presented at Academy of Management Meeting, Anaheim, 5-9 August 2016 Arntzen, M. (2015). The influence of passion on entrepreneurs seeking external equity finance. Paper presented at RENT XXIX Conference, Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Zagreb, Croatia, 18-20 November 2015. Aure, M., Førde, A. & Magnussen, T. (2015). The rural rescue – Work migrants in place. Nordic Geographical Meeting; 8-12 June 2015. Billström, A. (2015). Human capital imprinting of entrepreneurial team composition and University spin-off growth - A case comparison of external and inventor entrepreneurs in Sweden. Paper presented at RENT XXIX Conference, Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Zagreb, Croatia, 18-20 November 2015. Bjørkhaug, Hilde (2015). Hvem vil overta gårdene i fremtiden? Eierskiftedagene 2015, 14. December 2015. Bolzani, D., Fini, R. and Rasmussen, E. (2016) Entrepreneurial spun-out firms’ performance: The role of linkages to the par- ent institution. Academy of Management Annual Meeting, August, Anaheim, California. Clausen, T. H (2016) Uncertainty in the context of entrepreneurial action: Measuring state, effect and response uncertainty as perceived by founders of new firms. Paper presented at the 4th Effectuation Conference, Bodø, Norway 5-7 June 2016 Clausen, T. H., Meyer, M. B., Alsos, G. A. (2015). Co-production of value added from incubation: Examining the role of dy- adic and triadic relationships. Paper presented at DRUID15 Conference, 15-16 June 2015. Eide, D. & Hermanrud, I. (2015). Emotions as part of learning and knowing: toward a more holistic practice based approach to learning? Paper, Learning in working life, Oslo, 4-6 May 2015. Eide, D. (2015). Experience-Based Tourism and Visiting Industries: Research Projects and Work-In- Progress. Presenta- tion at research group on Center for Interactive Digital Media and Experience Design, Department of Communication & Psychology, Aalborg University, 28 August 2015. Eide, D. & Hoarau-Heemstra, H. (2015). Certifications as innovation driver: Roles of matching of values and concern focus. Paper presetented at Nordich symphosium in tourism and hospitality, Reykjavik, Iceland, 1-3 October 2015. Eide, D. Johnson, R. & Ljunggren, E. (2016) Gendering of innovations in experience based tourism. Paper presented at the Diana International Research Conference in Bodø, June 13-14, 2016 Fini, R., Fu, K., Mathisen, M.T. & Rasmussen, E. (2015). Institutional determinants of university spin-off quantity and quality: A cross-country study. Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, August 2015. Hoarau-Heemstra, H. (2015). Applied Ethics: Value-based innovation in Experience Tourism: Insights from Service Domi- nant logic. Technology and Governance of Health and Natural Resources Project Final Conference, Trondheim, 21-22 May 2015.
  38. 38. 38 Hoarau-Heemstra, H. (2016). Matchmaking for innovation: finding the right partners to enhance environmental sustainabil- ity in the tourism industry. Presented at: Organizational learning, knowledge and capabilities, April 2016. Hoarau-Heemstra, H. (2016). Sailing into a more sustainable tourism future: a study of a multi-actor alliance for innovation. 25th Nordic Symposium on Tourism and Hospitality Research, Turku, Finland, September 2016 Isaksen, E. J., Kolvereid, L., & Ljunggren (2015). Life-satisfaction among women and men high growth entrepreneurs: Explor- ing the role of family support and workload. Paper presented at the RENT XXIX conference, Zagreb, Croatia, 19-20 November 2015. Lauvås, T. A., Steinmo, M. (2015). Development of immature technologies in long-term research centres: The role of proxim- ity dimensions in converging institutional logics in university-industry collaboration. Paper presented at DRUID15 Confer- ence, 15-16 June 2015. Lauvås, T. A., Vie, O. E. (2015). Aiming at radical innovations: The knowledge integration activities between university and industry partners. Paper presented at EGOS 2015, 1-4 July 2015. Lauvås, T.A., Vie, O.E. (2015). Aiming at radical innovations: The knowledge integration activities between university and industry partners in research centres. Paper presented at Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Copenhagen, 12-14 August 