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Women's rights

The history of the fight for women's rights

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Women's rights

  1. 1. Women’s Rights Lest We Forget
  2. 2. 1848 The world’s first women's rights convention is held in Seneca Falls, New York. After 2 days of discussion and debate, 68 women and 32 men sign a Declaration of Sentiments, which outlines grievances and sets the agenda for the women's rights movement. A set of 12 resolutions is adopted calling for equal treatment of women and men under the law and voting rights for women.
  3. 3. 1850 The first National Women's Rights Convention takes place in Worcester, Mass., attracting more than 1,000 participants. National conventions are held yearly (except for 1857) through 1860.
  4. 4. The primary goal of the organization is to achieve voting rights for women by means of a Congressional amendment to the Constitution. In 1978 the women drafted and introduced the women’s suffrage amendment; it was forty-one years later, in 1919, when the Congress submitted the amendment to the states for ratification. 1869 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony form the National Woman Suffrage Association
  5. 5. The territory of Wyoming passes the first women's suffrage law. It was accomplished in large part by Esther Hobart Morris who was active in the Women’s Rights movement. She lobbied the 22 members of the territorial legislature, arguing that legalized women's suffrage would "prove a great advertisement" inducing more women and families to settle in Wyoming. William Bright, upon the urging of his wife, Julia, introduced a suffrage measure to the legislature. Passage of this landmark suffrage law that same year helped make Wyoming famous as the "Equality State." Other laws that passed that year gave married women the right to own property, the right to serve on juries, and equal pay for female teachers. December 10, 1869
  6. 6. 1913 Alice Paul and Lucy Burns form the Congressional Union to work toward the passage of a federal amendment to give women the vote. The group is later renamed the National Women's Party. Members picket the White House and practice other forms of civil disobedience. Alice Paul Lucy Burns
  7. 7. 1913 Suffrage Parade The 1913 parade, although credited to Alice Paul, was actually organized and directed by Lucy Burns who was the organizational "brains" of many actions and works credited to Paul.
  8. 8. 1913: Women Beaten When They Dare Ask For The Right to Vote "Eight thousand women with suffrage banners flying paraded along Washington's Pennsylvania Avenue on March 3, 1913, the day before Woodrow Wilson's inauguration, to make the incoming president and congress aware of their cause. "It was a parade that turned into a confrontation and near riot. Police had given a permit for it, but they did little to protect the women when angry men began attacking the marchers. "Women were slapped, tripped, spat upon, pelted with burning cigar stubs, had banners torn from their hands. Their hats were pulled off, their clothing was ripped, and some were knocked to the ground and trampled. "Federal troops had to be called in from nearby Fort Meyer. The soldiers cleared the streets, controlled the mob, and finally restored order, and the somewhat disheveled women carried on with the parade that got them a lot more front-page attention than they had expected.“ -- Excerpted from Bill Severn's “The Right To Vote,” New York: Ives Washburn, 1972.
  9. 9. Women were jailed for picketing the White House and for carrying signs asking for the vote.
  10. 10. Women were arrested and sent to the Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia. There were reports of bad treatment at the Workhouse. Miss Lucy Burns visited the workhouse in August 1917 to investigate the lack of nourishment and poor food. Burns, finding that the women were much thinner and complaining of headaches due to poor and insufficient food, spoke in conference with Illinois Senator J. Hamilton Lewis. Lewis agreed to visit the workhouse to probe the charges. Charges were filed against Whittaker by a committee of the National Woman’s party, headed by Miss Lucy Burns, accusing Whittaker of cruelty to prisoners. Malnutrition resulted in six women being hospitalized. Additionally, an affidavit charged Whittaker with permitting a prisoner to be chained to the walls in a cell of the workhouse. Pending an inquiry, Whittaker was relieved of his duties, but was later reinstated when he was exonerated.
  11. 11. “Night of Terror” -- Nov. 15, 1917 After a 1917 protest demonstration several women were arrested and detained at the Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia. The warden ordered his guards to teach a lesson to the suffragists imprisoned there because they dared to picket Woodrow Wilson's White House for the right to vote. They beat Lucy Burns, chained her hands to the cell bars above her head and left her hanging for the night, bleeding and gasping for air. For weeks, the women's only water came from an open pail. Their food--all of it colorless slop--was infested with worms.
  12. 12. Night of Terror They hurled Dora Lewis into a dark cell, smashed her head against an iron bed and knocked her out cold. Her cellmate, Alice Cosu, thought Lewis was dead and suffered a heart attack. Additional affidavits describe the guards grabbing, dragging, beating, choking, slamming, pinching, twisting and kicking the women.
  13. 13. Hunger Strike In November 1917 Lucy Burns was an inmate at the Occoquan Workhouse, and conditions were intolerable. Lucy and Alice Paul led the suffragettes in a hunger strike. The prisoners were being fed worm-infested food and unclean water. It was reported by National Women’s Party members that: Mrs. Lawrence Lewis…and Miss Lucy Burns…were removed from Occoquan to jail Tuesday, where they were forcibly fed, Miss Burns by means of a tube through the nose Lucy Burns
  14. 14. Helena Hill Weed, Norwalk , Conn., serving 3 day sentence in D.C. prison for carrying banner, “Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed.”
  15. 15. Suffragists (They don’t like the term “suffragettes.”) Carrie Chapman Catt Inez Millholland Edith Ainge
  16. 16. Ratification at long last! 1919: On May 21, 1919, the 19th amendment passed the House with an extra 42 votes. On June 4, 1919, the Senate, after a long discussion, passed it with 56 ayes and 25 nays. Within a few days, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan ratified the amendment. Other states followed suit at a regular pace, until the amendment had been ratified by 35 of the necessary 36 state legislatures. 1920: On August 18, 1920, Tennessee narrowly approved the Nineteenth Amendment, with 50 of 99 members of the Tennessee House of Representatives voting yes. This provided the final ratification necessary to enact the amendment.
  17. 17. Celebrating the 19th Amendment
  18. 18. 2004 HBO Movie Iron Jawed Angels Julia Ormond as Inez Millholland Frances O’Conner as Lucy Burns Hilary Swank as Alice Paul Angelica Huston as Carrie Chapman Catt
  19. 19. What’s your excuse for not voting?

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  • IrnuFaad

    Jun. 7, 2019

The history of the fight for women's rights


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