What motivate us?

15 May 2016

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What motivate us?

  1. The Psychology of the Sport of Speaking – Motivation. Whinks
  2. Introduction. • What makes an athlete train day in, day out, in all weathers, all year round? • Why do they want to improve? • What is driving them to strive for success? • Success itself? • To be the best that you can be in your chosen sport or activity.
  3. What Motivates Us? • We may be fortunate enough to be able to lead and guide ourselves. • Many of us will rely on a primary coach. • We may call on a group of trusted older graduates. • Intrinsic & Extrinsic
  4. Goal Setting • Before you start to set goals, you should try to consider the background to goal setting itself: • Understanding your commitment to the sport (of speaking). • Understanding the level you want to reach within the sport (of speaking) • Knowing the skills that will have to be acquired and the levels of performance that will be needed.
  5. General Guidelines. • Positive Statement: Express your goals positively. • Be Precise. • Set Priorities. • Record Goals. • Keep immediate Goals Small.
  6. Set Specific Goals. • Set specific measurable goals. • If you achieve all aspects of a measurable goal, then you can be confident in your achievement or that of your graduate. • If you consistently fail to meet a measurable goal, then you can adjust it or analyse why you have not succeeded. • After analysis, you can take appropriate action and approach it from a different angle. • Or set smaller targets to build up to the larger goal.
  7. Set Realistic Goals . • Goals may be set unrealistically high for the following reasons: – Other people’s influence. – Insufficient information on the situation. – Always expecting your best performance. – Lack of self-respect and knowledge of your own limits.
  8. Setting Goals Too Low • Alternatively goals can be set too low because of: – Fear of failure (Where have we heard that before?) – Not willing to put in the effort required: • Time • Complacency
  9. Setting Goals at the Right Level. • Skill that is which can only be gained through practice. • Set goals so that they are slightly out of your immediate grasp. • No-one will put serious effort into achieving a goal that they believe is unrealistic. • Remember that the belief that a goal is unrealistic may be counter productive.
  10. Where Goal Setting Can Go Wrong. • Goal setting can go wrong for a number of reasons: • Goals can be set unrealistically high. • Goals can be set too low. • Goals can be so vague that they are useless. • Too many goals may be set and then worked towards at the same time.
  11. Achieving Goals and Feedback. • When you have achieved a goal, take the time to enjoy it and what achieving it has meant. • Take the opportunity to reward yourself appropriately if you have been working towards it for a long time.
  12. Feedback: Failure. • Where you have failed to reach a goal, ensure that you learn the lessons of the failure. • These may be: • That you didn't try hard enough • That your technique was faulty and needs to be adjusted • That the goal you set was unrealistic
  13. Feedback: Failure Cont. • Use this information to adjust the goal. • Feeding back turns everything into a positive learning experience. • Even failing to achieve a goal can be a step forward towards better technique. • Remember that the fact of trying something, even if it does not work, often opens doors that would otherwise have remained closed.
  14. Feedback: Success. • Where you have achieved a goal always try and feedback into your next goals: • If the goal was easily achieved, make your next goals harder • If the goal took too long to achieve, make the next goals a little easier • If you learned something that would lead you to change goals still outstanding, do so • If while achieving the goal you noticed some turbulence in your recovery, take appropriate action to fix this.
  15. Feedback: Success Cont. • Goals change as you mature and travel along Freedom’s Road. • Adjust them regularly to reflect this growth. • If goals do not hold any attraction any longer, have a break and try other things. • To reach your target should bring you real pleasure, satisfaction and achievement.
  16. Summary of Goal Setting. • Goal setting is an important method of: – Deciding how committed you are to the sport of speaking. – Deciding what is important for you to achieve. – Motivating yourself to achieve. – Building your self- confidence. • You can set goals effectively by: – Phrasing them positively – Defining them precisely – Prioritising multiple goals – Writing them down – Keeping them manageable: Not too hard, but not too easy.
  17. The SMARTER Principle. • You may now be thinking, “Whinks, I’ve reached information overload!” • Set your goals based on the S.M.A.R.T.E.R principle. • Goals should be: • Specific • Measurable • Affirmative • Realistic • Time based • Evaluated • Recorded