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Ancient Greeks 2018-2019

Ancient Greeks presentation-year 4

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Ancient Greeks 2018-2019

  2. 2. Education • The Greeks loved to learn! They believed that learning was one of the best ways you could spend your time. They didn’t see going to school as a chore at all. They looked forward to the chance to improve their minds. • Formal education was usually only for the sons of wealthy Greek families. Women, slaves, and the children of poor families were not given a formal education. • In all the Greek city-states, except for Sparta, the purpose of education was to produce good citizens. Children were trained in music, art, literature, science, math, and politics. In Athens, for example, boys were taught at home until they were about six years old. Then boys went to school, where they learned to read and write. They learned to play a musical instrument, usually the flute or the lyre. They learned the poetry of Homer. They learned how to debate and how to give a persuasive speech. They studied science and math. • Throughout their education, Greeks studied music and dance. They enjoyed music and believed that it made life more pleasant. It was common for educated Greeks to play several instruments.
  3. 3. THE GREEK ALPHABET • The earliest Greek writing is about dancing and enjoying life. • They wrote their names on pottery to show that it belonged to them. They wrote poems and stories, sometimes on vases. They wrote offerings to the gods. Sometimes they wrote riddles and jokes! • It was originally written (and read) from right to left. • Greek was originally written with only capital letters. • Visit this website to listen to the sounds of the Greek letters.
  4. 4. Greek Games • Just like children of today, children in ancient Greece enjoyed playing a variety of games. • A popular game was ostrakinda, a game in which a shell was painted black one side. The black side was “night,” and the unpainted side was “day.” Children divided into two teams, one for “night” and one for “day.” The shell was thrown and the team whose color came up had to chase the other team. Juggling was also encouraged among children as a way to improve their motor skills. • Another popular game was morra. In this game, two players made a fist behind their backs, and then, when a signal was given, they extend their hands, showing a certain number of fingers. The first player to call out the correct number of fingers was the winner!
  5. 5. Greek toys • Kids also had toys. They played with rattles and little clay animals. One of the animals was a horse on 4 wheels that could be pulled around on a string. The Greek kids played with yo-yos! They had dolls and other action figures made out of cloth and clay. They had lots of toys.
  6. 6. GREEK CLOTHES Ancient Greek clothes were simple. Women made clothes out of wool for winter wear, and used linen as their summer fabric. They dyed tunics and cloaks in bright colors. They bleached some material to a bright white. Clothes were decorated with geometric designs. Some were decorated to represent their city-state. Some clothes were left plain.
  7. 7. GREEK FOOD • They ate a variety of delicious dishes, some of which are still around today. Most Greeks were farmers and they ate the food that they grew. Since Greece had a mild climate, they were able to grow many different fruits and vegetables as long as they got enough rain. • Vegetables were a huge part of the Greek diet. Most Greeks ate a diet that was almost vegetarian.Perhaps the most important food to the ancient (and modern) Greeks was the olive.
  8. 8. GREEK GODS AND GODDESSES • The gods were a bit like humans, but they lived forever and were much more powerful. They felt human emotions, like love, anger and jealousy, and they did not always behave themselves. • The Greeks thought the gods lived high above Mount Olympus, in a palace in the clouds. From here, they kept an eye on life below. From time to time, they would interfere in what was going on. They could send storms if they were angry and decide who was victorious in wars. Sometimes they even played tricks on humans too.
  9. 9. ZEUS He was the ruler of all the gods, the god of the sky. He was powerful and had many children. He was Hera' s husband. His symbols were the lightning and an eagle.