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Cluster Technology	of	
Wallonia	Energy,	Environment	
and	sustainable	Development
28	June	2016	@	Halle
Event @ Colruyt
abou...
CONFERENCES
• TWEED	&	Agoria &	Hosts	:	Introduction
• Colruyt	:	Vision	of	Colruyt	about	Renewables&	Hydrogen
by	Jonas	Caut...
Hydrogen @ Colruyt Group
28th June 2016
jonas.cautaerts@colruytgroup.com
TWEED-AGORIA Event
1 Colruyt
Group
History
TWEED-AGORIA Event
Bakery
1900-1930
Wholesale
1930-1955
Discounter
1955-1995
Retail Group
1995-Current
Mission
TWEED-AGORIA Event
Who?
TWEED-AGORIA Event
234
98
11
67
39
17
2
214 270
112
TWEED-AGORIA Event
Sustainability
simplysustainable.com
People Environment Products
2 Environment
Colruyt Group and energy
Energy production
(wind, solar and CHP)
Energy consumption
(behaviour and infrastructure)
Flexibl...
Renewable energy
11
windturbines
(febr 2016)
25,1
MW
14.500
ton CO2
reductie
43
locaties
6,8
MWp
1788
ton CO2
reductie
1
w...
Alternative fuels
DATS 24 commits to
Hydrogen stations
Zero-emission fuels
of the future
CNG = transition fuel
Transport of goods
Silent delivery
Sustainable fleet
2012 - 2015:
Test (11 units)
2016 - … :
roll out (200)
Logistics
TWEED-AGORIA Event
3500 Fillings
2650 kg
Nov ‘11 – Jun ‘16
- PEM electrolysis
(2,7kg/u)
- Storage: 46 kg
- Fuel Cell (120k...
Hydrogen activities + ambitions
• Don Quichote (FCH-JU)
• CertifHy (FCH-JU)
• Public hydrogen station
• Hydrogen material ...
H2-Mobility Belgium
Wouter Vanderlaek
Mobile: 0031(0)620943104 / 0032(0)492318403
june 28, 2016
Cofinanced by
Flemish Gove...
Agenda
1. WaterstofNet
2. Projects
3. H2Mobility Belgium
WaterstofNet
Non-profit, founded 2009
Focus on hydrogen projects
(mobility and energy storage)
Developing, realising,
coor...
Projects
1MW fuel cell plant (Solvay)
1MW (1,6MW Piek) electricity coupled
with 6kV Net
168 stacks
12 600 cells (75/stack)
70 kg hy...
Hydrogen refueling station Halle
Operational: since 2012
Location: Halle, Belgium
Production: renewable hydrogen
from sun ...
Hydrogen refueling station
Helmond
Operational: since 2013
Location: Helmond The Netherlands
Production: renewable hydroge...
Bus with fuel cell range
extender
Bus VDL, Citea / 12 meter
Mileage ca 300 km
Driveline: Fuel cell with battery
system
Hyd...
Garbage truck with fuel cell
range extender
Testplatform DAF CF 75 FA
Driveline fuel cell Nedstack (32
kW)
Li-ion battery ...
2 boats with fuel cell
HYDROGEN XPERIANCE
Vaartuig: Vlet 700, 7,26 m x 2,30 m x
0,60 m (L x B x D)
Ontwikkelde drijflijn: ...
Power to mobility/power
Realisation project ‘Don Quichote’
9 march 2016
July 2016
august 2016september 2016
Benchmark alka...
3EMOTION
Objective: 27 FCB & 3 new Hydrogen
Refuelling Stations
Cost: € 41,891,578.80
Funding FCH JU: € 14,999,983.00
Part...
Life and Grab Hy!
Demonstration of two new second
generation garbage trucks with fuel
cell within 10 EU cities
Two differe...
H2ME
Objective: develop early networks
of refuelling stations to prepare
market for commercial introduction
of innovative ...
Roadmap power-to-gas
Funding: Flemish region
Partners: Hydrogenics, Umicore,
Colruyt Group, Eandis, Fluxys, Elia,
Sustesco...
Hydrogen region 2.0
H2 refueling stations (Breda, Antwerp)
Indoor refueling forklift trucks (Halle)
Mobile refueler 350 ba...
