Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
Historyof
the Button   Bill DeRouchey
Hello.
This incarnation of the History of the Button was
presented at SXSW on March 12, 2010.

This slide deck is slightly...
About the audio.
If you’re listening to the audio, sorry about the bad
quality for the first 12 minutes. SXSW somehow cut
...
This is astory
     that spans over
           100 years...
As a contrast to SXSW
which focuses so much on
the Now and the...
... about how we got from
here         to   here...
buttons
... about how
have changed how
    we understand
  our world...
buttons
... about how
have changed how
   ...
        think.
     we understand
  our world.
Products                            Movies




Advertisements                      Screens



           We’ll take almost...
1910 1956
          1984 2010



      These were all movies in
      the original presentation.




The simplest motion.
1910 1956
            1984 2010



        These were all movies in
        the original presentation.




is just push th...
This was a movie in the original
presentation (from Apple.com).




  We’re in a transition....
This was a movie in the original
presentation (from Apple.com).




 a transitiontransition....
 We’re in a to Surface.
Transitions
 are interesting...


because that’s when our
  brains change.
Generations of Interaction

1 Lever
2 Button
                                               now
3 Surface
4 Fluid         ...
Generations of Interaction

1 Lever                                   1900
2 Button
3 Surface
4 Fluid              We shou...
We are a bunch of smart
             monkeys. We figured out
             how to use the objects in
             the world...
For example, a gun can
simply be understood as
throwing a rock, a tiny
rock, much faster and
with greater accuracy.
Pressing on the keys of
a piano simply triggers a
hammer hitting a string.
Motion is augmented.
You can see the
     Action.



    In the mechanical era, you
    can see action happen, see
    how one motion affects
 ...
Levers
   scale motion.

Scaling
is the mechanical age.
Compressed
Time


Major advances in technology actually
change how we perceive the world.

For example, train travel compr...
The telegraph changed our sense of connection
over distance. Instant communication across
hundreds of miles for the first ...
But the button meant for the
first time, the result of a human
motion could be completely
different from the motion itself...
The motion Push
  does not scale to
the result Light.



       This abstracted interaction with
       technology represe...
Buttons
   abstract motion.

Abstraction
 is the electronic age.
What was the
             first button?

This might be the most common
question people ask me.
The flashlight was the first simple
                  everyday button. It revolutionized
                  our sense of li...
Buttons
   enter

Daily Life
George Eastman of
Kodak introduced
cameras for regular
people.




                      1890s
Eastman used the
phrase “You Press
the Button, We Do
the Rest” to show
how simple
cameras can be.

Button = easy.




    ...
Doorbells replaced
pull ringers in homes.




              1900s
As the electricity grid
expanded, homes
installed lights and
simple pushbuttons to
turn the lights on and off.




       ...
Sidenote:
An editorial
cartoon from 1911
depicting a dark
vision of the future.

Surrounded by
technology, lazy,
pushing b...
“The Opera Delivered to Your Door” = Pandora
“The Observascope” = webcams
Of course, all with a robot servant!
The next major tech
             innovation was the
             radio, sending live
             audio from a distance.

...
30 million radios
      sold by 1938.




                This was their Internet boom.
But tuning to your
favorite stations
almost required a
scientist mentality.

Until 1938 when radio
presets (buttons)
excha...
Essentially, radio
presets were the first
notion of “saving” in
technology. Save
your favorite station.




              ...
Buttons
  represent

The Future
1939

During the Great
Depression, people
looked to a better
future, capped by the
World’s Fair in 1939.




New York
Worl...
1939

Technology was
heralded as the
emancipator of leisure.




A shrine to
the button?
Movie from 1940
depicting a vision of the
future. With robots.
                            1940
Roy’s Robot Repair is
helping this concerned
woman with her robot.
                         1940
She controls her robot
with buttons. Roll-Oh
can even fix a furnace.
                          1940
When fixed, Roll-Oh
fetches the nice
repairman’s hat.
                      1940
1958

Visions of the future
continued, including
this Monsanto home,
promoting both the
wonders of plastics
and pushbutton...
Another movie.
                 1958
The happy wife pushes buttons
to access hidden compartments.
                                 1958
The happy wife pushes buttons
to access hidden compartments.
                                 1958
The happy wife pushes buttons
to control her home.
                                1958
Buttons
 represent

Luxury
In the 1950s, the promise of
pushbutton technology became
available to a wide variety of
consumer items, providing a
new l...
And in nearly every case,
the phrase “pushbutton”
became an adjective
communicating modern,
luxury, advanced, new, easy.

