Contenu connexe


The Spanish Armada

  1. The Spanish Armada
  2. INTRODUCTION  Before the time of Queen Elizabeth, maritime explorations were not undertaken in England because the English had their own domestic problems to solve.  They simply watched exploration of the other European countries with envy.
  3. King Hendry VIII’s period  King Hendry VIII, the father of English Navy, gave specific attention to seafaring.  The wealth he got from the dissolution of the monasteries spent on building war ships, erected fortification on the cost and casting strong cannons to equip them.  Thus he strengthened the English Navy.
  5. Queen Elizabeth’s period  During the reign of Queen Elizabeth the English Navy developed fast and famous.
  6. Famous sailors  Walter Raleigh  John Hawkins  Martin Furbisher  Sir Francs Drake; the first English man to circumnavigate the world  Humphrey Gilbert; set out with five ships and colonized Newfoundland
  7. Walter Raleigh Sir Francs Drake
  8. Causes for the Spain invasion  England and Spain had become rivals at sea.  Queen Elizabeth who flirted with many, kept her suitors at aby by giving false promises of marriage.  Philip II of Spain one of the victim was waiting to teach her a lesson.
  9. Important reasons  The Spanish ships returning home from America, loaded with silver and gold were often attacked by the English sea dogs, this angered Spanish king.  After the reformation Spain sent the Jesuit priests to England to convert the protestants into Catholics, some of these missionaries were killed in England.
  10. Important reasons  The Spanish king wished to replace Queen Elizabeth with Mary the Scottish queen, by conspiring Roman Catholics against Elizabeth, but it resulted in the Execution of Queen Mary from throne.
  11. The action of Spain  The puritans in Netherlands were persecuted by the Spanish king.  So this resulted to the war.
  12. The mighty Armada  The Spanish fleet in the shape of a crescent named invisible Armada, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia reached the British Straits of Dover on July 19, 1588.  The ship consist of 131 ships and 20,000 soldiers.
  13. The Crescent Shaped Armada Duke Medina Sidonia The Armada
  14. The English Ships  The equally strong English fleet was headed by the veteran sea man Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir Francis Drake and the experience of Sir John Hawkins.  The English ships were fast and nimble the other advantage they had over the rival fleet was the reinforcement was possible as it was their own home ground.
  15. Sir john Hawkins Sir Francs Drake Humphrey Ghilbert
  16. The fight between the two fleets  On 20th July the might Spanish fleet moved slowly up the British channel and it was intermittently attacked by the English.  The Spanish ships anchored off the cost of Calais on 27th July.  The following night the English admiral set fire to some old ships with inflammable materials and let the wind carry them.  On seeing the fire Spanish ships move and fled over all direction.
  17. The Burning Spanish Armada
  18. The victory to English  The English chase them and the invincible Armada was scattered all over the sea.  Many ships were destroyed and many of the soldiers were killed.  But Spain managed to return with half of their ships.
  19. The result  The victory made England very strong, it added glory to both country and the Queen.  The Protestant all over the Europe celebrated the victory and called it as divine judgement.  The victory prepared the way for English colonies and commerce and had far reaching consequences in the union of Ireland and Scotland in future.
  20. The conclusion  The Spanish were proud of their might Invisible Armada, but their pride was humbled by English.