Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)

Christine R
Christine RMath Teacher at Bacoor National High School - Villa Maria Annex à Bacoor National High School - Villa Maria Annex
Arts
East Asia
East Asian Map
Painting in
China, Japan
and Korea
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
In East Asia, the objects or
items that are usually put into
paintings are called subjects,
themes or motifs. These may
be about animals, people,
landscapes, and anything
about the environment.
PAINTING SUBJECTS OR THEMES
CHINA 1. Flowers and birds
2. Landscapes
3. Palaces and Temples
4. Human Figures
5. Animals
6. Bamboos and Stones
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
PAINTING SUBJECTS OR THEMES
JAPAN 1. Scenes from
everyday life
2. Narrative scenes
crowded with
figures and details
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
PAINTING SUBJECTS OR THEMES
KOREA 1. landscape paintings
2. Minhwa
3. Four Gracious Plants
(plum blossoms, orchids
or wild orchids,
chrysanthemums)
4. bamboo
5. portraits
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
Important aspects in
East Asian Painting
• Landscape painting was regarded
as the highest form of Chinese
painting.
• They also consider the three
concepts of their arts: Nature,
Heaven and Humankind (YinYang).
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
• Silk was often used as the
medium to paint upon, but it
was quite expensive.
• Cai Lun, invented the paper in
the 1st Century AD it provided
not only a cheap and
widespread medium for writing
but painting became more
economical.
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
The history of Korean painting
dates to 108 C.E., when it first
appears as an independent form.
It is said that until the Joseon
dynasty the primary influence of
Korean paintings were Chinese
paintings.
Mountain and
Water are
important
features in
Korean landscape
painting because
it is a site for
building temples
and buildings.
What daily activities are seen in the
painting below?
Painting is
closely related
to calligraphy
among the
Chinese people.
Calligraphy
• is the art of beautiful
handwriting. Traditional
painting involves essentially
the same techniques as
calligraphy and is done with a
brush dipped in black or
colored ink; oils are not used.
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
Enrich your knowledge about
Chinese calligraphy:
Did you know that the earliest
known Chinese logographs (ancient
writing symbols) are engraved on
the shoulder bones of large
animals and on tortoise shells?
• The script found on these objects
is commonly called jiaguwen, or
shell-and-bone script.
• Cangjie, the legendary inventor of
Chinese writing, got his ideas from
observing animals’ footprints and
birds’ claw marks on the sand as
well as other natural phenomena.
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
East Asian temples and houses
have sweeping roofs because
they believe that it will protect
them from the elements of
water, wind and fire. Buddhists
believed that it helped ward off
evil spirits which were deemed to
be straight lines.
The figures at the tips are called roof guards.
There are three main types of
roofs in traditional Chinese
architecture that influenced
other Asian architecture:
1. Straight inclined
2. Multi-inclined
3. Sweeping
1. Straight inclined - more
economical for common Chinese
architecture
2. Multi-
inclined - Roofs
with two or
more sections
of incline. These
roofs are used
for residences
of wealthy
Chinese.
3. Sweeping – has curves that rise
at the corners of the roof. These
are usually reserved for temples
and palaces
although it
may also be
found in the
homes of the
wealthy.
Woodblock printing is a
technique for printing text,
images or patterns used
widely throughout East Asia.
It became one of their oldest
and most highly developed
visual arts.
Woodblock Printing
Japanese Ukiyo-e
The best known and most
popular style of Japanese art is
Ukiyo-e, which is Japanese for
"pictures of the floating world”
and it is related to the style of
woodblock print making that
shows scenes of harmony and
carefree everyday living.
Ukiyo-e art was
produced in a
diversity of
different media,
including painting
and became an art
domain of the upper
classes and royalty
but later was also
produced by the
common people.
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
Paintings in East Asia
do not only apply on
paper, silk and wood.
