1. EPC of JIC Cooling Plant 098-C58
Azmeel HSE Department
2. Youthful Drivers
• Account for 28% of drivers involved in collisions
• Quicker at reacting to hazards
• Slower at detecting and recognizing hazards
3. Middle Age Drivers
(25 – 54)
• More experience and time behind the wheel
• Driving destinations tend to have a purpose
• Stress and fatigue caused by work or family influences
4. Mature Drivers
(55 & Older)
• Drive more slowly
• Drivers within their capabilities
• Drive shorter distances
• Have a lot of experience behind the wheel
• Drive on familiar streets and roads
5. Safety Belts
• 80% of people killed in rollovers were not wearing them.
• Ejection results in many injuries and deaths.
• In a roll over without a safety belt, the body typically
impacts the interior of the vehicle as it is thrown about.
6. Lap/shoulder safety belts
reduce risk of moderate-to-
fatal injuries by approximately
Air bags for driver & passenger
combined with lap/shoulder
belts reduce risk of fatality by
7. Mirror Adjustment
In a normal seating position, you should not be able to see any part of
your own vehicle in the side-view mirrors.
Adjust the side-view mirrors just beyond the point where you could
see the side of the car on the inside edge of the mirror.
• Both hands on the wheel at the 9 o’clock and 3 o’clock
• Reduce speed for obstacles in the road and proceed
cautiously when possible.
• Do not apply the brake quickly while turning or you could spin
• Do not turn any more than needed to clear whatever is in
• Brake early and smoothly.
• When you apply the brakes, your vehicle does not stop – it
slows to a stop.
• The faster you are driving, the farther your vehicle will travel
before it stops.
Cover your brakes when:
• You suspect the other vehicle may not yield or stop.
• Traveling through an intersection.
• There is stop-and-go traffic in the area.
• Children are playing.
• In a parking lot.
• In residential areas.
10. Stopping Distance
The distance it takes for an average passenger car to come to
a complete stop.
• Varies depending on several factors: speed, condition of
the driver, the vehicle, the road, and the weather
• Stopping Distance = Reaction Time + Braking Distance
11. Stopping Distance
• The length of time it takes visual information to be sent to
the part of the brain that makes a motion judgment and
• A person average Reaction Time is ¾ of a second
• To calculate – take the 1st digit of your speedometer
reading and add it to your speed
12. Stopping Distance
4 Second Plus Rule
City traffic: 4 second gap in perfect conditions
• Add additional seconds for each adverse condition
• Being tailgated by a car? add 2 seconds
• Being tailgated by a semi? add 6 seconds
• Following a motorcycle? add 1 second
• Wet Pavement? add 1 second
• Reduced visibility? add 1 second
• Towing a trailer? add 1 second for each 10 ft of additional
vehicle, but no less than 2 seconds
14. Stopping Distance and Speed
• Stopping distance increases as speed increases.
• Double your speed and you have four times as much
momentum and will take a lot longer to stop.
15. Driving in Traffic
• Always attempt to scan 15 seconds ahead of where you are.
• Following distance behind the vehicle in front of you.
• 4 seconds in the city
• 3 seconds on the highway
16. • Use a 2-second delayed start before proceeding from a
• This delay prevents rear-end collisions after false starts and
allows the intersection to clear
Driving in Traffic
17. • When stopping behind another vehicle, make sure you can
see the rear tires.
• Watch your mirrors.
• This gap is your escape route if a vehicle is likely to hit you
from the rear.
Driving in Traffic
18. Scan and monitor all space around your vehicle.
• Try to keep a gap on either side that you can use in an
• Keep your eyes moving
• Avoid staring at one object for too long.
• Practice scanning around your vehicle every 10 seconds.
• For better visibility, separate from vehicles that block your
view – trucks, vans, etc.
Driving in Traffic
19. Highway Driving
• Avoid lane changes unless absolutely necessary.
• Always use your signals with ample notice to other drivers.
• When merging, signal and move steadily into the drive-lane.
• Don’t cut off other vehicles.
• Don’t drive in other cars’ blind spots.
• When changing lanes, use both mirrors and a brief head-turn
• Have the front seat passenger assist you, if needed.
20. Common unsafe driving practices
Failing to stop or yield
Not using blinkers
Using Cell Phones
Driving at an unsafe speed
Unsafe passing of another vehicle
Not using a seatbelt
Driving at an unsafe speed is the most common error in fatal accidents.
What other bad practices have you seen on our roadways?
22. Driving under the influence of anger.
• Feeling endangered by someone else’s driving
• Resentment at being forced to slow down
• Righteous indignation at someone who breaks traffic rules
• Anger at someone for their road rage
Therapy for road rage:
• Take a deep breath and just let it go!
23. Aggressive Driving
Overall, the number of drivers involved in an aggressive driving crash
declines as drivers reach 30 years of age
The age group with the highest number of aggressive driving crashes
was the 16-20 year old group.
24. Aggressive Drivers
What can you do?
• Avoid eye contact.
• Don’t cut in front of other drivers.
• Allow fellow drivers to merge safely.
• Don’t use hand gestures.
• Never tailgate!!!
• Use your horn sparingly.
• Give aggressive drivers plenty of space to move on.
• Tires begin to leave the road surface & ride on a film of water.
• Can happen at 30 mph.
• At 55 mph, the tires may be totally up on the water.
• A gust of wind, a change of road level, or a slight turn can
create a skid or slide.
• To avoid hydroplaning, you must slow down on wet roads.
29. Accident Procedures
• Never leave the scene of an accident.
• Report the accident to the police.
• Never admit fault. Provide factual information to the
emergency response personnel, i.e., Police and EMTs.
• Gather all the facts (date, time, witnesses, phone numbers,
• Immediately report all accidents to your chain of command
and Safety Department.
30. Practice, practice, practice
• Start when you leave here today
• Check your long range scanning. Is it 10 seconds or
• Check your following distance
• Make a conscience effect to constantly check you
• Visually check your blind spots
• Some things you will automatically do well. Others you
will need to practice
• In one week you will notice a difference – In one month
you will wonder how you survived before
31. Driving Tips for All Vehicles
• Drive conservatively.
• Avoid excessive speed and abrupt maneuvers.
• Don’t drive tired.
• Don’t drive in bad weather, if possible.
• Take rest breaks often (every 2 hours is recommended)
• Wear seat belts at all times when the vehicle is in motion.
• Drive only during the day, if possible.
• Require someone to be awake in the front seat with the driver
on long trips.