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Capital investment in Africa, 2016-June 2019.

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Capital investment in Africa, 2016-June 2019. Details by country, industry, origine, FDI, region, product. Data from Trendeo's Industries & strategies database.

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Capital investment in Africa, 2016-June 2019.

  1. 1. 1 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Africa Capital investments* (*manufacturing, R&D, energy, logistics) January 2016- June 2019
  2. 2. 2 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Africa1 January 2016 - June 2019 897 projects announced $488 bn CAPEX 294,238 jobs The Industries & Strategies database tracks, since 2016, every industrial investment (manufacturing, energy, logistics, R&D) announced worldwide (over 30 MUSD or 50 jobs). Each information is classified by product, sector, company, country, even a qualitative score (factories of the future score). Since january 2016, 13,044 investments have been tracked, among them 897 in Africa (6,9% of global investment). As the database is updated weekly, our users benefit from a more detailed information, including cancelled investments, factories of the future score details, capacity… 1 Using United Nations M49 classification.
  3. 3. 3 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo In the database, each information is described precisely across 30 quantitative and qualitative fields. The tables below synthetize the available data alongside different criteria. Africa within the world Among the main economic areas below, Africa ranks fourth by amount invested, ahead of the European Union, and fifth by number of projects invested and jobs created. The average amount invested by project is 63% higher in Africa than the global average, in relation to the high share of mining projects. Top areas by number of projects received, jobs and by investment received in M$, 2016-2019 CAPEX by country, 2016-2019 Projects % M$ % Jobs % M$/project Asia 6,218 47.7% 2,720,631 54.4% 1,610,734 56.9% 438 Americas 3,393 26.0% 922,863 18.5% 602,705 21.3% 272 Europe 2,277 17.5% 666,499 13.3% 307,275 10.9% 293 Africa 897 6.9% 488,827 9.8% 294,238 10.4% 545 Oceania & Antarctica 259 2.0% 197,770 4.0% 15,582 0.6% 764 Sum 13,044 100% 4,996,590 100% 2,830,534 100% 383
  4. 4. 4 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Geographical repartition within Africa Four countries, Egypt, South Africa, Morocco and Nigeria represent 33% of jobs created, 39% of projects and 56% of the amount invested. Egypt and Nigeria benefit from huge energy and mining investments (to mention only projects over 10 billion dollars, we have a nuclear plant and two gas extraction projects in Egypt, and three oil fields and a refinery in Nigeria). Investments by country, announced in Africa, 2016-2018, tracked by Trendeo, by number of projects, jobs created, and amounts invested. Country Rank M$ Projects Projects Rank won/lost Nigeria 80,810 71 20 1 2 Egypt 113,302 85 19 2 0 South Africa 40,353 84 18 3 -2 Ghana 14,194 50 17 4 6 Kenya 12,713 53 16 5 2 Zimbabwe 10,571 37 12 6 5 Algeria 25,081 62 10 7 -2 Morocco 15,247 64 9 8 -4 Tanzania 26,830 40 9 9 0 Uganda 6,103 18 9 10 9 Mozambique 31,534 20 8 11 5 Ethiopia 25,579 49 7 12 -4 Ivory Coast 3,411 22 6 13 -1 Zambia 6,031 25 6 14 1 Namibia 2,656 14 5 15 5 Senegal 6,920 13 4 16 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,809 11 4 17 5 Tunisia 906 11 4 18 9 Guinea 9,926 10 3 19 2 Seychelles 30 3 3 20 24 Malawi 808 8 2 21 2 Angola 33,908 43 1 22 -16 Rwanda 1,699 19 1 23 -10 Cameroon 5,630 16 1 24 -10 Republic of the Congo 400 3 1 25 8 Botswana 138 2 1 26 13 Mauritania 2,900 2 1 27 14 Niger 365 2 1 28 14 Lesotho - 1 1 29 16 Libya 2,328 9 30 -12 Others 5,646 50 Sum 488,827 897 - - - 2016-2019 2018