...
1958
1960
1959
1961
Now there’s a woman
in control of her laundry.
                             1959
So easy...
 even a woman
  can do it.
       And also in nearly every case, women
       were used in ads to add the subtl...
Picture the
                      classic Crossing
                      the Chasm
                      diagram of early
...
This practice of using “pushbutton”
continues today, but only in the
seamier parts of the web.

Get rich quick!
Lose weight now!
           1959
Join the Push Button Empire!
Returning to the living room,
the remote control has
become the classic example
of this pushbutton era.




              ...
Because for the first time,
                  regular people could
                  control an object from a
            ...
Buttons
 represent

 Fear
After WWII, we had
                 automated war machinery
                 so much that global
                 nuclear ...
Raising a generation on fear.
                                1950s
Buttons
 represent

Control
At the same time, engineers
were building complex machines
controlled by rows and rows of
switches and buttons. We were
le...
At the same time, engineers
were building complex machines
controlled by rows and rows of
switches and buttons. We were
le...
Only a select few could
understand these machines,
could use these buttons, using
a highly specialized language.
Only a select few could
understand these machines,
could use these buttons, using
a highly specialized language.
From “That Touch of Mink.”

Doris Day works at Univac.   1962
She’s fed up at working in
this automation job.         1962
So she slams the machine.   1962
And leaves the machines
running. (Note the Univac in
the background.)               1962
Chaos ensues.   1962
Buttons
 represent

 Play
Humpty Dumpty
pinball machine was
the first to use flippers.
                             1947



      First pinball flip...
First mechanical game
where you can interact
with the ball in play to
keep it in play. Beginning
of a new era in gaming.
 ...
Generational               1977


Icon


               This Atari joystick
               revolutionized
               g...
Shape as
                     Play
                          1978




Experimenting
with the shape of
the button itself.
Arcades boomed
in the 1970s
Dexterity in pushing
buttons now became a
prized skill, generating
an entire industry.
Buttons
  become

Metaphor
Before this, buttons were physical things. The
Macintosh in 1984 introduced to the general
public the idea that buttons co...
The virtual button still needs a physical button.   1964
The virtual button still needs a physical button.   1984
This concept was so new
that Apple needed to
educate people simply
how to use a mouse.

They took out 39 pages
of advertis...
Notice the incredible detail to communicate
                       the basics of something we take for granted.




Educat...
Notice the incredible detail to communicate
the basics of something we take for granted.




                             ...
Buttons
  lose

Shape
With the web, “buttons” could
become anything. They didn’t
need a specific shape that said
“I’m a button.” They could be
b...
Images, text, anything is now
actionable. As an example, the
next page shows everything
that can be acted upon.
Compare it...
Nearly everything can be acted
upon. This has changed how
we perceive the world around
us. All items can have deeper
conne...
We even understand that
simple gray text is actionable,
simply from its location to its
neighbors. We assume that
“Work” i...
But would we
assume that here?
Buttons
  go

Touch
Touchscreens are becoming
everyday interactions.
Touchscreens are becoming
everyday interactions.
The poster child of touch.
Now taking orders
Where are we
     now?
Buttons don’t need...
          form
  borders
contour  shape
     words
ornamentation
... and yet, we attribute to them

  ease   process
 magic     control
 play  simplicity
      automation
think about
We now
objects with
depth and time,
 instead of just static things.
We are approaching a time
 when  anything
    is interactive.
Gesture interaction game
designed by Ziba for
Li Ning in China.
Imagine somebody 100
years ago encountering
this device.
Imagine somebody 100
years ago encountering
this device.
Generations of Interaction

