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SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
Question from last lesson
Suggest a possible explanation of the difference between
taste and ﬂavour (2marks).
Taste refers to the primary underlying sensations derived from food;
whether the substance has the basic characteristics of sweet, salty,
sour, bitter or umami. (1 mark)
Flavour imparts more complex and subtle differences in the
perception, providing more detailed information such as chocolatey,
smoky, tangy etc. Flavour gives taste its descriptive characteristics. (1
Learning Intentions (What you need to know and be
able to do)
• Explain distortions of visual perception by illusions,
including Muller Lyer and Ames room
• Describe the structural features (design) of the Ames
room and explain why the illusion of changing size is
brought about by varying distance
• Evaluate explanations of the Muller-Lyer illusion
including biological, psychological and social
A perceptual distortion involves an inconsistency, or ‘mismatch’,
between a perceptual experience and physical reality.
Visual illusions are NOT
• Ambiguous ﬁgures, which are images which can be
perceived in two different ways due to a shift in attention.
• Delusions, which are false beliefs
• Hallucinations, which are perceptions that do not actually exist
These are hundreds of visual illusions, which can be fun and
interesting to look at. For the purposes of VCE psychology you
need to know in detail about two of the most widely studies
illusions called the Muller-Lyer illusion and the Ames room
Explanations from the Biological perspective
Eye Movement theory - Rejected
It may be the case that we have an inborn tendency to
misperceive simple geometric patterns when they are viewed in
a two-dimensional form.
Or put more simply - we are born to perceive in 3D not 2D
Carpentered world hypothesis. This
explanation proposes that the illusion occurs
because of its similarity to familiar
architectural features in the real three-
dimensional world we experience as part of
When shown the Müller-Lyer
illusion, these Zulus are more
likely to view the lines in their
actual two-dimensional forms
and therefore perceive the
lines as equal in length.
Zulus who live in tribal communities within remote areas of
Africa. These Zulus live in circular houses with roundish doors
and domed roofs — without all the familiar angles, corners and
edges of our Western three-dimensional world.