  5. 5. 5 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Among the 21 top regions (out of 282 African regions in which investments have been tracked), there are 5 South-African regions, 3 Moroccans, 2 from Ghana and Egypt. Twelve of these regions are capital region of their respective countries. Investments by region, announced within Africa, 2016-2018, tracked by Trendeo, by number of projects, CAPEX in millions $US. Region Projects M$ Greater Accra (Ghana) 27 2,701 Gauteng (South Africa) 23 1,630 Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima (Morocco) 19 2,194 Oromiya (Ethiopia) 18 8,461 Casablanca-Settat (Morocco) 18 4,193 Eastern Cape (South Africa) 14 2,073 Cairo (Egypt) 13 10,092 Luanda (Angola) 13 1,138 Rabat-Sale-Kenitra (Morocco) 12 1,961 Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) 12 1,207 Northern Cape (South Africa) 11 5,776 KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) 11 3,801 Suez (Egypt) 10 20,981 Harare (Zimbabwe) 10 168 Mpumalanga (South Africa) 9 13,169 Western (Ghana) 9 9,862 Dakar (Senegal) 9 3,962 Ogun (Nigeria) 9 1,085 Abidjan (Ivory Coast) 9 739 Algiers (Algeria) 9 524 Central Region (Uganda) 9 227 Top 21 regions 274 95,944 Other regions 623 392,883 Sum 897 488,827
  6. 6. 6 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo FDI in Africa Country of origin of FDI investments announced in Africa, 2016-2019, tracked by Trendeo, by number of projects, and CAPEX in million $. Quality index is our Factory of the Future score, based on six qualitative criteria (see p. 10).
  7. 7. 7 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Investment by company In Africa, the presence of state owned investments is more important than in the rest of the world: 25% of the amounts invested come from state-owned companies, against a global level of 12%. Companies announcing investments in Africa, 2016-2018, tracked by Trendeo, by number of projects, jobs created and amounts invested. (Top 20 companies by number of projects plus companies with more than 5 billion dollars invested). Company Projects CAPEX (M$) Quality score Egypt (national government) 22 49,781 1.32 Dangote 22 19,559 0.73 STI Group 15 2,026 0.27 Eni 11 25,450 0.55 LafargeHolcim 10 773 0.50 Ethiopia (national government) 9 10,470 0.67 Sonatrach 8 7,425 0.38 Actis 8 2,085 2.13 Libya (national government) 8 1,828 - Addoha 7 327 1.43 Ghana (national government) 7 120 0.71 Tanzania (national government) 6 4,953 - Devki Group 6 910 1.33 BP 4 18,745 0.40 Total 4 7,850 0.20 Eskom Holdings SOC 3 25,524 0.40 United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi government) 3 7,500 0.40 OCP (Office chérifien des phosphates) 3 7,300 1.00 Anadarko Petroleum 2 30,000 - Mac Optic Group 2 10,000 3.00 Nigeria (national government) 2 7,082 - Government of Kenya 2 5,019 - Total / Sonangol 1 16,000 - China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) 1 16,000 2.00 Government of Tanzanie 1 15,000 - Eni / Royal Dutch Shell 1 13,500 2.00 Royal Dutch Shell 1 12,000 2.00 Carbon Holdings 1 10,900 4.00 Nigerian National Petroleum 1 6,500 -
  8. 8. 8 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Sectors, activities and products The database characterizes the main type of activity for each project. The data shows that mining and quarrrying represent almost 40% of the amount invested in Africa, a level 17% higher than global average. The other major difference between Africa and global average is that manufacturing is 20% lower in Africa than globally, with only 24 % of amounts invested. Investments announced in Africa, 2016-2018, tracked by Trendeo, by number of projects, jobs created and amounts, by type of activity. Last column: average amount invested by project. On a more detailed level, the oil & gas mining sector and electricity, gas and steam make almost two thirs of amounts invested in Africa. Investments by sector in Africa, 2016-2019, in number of projects, jobs and amount invested in million dollars. Sector Electricity, gas and steam 194 22% 156,582 32% 10,950 4% Non-metallic minerals 130 14% 19,517 4% 38,132 13% Food 93 10% 4,326 1% 34,802 12% Automotive 55 6% 6,178 1% 39,139 13% Chemicals 53 6% 35,878 7% 45,083 15% Beverage 30 3% 1,326 0% 3,835 1% Basic metals 25 3% 9,656 2% 3,626 1% Warehousing and support activities for transportation25 3% 15,921 3% 1,500 1% Metal ore mining 24 3% 15,466 3% 37,450 13% Oil/gas mining 24 3% 142,042 29% 1,220 0% Pharmaceutical 21 2% 1,172 0% 3,184 1% Oil/gas refining and coke 20 2% 33,988 7% 1,105 0% Electronics 20 2% 359 0% 3,350 1% Other mining 17 2% 4,417 1% 2,370 1% Water supply 16 2% 1,706 0% - 0% Textile 15 2% 4,530 1% 15,000 5% Electrical equipment 14 2% 274 0% 12,440 4% Paper and cardboard 14 2% 2,857 1% 3,050 1% Support mining 11 1% 27,561 6% 820 0% Apparel 9 1% 915 0% 19,350 7% Other sectors 87 10% 4,156 1% 17,832 6% Sum 897 100% 488,827 100% 294,238 100% Nb of projects CAPEX (M$) Jobs