1 Lever
2 Button
3 Surface
                                       soon
4 Fluid                ...
Dynamic
  tactile surfaces
     will create

disposable
 physical interfaces.
If it was rumored to be in the
iPad, then the technology must
be only a few years away.
Research on dynamic tactile surfaces
from Chris Harrison and Scott Hudson
at Carnegie Mellon University.
When buttons can essentially have a
disposable physical form, we can build
interfaces into any surface.
Meaning our entire surroundings can
be interactable. Imagine the
generation that grows up with that.
And the next
  generation?
Imagine growing up in a world where
touchscreens and interactive gestures are a given.
How does that affect your brain pro...
Imagine growing up in a world where
touchscreens and interactive gestures are a given.
How does that affect your brain pro...
Imagine growing up in a world where
touchscreens and interactive gestures are a given.
How does that affect your brain pro...
The button         has been a
  100 year transition technology
    from the mechanical age
      to the truly electronic a...
The button represents
how we interact with
  the objects we create.
And that’s why the button
    is the most influential
       yet least appreciated
  innovation
      of the 20th Century.
Historyof
the Button

Bill DeRouchey


@billder
bill.derouchey@gmail.com
History of the Button
History of the Button
History of the Button
History of the Button
History of the Button
History of the Button
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

sur

History of the Button Slide 1 History of the Button Slide 2 History of the Button Slide 3 History of the Button Slide 4 History of the Button Slide 5 History of the Button Slide 6 History of the Button Slide 7 History of the Button Slide 8 History of the Button Slide 9 History of the Button Slide 10 History of the Button Slide 11 History of the Button Slide 12 History of the Button Slide 13 History of the Button Slide 14 History of the Button Slide 15 History of the Button Slide 16 History of the Button Slide 17 History of the Button Slide 18 History of the Button Slide 19 History of the Button Slide 20 History of the Button Slide 21 History of the Button Slide 22 History of the Button Slide 23 History of the Button Slide 24 History of the Button Slide 25 History of the Button Slide 26 History of the Button Slide 27 History of the Button Slide 28 History of the Button Slide 29 History of the Button Slide 30 History of the Button Slide 31 History of the Button Slide 32 History of the Button Slide 33 History of the Button Slide 34 History of the Button Slide 35 History of the Button Slide 36 History of the Button Slide 37 History of the Button Slide 38 History of the Button Slide 39 History of the Button Slide 40 History of the Button Slide 41 History of the Button Slide 42 History of the Button Slide 43 History of the Button Slide 44 History of the Button Slide 45 History of the Button Slide 46 History of the Button Slide 47 History of the Button Slide 48 History of the Button Slide 49 History of the Button Slide 50 History of the Button Slide 51 History of the Button Slide 52 History of the Button Slide 53 History of the Button Slide 54 History of the Button Slide 55 History of the Button Slide 56 History of the Button Slide 57 History of the Button Slide 58 History of the Button Slide 59 History of the Button Slide 60 History of the Button Slide 61 History of the Button Slide 62 History of the Button Slide 63 History of the Button Slide 64 History of the Button Slide 65 History of the Button Slide 66 History of the Button Slide 67 History of the Button Slide 68 History of the Button Slide 69 History of the Button Slide 70 History of the Button Slide 71 History of the Button Slide 72 History of the Button Slide 73 History of the Button Slide 74 History of the Button Slide 75 History of the Button Slide 76 History of the Button Slide 77 History of the Button Slide 78 History of the Button Slide 79 History of the Button Slide 80 History of the Button Slide 81 History of the Button Slide 82 History of the Button Slide 83 History of the Button Slide 84 History of the Button Slide 85 History of the Button Slide 86 History of the Button Slide 87 History of the Button Slide 88 History of the Button Slide 89 History of the Button Slide 90 History of the Button Slide 91 History of the Button Slide 92 History of the Button Slide 93 History of the Button Slide 94 History of the Button Slide 95 History of the Button Slide 96 History of the Button Slide 97 History of the Button Slide 98 History of the Button Slide 99 History of the Button Slide 100 History of the Button Slide 101 History of the Button Slide 102 History of the Button Slide 103 History of the Button Slide 104 History of the Button Slide 105 History of the Button Slide 106 History of the Button Slide 107 History of the Button Slide 108 History of the Button Slide 109 History of the Button Slide 110 History of the Button Slide 111 History of the Button Slide 112 History of the Button Slide 113 History of the Button Slide 114 History of the Button Slide 115 History of the Button Slide 116 History of the Button Slide 117 History of the Button Slide 118 History of the Button Slide 119 History of the Button Slide 120 History of the Button Slide 121 History of the Button Slide 122 History of the Button Slide 123 History of the Button Slide 124 History of the Button Slide 125 History of the Button Slide 126 History of the Button Slide 127 History of the Button Slide 128 History of the Button Slide 129 History of the Button Slide 130 History of the Button Slide 131
Prochain SlideShare
History of the Button
Suivant
Télécharger pour lire hors ligne et voir en mode plein écran

138 j’aime

Partager

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

History of the Button

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

Presentation given at SXSW on March 12, 2010. Synced with the audio!

