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# The Basic Science Processes

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TEAC 22

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• this help our teachers to understand more the different science processes and how to apply it not only in science subject but also in other subjects... thanks a lot!!!

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### The Basic Science Processes

1. 1. •The Basic ScienceProcesses for the LowerGrades in the Elementary Level: •observing •comparing •classifying •measuring
2. 2. •The Basic Science Processesfor the Higher Level and to theSecondary Level: •inferring •predicting •controlling variables •interpreting data •drawing conclusions and generalizations
3. 3. •Observing is a process wherein wereact by using our five senses- sight,hearing, smelling, tasting and touch.•Example:•Describing a pencil as yellow. •How to Develop the Skill in Observing •Advantages in Developing the Skill in Observing
4. 4. •Comparing is the ability to recognizethe similarities and differences of thingsbeing observed. •Advantages in Developing the Skill in Comparing •How to Develop the Skill in Comparing
5. 5. •Classifying is a process of groupingor sorting out a number of objectsaccording to observable characteristicthey possess. •Advantages in Developing the Skill in Classifying •How to Develop the Skill in Classifying
6. 6. •Measuring is the process ofcomparing an unknown quantity to astandard. To indicate length, widthand area, a standard called a unit isused which is a meter or acentimeter. •Advantages in Developing the Skill in Measuring •How to Develop the Skill in Measuring
7. 7. •Inferring means to state an ideawhich is based on observations. Aninference is an interpretations or atentative conclusion based onobservations. •Advantages in Developing the Skill in Inferring •How to Develop the Skill in Inferring
8. 8. •Predicting is the process of makinga forecast based on observed events.We predict the weather for the nexttwenty-four (24) hours and this isbased on temperature, wind, cloudsand other elements of weather. •Advantages in Developing the Skill in Predicting •How to Develop the Skill in Predicting
9. 9. •Controlling VariablesVariable is the factor or conditionthe effect of which is being tested.•Advantages in Developing the Skill in Controlling Variables •How to Develop the Skill in Controlling Variables
10. 10. •Interpreting dataData collected from a variable in anexperiment should be analyzedthoroughly in order to arrive at aclear and reliable conclusion.•Advantages in Developing the Skill in Interpreting data •How to Develop the Skill in Interpreting data
11. 11. •ExperimentingThe skill in experimenting is the final testthat requires competence in scienceprocesses especially controlling variables,interpreting data and formulatinghypothesis.•Advantages in Developing the Skill in Experimenting •How to Develop the Skill in Experimenting
12. 12. Reported by:Divine Heidi G. CabiguinBSE – E/ 3 – Irreg.TEAC 22August 22, 2012