Performers of Kabuki
in Japan and Peking
Opera in China use
their faces as the
canvas for painting
while mask painting is
done in Korea.
Peking opera face-painting or Jingju
Lianpu is done with different colors
in accordance with the performing
characters’
personality
and
historical
assessment.
The hero type characters are
normally painted in relatively
simple colors, whereas enemies,
bandits, rebels and others have
more complicated designs on
their faces.
It is a traditional special way of
make-up in Chinese operas in
pursuit of the expected effect of
performance. Originally, Lianpu is
called the false mask.
Guan Ju - Red
indicates
devotion,
courage,
bravery,
uprightness
and loyalty.
Huang Pang -
Yellow
signifies
fierceness,
ambition and
cool-
headedness.
Zhu Wen - A
green face tells
the audience
that the
character is not
only impulsive
and violent, he
also lacks self-
restraint.
Zhang Fei - Black
symbolizes
roughness and
fierceness. The
black face indicates
either a rough and
bold character or
an impartial and
selfless
personality.
Lian Po - Purple
stands for
uprightness and
cool-headedness.
While a reddish
purple face
indicates a just
and noble
character.
Cao Cao - white
suggests
treachery,
suspiciousness
and craftiness.
It is common to
see the white
face of the
powerful villain
on stage.
Jiang Gan - The clown or
chou in Chinese Opera
has special makeup
patterns called
xiaohualian (the petty
painted face).
Sometimes a small patch
of chalk is painted
around the nose to show
a mean and secretive
character.
Kabuki Make- up of Japan
Kabuki makeup or Kesho is
already in itself an interpretation
of the actor’s own role through
the medium of the facial
features. On stage, this
interpretation becomes a
temporalization of makeup in
collaboration with the audience.
Kabuki Makeup is
also another way of
face painting which
has two types:
1. standard makeup -
applied to most
actors
2. kumadori makeup
- applied to villains
and heroes
- It is composed of very dramatic
lines and shapes using colors that
represent certain qualities.
• dark red = passion or anger
• dark blue = depression or
sadness
• pink = youth
• light green = calm
• black = fear
• purple = nobility
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
Some examples of
face painting are
the mukimi-guma
or suji-guma,
where the lines
are painted onto
an actor’s face.
These are then
smudged to
soften them.
Kumadori — The Painted Faces of
Japanese Kabuki Theatre.
KOREAN MASK
Korean masks, called
tal or t'al, originated
with religious meaning
just like the masks of
other countries which
also have religious or
artistic origins. Korea
has a rich history of
masks.
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
The roles of colors in Korean masks:
1. Black, Red and White – Bright and
vibrant colors that help establish the
age and race of the figure
2. Half Red and Half White mask -
symbolize the idea that the wearer has
two fathers, Mr. Red and Mr. White
3. Dark-faced mask - indicates that
the character was born of an
adulterous mother
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
PAPER ARTS and KNOT TYING
Paper was first invented by Cai
Lun of the Eastern Han Dynasty
in China. It is indeed one of the
greatest contributions of
ancient China in the development
of arts.
FOLK ARTS OF CHINA:
1. PAPER CUT
2. CHINESE KNOTS
3.PAPER FOLDING
4. PAPER KITES
The earliest document showing
paper folding is a picture of a
small paper boat in an edition of
Tractatus de Sphaera Mundi from
1490 by Johannes de
Sacrobosco.
In China, traditional funerals
include burning yuanbao which is
a folded paper that look like gold
nuggets or ingots called Sycee.
This is also used for other
ceremonial practices. This kind of
burning is commonly done at their
ancestors’ graves during the
Ghost Festival.
A sycee is a type of silver or gold
ingot currency used in China until
the 20th century. The name is
derived
from the
Cantonese
words
meaning
"fine silk.”
Today, imitation gold sycees are
used as a symbol of prosperity
by Chinese and are frequently
displayed during the Chinese New
Year.
