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Kuala Lumpur District Water Supply Situation In Selangor, Kuala Lumpur & Putrajaya
Kuala Lumpur District Office Address: Jalan Pantai Baharu, 59990 Kuala Lumpur.
General Information of SYABAS Kuala Lumpur DistrictTotal Area of Operations 148,811,153 sqm2Total Populations 1,897,840Total Accounts 194,328 (as at Oct’12)Total staff 254Pipe Length 2,362 kmTrunk Main 8Reservoirs 116Suctions 74Pump Houses 65Transportation 78 unitsAir Scouring Machine 2 units
General Information of SYABAS Kuala Lumpur District WATER TREATMENT PLANTS1. Sg. Langat WTP2. Bukit Nenas WTP3. Sg Selangor Phase 1 WTP (SSP1)4. Sg Selangor Phase 2 WTP (SSP2)5. Wangsa Maju WTP
General Information of SYABAS Kuala Lumpur District Complaints InformationCase 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012Type/ (Jan –Year Oct)Pipe 1,181 1,014 847 784 683BurstsPipe 11,561 10,159 11,080 12,092 9,643LeaksNo Water 10,797 11,167 11,210 13,143 20,064Total 23,539 22,340 23,137 26,019 30,390
Issue 1Responsible parties in the water industryin Selangor, Kuala Lumpur & Putrajaya
Water Management :Who is responsible in Selangor?
Main responsibilities under the Water Concession Agreement as spelled out by SPAN Selangor State Government –“The Selangor State Government is fully-responsible to ensure the availability of raw water for processing by Water Treatment Plants (WTPs). They are also fully-responsible to ensure WTPs produce enough treated water for SYABAS to distribute to Selangor, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya”. Clause 7.4: –The State Government shall be responsible to develop water supply schemes to ensure the supply is adequate to be distributed by the Company to the consumers. 8
Main responsibility under theWater Concession Agreement as spelled out by SPAN• SYABAS “SYABAS, under the Concession Agreement (CA) is responsible to supply and distribute treated water in Selangor, Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya and NOT to ensure adequate supply of treated water.” 9
RESPONSIBILITIES OF WATER SUPPLY MANAGEMENT (SYABAS)I. Supply and distribution of treated water within designated distribution areas.II. Purchase of treated water from Water Treatment Plant Operators.III. Take over, upgrading, managing, maintaining and protecting including ensuring the safety of all treated water distribution infrastructure.IV. Design, build and commissioning of new infrastructure and managing, and maintaining the new infrastructure.V. Reserves the rights to demand, collect the gazetted tariff for the supply and distribution of treated water to consumers. 10
RESPONSIBILITIES OF WATER TREATMENT OPERATORS (SPLASH, ABASS, PUNCAK NIAGA (M) SDN BHD, KASB) Operation and maintenance seven (7) dams and 34 WTPs to ensure:- Supply of treated water in the quantities specified in the agreement with Selangor State Government. Supply of treated water complying to the quality standards set by Ministry of Health (MOH). Sale of treated water to SYABAS, limited to the current capacity of the WTPs and as specified in the agreements with the Selangor State Government. 11
Issue 2Where does SYABAS get the treated water from ?
Where does SYABAS get the treated water from ? Operator No of WTPs Design CapacityPuncak Niaga 29 1,930 MLDSPLASH SSP1, SSP3 and 2,000 MLD RasaABASS Sg. Semenyih 546 MLDKASB Sg. Labu 105 MLD 13
TREATED WATER DEMAND 2007 - 2012 Increase in Increase in Supply Average Demand Demand Demand AsYear Capacity Demand Per Billed (MLD) (MLD) MLD % MLD %2007 4196 3811 - - 2489 - -2008 4326 3866 55 +1.44 2575 86 +3.452009 4326 3922 56 +1.45 2652 77 +2.992010 4326 4063 141 +3.40 2747 95 +3.582011 4326 4143 80 +1.97 2788 41 +1.49Jan – Jun 4436 4299 137 +3.08 2879 91 +3.262012Increase in Supply Capacity :a) February 2008 : Main supply pipe from Rasa WTP (Phase 1) = 130 MLDb) 20 March 2012 : WTP Sg. Labu (Phase 1) = 45 JLHDaily Production– 22 November 2012a) Daily Production of all WTPs = 4,406 MLDb) Current maximum distribution = 4,436 MLDc) Current reserve capacity = 0.7 %
Issue 4WHY THE WATER CRISIS IS HAPPENING NOW ?