Even though technology evolved at a crazy pace the last 100 years, the humble button has stayed at the center of it all. What is its past, its future? Why is it important? What does it say about the interaction between humans and technology? Pictures, stories, revelations, movies.

History of the Button

  1. Historyof the Button Bill DeRouchey
  2. Hello. This incarnation of the History of the Button was presented at SXSW on March 12, 2010. This slide deck is slightly different from the live presentation. The main difference is that the videos that were in the presentation have been translated here to stills as best as possible. Enjoy. Also, narration boxes like this are Bill DeRouchey extra notes to help fill in context where necessary and point out bill.derouchey@gmail.com where this version differed from @billder the live presentation.
  3. About the audio. If you’re listening to the audio, sorry about the bad quality for the first 12 minutes. SXSW somehow cut off the first 12 minutes. To make up for it, I had to slice in the audio from my FlipCam recording, which was better than nothing. If you’re not listening to the audio, then it doesn’t matter at all. Carry on.
  4. This is astory that spans over 100 years... As a contrast to SXSW which focuses so much on the Now and the Future.
  5. ... about how we got from here to here...
  6. buttons ... about how have changed how we understand our world...
  7. buttons ... about how have changed how ... think. we understand our world.
  8. Products Movies Advertisements Screens We’ll take almost an anthropological approach by looking at these items to examine the history of the button.
  9. 1910 1956 1984 2010 These were all movies in the original presentation. The simplest motion.
  10. 1910 1956 1984 2010 These were all movies in the original presentation. is just push the button.
  11. This was a movie in the original presentation (from Apple.com). We’re in a transition....
  12. This was a movie in the original presentation (from Apple.com). a transitiontransition.... We’re in a to Surface.
  13. Transitions are interesting... because that’s when our brains change.
  14. Generations of Interaction 1 Lever 2 Button now 3 Surface 4 Fluid We are currently in a transition from a button era to a surface era.
  15. Generations of Interaction 1 Lever 1900 2 Button 3 Surface 4 Fluid We should look to the previous transition to understand today.
  16. We are a bunch of smart monkeys. We figured out how to use the objects in the world around us to augment our human motion. Bones into shovels. Sticks into rakes. Iron into gears. We love our tools.
  17. For example, a gun can simply be understood as throwing a rock, a tiny rock, much faster and with greater accuracy.
  18. Pressing on the keys of a piano simply triggers a hammer hitting a string. Motion is augmented.
  19. You can see the Action. In the mechanical era, you can see action happen, see how one motion affects another. You can follow the results from action to result.
  20. Levers scale motion. Scaling is the mechanical age.
  21. Compressed Time Major advances in technology actually change how we perceive the world. For example, train travel compressed our sense of time between faraway places.
  22. The telegraph changed our sense of connection over distance. Instant communication across hundreds of miles for the first time. Compressed Distance
  23. But the button meant for the first time, the result of a human motion could be completely different from the motion itself. Abstracted Motion
  24. The motion Push does not scale to the result Light. This abstracted interaction with technology represented a new way to comprehend the world.
  25. Buttons abstract motion. Abstraction is the electronic age.
  26. What was the first button? This might be the most common question people ask me.
  27. The flashlight was the first simple everyday button. It revolutionized our sense of light. What was the first button? 1898
  28. Buttons enter Daily Life
  29. George Eastman of Kodak introduced cameras for regular people. 1890s
  30. Eastman used the phrase “You Press the Button, We Do the Rest” to show how simple cameras can be. Button = easy. 1890s
  31. Doorbells replaced pull ringers in homes. 1900s
  32. As the electricity grid expanded, homes installed lights and simple pushbuttons to turn the lights on and off. 1910s
  33. Sidenote: An editorial cartoon from 1911 depicting a dark vision of the future. Surrounded by technology, lazy, pushing buttons. For a similar dystopian view, read the 1910 short story “The Machine Stops” from E.M. Forster. 1911
  34. “The Opera Delivered to Your Door” = Pandora “The Observascope” = webcams Of course, all with a robot servant!
  35. The next major tech innovation was the radio, sending live audio from a distance. The opera really now was delivered to you. The radio. 1920s
  36. 30 million radios sold by 1938. This was their Internet boom.
  37. But tuning to your favorite stations almost required a scientist mentality. Until 1938 when radio presets (buttons) exchanged the emphasis on “tuning” for “returning.” 1938 Radio presets.
  38. Essentially, radio presets were the first notion of “saving” in technology. Save your favorite station. 1938 First notion of Save. Radio presets.
  39. Buttons represent The Future
  40. 1939 During the Great Depression, people looked to a better future, capped by the World’s Fair in 1939. New York World’s Fair
  41. 1939 Technology was heralded as the emancipator of leisure. A shrine to the button?
  42. Movie from 1940 depicting a vision of the future. With robots. 1940
  43. Roy’s Robot Repair is helping this concerned woman with her robot. 1940
  44. She controls her robot with buttons. Roll-Oh can even fix a furnace. 1940
  45. When fixed, Roll-Oh fetches the nice repairman’s hat. 1940
  46. 1958 Visions of the future continued, including this Monsanto home, promoting both the wonders of plastics and pushbuttons. Monsanto House of the Future
  47. Another movie. 1958
  48. The happy wife pushes buttons to access hidden compartments. 1958
  49. The happy wife pushes buttons to access hidden compartments. 1958
  50. The happy wife pushes buttons to control her home. 1958
  51. Buttons represent Luxury
  52. In the 1950s, the promise of pushbutton technology became available to a wide variety of consumer items, providing a new luxury for the middle class.
