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Operation Jedburgh:Creation of Operation Jedburgh andthe Jedburgh Teams’ Efforts during                            D-Day
Introduction• Germany Invades sparking a new style of  war—cover operations and guerilla warfare.• French Resistance lead ...
Invasion and Defeat of France
U.S. Declares War• December 11, 1941, the United States declared  war with Germany• As a result, the U.S. government began...
Before the War• Britain dominated the intelligence and covert  operations community.  – “engage in counter-guerilla operat...
Operation Overlord• Cooperation  – OSS offers covert aid to the French Resistance    forces along with Britain’s Special O...
Primary Goal
Establishing the Jedburghs
Mission
Operation Jedburgh: 3 Phases• Phase 1  – Jedburgh teams organizing French Resistance forces in a    “general sabotage prog...
Teams Frederick• OSS Sergeant Robert Kehoe, British Major  Adrian Wise, and French Lieutenant Paul  Bloch-Auroch.         ...
Team George• French Captain Philippe Ragueneau, French  Second Lieutenant Christian Gay, American  officer Paul Cyr       ...
Team Hamish• American Lieutenant Robert M. Anstett;  French Lieutenant Rene Schmitt, and  American Sergeant Lee J. Watters...
• American  Major John  Gildee,                  Team Ian               John Gildee   Lucien Bourgoin   Alexander Desfarge...
Success!• The Jedburghs proved helpful by gather “tactical  intelligence”• 2nd SS Panzer Division• “over-all action of the...
Success!• “I consider that the disruption of enemy rail  communications, the harassing of German road  moves and the conti...
Conclusion• Developed relations between British and  American intelligence organizations.• Overall, the Jedburghs were ben...
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Operation Jedburgh Presentation

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Powerpoint presentation used in the presentation of my paper on Operation Jedburgh, a secret espionage operation during WWII. You can find the notes on this at: http://deceptivelyblonde.wordpress.com/2013/01/29/the-jedburghs-spies-espionage-and-sabotage/

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Operation Jedburgh Presentation

  1. 1. Operation Jedburgh:Creation of Operation Jedburgh andthe Jedburgh Teams’ Efforts during D-Day
  2. 2. Introduction• Germany Invades sparking a new style of war—cover operations and guerilla warfare.• French Resistance lead the way and the OSS offered its assistance.• The resulting cooperation effort, named Operation Jedburgh, and the teams involved, containing numerous OSS officers, played a vital role in the efforts to Free France before, during, and after D-Day.
  3. 3. Invasion and Defeat of France
  4. 4. U.S. Declares War• December 11, 1941, the United States declared war with Germany• As a result, the U.S. government began to take a more active role in the assisting the Free French.
  5. 5. Before the War• Britain dominated the intelligence and covert operations community. – “engage in counter-guerilla operation far from the from lines” – “Sabotage railways and ambush enemy columns, delaying reinforcements from reaching the front and improving the prospect for Allied victory and a reduction in Allied casualties”
  6. 6. Operation Overlord• Cooperation – OSS offers covert aid to the French Resistance forces along with Britain’s Special Operations Executive (SOE).
  7. 7. Primary Goal
  8. 8. Establishing the Jedburghs
  9. 9. Mission
  10. 10. Operation Jedburgh: 3 Phases• Phase 1 – Jedburgh teams organizing French Resistance forces in a “general sabotage programme against German military installations. “• Phase 2 – Jedburgh teams coordinated the Maquis forces with “allied bombing, attacks against German reserves, and general guerilla warfare”• Phase 3 – The military changed the original goal for the Jedburghs to a concentration on attacks against “German communications, particularly rail lines, in order to impede the immediate German reaction to the landings”
  11. 11. Teams Frederick• OSS Sergeant Robert Kehoe, British Major Adrian Wise, and French Lieutenant Paul Bloch-Auroch. Adrian Wise Paul Bloch-Auroch Robert Kehoe
  12. 12. Team George• French Captain Philippe Ragueneau, French Second Lieutenant Christian Gay, American officer Paul Cyr Paul Cyr Christian Gay
  13. 13. Team Hamish• American Lieutenant Robert M. Anstett; French Lieutenant Rene Schmitt, and American Sergeant Lee J. Watters.• Fought German troops, and protected the road leading to La Chatre from German forces and pushed the German backwards
  14. 14. • American Major John Gildee, Team Ian John Gildee Lucien Bourgoin Alexander Desfarges American Operator Sergeant Lucien Bourgoin, and French Lieutenant Alexander Desfarges.
  15. 15. Success!• The Jedburghs proved helpful by gather “tactical intelligence”• 2nd SS Panzer Division• “over-all action of the Resistance” hindered the arrival of German reinforcements at Normandy for an average of two days.• Attacked Germans from behind and provided information on the German movements, while protecting the bridges from German saboteurs.
  16. 16. Success!• “I consider that the disruption of enemy rail communications, the harassing of German road moves and the continual and increasing strain placed on the German war economy and internal security services throughout occupied Europe by the organized forces of resistance, played a very considerable part in our final and complete victory” (Eisenhower).
  17. 17. Conclusion• Developed relations between British and American intelligence organizations.• Overall, the Jedburghs were beneficial both during Operation Overlord and after, and because they worked with the Maquis to hold off German reinforcements and sabotage German communications and transport capabilities, the Allied forces accomplished more than they might have without the Jedburgh Teams and the French Resistance.

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