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Augmented Surgeons: AI AR for Anatome, Raskar Aria 2019

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Augmented Surgeons: AI AR for Anatome, Raskar Aria 2019

Publié dans : Santé & Médecine
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Augmented Surgeons: AI AR for Anatome, Raskar Aria 2019

  1. 1. Camera Culture Ramesh Raskar Ramesh Raskar Assoc. Professor MIT Augmenting Surgeons Patient to Population Scale AI and Sensors
  2. 2. Capture: Millions of Surgery Videos Library of Complications Analyze: AI (CV/ML/NLP) Tips, Anomalies Interact: Guide with AR/ Haptics/ Screens
  3. 3. Head-mounted Display Projectors © Andrei State Augmented Surgeons: Beyond X-ray vision Multi-Mode AR Raskar PhD Thesis ~2000
  4. 4. Raskar | MIT Media Lab Augmented Reality (AR) World Input Process Output World Sense beyond human ability Abstract Present within human ability
  5. 5. Raskar | MIT Media Lab Augmented Reality (AR) World Input Process Output World Camera, Location Sensors Identify, Track, Abstract Display, Overlay Interaction Resolution, FoV, FPS, Optics Bounds of Physics + Perception
  6. 6. Raskar | MIT Media Lab South Park - Jurassic Park
  7. 7. Raskar | MIT Media Lab Realism Functional Photoreal Physical Non-visual Ferwerda 2003
  8. 8. Raskar | MIT Media Lab Realism Functional Photoreal Physical Non-visual Archaic neurosc + perception Few open datasets
  9. 9. Raskar | MIT Media Lab Multi-ModeMulti-Format IoT Perception Ergo, Hygiene Gestural Language
  10. 10. Raskar | MIT Media Lab Augmented Reality (AR) World Input Process Output World Camera, Location Sensors Identify, Track, Abstract Display, 3D Overlay Interaction MultiModal MultiFormat IoT Training DataSets Perception Ergo, Hygiene Ethics Gestural Language EyeGlasses Authoring IoT
  11. 11. Raskar | MIT Media Lab hand-held display spatial see-through display head- mounted display retinal display Head-attached Body-attached spatial projector Spatial Augmented Reality 1998 Multi-Mode AR Real Object
  12. 12. Raskar | MIT Media Lab Virtual Reflectance Virtual Illumination InteractionVirtual Motion ShaderLamps Raskar PhD Thesis 1997 - 2000
  13. 13. Machines will not replace talented hands of surgeons Worldwide scarcity of Surgeons 1. Augmenting Surgeons ‘Waze’ 2. Precision Health + Population Health for Surgery ‘Anatome’, Omics for Anatomy Patient to Population Scale Raskar PhD Thesis 2002
  14. 14. Waze for Surgeons Decision making, Share Tips, Training, Find Anomalies
  15. 15. Capture: Millions of Surgery Videos Library of Complications Analyze: AI (CV/ML/NLP) Tips, Anomalies Interact: Guide with AR/ Haptics/ Screens
  16. 16. Capture Analyze Interact Improve Video, Haptics Speech Interface TransformDisrupt Handle co-morbiditiesLibrary of Complications Rapid Training, Create Olympians Sharing tips and tricks On site diagnostic tests Avoid Waiting Manage teams Find anomalies early Display and Haptics Precision+PopulationHealth Waze Post-operative Predictions
  17. 17. Anatome Lee Sanders, Raskar 2018 Bard et al 2006 Hashimoto, Rus et al 2016 Gillies, 2014 structure, function, development, evolution, network
  18. 18. Capture Analyze Interact Improve Video, Haptics Speech Interface TransformDisrupt Handle co-morbiditiesLibrary of Complications Rapid Training, Create Olympians Sharing tips and tricks Novel Surgeries without special training Cellular Level, Multispectral On site diagnostic tests Avoid Waiting Manage teams Find anomalies early Display and Haptics Remote / Distant Capture ‘Anatome’: Anatomic structure Library Precision Health: Guided Options Population Health across surgical patientsPrecision+PopulationHealth Waze + Anatome Post-operative Predictions
  19. 19. Challenges •Capture: •How to get labelled millions of surgery videos •Analyze: •Bias in data, close viewpoint of procedures •Interact: •Avoid cartoonish VR, Will UX get in the way
  20. 20. Capture Analyze Interact ImproveTransformDisrupt InstrumentScaleWorldScale Machine Learning Computer Vision IoT Motion Tracking Raskar Team’s Prior Work Auto-ML Camera to see around corners Brush Endoscope Cell-resolution Imaging Tricorder Diagnostics 8D Telehealth Haptics Retinal Predictions Book on AR Leader @Oculus VR 90 Patents 250 Pubs, Many startups
  21. 21. Acknowledgements • Camera Culture Group, MIT Media Lab • Lee Sanders, Carla Pugh, Raj Gupta, Daniel Kraft • John Werner, Marco Jacobs, Mark Billinghurst, Sameer Rawal, Tim Smith, Alvaro Cassinelli, Benjamin Lok, Rob Lindenman, Brett Jones, Mk Haley, Chris Sanders • MERL • Amit Agrawal, Ashok Veeraraghavan, Ankit Mohan, Jack Tumblin, Jeroen van Baar, Paul Beardsley, Remo Ziegler, Thomas Willwacher, Srinivas Rao, Cliff Forlines, Paul Dietz, Joe Marks, Darren Leigh • UNC Chapel Hill, Office of the Future group • Greg Welch, Kok-lim Low, Deepak B’padhyay, Aditi Majumder, Michael Brown, Ruigang Yang • Henry Fuchs, Herman Towles • Wei-chao Chen
  22. 22. Machines will not replace talented hands of surgeons Worldwide scarcity of Surgeons AI, Sensors, Interactive Tech 1. Augmenting Surgeons ‘Waze’ for Surgeons Sharing tips, Rapid education, Anomalies Tech to get you in and out of OR 2. Precision Health and Population Health for Surgery ‘Anatome’: structure, function, development, evolution Predict complications, handle co-morbidities Novel surgeries without special training AR for IA Patient to Population Scale for Surgery Ramesh Raskar, MIT Media Lab

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