2. TRENDS IN MATH AND SCIENCE
3. FLEXIBLE GROUPING
Can be used for both math
Students work in different
groups depending on
goals and the activity.
Groups can be lead by
both teacher or students.
In math students can be
split into groups according
to their skill level.
In science students can be
split into groups depending
on their level of
1. More distractions
2. Not easy for teachers and
students to flow in and out
across activities or lessons
3. Teacher does lots of
planning to meet all
students’ diverse needs.
4. Unequal responsibilities
4. RESPECTFUL TASKS
Both math and science
Most important ideas
Everyone Master Ideas
Thinking and problem
solving at a high level
Very interesting to the
1. Time Consuming:
2. Classroom might be
5. TIERED LESSONS
Mainly used for math
Resource Materials at
Allows students to learn
from their level up
A motivator to challenge
students to push
Student awareness of
1. Not easy to reach true
2. Might group students
For both math and
Gives students multiple
ways to master a
Students can observe
different strategies for
the same concept
1. Not easy for teachers to
manage the classroom
behaviors and keep all
students on task
2. Time consuming for
teachers- need to
3. Need more classroom
7. LESSON PLAN OUTLINE
Grade Level: Kindergarten
1. Students will be able to demonstrate different strategies to make a
2. Students will be able to describe the concepts of addition.
3. Students will be able to define the vocabulary terms- add,
total number, equal
4. The student will successfully set up the equation and put the
numbers in the
Time: 1 hour
Materials: worksheets, counters, cubes, dices, domino
1. Review the concept of addition and practice 2 addition questions with students and
ask what strategy they use.
2. Introduce 4 different stations and demo for students
- Count counters: Students receive 10 counters (each counter has red and yellow for
each side) and put all counters into a cup. After shaking the cup, students need to
color how many red and yellow counters each time on their worksheet. Each
worksheet included 10 practices. _______ + _______ = 10
- Build a Sum: Teacher puts several cards and cubes in the box and each card has a
question like “Build 7. Add 4 more. What is the sum?” After students write the
equation _____ + ______ = ______ on the worksheet, and they need to take
another card and repeat the same process.
- Domino Math: Student choose a domino and draw it on the worksheet. Count how
many dots in total and draw a picture to match the total number. The write one
sentence about the picture.
- Yahtzee: Students roll two dices and cross out the sum on their worksheets. They
keep the process until they cross out all the numbers.
3. Closure: Ask students to clean up the workspace. All students sit on the carpet and
discuss what they have learned from different activities and their feedbacks about
today’s Station activity.
Assessment: Teacher assesses students during in-class informal observation and
facilitates if students have any questions. Teacher might need to re-teach the
concept to struggling students.
There is no “one size fits all” strategy to
teaching students. Each student has a
different pace and intelligence when it comes
to learning, therefore, differentiated
instruction is essential and necessary
because it offers students equivalent
opportunities to learn the same concepts and
skills and reach the same objective but
based on their individual abilities and
Chen, J. J., & Weiland, L. (2007). Helping young children
learn mathematics: Strategies for meeting the needs of
diverse learners. Exchange (01648527), (174), 46.
Van De Walle, J. A., Karp, K. S., & Bay-Williams, J. M.
(2013). Elementary and middle school mathematics:
Teaching developmentally. (8th ed.). Boston: Pearson.
Martin, R., Sexton, C., & Franklin, T. (2009). Teaching
Science for All Children (5th ed.). : Pearson Education.
Notes de l'éditeur
In math and science instruction, teachers use differentiated instruction strategies in order to meet the needs of each individual students learning style, readiness and interest. There are four current trends being used in math and science classes which we would like to discuss.
Flexible Grouping, Respectful Tasks, Tiered Lessons and Stations.