The Gold
Paper
folded to
look like a
Sycee
Origami
The term Origami came from “ori”
meaning "folding", and “kami”
meaning "paper". It is the
traditional Japanese art of
paper folding, which started in
the 17th century AD
Origami butterflies were used
during the celebration of Shinto
weddings to represent the bride
and groom, so paper folding had
already become a significant
aspect of Japanese ceremonies
by the Heian period (794–1185) in
Japanese history.
Flowers,
animals, birds,
fish, geometric
shapes and
dolls are the
common models
used in
Japanese
Origami.
Decorative Chinese paper cuttings are
usually symmetrical in design when
unfolded and adapt the
12 animals of
the Chinese
Zodiac as
themes and
motifs and
mostly choose
the red color.
The earliest use of paper was
made as a
pattern for
lacquers,
decoration
on windows,
doors, and
walls.
Chinese Buddhists believe that
hanging “Window Flowers” or
decorative paper cuttings, like
pagodas and other symbols of
Good Luck, attract good luck and
drive away evil spirits. The
process of paper cutting is aided
by a pair of scissor or knife and
other sharp flat cutter.
Jianzhi is the first type of paper
cutting design, since paper was
invented by the Chinese. The cut
outs are also used to decorate
doors and windows. They are
sometimes referred to "chuāng
huā", meaning Window Flower.
KITE MAKING
A kite is an assembled or joined
aircraft that was traditionally
made of silk or paper with a
bowline and a resilient bamboo.
Today, kites can be made out of
plastic. Kites are flown for
recreational purposes, display of
one’s artistic skills.
According to Joseph Needham,
one of the
important
contributions
of Chinese in
science and
technology to
Europe is the
kite.
Chinese kites may be
differentiated into four main
categories:
1. Centipede
2. Hard-Winged Kites
3. Soft-Winged Kites
4. Flat Kites
Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)
KNOT TYING
In Korea, decorative knotwork is
known as “Maedeup
or called Dorae”
or double
connection knot,
often called Korean
knot work or
Korean knots.
Zhongguo is the Chinese decorative
handicraft art that began as a
form of
Chinese folk
art in the
Tang and
Song Dynasty
(960-1279 AD)
in China.
In Japan, knot tying is called
Hanamusubi.
It emphasizes
on braids and
focuses on
Individual
knots.
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Grade 8 - Arts of East Asia (2nd Quarter)

  • 5. In East Asia, the objects or items that are usually put into paintings are called subjects, themes or motifs. These may be about animals, people, landscapes, and anything about the environment.
  • 6. PAINTING SUBJECTS OR THEMES CHINA 1. Flowers and birds 2. Landscapes 3. Palaces and Temples 4. Human Figures 5. Animals 6. Bamboos and Stones
  • 8. PAINTING SUBJECTS OR THEMES JAPAN 1. Scenes from everyday life 2. Narrative scenes crowded with figures and details
  • 10. PAINTING SUBJECTS OR THEMES KOREA 1. landscape paintings 2. Minhwa 3. Four Gracious Plants (plum blossoms, orchids or wild orchids, chrysanthemums) 4. bamboo 5. portraits
  • 12. Important aspects in East Asian Painting • Landscape painting was regarded as the highest form of Chinese painting. • They also consider the three concepts of their arts: Nature, Heaven and Humankind (YinYang).
  • 14. • Silk was often used as the medium to paint upon, but it was quite expensive. • Cai Lun, invented the paper in the 1st Century AD it provided not only a cheap and widespread medium for writing but painting became more economical.
  • 16. The history of Korean painting dates to 108 C.E., when it first appears as an independent form. It is said that until the Joseon dynasty the primary influence of Korean paintings were Chinese paintings.
  • 17. Mountain and Water are important features in Korean landscape painting because it is a site for building temples and buildings.
  • 18. What daily activities are seen in the painting below?
  • 19. Painting is closely related to calligraphy among the Chinese people.