2015. Ljunggren, E. (2015). Kjønn og innovasjon – Kan kjønnsforskningen bidra til innovasjonsforskningen? EnGendering Excel- lence Conference, 4 June 2015. Ljunggren, A., Alsos, G. A. & Haugum, M. (2015). Implementation of gender equality in an innovation scheme: Ensuring an economic ecosystem also suitable for women. Paper presented at the Diana International Research Conference, Boston, 8-9 June 2015. Ljunggren, E. & Haugum, M. (2016) Innovative industries and gender: Can gender change understandings of what an inno- vative industry is? Paper presented at the DIANA International Conference in Bodø, June 13-14 2016 Madsen, E. L. (2016) Maturing Family Firms and New Entry in the Entrepreneurial Orientation - Performance Relationship. Paper presented at BCERC Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Bodø, Norway 8-11 June 2016. Meyer, M.B. & Arntzen, M. (2016) Organizational sponsorship: Proximal outcomes of business incubation. Paper presented at BCERC Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Bodø, Norway, 8-11 June 2016. Nogueira, T. F. (2015) Entrepreneurial Learning. Paper presented at RENT XXIX Conference, Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Zagreb, Croatia, 18-20 November 2015. Nogueira, T. F. (2016). Opportunities and Entrepreneurial Learning. Paper presented at the BCERC Babson College Entrepre- neurship Research Conference, Bodø, Norway, 8-11 June 2016. Rasmussen, E., Clausen, T. H., Billström, A. & Johnson, A. R. (2016). The societal impact of science-based firms - Findings from coding of news articles. Paper to be presented at the BCERC 36th Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Confer- ence , Bodø, Norway, 8-11 June 2016. Solvoll, S. (2016) Learning to be an entrepreneur: novice entrepreneurs’ development of effectual and causal behaviour. Paper presented at BCERC Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Bodø, 8-11 June 2016. Villani, E., Rasmussen, E. & Grimaldi, R. (2015). How Intermediary Organizations Facilitate Technology Transfer: A Proximity Approach. Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, August 2015. Åmo, B. W. (2015). Accounting firms as business advisors: Customer’s expectations and accounting firms capabilities. Entre- preneurship for the XXI century: images and perspectives, Warsaw, 26-27 September 2015.
  39. 39. 39 INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP NORD UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL Special issues and symposia JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES Special issue: ‘Theories from the Lab’ How Research on Science Commercialization can Contribute to Management Studies. Guest Editors: Riccardo Fini, University of Bologna, Italy Einar Rasmussen, Nord University Business School, Norway Johan Wiklund, Syracuse University, USA Mike Wright, Imperial College Business School London, UK The deadline for submission is September 30 2016. http://www.socadms.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/JMS-Theories-from-the-Lab-Call-for-Papers-1.pdf SMALL BUSINESS ECONOMICS: AN ENTREPRENEURSHIP JOURNAL Special Issue: “Effectuation and entrepreneurship theory: How effectuation relates to other concepts, models, and theories within entrepreneurship” Special Issue Editors: Gry Agnete Alsos, Nord University Tommy Høyvarde Clausen, Nord University René Mauer, ESCP Europe Berlin Stuart Read, Willamette University Saras Sarasvathy, University of Virginia Deadline: December 1 2016 http://www.effectuation.org/event/2016/493 MAGMA Special issue on Entrepreneurship. This is a peer reviewed business and management journal written in Norwegian. Guest Editor: Lars Kolvereid, Nord University Business School Deadline: January 16 2017 https://www.magma.no/call-for-papers-entreprenorskap ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVES SHOWCASE SESSION AMP Showcase Session at the 2016 Academy of Management Conference, Anaheim, California: The commercialization of science: An integrative research agenda on managing the science-business interfaces Organizers: Mike Wright, Imperial College London Riccardo Fini, U. of Bologna Einar Rasmussen, Nord U. Business School Donald Siegel, U. at Albany, State U. of New York Johan Wiklund, Syracuse U. Date: Monday, August 8 2016