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Figures of
Speech
A figure of speech is a rhetorical
device that achieves a special effect
by using words in distinctive ways.
THE
TOP
The repetition of an
initial consonant
sound.
Alliteration:
She sells seashells by the seashore.
The repetition of the same word
or phrase at the beginning of
successive clauses or verses.
Anaphora:
“unfortunately, I was in the
wrong place at the wrong time on
the wrong day.”
The juxtaposition
of contrasting
ideas in balanced
phrases.
ANTITHESIS
As Abraham Lincoln
said “folks who have
no vices have very
few virtues."
Directly addressing a
nonexistent person or an
inanimate object as though it
were a living being.
Apostrophe:
"Oh, you stupid car,
you never work when
I need you to," Bert
sighed
Identity or similarity in
sound between internal
vowels in neighboring
words.
Assonance
How now, brown cow?
Averbalpatterninwhichthesecondhalfofanexpression
isbalancedagainstthefirstbutwiththepartsreversed.
Thefamouschefsaidpeopleshouldlive
toeat,noteattolive.
T he substitution of an
inoffensive term for one
considered offensively
explicit.
"We're teaching our
toddler how to go
potty," Bob said.
An extravagant statement; the
use of exaggerated terms for
the purpose of emphasis or
heightened effect.
Hyperbole:
I have a ton of
things to do when
I get home.
A statement or situation where
the meaning is contradicted by the
appearance or presentation of the
idea.
A figure of speech consisting
of an understatement in which
an affirmative is expressed by
negating its opposite.
Litotes
A million dollars is no small
chunk of change.
Metaphor
An implied comparison
between two dissimilar
things that have something
in common.
The tornado loomed
like Godzilla in the
distance.
A figure of speech in a word or phrase
is substituted for another with which
it's closely associated; also, the
rhetorical...
“That stuffed suit with
the briefcase is a poor
excuse for a salesman,"
the manager said angrily.
The use of words that imitate
the sounds associated with the
objects or actions they refer to.
The clap of
thunder went
bang and
scared my
poor dog.
Oxymoron
A figure of speech in which
incongruous or
contradictory terms appear
side by side.
I am as
graceful as a bull
in a china shop
when I dance.
P
A
R
A
D
O
X
A statement that
appears to contradict
itself
P
A
R
A
D
O
X
"This is the beginning of the
end," said Eeyore, always the
pessimist.
Personification
A figure of speech in which
an inanimate object or
abstraction is endowed with
human qualities or abilitie...
That kitchen knife will take
a bite out of your hand if you
don't handle it safely.
Pun:
​A play on words, sometimes on
different senses of the same word
and sometimes on the similar sense
or sound of diffe...
Jessie looked up from her
breakfast and said, "A
boiled egg every morning is
hard to beat."
Roberto was white
as a sheet after
he walked out of
the horror movie.
Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a
part is used to represent the
whole.
Tina is learning her
ABC'sin preschool.
A figure of speech in which a
writer or speaker deliberately
makes a situation seem less
important or serious than it is.
You could say Babe Ruth
was a decent
ballplayer," the reporter
said with a wink.
https://www.thoughtco.com/top-figures-of-
speech-1691818
Reference:
Figures of speech
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Figures of speech

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A simple presentation of the most commonly used figures of speech in English Literature.

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Figures of speech

  1. 1. Figures of Speech
  2. 2. A figure of speech is a rhetorical device that achieves a special effect by using words in distinctive ways.
  3. 3. THE TOP
  4. 4. The repetition of an initial consonant sound. Alliteration:
  5. 5. She sells seashells by the seashore.
  6. 6. The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses. Anaphora:
  7. 7. “unfortunately, I was in the wrong place at the wrong time on the wrong day.”
  8. 8. The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases. ANTITHESIS
  9. 9. As Abraham Lincoln said “folks who have no vices have very few virtues."
  10. 10. Directly addressing a nonexistent person or an inanimate object as though it were a living being. Apostrophe:
  11. 11. "Oh, you stupid car, you never work when I need you to," Bert sighed
  12. 12. Identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words. Assonance
  13. 13. How now, brown cow?
  14. 14. Averbalpatterninwhichthesecondhalfofanexpression isbalancedagainstthefirstbutwiththepartsreversed.
  15. 15. Thefamouschefsaidpeopleshouldlive toeat,noteattolive.
  16. 16. T he substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit.
  17. 17. "We're teaching our toddler how to go potty," Bob said.
  18. 18. An extravagant statement; the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect. Hyperbole:
  19. 19. I have a ton of things to do when I get home.
  20. 20. A statement or situation where the meaning is contradicted by the appearance or presentation of the idea.
  21. 21. A figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite. Litotes
  22. 22. A million dollars is no small chunk of change.
  23. 23. Metaphor An implied comparison between two dissimilar things that have something in common.
  24. 24. The tornado loomed like Godzilla in the distance.
  25. 25. A figure of speech in a word or phrase is substituted for another with which it's closely associated; also, the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it. Metonymy
  26. 26. “That stuffed suit with the briefcase is a poor excuse for a salesman," the manager said angrily.
  27. 27. The use of words that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to.
  28. 28. The clap of thunder went bang and scared my poor dog.
  29. 29. Oxymoron A figure of speech in which incongruous or contradictory terms appear side by side.
  30. 30. I am as graceful as a bull in a china shop when I dance.
  31. 31. P A R A D O X A statement that appears to contradict itself P A R A D O X
  32. 32. "This is the beginning of the end," said Eeyore, always the pessimist.
  33. 33. Personification A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities.
  34. 34. That kitchen knife will take a bite out of your hand if you don't handle it safely.
  35. 35. Pun: ​A play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words.
  36. 36. Jessie looked up from her breakfast and said, "A boiled egg every morning is hard to beat."
  37. 37. Roberto was white as a sheet after he walked out of the horror movie.
  38. 38. Synecdoche A figure of speech in which a part is used to represent the whole.
  39. 39. Tina is learning her ABC'sin preschool.
  40. 40. A figure of speech in which a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is.
  41. 41. You could say Babe Ruth was a decent ballplayer," the reporter said with a wink.
  42. 42. https://www.thoughtco.com/top-figures-of- speech-1691818 Reference:

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