H2-Mobility Belgium
Objective
To develop a national implementation plan (NIP)
To prepare the Belgium market for the introduction of FCEV (buse...
Approach
Desk study (existing plans and targets neighboring countries, analyzing
TEN-T road networks with Belgium cities a...
TEN-T core/compreh. network
North Sea Baltic Corridor Rhine Alpine Corridor North Sea-Mediterranean Corridor
Neighboring countries
Targets for Belgium
Assumptions
Growth rate neigbouring
countries
First stations in bigger cities,
close to fleets and wer...
Targets for Belgium
Period FCEV Buses Hydrogen
(ton)
Electricity (TWh)
2015-2020 1.000 50 650 0,04
2020-2025 7.500 250 3.8...
Market phases
Target Core
challenge
Objectives Result of phase Lead investors
market
preparation
(2015-2020)
HRS: 25
FCEV:...
Recommendations to government
Include hydrogen refueling stations in the Belgium national/regional policy
framework
Take f...
Recommendations to government
Develop and introduce incentives to stimulate fuel cell electric vehicle purchase and
drivin...
Thank you for your attention
Université catholique de Louvain (UCL)
Division of Materials and Process Engineering
Power-to-Hydrogen :
How big can (shou...
1. the context
2. the technological challenge(s)
3. the WallonHY project
4. the Belgian perspectives (by 2020)
Hydrogen (H2) : « the Holy Trinity »
“ Oui, mes amis, je crois que l’eau sera un jour
employée comme combustible, que l’hy...
Renewables & H2 : Power-to-H2 (P2H)
PRODUCTION
STORAGE
& PIPING
Electrical line
H2-to-
power
H2-to-mobility
USE
& H2-to-X
Power-to-H2 electro-chemical H2 production
WATER ELECTROLYSIS
Water electrolysis : an old(-fashioned) technology
1953
2009
Water electrolysis : kW MW
2-3 MW
???
Power-to-H2 (P2H) vs. Power-to-Gas (P2G)
Synthetic Natural Gas
(methane – CH4)
CH4 + 2O2
=
CO2 + 2H2O
2H2 + O2
=
2H2O
Meth...
Belgium has H2 piping Power-to-H2 !!!
Power-to-H2 : long-term storage (on GW-scale)
P2H: (very) dynamic response
1. the context
2. the technological challenge(s)
3. the WallonHY project
4. the Belgian perspectives (by 2020)
Water electrolysis scale-up into MW
Scale-up : how big can we get ?
1 MW : 100 cells !!!
0
20
40
60
80
100
0 200 400 600 800 1000
H2output[a.u.]
#Cells
Power ...
MW electrolysis scale-up = missing link !
CO2 + 4H2 CH4 + 2H2O2H2O 2H2 + O2
175 kW 2 MW
1953
MW electrolysis so far : just multiply kW units
135 MW !!!
MW water electrolysis needs process intensification
2 MW 6 x 350 kW
Buy 5 .... get 1 free ???
Scale-up that reduces H2 pri...
1. the context
2. the technological challenge(s)
3. the WallonHY project
4. the Belgian perspectives (by 2020)
An elegant solution : 3-D (macro-porous) electrodes
Significantly improved H2 production rate MW input power :
1) more (in...
3-D electrodes : effect of surface area
3-D : 8.3 dm2
2-D : 1.9 10-1 dm2 50
1-D : 2.8 10-3 dm2 3000
-3
-2
-1
0
-2 -1,5 -1 ...
3-D electrodes : validated on lab-scale (UCL)
Significantly improved H2 production rate MW input power :
1) more (internal...
Project « WallonHY » (2016-2019)
• « Power-to-H2: une feuille de route technologique et socio-
économique pour la réalisat...
1. the context
2. the technological challenge(s)
3. the WallonHY project
4. the Belgian perspectives (by 2020)
Belgium lacks visibility (despite all regional efforts)
Belgium : national vs. regional
« standing still together ... »
Who does what (by 2020) ?
? ?
? ?
need for initiatives on the Belgian level !
(2015-2019)
(2020-2025)
International Energy Agency / Hydrogen Implementation Agreement
NIP H2 mobility Belgium : politically committed
(October 2015)
NIP H2 mobility Belgium
(1) HRS deployment
(2) H2-fueled cars
(3) H2-fueled busses
5 ton CO2 per (diesel) car per year
x 20
x 300050 H2‐busses allow for about the 
same CO2‐reduction a...