WTP CAPACITY• The water crisis that is happening now is due to insufficient capacity of WTPs and distribution system to produce enough treated water to cater for the one increasing demand. The crisis is NOT due to insufficient amount of raw water to be processed. 17
Number increase in supply capacity since 2002 1990s - 2002 2002 - 2004 1J anuari 2005 - Julai 2012 Kerajaan Negeri Kerajaan Negeri Kerajaan Negeri● Pembangunan 1990 - SSP1 Fasa 1 (Peringkat 1) (475 JLH) Tiada ● Tiada projek rawatan air baru yangKapasiti Bekalan ● Kerajaan Negeri Selangor dengan pembangunan dibangunkan oleh Kerajaan NegeriAir Terawat pinjaman daripada Konsortium J epun sumber air baru SelangorMerupakan sebanyak RM830 J uta. ● Kerajaan Persekutuan membiayai ProjekTanggungjawab 1992 - SSP1 Fasa 2 (Peringkat 2) (475 JLH) Penyaluran Air Mentah dari NegeriKerajaan Negeri ● Kerajaan Negeri Selangor dengan Pahang ke Negeri Selangor. Tetapi tidak pinjaman daripada Kerajaan Persekutuan. dapat kelulusan untuk pembangunan Loji Air Langat 2 (2,260 JLH). 1995 - SSP2 Fasa 2 (950 JLH) ● Kerajaan Persekutuan juga membiayai ● Penswastaan Loji Rawatan Kepada pembangunan Loji Air Sg Labu (105 J LH) Puncak Niaga Sdn Bhd oleh Kerajaan yang siap pada akhir tahun 2011 dan Negeri Selangor. Fasa 1 (45 J mula beroperasi pada 20 LH) 2000 - SSP3 Dan Loji Sg Rasa (1,050 JLH) March 2012. ● Penswastaan Loji Rawatan Air kepada SPLASH oleh Kerajaan Negeri Selangor.● PengurusanPerkhidmatanPengagihan Jabatan Bekalan Air Selangor PUAS Bhd SYABASBekalan AirBersih Kekurangan kapasiti bekalan air mula dialami kerana peningkatan permintaan air tidak diiringi dengan pembangunan kapasiti bekalan air.
SYABAS Recommendations to Selangor State Government• SYABAS had advised the Federal Government and Selangor Government to increase the supply of treated water since May 2005, in line with the Concession Agreement Clause 7.4 (b): “If the Company anticipates or forecasts a shortfall in the supply of raw water, the Company (SYABAS) shall notify the State Government in writing of such shortfall together with the Company’s proposal as to how such shortfall may be overcome. Such notice and proposal shall be given to the State Government at least three (3) years prior to the date of the anticipated or forecasted shortfall of raw water. The State Government shall not be obliged to implement the Company’s proposal or any part thereof and shall have the right at its discretion to determine how the shortfall shall be overcome.”• SYABAS had submitted 10 proposals to Selangor Government to increase the water supply. 8 projects were approved initially, however, only 1 project has been implemented. Of the 10 proposals, 9 were to increase the supply of raw water and 1 project was to increase the capacity of treated water production. 19
Issue 5Some of the Dams Are Filled To TheBrim, Why Is There Water Shortage ?
• Dams serve the function to contain and control the flow of rivers. Uncontrolled water release from dams will negatively impact the fragile balance of the ecosystem.• Most of the WTPs pump water direct from the rivers and not from the dams.• Treated water is produced by Water Treatment Operators while the operations of WTP and dam management is not under the jurisdiction of SYABAS. 23
• Despite the dams being full, the WTPs have a limited capacity to pump water from the rivers for treatment as the capacity depends on the design of the WTPs.• After the raw water is pumped to the maximum to be used by the WTP, the balance will flow to the sea.• Though sometimes dams do overflow and raw water is abundant, still the capacity to allow intake and processing will highly depend on the design capacity of the WTPs. Thus it also determines the amount of water that is available for purchase and distributed by SYABAS. 24
Issue 6What are the immediate steps taken bySYABAS to mitigage the water shortage situation?