  • 20. Calligraphy • is the art of beautiful handwriting. Traditional painting involves essentially the same techniques as calligraphy and is done with a brush dipped in black or colored ink; oils are not used.
  • 22. Enrich your knowledge about Chinese calligraphy: Did you know that the earliest known Chinese logographs (ancient writing symbols) are engraved on the shoulder bones of large animals and on tortoise shells?
  • 23. • The script found on these objects is commonly called jiaguwen, or shell-and-bone script. • Cangjie, the legendary inventor of Chinese writing, got his ideas from observing animals’ footprints and birds’ claw marks on the sand as well as other natural phenomena.
  • 25. East Asian temples and houses have sweeping roofs because they believe that it will protect them from the elements of water, wind and fire. Buddhists believed that it helped ward off evil spirits which were deemed to be straight lines.
  • 26. The figures at the tips are called roof guards.
  • 27. There are three main types of roofs in traditional Chinese architecture that influenced other Asian architecture: 1. Straight inclined 2. Multi-inclined 3. Sweeping
  • 28. 1. Straight inclined - more economical for common Chinese architecture
  • 29. 2. Multi- inclined - Roofs with two or more sections of incline. These roofs are used for residences of wealthy Chinese.
  • 30. 3. Sweeping – has curves that rise at the corners of the roof. These are usually reserved for temples and palaces although it may also be found in the homes of the wealthy.
  • 31. Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia. It became one of their oldest and most highly developed visual arts.
  • 33. Japanese Ukiyo-e The best known and most popular style of Japanese art is Ukiyo-e, which is Japanese for "pictures of the floating world” and it is related to the style of woodblock print making that shows scenes of harmony and carefree everyday living.
  • 34. Ukiyo-e art was produced in a diversity of different media, including painting and became an art domain of the upper classes and royalty but later was also produced by the common people.
  • 36. Paintings in East Asia do not only apply on paper, silk and wood. Performers of Kabuki in Japan and Peking Opera in China use their faces as the canvas for painting while mask painting is done in Korea.
  • 37. Peking opera face-painting or Jingju Lianpu is done with different colors in accordance with the performing characters’ personality and historical assessment.
  • 38. The hero type characters are normally painted in relatively simple colors, whereas enemies, bandits, rebels and others have more complicated designs on their faces.
  • 39. It is a traditional special way of make-up in Chinese operas in pursuit of the expected effect of performance. Originally, Lianpu is called the false mask.
  • 40. Guan Ju - Red indicates devotion, courage, bravery, uprightness and loyalty.
  • 42. Zhu Wen - A green face tells the audience that the character is not only impulsive and violent, he also lacks self- restraint.
  • 43. Zhang Fei - Black symbolizes roughness and fierceness. The black face indicates either a rough and bold character or an impartial and selfless personality.
  • 44. Lian Po - Purple stands for uprightness and cool-headedness. While a reddish purple face indicates a just and noble character.
  • 45. Cao Cao - white suggests treachery, suspiciousness and craftiness. It is common to see the white face of the powerful villain on stage.
  • 46. Jiang Gan - The clown or chou in Chinese Opera has special makeup patterns called xiaohualian (the petty painted face). Sometimes a small patch of chalk is painted around the nose to show a mean and secretive character.
  • 47. Kabuki Make- up of Japan Kabuki makeup or Kesho is already in itself an interpretation of the actor’s own role through the medium of the facial features. On stage, this interpretation becomes a temporalization of makeup in collaboration with the audience.
  • 48. Kabuki Makeup is also another way of face painting which has two types: 1. standard makeup - applied to most actors 2. kumadori makeup - applied to villains and heroes
  • 49. - It is composed of very dramatic lines and shapes using colors that represent certain qualities. • dark red = passion or anger • dark blue = depression or sadness • pink = youth • light green = calm • black = fear • purple = nobility
  • 51. Some examples of face painting are the mukimi-guma or suji-guma, where the lines are painted onto an actor’s face. These are then smudged to soften them.
