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100330 Pmlpa Science 20

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100330 Pmlpa Science 20

  1. 1. Science 2.0 usages et pratiques à l’heure du numérique Michel Roland (Urfist PacaC) Colloque « Penser global, agir local. Politiques de mise en ligne de la production académique » Université de Nice - 30 mars 2010
  2. 2. Paradoxe 1 <ul><li>alors que l’internet est d’origine (en grande partie) universitaire, ses plus récents développements (le web 2.0) sont globalement appréhendés comme venant l’impacter de l’extérieur </li></ul>
  3. 3. Paradoxe 2 <ul><li>alors qu’en face des pratiques des “ digital natives ”, les “ bonnes pratiques ” données en exemple s’appuient essentiellement sur le circuit classique de la communication scientifique, celui-ci est profondément en crise </li></ul>
  4. 4. Digital Natives et régimes d'attention (UCLA Newsroom UCLA study finds that searching the Internet increases brain function , octobre 2008 )
  5. 5. Crise de foi <ul><li>&quot;during key marketing periods as many as 40% of published articles focusing on specific drugs are ghost managed&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>(Sismondo S, 2007 Ghost Management: How Much of the Medical Literature Is Shaped Behind the Scenes by the Pharmaceutical Industry?. PLoS Med 4(9): e286. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0040286) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;for many current scientific fields, claimed research findings may often be simply accurate measures of the prevailing bias&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>(Ioannidis JPA, 2005 Why Most Published Research Findings Are False. PLoS Med 2(8): e124. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0020124) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Constatation 1: adoption inégale et hétérogène des outils du web 2.0 <ul><li>Des expérimentateurs </li></ul><ul><li>Des éditeurs scientifiques </li></ul><ul><li>Des institutions </li></ul>
  7. 7. BibApp 1
  8. 8. Des expérimentateurs
  9. 9. Des éditeurs scientifiques <ul><li>« Elsevier has identified Web 2.0 as a key part of our technology strategy. The elements of user contributions and collaboration are cornerstones in Elsevier’s technology strategy for the next three to five years, and almost all upcoming innovation projects in Elsevier Labs will be based on Web 2.0 technologies and concepts. » </li></ul><ul><li>(David Marques, Vice President, Architecture and New Technology, Elsevier - octobre 2007) </li></ul>
  10. 10. les raisons de &quot;ne pas&quot; <ul><li>« je n'ai pas le temps » </li></ul><ul><ul><li>risque de surinformation > tri à faire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gérer des contacts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>apprentissage / distraction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>« le travail fait sur des outils 2.0 ne m'est pas reconnu » </li></ul><ul><ul><li>« et je risque de me faire voler mes idées » </li></ul></ul><ul><li>> « les outils traditionnels me conviennent très bien » </li></ul>
  11. 11. Constatation 2: une crise des pratiques <ul><li>« … des césures qui brisent l’instant et dispersent le sujet en une pluralité de positions et de fonctions possibles. » </li></ul><ul><li>(Michel Foucault, ''L'Ordre du discours'') </li></ul>
  12. 12. double bind <ul><li>« Internet, je l’utilise pour lire la presse mexicaine notamment,[…] vérifier une référence, envoyer des mails. Je suis assez méfiante après…. […]. J’ai besoin d’aller consulter en bibliothèque […]. Enfin voilà, Internet, en gros, ça se limite à ça . </li></ul><ul><li>Ce n’est pas un outil majeur pour vous ? </li></ul><ul><li>Cela reste majeur dans le sens avec les échanges avec les collègues universitaires, les auteurs, […] vérifier une référence, voir un petit peu les dernières sorties au niveau des publications. Voilà, ça en reste là. […] </li></ul><ul><li>C’est vrai qu’Internet nous facilite… À la limite, on aurait du mal maintenant à concevoir notre travail sans cet objet, et quand il n’y a pas Internet, en gros, c’est une catastrophe. On a l’impression d’être coupé du monde […]. » </li></ul><ul><li>(Ordre et désordre dans les pratiques informationnelles des enseignants-chercheurs de psychologie et d’espagnol / Véronique Temperville (Geriico), 2009) </li></ul>
  13. 13. demandes contradictoires <ul><li>Je voudrais un endroit où je trouve tout ce que m'offre la bibliothèque. </li></ul><ul><li>Mais il y a une page où toute notre offre électronique est rassemblée... </li></ul><ul><li>C'est trop touffu, il y a trop de choses qui ne me concernent pas... </li></ul><ul><li>un autre: </li></ul><ul><li>Je l'avais oubliée </li></ul><ul><li>Je n'ai pas le temps de chercher sur le site de la BU, il faudrait nous avertir par mail lorsqu'il y a quelque chose de nouveau qui nous concerne... </li></ul><ul><li>Mais nous vous envoyons régulièrement une newsletter ... </li></ul><ul><li>Oui mais c'est trop long, les mails de plus de x lignes, je ne les lis pas, pas le temps... </li></ul>
  14. 14. Récapitulons <ul><li>« Science 2.0 » plus une problématique qu’un paradigme </li></ul><ul><li>Pas de modèle stable de nouvelles pratiques informationnelles </li></ul><ul><li>Epuisement des modèles classiques </li></ul><ul><li>Hétérogénéité des conditions d’adoption des outils 2.0, pourtant pertinents </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplicité des acteurs > interopérabilité des acteurs </li></ul><ul><li>Importance de la veille et de la formation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accompagnement des projets institutionnels </li></ul></ul>

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