Steps To Overcome Water Shortage• SYABAS have submitted proposals to the Federal Government to implement several mitigation projects to lessen the effects of water shortage until new WTPs are built.• The Federal Government have agreed to embark on Projek Mitigasi 1 and Mitigasi 2 as proposed by SYABAS with an estimated cost of RM606 million : – 3 mitigation projects implemented by SYABAS. – 5 mitigation projects implemented by Selangor State Government. - All projects are financed via loan from the Federal Government. 26
Steps to reduce the effect of water shortageThe projects outlined by SYABAS is based on factors such as :• In crisis, existing WTPs can operate beyond design capacity (‘overload’) for a short period only.• WTPs need development of new distribution systems to distribute water effectively to the consumers.• There are a few WTPs that are not operating to its design capacity.• WTPs operating below its design capacity and potentially able to upgrade its production are: – SSP1 (from 800 MLD to 950 MLD) – SSP3 (from 700 MLD to 800 MLD) 27 – Rasa (from 150 MLD to 250 MLD)
Issue 7What is the result of the Mitigasi 1Mitigasi 2 Project implementation on water supply ?
WATER SUPPLY SITUATION IF ALL APPROVED PROJECTS IMPLEMENTED AS SCHEDULED WATER SUPPLY PROJECTION WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SG LABU WTP, MITIGASI 1 & 2 Year 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017Distribution capacity(MLD) (A) 4,326 4,436 4,596 4,596 4,846 4,846 4,846Projection of Demandwithout 10% Reserve 4,143 4,310 4,427 4,569 4,773 4,985 5,205(MLD) (B)Water Reserves(MLD) [A –B] +183 +126 +169 +27 +73 -139 -359 4.42% 2.92% 3.82% 0.59% 1.53% (-2.79%) (-6.90%)Projection of WaterDemand With 10% 4,557 4,741 4,869 5,026 5,250 5,483 5,726Reserves (MLD) [C]Water Reserves -231(MLD) ( A-C) -305 -273 -430 -404 -637 -880 (- (-7.08%) (-6.18%) (-9.41%) (-8.47%) (-12.79%) (-16.90%) 5.58%)
Issue 8What is the status on the Reduction of NRW(Non-Revenue Water) by SYABAS ?
NRW PROGRAMS IMPLEMENTED IN THE 1ST AND 2ND OPERATIONAL PERIOD (2005-2008)• SYABAS have embarked on numerous NRW programs since the commencement of the CA in 2005 - 2008 based on the NRW masterplan.• Among the major programs were: Operational Period Bil. Program 1&2 (2005-2008) 1. Replacement of Old Pipes (km) 811 2. Replacement of Communication Pipes (set) 150,000 3. Pressure Management Programs (DMZ/PMZ) (nos) 798 4. Replacement of Old Meters (nos) 730,835 5. Replacement of EM Meters (nos) 450 6. Prevention of Water Theft Continuously• For the first 3 years from 2005-2008, NRW was significantly reduced from 42.78% to 33.17% with savings of 328 MLD.
NRW PROGRAMS IMPLEMENTED DURING 3RD AND 4TH OPERATIONAL PERIOD (2009-2012)SYABAS endevours to further reduce NRW could not be continued after 2008due to the factors such as :a) Proposed Water Restructuring Exercise of the water distribution industryin Selangor has resulted in the freeze of Capital Expenditure (CAPEX)including NRW projects since July 2008, except for very critical projects.The effects can be seen in the limited number of projects approved in theOperational Period 3 (2009-2011).b) Delays in Tariff Increase in the Operational Period 3 scheduled tocommence on 1 January 2009 have severely affected SYABAS cash flow.c) Financial Constraint due to inability to source for financial assistance either through earlier agreements or new sources due to factors (a) and (b) . 35
6.4.5 PROPOSED AND REJECTED BUDGETTED EXPENDITURE IN OPERATIONAL PERIOD 2009-2012 Proposed and approved expenditure for Operational Period 3 and 4 for NRW:Catatan: Tidak termasuk program-program yang diluluskan di bawah Program Mitigasi 1 dan 2.
