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Traffic engineering

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Highway Engineering

Traffic engineering

  1. 1. Government Engineering College, Bhavnagar. Civil Engineering Department
  2. 2. Highway Engineering Topic :- TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
  3. 3. Contents Introduction Traffic Volume Study Purpose of study of traffic volume Traffic Controlling Devices Road signs Markings
  4. 4. Introduction It is very important that traffic flow on roads should be efficient safe and rapid. Traffic engineering is the branch which deals with science of measuring traffic, designing and operating system to achieve Safe and efficient movements of person and goods.
  5. 5. Introduction  To analyze the characteristics, traffic studies are made, studies are as follows: 1. Traffic volume study 2. Speed study 3. Origin and destination 4. Parking study 5. Accident studies
  6. 6. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY It is defined as the survey of number Of number of vehicle and pedestrians Crossing section of road per unit during Any selected period.
  7. 7. Purpose of study of traffic volume Establish relative importance of any road. Planning, designing and regulation of traffic. Structural design of road. Planning and design of new streets. Establishment properties and schedules for traffic improvements. Design of intersection and other control devices.
  8. 8. Traffic Controlling Devices The arrangements or the provision made to the road users so as to avoid accidents on the roads and for the free and effective traffic flow are known as traffic controlling devices.
  9. 9. Traffic controlling devices Generally following four devices are provided on road to control the traffic: 1. Road signs 2. Markings 3. Signals 4. Traffic islands
  10. 10. Road signs  Roads signs are provided to warn, direct and guide the road users. They are in the form of symbols or inscription. They are mounted on fixed or portable supports and are placed on the side of roads.
  11. 11. Further road signs are classified in three categories Regulatory or mandatory signs.  Warning or caution signs.  Informatory or guiding signs.
  12. 12. Regulators or mandatory signs  These signs are used to inform the road users, certain rules and regulations which has to notice for safe and free flow of traffic.  Some of the regulatory signs are: 1. Give way and stop signs:
  13. 13. Prohibitory signs
  14. 14. Speed limit and vehicle control signs
  15. 15. No parking, no stopping signs
  16. 16. Warning or cautionary signs These are signs used to warn road users of certain hazardous conditions either on or adjacent to the road ways, so that the motorist becomes cautious and may take the desired action.
  17. 17. The various warnings signs used are
  18. 18. Informatory sign
  19. 19. Informatory sign  These are road signs used to guide road users along route, inform them about destination and distance ,and provide other information so as to make the road travel easier and safe.  An informatory sign usually consist of a rectangular board of specified size. In case of facility information signs, the size of rectangle shall be 800mm x 600mm for normal signs and the size of square shall be 400mm and 300mm.
  20. 20. Informatory sign
  21. 21. Markings  Traffic markings are the lines, patterns, words, symbols or reflectors applied to the carriage way, curbs, sides of islands or to fixed objects near the road way.  The objects of the traffic marking is to warn , inform and guide the road users. They are made by using prints in contrast with colours and brightness on pavements or other background. Ordinary paints like oil paints are used for road markings.
  22. 22. Markings
  23. 23. Bhavik Shah – 130210106049 Digvijay Solanki – 130210106055 Kartik Hingol – 130210106030 Nitin Charel – 130210106011 Thank You For Bearing
  • VijaySampelly

    Oct. 8, 2020
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    Sep. 12, 2020
  • ShivuBilavar

    Jul. 4, 2020
  • SalmanShexany

    May. 11, 2020
  • DivyaShasha2

    Jul. 18, 2019

Highway Engineering

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