2000
(measured)
loss in statistical life expectancy (in months)
attributed to particulate matters (PM)
Clean fuels for tra...
NIP H2 mobility in Belgium : H2 consumption
0
50
100
150
200
0
100
200
0 20 40 60 80 100
H
2
bus (22 kg/day)
H
2
car (0.7 ...
H2 bus demo-project « P2H2mobility » (2017 ?)
• 20 (2x10) H2 busses ;
• one 2 MW electrolyser ;
Benelux = one of 5 regional H2 bus clusters
Benelux !!!
Green H2 renewables in Belgium ???
Power-to-H2 H2-to-mobility
injection into grid
Total = 8% de la consommation
(objectif ...
Green H2 : make it yourself (from renewables) !
P2H : how big should we get by 2020 ?
• strongly depends on users/applications ;
• current (EU) business model = H2 mobili...
2015 : 5,431 MW
2030 : 13,000 MW
2050 : 24,900 MW
• 100 MW electrolyser :
20.000 Nm3/hr
2 ton H2/day
• % of installed
rene...
Project « BelgHYum » (Fall 2016) : P2H for grid-
balancing
• « Une Feuille de Route pour le Développement
d’une filière Hy...
Summary : Belgian H2 future should look bright !!!
Cluster Technology	of	
Wallonia	Energy,	Environment	
and	sustainable	Development
TWEED	Asbl
Rue	Natalis 2	– 4020	Liège	– B...
Summer Event @ Colruyt about Renewables & Hydrogen
Summer Event @ Colruyt about Renewables & Hydrogen
Summer Event @ Colruyt about Renewables & Hydrogen
Summer Event @ Colruyt about Renewables & Hydrogen
Summer Event @ Colruyt about Renewables & Hydrogen
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Summer Event @ Colruyt about Renewables & Hydrogen

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Le Summer Event du 28 juin dernier fut riche d'enseignements et de découvertes ! Outre la visite des installations logistiques, de la station d'hydrogène et de son réseau et sa voiture, d'une présentation de Colruyt de sa vision énergétique, d'autres conférenciers ont partagé leur expertise (WaterstofNet, UCL & Hydrogenics).

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Summer Event @ Colruyt about Renewables & Hydrogen

  1. 1. Cluster Technology of Wallonia Energy, Environment and sustainable Development 28 June 2016 @ Halle Event @ Colruyt about Renewables & Hydrogen
  2. 2. CONFERENCES • TWEED & Agoria & Hosts : Introduction • Colruyt : Vision of Colruyt about Renewables& Hydrogen by Jonas Cautaerts, Colruyt Group • Waterstofnet : Roadmap for H2Mobility Belgium by Wouter Vanderlaek, Waterstofnet • "Power-To-Hydrogen : How big can/should we get ? » by Prof. Joris Proost, UCL • Presentation of the installation @ Halle by Denis Thomas, Hydrogenics
  3. 3. Hydrogen @ Colruyt Group 28th June 2016 jonas.cautaerts@colruytgroup.com TWEED-AGORIA Event
  4. 4. 1 Colruyt Group
  5. 5. History TWEED-AGORIA Event Bakery 1900-1930 Wholesale 1930-1955 Discounter 1955-1995 Retail Group 1995-Current
  6. 6. Mission TWEED-AGORIA Event
  7. 7. Who? TWEED-AGORIA Event 234 98 11 67 39 17 2 214 270 112
  8. 8. TWEED-AGORIA Event Sustainability simplysustainable.com People Environment Products
  9. 9. 2 Environment
  10. 10. Colruyt Group and energy Energy production (wind, solar and CHP) Energy consumption (behaviour and infrastructure) Flexible supply and demand management
  11. 11. Renewable energy 11 windturbines (febr 2016) 25,1 MW 14.500 ton CO2 reductie 43 locaties 6,8 MWp 1788 ton CO2 reductie 1 warmtekrach- koppelings- installatie 926 kW thermisch 889 kW elektrisch 545 ton CO2 reductie
  12. 12. Alternative fuels DATS 24 commits to Hydrogen stations Zero-emission fuels of the future CNG = transition fuel
  13. 13. Transport of goods Silent delivery Sustainable fleet
  14. 14. 2012 - 2015: Test (11 units) 2016 - … : roll out (200) Logistics
  15. 15. TWEED-AGORIA Event 3500 Fillings 2650 kg Nov ‘11 – Jun ‘16 - PEM electrolysis (2,7kg/u) - Storage: 46 kg - Fuel Cell (120kW) - Alkaline electrolysis (2,7kg/u) - Compressor - Storage: 39 kg Hydrogen @ Colruyt Group
