M.Com., MBA., M.Sc (Psy)., M.Phil., B.Ed., PGDCA., DGT., Ph.D., NET
Assistant Professor of Commerce
PG & Research Department of Commerce
Madurai- 625 234
Mobile No : 99767 13199
E-mail id: firstname.lastname@example.org Madurai
4. Input Tax Credit Under GST
One of the objectives of GST was to eradicate cascading
effect of taxes which existed under excise,VAT and
service tax, etc.
Under GST input tax credit can be claimed irrespective of
place of supplier, thus making accessibility for sales and
5. What is Input Tax Credit?
Input tax credit (ITC) is the tax paid by the buyer on purchase of
goods or services.
Such tax which is paid at the purchase when reduced from
liability payable on outward supplies is known as input tax credit.
In other words, input tax credit is tax reduced from output tax
payable on account of sales.
6. EXAMPLE - ITC
Mr.A purchased goods worth Rs. 18,000 on whichGST @ 18% was Rs. 3,240.
He sold goods worth Rs. 22,000.GST payable @ 18% is Rs. 3960.
Let us calculate and understand net GST payable and input GST credit.
Outward GST payable - Rs. 3,960
Less- GST paid on purchases Rs. 3,240
Thus, net GST payable through cash Rs. 720
From above, we understand that Rs 3,240 reduced is input tax credit availed that had
been paid on purchases.
7. Conditions for Claiming ITC
A business can claim ITC provided the following conditions have been met
Dealer must be registered under the GST law.
Dealer must receive the goods or services or both.
It has a GST-compliant invoice.
Its supplier has uploaded the invoice to the GSTN
Its supplier has paid GST to the government
Returns have been filed
A business under composition scheme cannot avail of the input tax credit.
ITC cannot be claimed for personal use or for goods that are exempt.
8. Basic Requisites / Conditions for Claiming Input Tax Credit (ITC)
The following requisites are mandatory for claiming input tax credit under GST
One must be registered under GST Law
A tax invoice or debit note issued by the registered supplier showing the tax
Goods or services must have been received
Supplier should have filed returns and paid such tax thereon to the government
Where goods are received in parts or in installments, ITC maybe claimed on receipt
of last lot or installment.
Where input tax credit is included in the cost of capital goods and depreciation on
such tax is claimed, no input tax credit is allowed.
Input tax credit will not be allowed if the same has not been claimed within the
9. Documents Documents on which Input Tax Credit may be claimed
A registered dealer can claim input tax credit on the basis of following
1.A tax invoice issued by registered supplier
2.A debit note issued in respect of earlier issued tax invoice by the
3.An invoice issued by the recipient of goods or services who has paid tax
under reverse charge mechanism.
4.A bill of entry or similar document in case of imports.
10. Reversal of Input tax Credit (ITC)
Input tax credit may be reversed under certain circumstances as mentioned
Failure to pay supplier within 180 days from the date of invoice.
Goods and services whether inputs or capital goods used for personal
Goods and services utilized for producing or supplying exempted goods
Sale of capital goods or plant and machinery on which input tax credit
11. Where input tax credit (ITC) is reversed,
The amount reversed may be added to output tax liability in the
month in which it is reversed,
Interest shall be paid from the date of availing credit till the date
when the amount is reversed and paid.
No time limit shall be applicable for reclaiming the reversed credit.
12. How To Avail Credit Where Tax Has Been Paid Under Reverse Charge
Where tax has been paid under reverse charge basis, input tax credit
may be availed in the same month in which the payment is made, provided
the following condition is satisfied –
(1) Liability has been discharged through cash
(2) Goods or service has been used for business purpose
(3) Self-invoicing is done on such purchases as no tax invoice can be issued
by unregistered supplier
13. Time limit for claiming Input Tax Credit (ITC)
Input tax credit can be claimed against an invoice/ debit note or credit note
before the end of the following dates, whichever is earlier –
Due date of GST return filing for the month of September of the next financial
Date of filing annual return for that financial year. For the FY 17-18, period to
be claimed ITC was extended to March 2019.
However, if no credit has been claimed till filing return of March 2019, any such
credit will lapse and cannot be claimed even through GSTR 9 annual return.
