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Copyright - using resources in teaching and learning

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A helpful copyright presentation by Linda Purdy, Media Materials and Copyright Manager at Sheffield Hallam University, providing guidance on copyright legislation in using resources in teaching and learning.

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Copyright - using resources in teaching and learning

  1. 1. Copyright using resources in teaching and learning Linda Purdy Media Materials and Copyright Manager
  2. 2. Intellectual Property Rights • Copyright • Patents • Trademarks • Design right • Database right • Performers rights • Confidentiality
  3. 3. Copyright misconceptions • OK to copy if it is for educational purposes • OK to copy if you acknowledge • Ok to copy if the material is on the internet
  4. 4. Digital copyright Why are rightsholders concerned? • ease of copying • quality of copy • low cost of dissemination • ease of 'passing off' • pace of technological change
  5. 5. Copyright protection • applies to original works • must be in material form, not ideas • automatic - formal registration is not required • © is not necessary for protection • duration varies according to the type of work
  6. 6. Copyright ownership There is no such thing as copyright free material (at the time of creation) It will originally belong to • creator • employer, if within contract of employment • multiple copyrights are common
  7. 7. What are the rights? Only the copyright owner can • copy • adapt or amend the work • communication to the public by electronic means (web, intranet, VLE etc) • rent or lend (though libraries are allowed to do this) • perform, show or play in public, broadcast
  8. 8. When are you allowed to copy? Authorisation must have been given • law (Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988) • licence terms – blanket licence eg CLA, ERA – resource specific eg creative commons licence • specifically authorised by the copyright holder or be out of copyright
  9. 9. Copyright, Designs and Patents Act Exam defence (32.3) "copyright is not infringed by anything done for the purpose of an examination" • taken to include 'summative assessment' • acknowledgement must be give • only for viewing by the examiner and examinee
  10. 10. Copyright, Designs and Patents Act Fair dealing defences Fair dealing for research and private study for non commercial purposes (29) • literary, dramatic, musical, artistic works • excludes sound recordings and videos • acknowledgement must be give • amount used must be 'fair'
  11. 11. Fair dealing for criticism or review (30) • includes all forms of materials provided they have been made available to the public • acknowledgement must be give • amount used must be 'fair' • does not include 'illustrative purposes'
  12. 12. More information Copyright guidance for Sheffield Hallam University staff and students http://catalogue.shu.ac.uk/record=b1568097~S1a Video, images and audio: media literacy skills for discovering, evaluating and re-using visual and sound resources http://catalogue.shu.ac.uk/record=b1570896~S1a Electronic theses: guidance for Sheffield Hallam University researchers http://catalogue.shu.ac.uk/record=b1599144~S1a
  13. 13. Finding resources to reuse Library Gateway - video, images and audio http://libguides.shu.ac.uk/vis JISC Digital Media http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/crossmedia/advice/finding-video- audio-and-images-online Flickr http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/ Google images http://www.google.co.uk/imghp http://www.google.com/advanced_image_search
  14. 14. Student has found some images on a website and wants to copy them into an assignment or a website they are creating. What issues do they need to consider?
  15. 15. David Hoffman v Drug Abuse Resistance Education (UK) Ltd [2012] EWPCC copying photographs sourced on a website • carefully check ownership of images found on websites • use images where – copyright has expired – licenced for use eg creative commons licence – buy stock photos – take your own, remember to use a 'release form'
  16. 16. Example of a Release Form Name: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Address: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I consent and agree that (name of institution), its employees or agents, have the right to interview, photograph or video me (and /or my property) for possible inclusion in ---- (details of the website / package) I release to (name of institution), its employees or agents, the right to use, at their discretion, the material in print or digital form within the above context for the educational purposes of staff and students at (name of institution). I agree that the materials may be used for other non commercial purposes at the discretion of (name of institution). I am at least 18 years of age, have read and understand the above statements and am competent to execute this agreement. Should commercial exploitation of the materials be considered at a later stage your permission will be sought. Unless otherwise stated your name and contact details will be kept confidential. Signed.................................................... Date.......................................................
  17. 17. Student is creating a webpage and wants to link to materials on another website. What issues do they need to consider?
  18. 18. GeenStijl.nl v Sanoma Out-Law.com (Court of Amsterdam) linking to infringing photos • carefully check ownership of images found on websites • good practice for hyperlinking – link to the homepage, deep links may require permission particularly if they bypass brand identity, advertisements, legal notices – any link must open within its' own frame. – links should be text links, only use logos if permission has been given.
  19. 19. Student is working on an assignment and wants to reproduce some tables / diagrams she has found in a book. She also wants to adapt one of the diagrams. To support her argument she wants to quote from the book. The student produces a good piece of work and the module tutor wants to put it on the module Blackboard site as an exemplar. What are the copyright implications?
  20. 20. Any queries contact copyright@shu.ac.uk