  16. 16. Hydrogen activities + ambitions • Don Quichote (FCH-JU) • CertifHy (FCH-JU) • Public hydrogen station • Hydrogen material handling vehicles + indoor dispensing • Heavy-duty transport with hydrogen range extender TWEED-AGORIA Event
  17. 17. H2-Mobility Belgium Wouter Vanderlaek Mobile: 0031(0)620943104 / 0032(0)492318403 june 28, 2016 Cofinanced by Flemish Government
  18. 18. Agenda 1. WaterstofNet 2. Projects 3. H2Mobility Belgium
  19. 19. WaterstofNet Non-profit, founded 2009 Focus on hydrogen projects (mobility and energy storage) Developing, realising, coordinating/managing, communication & dissemination Partnering with regional companies, governments, knowledge institutes
  20. 20. Projects
  21. 21. 1MW fuel cell plant (Solvay) 1MW (1,6MW Piek) electricity coupled with 6kV Net 168 stacks 12 600 cells (75/stack) 70 kg hydrogen/hour Realisations Hydrogen region 1.0
  22. 22. Hydrogen refueling station Halle Operational: since 2012 Location: Halle, Belgium Production: renewable hydrogen from sun & wind, electrolyses 30 Nm3/h or 2,7 kg/hr Pressure level: 350 bar Storage: 55 kg Application: forklift trucks Realisations Hydrogen region 1.0
  23. 23. Hydrogen refueling station Helmond Operational: since 2013 Location: Helmond The Netherlands Production: renewable hydrogen, electrolyses 30 Nm3/h or 2,7 kg/hr Pressure level: 350 & 700 bar Storage: 50 kg Application: passenger vehicles, buses, garbage truck Prestaties (April 2016): 500 x getankt (80x bus/vuilniswagen & 420x personenvoertuigen) 1.750 kg getankt 95-97% beschikbaarheid Realisations Hydrogen region 1.0
  24. 24. Bus with fuel cell range extender Bus VDL, Citea / 12 meter Mileage ca 300 km Driveline: Fuel cell with battery system Hydrogen storage 25 kg Realisations Hydrogen region 1.0
  25. 25. Garbage truck with fuel cell range extender Testplatform DAF CF 75 FA Driveline fuel cell Nedstack (32 kW) Li-ion battery 144 kWh Pressure level 350 bar Efficiency 6-9 kg /100 km Mileage 360 km Realisations Hydrogen region 1.0
  26. 26. 2 boats with fuel cell HYDROGEN XPERIANCE Vaartuig: Vlet 700, 7,26 m x 2,30 m x 0,60 m (L x B x D) Ontwikkelde drijflijn: PEM-brandstofcel (1,2 – 2 kW), accu’s (48 V, 230 Ah) Opslag waterstof: 200 bar, 4 flessen van 30 liter (watervolume) WECO 635 Vaartuig: spitgat sloep, 6,35 m x 2,30 m x 0,55 m (L x B x D) Klassieke drijflijn: 11 kW diesel met 2,2 elektromotor met batterij (48 V, 55 Ah) Ontwikkelde drijflijn: PEM-brandstofcel (2 – 5 kW) Opslag waterstof: 350 bar Realisations Hydrogen region 1.0
  27. 27. Power to mobility/power Realisation project ‘Don Quichote’ 9 march 2016 July 2016 august 2016september 2016 Benchmark alkalyc and PEM-elektrolyse, Demonstration of hydrogen in logistic applications and fuel cell (120 kW) Cost: € 4,946,134 Funding FCH JU: € 2,954,846 Partners: WaterstofNet vzw, Etablissement Franz Colruyt NV, TUV Rheinland, JRC,Thinkstep, Icelandic New Energy Ltd, FAST
  28. 28. 3EMOTION Objective: 27 FCB & 3 new Hydrogen Refuelling Stations Cost: € 41,891,578.80 Funding FCH JU: € 14,999,983.00 Partners: WaterstofNet vzw, VAN HOOL N.V, AIR LIQUIDE ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES SA, Spin-off
  29. 29. Life and Grab Hy! Demonstration of two new second generation garbage trucks with fuel cell within 10 EU cities Two different types Spin-off
  30. 30. H2ME Objective: develop early networks of refuelling stations to prepare market for commercial introduction of innovative zero emission vehicles over coming years. Role Wnet: communication of results to Benelux stakeholders Spin-off
  31. 31. Roadmap power-to-gas Funding: Flemish region Partners: Hydrogenics, Umicore, Colruyt Group, Eandis, Fluxys, Elia, Sustesco, WaterstofNet Spin-off
  32. 32. Hydrogen region 2.0 H2 refueling stations (Breda, Antwerp) Indoor refueling forklift trucks (Halle) Mobile refueler 350 bar Upgrade H2 station (Helmond) Demo forklift trucks Demo heavy duty truck (40 ton) Demo garbage truck Total costs: €14 milj. Private contribution: €6.2 milj Partners Cofinanced by:
  33. 33. H2-Mobility Belgium
  34. 34. Objective To develop a national implementation plan (NIP) To prepare the Belgium market for the introduction of FCEV (buses and passenger vehicles)
  35. 35. Approach Desk study (existing plans and targets neighboring countries, analyzing TEN-T road networks with Belgium cities and bus depots etc.) Using own experience (operator of 2 hydrogen refueling stations, experience within several hydrogen projects) Many meetings (industrial stakeholders, governments etc. ) Calculations Extensive involvement stakeholders reviewing executive summary
  36. 36. TEN-T core/compreh. network North Sea Baltic Corridor Rhine Alpine Corridor North Sea-Mediterranean Corridor
  37. 37. Neighboring countries
  38. 38. Targets for Belgium Assumptions Growth rate neigbouring countries First stations in bigger cities, close to fleets and were possible along TEN-T network
  39. 39. Targets for Belgium Period FCEV Buses Hydrogen (ton) Electricity (TWh) 2015-2020 1.000 50 650 0,04 2020-2025 7.500 250 3.875 0,22 2025-2030 30.000 500 11.500 0,67 2030-2050 1.375.000 1.500 355.750 20,63
  40. 40. Market phases Target Core challenge Objectives Result of phase Lead investors market preparation (2015-2020) HRS: 25 FCEV: 1.000 Buses: 50 Overcome uncertainty Build HRS network to sufficient coverage Enable sale or leasing of early commercial vehicles Monitor reliability of network Enough demand and/or projected demand sufficient early infrastructure coverage Government Strategic investors early market introduction (2020-2025) HRS:75 FCEV:7.500 Buses: 150 Maintain investment interest Upgrade existing and build new stations based upon FCEV projections Monitor reliability of network Critically risk and uncertainty have been removed Better understanding on FCEV adoption, station deployment timelines and capability Government Strategic & equity investors full market introduction (2025-2030) HRS:150 FCEV:30.000 Buses: 500 Enabling transition to and competitive private market Build new stations Downgrade governmental support Market takes over development of network Equity investors Some government support
  41. 41. Recommendations to government Include hydrogen refueling stations in the Belgium national/regional policy framework Take facilitating role to create confidence in the market (synchronized ramp-up, investment plan, implementation/coordination team, stimulate innovative demonstration projects) Align and stimulate developments in hydrogen mobility with other policy plans/targets
  42. 42. Recommendations to government Develop and introduce incentives to stimulate fuel cell electric vehicle purchase and driving, also for niche fleets Develop and introduce incentives to stimulate investment and operation of hydrogen refueling stations (first mover advantage, tendering, minimum share 0-emission in fleets, financing, increase strategic value of network) Implement binding targets to reach ‘green’ hydrogen mobility market Cooperate with neighboring Benelux-countries Develop practical guidelines for hydrogen refueling stations and organize workshops Start discussions around optimizing regulations, inspections, permitting etc
  43. 43. Thank you for your attention
  44. 44. Université catholique de Louvain (UCL) Division of Materials and Process Engineering Power-to-Hydrogen : How big can (should) we get (by 2020) ? Prof. dr. ir. Joris Proost TWeeD-Agoria Summer Event on Renewables & Hydrogen Colruyt Halle, 28/06/2016
  45. 45. 1. the context 2. the technological challenge(s) 3. the WallonHY project 4. the Belgian perspectives (by 2020)
