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Dieter Kirschke
Dieter Kirschke
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Euros Jones

  1. 1. The crop protection industry’s contribution to productivity June 2011 Euros Jones Director, Regulatory Affairs
  2. 2. Key message <ul><ul><li>Productivity means being productive for today and for the long-term </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Playing with words… Productive Sustainable Resource efficient
  4. 4. What is crop protection? Potato roll leaf virus Potato late Blight Cereal Septoria Oilseed rape - Pollen beetle Corn Aphids Tomato mildew Apple Scab Cherry Fruit fly Pea moth caterpillar <ul><li>Crop protection products are the treatments used to protect crops and keep them healthy. </li></ul><ul><li>Crop protection combine innovative science & technology to protect farmers’ crops from the dangerous pests & diseases that threaten the quality and safety of our food. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Fast facts: </li></ul><ul><li>€ 200 million : Cost of bringing a new crop protection product to market </li></ul><ul><li>9 years : Average time to bring a new product to the market </li></ul>A highly innovative industry
  6. 6. Productivity and inputs Productivity growth Labour Machinery Seeds Crop protection Chemical CP Bio- control Fertilisers Education & training
  7. 7. Agriculture and food supply <ul><li>Limited growth in global food supply: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited growth in agricultural acreage (arable land + 7 % between 2000 and 2020); </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What prospects for world food security? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food import gap of the poor countries can only be closed if rich countries produce more food. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Imports, exports - and ‘virtual land’ <ul><li>Given the level of food imports into the EU: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Net land import: 34.9 mill. ha. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Territory of Germany: 35.7 mill. ha.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An important element of sustainable agriculture is to ensure that we continue to provide adequate food for a growing population </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Productive agriculture preserves biodiversity… <ul><li>on a global scale by increasing yields on existing agricultural land to minimize further agricultural encroachment </li></ul>> 500 bird species Source: M. Riffel Agricultural Production and Biodiversity
  10. 10. The biodiversity and Climate Change threats <ul><li>The major global threat to biodiversity is the expansion of urban and farmland </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change: Deforestation is one of the greatest source of GHG emissions (18%) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“… organic farming or extensification ( land sharing ) may be less efficient at achieving the goals of “feeding a growing population and preserve biodiversity” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmland (Leeds University, UK) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Soil Biodiversity & low tillage <ul><li>Low-tillage can contribute by: </li></ul><ul><li>reducing soil disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>increasing soil organic matter content </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing soil water holding capacity </li></ul>Source: M. Riffel Soil biodiversity is a key parameter for maintaining fertility and productivity of soils
  12. 12. More ‘biodiversity friendly’ measures <ul><li>Plant cover - stabilizes soil and prevents its erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate use of fertilizers and pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of landscape elements </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate crop rotation </li></ul>Source: M. Riffel
  13. 13. Agriculture and Biodiversity
  14. 14. What influences sustainable agriculture? Sustainable agriculture Ensure Profitability Agricultural Policy Customer requirements Environmental protection Resource efficiency
  15. 15. Sustainable agriculture…
  16. 16. Sustainable production and IPM <ul><ul><li>Integrated Pest Management is an element of productive agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And will be compulsory from 2014: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Plant protection products shall be used properly [including] the application of…general practices of integrated pest management…” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Article 55 of Regulation 1107/2009 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Availability of plant protection products <ul><li>Sustainable agriculture needs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate use of pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of appropriate products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut-off criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not based on scientific advice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Endocrine criteria may impact certain fungicides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European policy making needs to look at the bigger picture and the real impact on sustainability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Dealing with resistance to Septoria tritici <ul><li>The loss of triazoles would mean more reliance on strobilurins. </li></ul><ul><li>But resistance to strobilurins has already occured especially in Northern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>It would only get worse with so few solutions left! </li></ul>* QoI fungicides includes the strobilurins
  19. 19. Safe use of our products <ul><li>The safe use of our products is a key priority for the crop protection industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring that the product is managed properly up to and including it’s use in the field </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three key areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Point source pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operator safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-counterfeit </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Safe use of our products <ul><ul><li>Point source pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.topps-life.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operator safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ecpa.eu/en/topics/training-and-best-practice </li></ul></ul>Industry training and training material:
  21. 21. Counterfeit products <ul><li>Growing problem with imports of illegal products </li></ul><ul><li>Products not always of same quality </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause severe crop damage </li></ul>
  22. 22. Counterfeit products Sticker and advert from Italy promoting the Hot Line Help control Counterfeit and Illegal Pesticides by using the correct product and reporting cases…
  23. 23. Conclusions <ul><li>The key is long-term productivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best technology and know-how will be key </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plant protection products play a role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In a sustainable, resource-efficient and productive European agriculture </li></ul></ul>

Notes de l'éditeur

  • February 2006
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  • Control of harmful organisms, especially by: crop rotation use of adequate cultivation techniques use of resistant/tolerant cultivars use of balanced fertilisation, liming and irrigation/drainage practices preventing the spreading of harmful organisms by hygiene measures protection and enhancement of important beneficial organisms Harmful organisms monitored by adequate methods and tools Based on monitoring, the user to decide whether and when to apply plant protection measures Sustainable biological and non-chemical methods must be preferred to chemical methods if they provide satisfactory pest control The pesticides applied shall be as specific as possible for the target and shall have the least side effects on human health, non-target organisms and the environment. The professional user should keep the use of pesticides and other forms of intervention to levels that are necessary. Available anti-resistance strategies should be applied to maintain the effectiveness of the products. This may include the use of multiple pesticides with different modes of action. The professional user should check the success of the applied plant protection measures.     See Annex III of Directive 2009/128/EC for full text February 2006

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