  9. 9. 9 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Investments by product in Africa, 2016-2019, in number of projects. Product 2016 2017 2018 2019 2016-2019 Renewable energy power plant 52 34 34 7 127 Solar power 32 6 16 5 59 Wind power 14 9 10 1 34 Hydroelectricity 5 17 7 1 30 Geothermal electricity 1 1 1 3 Biomass Electricity 1 1 Cement 48 29 27 6 110 Automobile 13 12 15 2 42 Fossil-fuel power plant 20 11 10 1 42 Gas based power 7 4 3 1 15 Coal power 4 3 5 12 Gas-fired combined cycle power 4 2 6 Oil fired electricity 4 1 5 ND 1 1 Peat-fired power 1 1 Combined Cycle Power 1 1 Diesel fired electricity 1 1 Port terminal 13 2 3 18 Medicine 5 7 5 1 18 Refined petroleum product 7 6 4 17 Wearing apparel 4 5 2 2 13 Drinking water 3 6 3 1 13 Chemical fertilizer 6 1 3 2 12 Dairy 5 3 3 1 12 Beer 2 5 2 2 11
  10. 10. 10 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Qualitative scores Our factories of the future score aggregates six components defined with our partners2 : - Flexibility: the ability to switch from a product to another, enabling made-to-order manufacturing, - Digitalization: the introduction of technologies such as IoT, robotics, automation, - Energy efficiency: every measure taken to lower energy consumption compared with usual norms, - Social efforts: measures undertaken for operations, through working conditions, health and safety concern, training, education and wages…, - Territorial efforts: decisions aiming at improving the relations between a production site and local communities and stakeholders, such as favoring local suppliers, funding schools, contributing to local social projects…, - Environmental efforts: reducing carbon footprint and pollution, water preservation… Each criterion is ranked 0 (no mention in the news describing the investment), 1 (some measures described) or 2 (quantitative objectives defined for the criterion considered or insistence on it). Adding those 0-2 scores over six criteria gives a total Industry of the Future score which varies from 0 to 12. 2 Fives, EDF (Electricité de France) and the Institut de la réindustrialisation.
  11. 11. 11 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Detailed Sample Each operation is described on a dedicated page in the database, including information such as production capacity.
  12. 12. 12 Industries & Strategies database, by Trendeo Contact This document is a short synthesis of the data available in the Industries & Strategies database about investments in Africa. You can learn much more about this database by contacting: David Cousquer / david.cousquer@trendeo.net / +33(0)1 42 79 51 26 Sponsors The Industries & Strategies database has been made possible by our sponsors: Fives, the Institut de la Réindustrialisation, EDF and Defi&Co (Programme d’investissement d’avenir (PIA), managed by Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations). PIA DEFI&Co: Fives, an industrial engineering Group, designs and supplies machines, process equipment and production lines for the world’s largest industrial groups including the aluminium, steel, glass, automotive, aerospace, logistics, cement and energy sectors. The Institut de la réindustrialisation is a French think tank aiming at promoting the role and importance of industry in the French economy. Two engineering schools are its main members. A global leader in low-carbon energy, the EDF Group covers every sector of expertise, from generation to trading and transmission grids.

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