1. Hospital Infection Prevention &
Control Issues for Construction
What you need to know to:
Protect our patients
Marsha Barnden, RNC, MSN, CIC
Corporate Director Infection Prevention & Clinical Standards
3. Hospital Construction Projects are different from
other work sites
• Sick patients are in the hospital and these patients
can be more susceptible to infectious diseases
4. Some areas in the hospital contain very ill patients who
are highly susceptible to infections
Examples of these high risk areas are the Nursery,
NICU, cancer unit, surgical areas, burn unit, and ICUs
Patient Care Units
5. I’m working in a hospital with sick patients, but I don’t work with the
patients, so what is the connection between my work and patient
6. Bacteria and fungus can grow in dust, drywall,
beneath carpeting, old wood structures, in the ceiling
space above ceiling tiles, and any area that has been
wet and dried or any wet areas where water has
7. Activities that “stir up” dust and debris or stagnant water can send
fungus and bacteria into the air (aerosolization) and, if precautions
are not taken, into a patient who may come in contact with these
8. Infection with these organisms can be fatal to the
Exposure to these organisms rarely pose a risk for a healthy
9. Two environmental organisms of concern to hospitals:
•found in dust, walls,
•spread by activities that
stir up dust & dirt, such as
knocking out walls,
removing ceiling tile,
working in air handling
•found in stagnant standing
•cooling towers, water
supply lines, air
•spread by aerosolized
•causes pneumonia and
10. What can we do to keep our patients from getting
exposed to these “bugs’?
1. Educate healthcare & construction workers
2. Carefully evaluate job sites and determine what
must be done to protect the patients: Identify risks
Take necessary actions to protect patients, employees
11. Ways to protect patients during
• Patients may have to be relocated during
12. Barriers: Either solid wall or heavy plastic may
be needed to keep construction area and
patient areas separated.
13. Walk off mats both inside and outside of entry
into site are needed to trap dust off shoes.
14. Debris to be removed from site must be
• In some cases, air pumps with hoses to the outside may be needed to
create a negative pressure work area (in relation to the patient area).
Opening windows in this area creates the opposite effect. Windows
should remain closed .
19. Hospitals are required to monitor
construction sites to assure patient
• Air sampling for the presence of mold and fungus may be
done in and around the construction area.
• Hospital monitoring for compliance to Infection Control &
Safety polices is ongoing during the project.
20. TB Testing and Immunizations
• Provide Employee
Health with a copy of
current TB test results.
• TB testing is available
in Employee Health.
• Provide Employee
Health with a copy of
27. Emergency Codes at XYZ: To familiarize yourself with how to respond when an emergency code is announced overhead.
Code Triage –
Announced when an emergency situation exists. The emergency should be announced as
“internal” or “external.” The announcement is made three times and should include the number of
expected casualties and the estimated time of arrival (ETA).
Code Triage – Standby Called when an emergency requires preparation/analysis of the situation at hand, if time permits.
If a true disaster exists and requires EOP activation, then the above Code Triage – EOP Activation
is announced and followed.
Code Red Called in the event of a fire, followed by the location of the fire. Is announced three times with the
location specified in each announcement. If in an area adjacent to the location, evacuate your
Code Blue Announced when a patient has a respiratory/cardiac arrest. The location of the event is
announced three times with the code.
MET Team Announced when a patient has a significant change in condition based on established criteria. A
specialized team of ICU and Respiratory personnel respond.
Announced when the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) issues a severe
weather watch/warning for Rockdale County. A “warning” is issued only when a tornado or other
severe weather has actually been sighted, either visually or by radar. A “watch” is issued when
weather conditions are favorable such that a tornado or severe weather may develop. Also
includes Inclement Weather plan for staffing.
Code Grey Any situation requiring security including a facility Lockdown, Civil Disturbance or Bomb Threat
situation. Include location and announce three times.
Code Silver An Active Shooter is identified on campus. Staff are to secure area, remain in place and take
cover. Include location and announce three times.
Code Pink Kidnapping situation and is usually related to infant abductions. Include location and announce
Code Orange Hazardous materials release, including radiation/nuclear spills and chemical containment. Include
location of the spill and announce three times.
Code CDC In the event of a Bioterrorism Event, Code Orange will be announced first followed by the Code
CDC announcement, repeated three times.
28. Welcome to your work site at
XYZ Medical Center
Your work here is helping us make a better
place for our patients.
If you have questions on any information you
have just viewed, contact your Supervisor or
the Infection Prevention and Control
Department at ext XYZ.