1. Unit 5 : Democratic Interventions
Prepared by: Cherrylyn T. Magano LPT.
2. Government interventions
Refers to the ways in which a government regulates or interferes with
the various activities or decisions made by individuals or organizations
with its jurisdiction. The effects of this can be positive or negative.
Greek word demos (the people ) and kratein (to rule)… to rule the
Is one of the most important principles for a better world. In its
truest sense, a democracy is a community in which all members have
an equal say in the running of the community. Unfortunately in
reality, democratic societies have fallen short of this ideal.
4. Democratic Participation
is the empowerment of people to effectively involve themselves in
creating structures, designing policies and programs that serves the
interest of all. It requires association with other people.
6. 1. Rule of Law – ensures that the rights and freedom of citizens are
protected and no one is above the law. All citizens stands as equals
in the eye of the law.
2. Separation of Powers – check and balances. Powers are distributed
among the executive, legislative, and the judiciary.
3. Basic rights and freedom – a. Human Rights b. Civil Rights c.
7. Basic rights and freedom:
a. Human Rights – a right that is believed to belong justifiably to
Ex. Right to life, Rights to be secured in one’s person and right to live
b. Civil Rights – and (ex. Right to own a property, rights to enjoy
privileges accorded to being a citizen of a country.
c. Political Rights – rights that protect individual’s freedom
infringement by government, social institution, and private individuals.
(ex Right to run foe elective office, right to suffrage)
8. Other right from the rule of law - Freedom of speech, Freedom of
worship, Freedom of association.
9. 4. Suffrage - civil and political rights. Every citizen within the
recognized legal age, has the right to participate in election by casting a
vote regardless of sex, religion, political affiliation, educational
attainment and socio- economic status. They are entitled to one vote.
5. Freedom of speech – ensures that the citizen are able to voice out
their agreement, disagreement, affirmations, criticism, and proposal to
10. Libel – a crime broadly characterized by maliciously publishing an
article or write up that may be detrimental to a person’s character or
may cause dishonour.
Oral Defamation - someone’s telling lies about you.
11. 6. Pluralism – people are entitled to diverse beliefs and opinions, which
may result in the becoming part of different organizations with varying
thrust and advocacies.
Ex. In government - administration vs. opposition
13. 1. Direct Democracy / Pure Democracy
Citizens come together to decide on issues or pass laws through a
Considered as ideal democracy, every single person is able to
participate in the voting process and it ensures that the will of the
people is really followed.
Being practiced in the Cantons of Switzerland.
Philippines, practiced in provisions of the constitution (initiative and
14. Advantage: each citizens has a voice in making important decisions for
Disadvantage: difficulty to implement with huge populations because
of amount of time needed to gather each citizens vote and opinion on
15. 2. Indirect Democracy / Representative Democracy
People elect leaders to act as their representatives in the
Citizens vote the members of the executive and legislatives.
16. Advantage : relatively easier to decide on issues, pass laws, and carry
out their implementations.
Disadvantage : very difficult to consider the will of every citizens. They
resort to intelligent guesses to decide what they think their constituent
18. 1. The People
A collective group of individuals with varying political and religious
beliefs who freely decided to live together in a particular geographical
area and mutually consented to form a democratic nation.
Citizens of the nation wherein these citizen are regarded as equals.
19. 2. Equality
We are equal in the eye of the law ( morally equal), not necessarily
because we are naturally equal in every respect, but because we have
to be placed in a status of equality so that we may be governed fairly
and receive the equal protection of the law (legal equality).
People in democracy has an equal right to rule and an equal to vote.
20. 3. Common Good
What is good for the people. Ever action should be done is for the
well – being of the people and not for the benefit of a particular
21. 4. Representation
The use of representatives - the ones who are authorized to take
appropriate and necessary actions within the government that would
be beneficial for the common good of the people.
22. Political Corruption
There is an increase disenchantment of the state of society in our
globalized world. In a study about democratic participation in different
countries in the globe, 44 out of 47 countries that took part in the
study asserted that the conditions of a good society were not met
(Barry Knight : 2002)
23. Undemocratic practices breed social ills that haunt societies in
the planet. Dissatisfaction of citizens with their government
a.) failure to meet their basic needs that create profound
b.) failure to protect them from the sweeping winds of
economic change where they lose their customs and
c.) failure to involve its citizens in its policies and programs.
24. Basic Needs
Failure to meet basic needs is a common complaint among many
societies in the world today. There was a growing gulf between rich and
poor droving the former to extra – legal activities such as theft and
Undemocratic practices undermine the traditional bonds of family and
kinship threatened by the pressures of work, urbanization and
migration. The distancing of government concerns from the lives of
ordinary people weakened customary forms of accountability and led
to a highly corrupt, self – seeking, inefficient, and partisan state.
Citizens play their part by:
(1) Engaging in collective action to perform voluntary work with others
in order to tackle problems and
(2) Participating in political processes to play an active role in relation
to the state in order to ensure that the state opened itself up to the
influence of citizens.