Thus, it can be understood that no Input tax credit can be claimed through
14. Special Circumstances in which ITC may be claimed
As per section 18 of the CGST Act, input tax credit may be claimed in certain
special circumstances –
Availability of input tax credit in case of compulsory registration.
Availability of input tax credit in case of voluntary registration
Availability of input tax credit when the registered person ceases to be
applicable for composition scheme.
Availability of input tax credit in case exempted supplies become taxable
Availability of input tax credit in case of change in constitution
15. Ineligible Input tax credit or items -where ITC is not allowed
Purchase of motor vehicles or conveyances. However, there are certain
exceptions to it.
Any expense including insurance of motor vehicles or conveyances
ITC on food, beverages, outdoor catering services, beauty treatment,
health services, cosmetic and plastic surgery
Sale of membership of health and fitness centre, clubs
ITC on rent a cab, life insurance, health insurance
Travel benefits extended to employees
ITC on works contract services availed for construction of immovable
property, including goods and services used for construction for
immovable property (except plant and machinery).
ITC on purchases by registered person opting for composition scheme.
Goods or services used for personal consumption
ITC on goods stolen, lost, destroyed, written off or given as free samples.
ITC on tax paid due fraud cases.
16. Input Tax Credit - Set-Off Rules
From 1st July 2019, GSTN portal has been updated with new system of ITC
utilisation. ITC can be utilised in the manner described below.
IGST credit should be fully utilised first.
In case of CGST liability, CGST credit is to utilised first and then IGST credit.
However, one must take into consideration that no IGST credit is pending
In case of SGST liability, SGST credit is to utilised first and then IGST credit.
However, one must take into consideration that no IGST credit is pending
CGST credit cannot be utilised against setting off SGST liability and vice versa,
SGST credit cannot be utilised to set off CGST liability.
The main aim while setting off input tax credit against tax liability is to have
minimum tax pay-out after complying with all provisions of the act.
17. Time limit for claiming - ITC under GST
GSTIN has specified a time-limit to claim the InputTax Credit.
As per Section 16(4) of the CGSTAct 2017, taxpayers can claim any pending ITCs for any
particular month, till the September of the subsequent year or while filing the annual
return GSTR-9 for the financial year in which the InputTax Credit has been availed.
Any pending ITC post this period will collapse & you will not be allowed to utilize it in
any way to release any tax liabilities.
However, it is recommended to claim the ITC in real-time that is to claim ITC on a
monthly basis via form GSTR-2B Reconciliation & GSTR-3B.
The ITC claiming time limit must be kept in mind by the accountants especially while
dealing with complex transactions such as Imports & SEZ transactions.
18. Refund of Input tax credit under GST
Refund of InputTax Credit under GST comes in three forms, that is there are three
cases under which a taxpayer can claim the refund of the ITC in their electronic
Following are the three cases under which taxpayers can claim the refund of ITC-
1.Refund of unutilized InputTax Credit (ITC) on account of Exports without the
payment of integrated tax.
2.Refund of unutilized input tax credit (ITC) on account of goods or services supplied
to SEZ Unit/ SEZ Developers without the payment of integrated taxes.
3.Refund of unutilized ITC on account of accumulation due to the inverted tax
structure, where the input tax is more than outward tax liabilities.
19. Input tax credit rules under GST
There are a few rules & conditions that taxpayers need to keep in mind while claiming
ITC under GST.
We have simplified them & broken them down for you in a list below-
1. 180 Days Rule
2.Time Limit of claiming ITC
3. Possession of Documents
4. Receiving the Goods
5. Provisional ITC under GST
6. ITC on Capital Goods
20. 1. 180 Days Rule
The buyer of the goods who is claiming the ITC must make the
complete payment to the supplier within 180 days from the date of supply in
order to claim ITC.
If the buyer fails to do so, then their credit availed will be added to their
outward tax liability.
2. Time Limit of claiming ITC
ITC can be claimed by the taxpayer EITHER till the GSTR filing of
September of the subsequent year OR in the annual return filing of form
21. 3. Possession of Documents
The taxpayer who is willing to take ITC must possess the invoices & other
supporting documents with him, such as Credit & Debit Notes
4. Receiving the Goods
The receiver of the goods & services must have received the same within 180
days from the date of the invoice.