  53. And in nearly every case, the phrase “pushbutton” became an adjective communicating modern, luxury, advanced, new, easy. 1956
  54. 1958
  55. 1960
  56. 1959
  57. 1961
  58. Now there’s a woman in control of her laundry. 1959
  59. So easy... even a woman can do it. And also in nearly every case, women were used in ads to add the subtle message of, this new technology is so easy to use, even a woman can use it.
  60. Picture the classic Crossing the Chasm diagram of early adopters vs. late adopters. “Pushbutton” meant that the product was simple enough for late adopters to now buy. Buttons cross the chasm.
  61. This practice of using “pushbutton” continues today, but only in the seamier parts of the web. Get rich quick!
  62. Lose weight now! 1959
  63. Join the Push Button Empire!
  64. Returning to the living room, the remote control has become the classic example of this pushbutton era. 1959
  65. Because for the first time, regular people could control an object from a distance. No wires! First control from a distance 1956
  66. Buttons represent Fear
  67. After WWII, we had automated war machinery so much that global nuclear annihilation was perceived to be as easy as pushing a button. And it may have been. Who has theirfinger on the button?
  68. Raising a generation on fear. 1950s
  69. Buttons represent Control
  70. At the same time, engineers were building complex machines controlled by rows and rows of switches and buttons. We were learning to automate.
  71. At the same time, engineers were building complex machines controlled by rows and rows of switches and buttons. We were learning to automate.
  72. Only a select few could understand these machines, could use these buttons, using a highly specialized language.
  73. Only a select few could understand these machines, could use these buttons, using a highly specialized language.
  74. From “That Touch of Mink.” Doris Day works at Univac. 1962
  75. She’s fed up at working in this automation job. 1962
  76. So she slams the machine. 1962
  77. And leaves the machines running. (Note the Univac in the background.) 1962
  78. Chaos ensues. 1962
  79. Buttons represent Play
  80. Humpty Dumpty pinball machine was the first to use flippers. 1947 First pinball flippers.
  81. First mechanical game where you can interact with the ball in play to keep it in play. Beginning of a new era in gaming. 1947 First game interaction?
  82. Generational 1977 Icon This Atari joystick revolutionized gaming in the home.
  83. Shape as Play 1978 Experimenting with the shape of the button itself.
  84. Arcades boomed in the 1970s
  85. Dexterity in pushing buttons now became a prized skill, generating an entire industry.
  86. Buttons become Metaphor
  87. Before this, buttons were physical things. The Macintosh in 1984 introduced to the general public the idea that buttons could be virtual.
  88. The virtual button still needs a physical button. 1964
  89. The virtual button still needs a physical button. 1984
  90. This concept was so new that Apple needed to educate people simply how to use a mouse. They took out 39 pages of advertising in Newsweek to essentially publish a user’s manual. Education through Advertising 1984
  91. Notice the incredible detail to communicate the basics of something we take for granted. Education through Advertising 1984
  92. Notice the incredible detail to communicate the basics of something we take for granted. 1984
  93. Buttons lose Shape
  94. With the web, “buttons” could become anything. They didn’t need a specific shape that said “I’m a button.” They could be blue text and underlined. 1996
  95. Images, text, anything is now actionable. As an example, the next page shows everything that can be acted upon. Compare it to this page.
  96. Nearly everything can be acted upon. This has changed how we perceive the world around us. All items can have deeper connection.
  97. We even understand that simple gray text is actionable, simply from its location to its neighbors. We assume that “Work” is a link. 2010
  98. But would we assume that here?
  99. Buttons go Touch
  100. Touchscreens are becoming everyday interactions.
  101. Touchscreens are becoming everyday interactions.
  102. The poster child of touch.
  103. Now taking orders
  104. Where are we now?
  105. Buttons don’t need... form borders contour shape words ornamentation
  106. ... and yet, we attribute to them ease process magic control play simplicity automation
  107. think about We now objects with depth and time, instead of just static things.
  108. We are approaching a time when anything is interactive.
  109. Gesture interaction game designed by Ziba for Li Ning in China.
  110. Imagine somebody 100 years ago encountering this device.
  111. Imagine somebody 100 years ago encountering this device.
  112. Generations of Interaction 1 Lever 2 Button 3 Surface soon 4 Fluid The next generation will feature dynamic surfaces.
  113. Dynamic tactile surfaces will create disposable physical interfaces.
  114. If it was rumored to be in the iPad, then the technology must be only a few years away.
  115. Research on dynamic tactile surfaces from Chris Harrison and Scott Hudson at Carnegie Mellon University.
  116. When buttons can essentially have a disposable physical form, we can build interfaces into any surface.
  117. Meaning our entire surroundings can be interactable. Imagine the generation that grows up with that.
  118. And the next generation?
  119. Imagine growing up in a world where touchscreens and interactive gestures are a given. How does that affect your brain processing?
  120. Imagine growing up in a world where touchscreens and interactive gestures are a given. How does that affect your brain processing?
  121. Imagine growing up in a world where touchscreens and interactive gestures are a given. How does that affect your brain processing?
  122. The button has been a 100 year transition technology from the mechanical age to the truly electronic age.
  123. The button represents how we interact with the objects we create.
  124. And that’s why the button is the most influential yet least appreciated innovation of the 20th Century.
  125. Historyof the Button Bill DeRouchey @billder bill.derouchey@gmail.com
  • JenniferDodson13