CONCLUSIONS ON NRW ACTIVITIESi) Only the reduction of physical loss will allows more water to be distributed to consumers.ii) SYABAS has successfully reduced NRW from 42.78% in 2005 to 33.17% in three (3) years beginning 2005 - 2008, with physical savings of 328 MLD.iii) NRW reduction were affected after 2007 since only a small number of NRW projects were approved for implementation in 3rd and 4th operational period. 37
• The emergency facilities provided by SYABAS is mostly used in the followings situations: - Unscheduled water disruptions :- i) Pipe Bursts ii) Pollutions resulting in ceased operations of WTPs and water production. iii) Disruption of power supply to pump-houses. - Scheduled disruptions due to upgrading distribution system - Scheduled disruption due to WTPs carry out maintenance works• The facilities is only limited to deployment of lorry tankers of 30 litres per day per per family for domestic needs like cooking and drinking. 43
1. Based on the situation and reserve capacity since 2 months ago, SYABAS is in the opinion that water crisis has started and the reserve capacity is currently below 3% whereby ideally it should be at 10%.2. SYABAS have complied in accordance to the Concession Agreement including: - Operation and Management to reduce the effects of water shortage. . – Water demand projection and proposed numerous action plans to mitigate water shortage/crisis that have been expected to happen since 2005. – Carried out CAPEX works including NRW programs to replace old distribution assets to reduce NRW but the programs was affected due to CAPEX freeze since July 2008. 45
3. Based on the water demand projection, with the commissioning of Sg Labu WTP, mitigation program 1&2, water rerserves is still very low, with the risk of water shortage. Therefore, addtional projects need to be implemented immediately or on “fast track” basis such as the Langat 2 WTP.4. SYABAS capacity is limited to service only 10,000 accounts per case of water shortage. The Federal and State Governments need to be ready with a comprehensive action plan to mitigate the water shortage situation that goes beyond SYABAS capacity. 46
STATUS PROJEK MITIGASI 1 YANG DILULUSKAN Anggaran Kapasiti Kos Pihak JangkaanNama Projek Tambaha Status Terkini Pelaksana Tarikh Siap (RM Juta) n (Mld) Daripada 30 Pakej, 13 PakejProjek telah dianugerahkan dan lain- 2013 – 2014Penggantian 170 - SYABAS lain Pakej yang tinggal akan di (SiapPaip Air keluarkan dibawah aliran tunai Berperingkat)Lama RMK-10Sistem Dalam peringkat pembinaanPenggalak 15 25 SYABAS dan dijadualkan siap pada Mei 2013BRH bulan Mei 2013MenaiktarafSistem Pam Kerajaan Dalam peringkat pembinaanAir Mentah 90 100 Negeri dan dijadualkan siap pada Mac 2013SSP1 (Skim Selangor bulan Mac 20132)Jumlah 275 125 48
STATUS PROJEK MITIGASI 2 YANG DILULUSKAN Anggaran Kapasiti Kos Pihak Jangkaan Nama Projek Tambaha Status Terkini Pelaksana Tarikh Siap (RM Juta) n (JLH)Pengagihan Semula Kerajaan Dalam peringkatSSP 1 yang 67 50 Negeri perlantikan 2015Dinaiktaraf Selangor Jurutera PerundingKapasitinya Kerajaan Dalam peringkatSkim Agihan Semula 81 100 Negeri perlantikan 2015SSP 3 Selangor Jurutera Perunding Kerajaan Dalam peringkatPemindahan Rasa 74 100 Negeri perlantikan 2015 Selangor Jurutera PerundingPenggantian Aset Loji Kerajaan Dalam peringkatRawatan Air Sg. 33 - Negeri perlantikan 2013Semenyih Selangor Jurutera Perunding 2013 - 2014 Dalam peringkat (SiapSkim NRW 76 101 SYABAS penyediaan Berperingkat dokumen tender )Jumlah 331 351 49
Rumusan Mitigasi 1 dan 2• Rezab bekalan air diantara 2012 – 2015 masih tersangat rendah dan berada dibawah 3% setelah penyiapan projek2 mitigasi berbanding dengan rezab yang diharapkan sebanyak 10%.• Dengan terlaksananya projek-projek Mitigasi 1 dan 2, kesemua loji-loji penapisan akan beroperasi secara maksimum dan beberapa loji penapisan akan berterusan beroperasi secara ‘overload’ yang akan meningkatkan risiko berlaku kerosakan kepada peralatan-peralatan diloji-loji.Ini pula bergantung kepada jumlah air mentah yang terdapat didalam sungai.• Tiada pilihan selain daripada mempercepatkan pembinaan loji penapisan air yang baru – Loji Langat 2 untuk menampung keperluan selepas 2015. 50