  46. 46. Hydrogen (H2) : « the Holy Trinity » “ Oui, mes amis, je crois que l’eau sera un jour employée comme combustible, que l’hydrogène et l’oxygène, qui la constituent, utilisés isolément ou simultanément, fourniront une source de chaleur et de lumière inépuisables et d’une intensité que la houille ne saurait avoir. ” Jules Verne, L’île mystérieuse (1874). C + O2 CO2 + heat 2H2 + O2 2H2O + electricity 1 2 1 zero-tolerance vs. CO2 2 efficiency doubled (cold vs. hot combustion) 3 3 fully reversible (almost zero entropic losses)
  47. 47. Renewables & H2 : Power-to-H2 (P2H) PRODUCTION STORAGE & PIPING Electrical line H2-to- power H2-to-mobility USE & H2-to-X
  48. 48. Power-to-H2 electro-chemical H2 production WATER ELECTROLYSIS
  49. 49. Water electrolysis : an old(-fashioned) technology 1953
  50. 50. 2009 Water electrolysis : kW MW 2-3 MW ???
  51. 51. Power-to-H2 (P2H) vs. Power-to-Gas (P2G) Synthetic Natural Gas (methane – CH4) CH4 + 2O2 = CO2 + 2H2O 2H2 + O2 = 2H2O Methanation CO2 + 4H2 CH4 + 2H2O H2-to- industry (synthesis)
  52. 52. Belgium has H2 piping Power-to-H2 !!!
  53. 53. Power-to-H2 : long-term storage (on GW-scale)
  54. 54. P2H: (very) dynamic response
  55. 55. 1. the context 2. the technological challenge(s) 3. the WallonHY project 4. the Belgian perspectives (by 2020)
  56. 56. Water electrolysis scale-up into MW
  57. 57. Scale-up : how big can we get ? 1 MW : 100 cells !!! 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 200 400 600 800 1000 H2output[a.u.] #Cells Power Input [kW]
  58. 58. MW electrolysis scale-up = missing link ! CO2 + 4H2 CH4 + 2H2O2H2O 2H2 + O2 175 kW 2 MW
  59. 59. 1953 MW electrolysis so far : just multiply kW units 135 MW !!!
  60. 60. MW water electrolysis needs process intensification 2 MW 6 x 350 kW Buy 5 .... get 1 free ??? Scale-up that reduces H2 price !!!
  61. 61. 1. the context 2. the technological challenge(s) 3. the WallonHY project 4. the Belgian perspectives (by 2020)
  62. 62. An elegant solution : 3-D (macro-porous) electrodes Significantly improved H2 production rate MW input power : 1) more (internal) surface area for the same (macroscopic) volume ; 2) improved gas evolution ; Fully compatible with current (kW) electrolyser technology : • keep same (electro-catalytic) electrode material (Ni-alloys) ; • keep same cell geometry (replacing 2-D by 3-D plate-like electrodes) ;
  63. 63. 3-D electrodes : effect of surface area 3-D : 8.3 dm2 2-D : 1.9 10-1 dm2 50 1-D : 2.8 10-3 dm2 3000 -3 -2 -1 0 -2 -1,5 -1 -0,5 0 CathodepotentialE(V/SHE) Current I (A) 1-D wire 2-D plate 3-D foam (100 ppi) given/requested H2 output (Nm3/hr) -2,5 -2 -1,5 -1 -0,5 0 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 10 0 10 1 Cathode(over)potential(V) Surface area [dm 2 ] I = 1 A [de Radigues and Proost, Chemical Engineering Journal, 2010]
  64. 64. 3-D electrodes : validated on lab-scale (UCL) Significantly improved H2 production rate MW input power : 1) more (internal) surface area for the same (macroscopic) volume ; 2) improved gas evolution. ANTICIPATED Significantly improved H2 production rate : 1) increased surface area reduces overpotential ; 2) macro-porous 3-D morphology favours gas evolution ; VALIDATED single bubble detachment bubble growth by coalescene natural (free) convection growth of a single bubble
  65. 65. Project « WallonHY » (2016-2019) • « Power-to-H2: une feuille de route technologique et socio- économique pour la réalisation d'un premier (site) démonstrateur en Wallonie » ; • Partners : • Expected outcome : pilot-scale electrolyser (3-D electrodes) ; stake-holders manifest for H2 in Wallonia for 2020 - 2030 ; integration in European H2-mobility corridor networks ;
  66. 66. 1. the context 2. the technological challenge(s) 3. the WallonHY project 4. the Belgian perspectives (by 2020)
  67. 67. Belgium lacks visibility (despite all regional efforts)
  68. 68. Belgium : national vs. regional « standing still together ... »
  69. 69. Who does what (by 2020) ? ? ? ? ?