    Nov. 25, 2021
  • JeromeHolman

    May. 8, 2020
  • NathanGuo4

    Apr. 27, 2020
  • gauravmishra

    Apr. 19, 2019
  • peppazoid

    Jan. 6, 2019
  • cooltunes

    Oct. 2, 2018
  • toriitadashi

    Mar. 23, 2018
  • YICHENWU29

    Jun. 5, 2017
  • istvankuti

    May. 2, 2017
  • mali148

    Feb. 26, 2017
  • SalimMajhi

    Dec. 26, 2016
  • Hienadz.Drahun

    Dec. 1, 2016
  • LucaPisati

    Dec. 1, 2016
  • mnhardy72

    Nov. 29, 2016
  • Djablo

    Nov. 28, 2016
  • ImseongKang

    Aug. 28, 2016
  • JessicaMarcus1

    Aug. 2, 2016
  • jos217

    Jun. 13, 2016
  • DianaBendigStenberg1

    Mar. 8, 2016
  • brianouma

    Feb. 16, 2016

Presentation given at SXSW on March 12, 2010. Synced with the audio! Even though technology evolved at a crazy pace the last 100 years, the humble button has stayed at the center of it all. What is its past, its future? Why is it important? What does it say about the interaction between humans and technology? Pictures, stories, revelations, movies.

Vues

Nombre de vues

115 909

Sur Slideshare

0

À partir des intégrations

0

Nombre d'intégrations

10 536

Actions

Téléchargements

650

Partages

0

Commentaires

0

Mentions J'aime

138

×