22. 5. Provisional ITC under GST
As per the 10% Provisional ITC rule, if your supplier fails to furnish the invoices in
their GSTR-1 & it does not appear in your GSTR-2A you will not be able to claim full
ITC on such transactions.
Instead, you will be eligible only for an additional 10% of the actual ITC mentioned
6. ITC on Capital Goods
You cannot claim ITC on the capital goods if you have already claimed depreciation
on the same.
You can opt for either of the two but not both.
23. 7. Goods Received in Installments
In case you are receiving the goods in lots or installments, then you will only be eligible
for ITC when the last & final installment is received by you.
8. ITC on Debit Notes
Customers can claim ITC based on Debit Notes created against an Invoice.
24. 9. ITC, in case of Credit Note Generation
Using a Credit Note, the supplier can reduce their tax liabilities.
In this case, the recipient will have to reverse the ITC that they have claimed as Credit
Notes nullify the transactions.
10. ITC on Import of Goods
While claiming ITC on imports, you must furnish-The bill of entry &The IGST payment
25. 11. Deposition of Taxes to the government
You must ensure that the GST that you have paid to the supplier reaches to the
Government vis GST returns.
If the tax doesn't reach the Government, you may not be able to claim full ITC of the
12. Common Credit of ITC under GST
CommonCredits can only be claimed in the following 2 cases-
•Effecting exempted and taxable supplies
•Business and non-business related activities
26. What is meant by ineligible ITC?
There are certain casesWhere InputTax Credit under GST Cannot Be Availed, this is called
ineligible ITC under GST.
We have listed down the cases that are ineligible for claiming InputTax Credit under GST,
if taxpayers claim the credits of these items/services they can be liable –
1. ITC on purchase of Motor vehicles and conveyances (for personal use, and for motor
vehicles with seating capacity up to 13 persons, purchase of aircraft & vessels)
2. No ITC on account of detention, seizure, and release of goods and conveyances in
transit. (Section 129)
3. General insurance, servicing, repairs, and maintenance of vehicles & vessels
4.Vessels & Aircraft, however, there are a few exceptions where ITC is allowed for the
27. What is meant by ineligible ITC?
6. No ITC allowed on payment of late fees, penalties, interests, etc.
7. No ITC on tax paid on account of confiscation of goods or conveyances and levy of
penalty (section 130)
8. ITC availed by means of a fraud or scam under section 74 of the CGST Act 2017.
9. Goods & Services purchased for exempted supplies.
10. Membership of a club, Gym, Beauty club, health, and fitness center
11. Life & Health insurance
28. What is meant by ineligible ITC?
12.Travel for personal or business purposes, vacations, holidays, etc. where LTA is
provided to the employees (unless obligated)
13. Free Samples, gifts, lost stolen and destroyed goods
14.Working Contract (for construction of properties)
15. Leasing, Renting, HiringVehicles for other than specified purposes.
16. Construction of immovable property for personal use
17. Purchase from Composition Scheme
18. Good & Services received by a Non-resident
19. Goods & Services for Personal Consumption
29. Input Tax Credit on Capital Goods
There are four types of Capital Goods in businesses & here is how ITC
works on them-
Capital Goods only for Personal Use: No ITC available
Capital Goods only for Exempted Sales: No ITC available
Capital Goods only for NormalTaxable Sales- ITC available per usual
Capital Goods for both personal/ exempted AND for Normal Sales:
Calculate proportionate ITC depending on the ratio in which the
goods are used for personal & business purposes.
Note- ITC can only be claimed on Capital Goods, when depreciation has not been claimed on
them. Meaning you can either claim ITC or depreciation on Capital Goods.
30. Reversal of input tax credit under GST
1. Payment the supplier within 180 days from issue of invoice
2. Inputs and capital goods must not be used for personal purposes
3. Inputs and capital goods must not be used for providing exempt
4. Credit Notes issued by seller to ISD (Input service distributor)
5. When the reversed ITC is less than required
This reversed ITC needs to be furnished in the recipients GSTR-2.
Additionally, the reversed ITC will add up to the total outward data.
Note- ITC can be declared inTable 11(2) of Form GSTR-2
Note- the recipient will have to pay these reverse charges & their taxes for
the ITC availed earlier