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Module 1 summary

Summary slides of some of the key points to remember from the Module on Fundamentals of AAC

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Module 1 summary

  1. 1. Summary Fundamentals of AAC Module 1
  2. 2. Key things about AAC We all use multiple ways to communicate and are often divided into verbal and non verbal forms. AAC includes all forms of communication that enhance or supplement speech and writing AAC takes many forms and supports a wide variety of needs, it involves communicating meaning using symbols to address barriers to language Familiarity impacts upon successful use of symbols and is influenced by language and culture Our purpose is not to simply choose a technology but to enable communication and interaction, The message, not the medium is what matters for people who cannot use their own voices Many people with disabilities benefit from using AAC, those who cannot communicate experience a loss of control over their own lives
  3. 3. Using AAC Symbols can be used in all sorts of activities, they can be used functionally to communicate our needs and wants, and to express our thoughts. But they can also be the basis of play, fun and games an important means of learning to interact with those around us We can develop our use of AAC in both formal settings and in games and play Planning for progression is important in working with AAC and finding a good starting point needs consideration of different factors Both low and high tech systems are important
  4. 4. The design of symbols is important Whilst some symbols can be considered “universal” we recognise that symbols are nuanced and carry meaning beyond concrete representation. Because symbols are open to interpretation engaging in the design of symbols for a specific community will help ensure that there is a shared understanding and interpretation of all of the symbols in a set. Language, culture and intended use are all crucial influences on symbol design and involving stakeholders from within the target community will enhance familiarity and confidence in the symbol set Open Licences support localisation of symbol sets to meet community needs and allow for symbols to used across settings and stakeholders
  5. 5. We should take care in choosing a symbol set Choosing a set should be based on meeting the needs of a person. We should consider the design, the ways in which the symbols will be used and the environment in which they will be used. Each symbol set has strengths and weaknesses and the choice of a symbol set should be based on the needs and abilities of the person using AAC. Try to consider the strengths and weaknesses of different symbol sets in making a decision. As there are many symbols sets available. Some are free, some must be purchased Symbol sets can be thought of in several ways including: how pictorial, how guessable, how flexible, how consistent and how visually complex they are. Practical issues such as how the symbols are to be used, is software available to produce printed materials, or which are available for a particular AAC device, will also influence any choice.
  6. 6. Be Confident to get started ! There are many different forms of AAC system and device available to you and understanding your options and the strengths and weaknesses of each is important in making a good recommendation of an AAC system or device for a child. Planning for success is at the heart of good provision There are a range of solutions that include no or low, medium and high tech devices, choosing a device depends upon your understanding of both the child and the device features Planning implementation carefully is most likely to lead to success.