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Smart grid and hydo electric power power plant

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Smart grid and hydo electric power power plant

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introduction to smart grid, components, types, etc
&
hydo electric power power plant viz. upper sindh power plant kangan ganderbal kmr.

introduction to smart grid, components, types, etc
&
hydo electric power power plant viz. upper sindh power plant kangan ganderbal kmr.

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Smart grid and hydo electric power power plant

  1. 1. Seminartopic: SMART GRID Submittedby: Dar Faesal Roll No.: 40-ECE-2012
  2. 2. CONTENT • Introduction • What is Smart Grid? • Who are using Smart Grid? • How Smart Grid is used? • Comparison • Smart Grid components • Advantages • Disadvantages • Smart Grid Future • Conclusion
  3. 3. WHAT IS SMART GRID?  An intelligent electricity- delivery system:  energy suppliers and consumers: interconnect through a network  Smart meters: are installed at homes and business monitor energy consumption transmit that information back to energy providers  Energy providers : track energy consumption automatically throttle down energy consumption on a granular level when demand gets too high.
  4. 4. DIAGRAM SHOWING SMART GRID
  5. 5. SELF HEALING
  6. 6. WHO ARE USING SMART GRID?  Individual consumers  Corporate participation  Government regulators
  7. 7. HOW SMART GRID IS USED?  Foster communication between the energy company and the end consumer  Electricity is sent from:  Allows energy companies to track areas of high use, identify possible outages, and provide the proper service. Energy company Distribution center destination
  8. 8. COMPARISON
  9. 9. SMART GRID COMPONENTS  SMART METER  PHASOR MEASUREMENT  INFORMATION TRANSFER  DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
  10. 10. SMART METER  RECOGNIZES AND DETAILS ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION  RELAYS INFORMATION TO CENTRAL MONITORING STATIONS  WILL REPLACE TRADITIONAL METERS  POWER OUTRAGE NOTIFICATION AND POWER QUALITY MONITORING  TIME OF DAY CHARGES.
  11. 11. ADVANTAGES OF SMART GRID  Reduces the cost of blackouts  Helps measure and reduce energy consumption and costs  Helps businesses reduce their carbon footprint  Opens up new opportunities for tech companies meaning more jobs created!!!
  12. 12. DISADVANTAGES OF SMART GRID  Biggest concern: security and privacy  Smart Grid: use  automated meters,  two-way communications: between a power consumer and provider  and advanced sensors  Some types of meters can be hacked  Hacker:  gain control of thousands, even millions, of meters  increase or decrease the demand for power
  13. 13. DISADVANTAGES (CONT.) Not simply a single component Various technology components:  software, the power generators, system integrators, etc. Expensive for consumer: $60 per month
  14. 14. SMART GRID FUTURE  In the near future, will not be any vast development  Risky because of financial demands and regulations  In the long-run, attitudes will change, wide spread usage of the smart grid from every business to every home just like the Internet
  15. 15. CONCLUSION Smart Grid is a concept designed to provide electricity in more efficient way by better allocating electricity according to consumer’s wants. It integrated multiple energy sources and avoid over- generation as well. In foreign countries, namely the UK and USA, started to implement as they see it as a solution of energy and environment pressure in their own country.
  16. 16. INDUSTRIAL TRAINING Upper Sindh hydro electric power project-II
  17. 17. HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATION
  18. 18. RESERVOIR
  19. 19. FOREBAY
  20. 20. PENSTOCKS
  21. 21. GENERATOR {3 NO.}
  22. 22. BUSDUCTS
  23. 23. ELECTRICAL SWITCHYARD
  24. 24. LT SYSTEM
  25. 25. THANK YOU

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