  70. 70. need for initiatives on the Belgian level !
  71. 71. (2015-2019) (2020-2025) International Energy Agency / Hydrogen Implementation Agreement
  72. 72. NIP H2 mobility Belgium : politically committed (October 2015)
  73. 73. NIP H2 mobility Belgium (1) HRS deployment (2) H2-fueled cars
  74. 74. (3) H2-fueled busses 5 ton CO2 per (diesel) car per year x 20 x 300050 H2‐busses allow for about the  same CO2‐reduction as 1000 H2‐cars 20
  75. 75. 2000 (measured) loss in statistical life expectancy (in months) attributed to particulate matters (PM) Clean fuels for transport directive
  76. 76. NIP H2 mobility in Belgium : H2 consumption 0 50 100 150 200 0 100 200 0 20 40 60 80 100 H 2 bus (22 kg/day) H 2 car (0.7 kg/day) H 2 consumption(kg/day) H 2 production(kg/day) Number of H 2 vehicles (car or bus) 1 MW 5 H2 busses 0 50 100 150 200 0 200 400 600 800 1000 0 20 40 60 80 100 H 2 output[kg/day] #Cells Power Input [kW] 1 MW 120 kg H2/day @ 33% capacity 1 H2‐bus sells 80,000 Euro H2 per year 1 H2‐car (only) 2,500 Euro ( 30 times less)
  77. 77. H2 bus demo-project « P2H2mobility » (2017 ?) • 20 (2x10) H2 busses ; • one 2 MW electrolyser ;
  78. 78. Benelux = one of 5 regional H2 bus clusters Benelux !!!
  79. 79. Green H2 renewables in Belgium ??? Power-to-H2 H2-to-mobility injection into grid Total = 8% de la consommation (objectif belge 2020 = 13%) Source : www.apere.org/observatoires (merci à H2Net)
  80. 80. Green H2 : make it yourself (from renewables) !
  81. 81. P2H : how big should we get by 2020 ? • strongly depends on users/applications ; • current (EU) business model = H2 mobility ; • requires on-site & green H2 production ; • MW-scale is (in my opinion) « just what we need (by 2020) » ;
  82. 82. 2015 : 5,431 MW 2030 : 13,000 MW 2050 : 24,900 MW • 100 MW electrolyser : 20.000 Nm3/hr 2 ton H2/day • % of installed renewable power : 1.8 0.8 0.4 % • CAPEX (Euro/kW) : 1000 700 385 = same as for 50 2 MW electrolysers ! • electricity price ??? Euro/kWh Euro/kW Grid-balancing = BelgHYum level ... http://www.power-to-gas.be H2 price (Euro/kg) SMR H2 4,5 Euro/kg
  83. 83. Project « BelgHYum » (Fall 2016) : P2H for grid- balancing • « Une Feuille de Route pour le Développement d’une filière Hydrogène en Belgique » ; • Partners : • Expected outcome (horizon 2020-2025) : grid-balancing opportunities of P2H in Belgium ; electricity price regulations for such P2H services ; stake-holders manifest for H2 in Belgium (outside mobility) ;
  84. 84. Summary : Belgian H2 future should look bright !!!
  85. 85. Cluster Technology of Wallonia Energy, Environment and sustainable Development TWEED Asbl Rue Natalis 2 – 4020 Liège – Belgium Bricout Paul Project engineer pbricout@clustertweed.be Olivier Ulrici Project engineer oulrici@clustertweed.be Cédric Brüll Director cbrull@clustertweed.be www.clustertweed.be

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