  • 52. Kumadori — The Painted Faces of Japanese Kabuki Theatre.
  • 53. KOREAN MASK Korean masks, called tal or t'al, originated with religious meaning just like the masks of other countries which also have religious or artistic origins. Korea has a rich history of masks.
  • 55. The roles of colors in Korean masks: 1. Black, Red and White – Bright and vibrant colors that help establish the age and race of the figure 2. Half Red and Half White mask - symbolize the idea that the wearer has two fathers, Mr. Red and Mr. White 3. Dark-faced mask - indicates that the character was born of an adulterous mother
  • 57. PAPER ARTS and KNOT TYING Paper was first invented by Cai Lun of the Eastern Han Dynasty in China. It is indeed one of the greatest contributions of ancient China in the development of arts.
  • 58. FOLK ARTS OF CHINA: 1. PAPER CUT 2. CHINESE KNOTS 3.PAPER FOLDING 4. PAPER KITES
  • 59. The earliest document showing paper folding is a picture of a small paper boat in an edition of Tractatus de Sphaera Mundi from 1490 by Johannes de Sacrobosco.
  • 60. In China, traditional funerals include burning yuanbao which is a folded paper that look like gold nuggets or ingots called Sycee. This is also used for other ceremonial practices. This kind of burning is commonly done at their ancestors’ graves during the Ghost Festival.
  • 61. A sycee is a type of silver or gold ingot currency used in China until the 20th century. The name is derived from the Cantonese words meaning "fine silk.”
  • 62. Today, imitation gold sycees are used as a symbol of prosperity by Chinese and are frequently displayed during the Chinese New Year. The Gold Paper folded to look like a Sycee
  • 63. Origami The term Origami came from “ori” meaning "folding", and “kami” meaning "paper". It is the traditional Japanese art of paper folding, which started in the 17th century AD
  • 64. Origami butterflies were used during the celebration of Shinto weddings to represent the bride and groom, so paper folding had already become a significant aspect of Japanese ceremonies by the Heian period (794–1185) in Japanese history.
  • 65. Flowers, animals, birds, fish, geometric shapes and dolls are the common models used in Japanese Origami.
  • 66. Decorative Chinese paper cuttings are usually symmetrical in design when unfolded and adapt the 12 animals of the Chinese Zodiac as themes and motifs and mostly choose the red color.
  • 67. The earliest use of paper was made as a pattern for lacquers, decoration on windows, doors, and walls.
  • 68. Chinese Buddhists believe that hanging “Window Flowers” or decorative paper cuttings, like pagodas and other symbols of Good Luck, attract good luck and drive away evil spirits. The process of paper cutting is aided by a pair of scissor or knife and other sharp flat cutter.
  • 69. Jianzhi is the first type of paper cutting design, since paper was invented by the Chinese. The cut outs are also used to decorate doors and windows. They are sometimes referred to "chuāng huā", meaning Window Flower.
  • 70. KITE MAKING A kite is an assembled or joined aircraft that was traditionally made of silk or paper with a bowline and a resilient bamboo. Today, kites can be made out of plastic. Kites are flown for recreational purposes, display of one’s artistic skills.
  • 71. According to Joseph Needham, one of the important contributions of Chinese in science and technology to Europe is the kite.
  • 72. Chinese kites may be differentiated into four main categories: 1. Centipede 2. Hard-Winged Kites 3. Soft-Winged Kites 4. Flat Kites
  • 74. KNOT TYING In Korea, decorative knotwork is known as “Maedeup or called Dorae” or double connection knot, often called Korean knot work or Korean knots.
  • 75. Zhongguo is the Chinese decorative handicraft art that began as a form of Chinese folk art in the Tang and Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) in China.
  • 76. In Japan, knot tying is called Hanamusubi. It emphasizes on braids and focuses on Individual knots.