Before the time of Queen Elizabeth,
maritime explorations were not undertaken
in England because the English had their
own domestic problems to solve.
They simply watched exploration of the
other European countries with envy.
King Hendry VIII’s period
King Hendry VIII, the father of English Navy,
gave specific attention to seafaring.
The wealth he got from the dissolution of
the monasteries spent on building war
ships, erected fortification on the cost and
casting strong cannons to equip them.
Thus he strengthened the English Navy.
Sir Francs Drake; the first English man
to circumnavigate the world
Humphrey Gilbert; set out with five
ships and colonized Newfoundland
Causes for the Spain invasion
England and Spain had become rivals at
Queen Elizabeth who flirted with many, kept
her suitors at aby by giving false promises
Philip II of Spain one of the victim was
waiting to teach her a lesson.
The Spanish ships returning home from
America, loaded with silver and gold were
often attacked by the English sea dogs, this
angered Spanish king.
After the reformation Spain sent the Jesuit
priests to England to convert the
protestants into Catholics, some of these
missionaries were killed in England.
The Spanish king wished to replace Queen
Elizabeth with Mary the Scottish queen, by
conspiring Roman Catholics against
Elizabeth, but it resulted in the Execution of
Queen Mary from throne.
The action of Spain
The puritans in Netherlands were
persecuted by the Spanish king.
So this resulted to the war.
The mighty Armada
The Spanish fleet in the shape of a crescent
named invisible Armada, under the
command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia
reached the British Straits of Dover on July
The ship consist of 131 ships and 20,000
The English Ships
The equally strong English fleet was
headed by the veteran sea man Lord
Howard of Effingham, Sir Francis Drake
and the experience of Sir John Hawkins.
The English ships were fast and nimble the
other advantage they had over the rival
fleet was the reinforcement was possible as
it was their own home ground.
The fight between the two
On 20th July the might Spanish fleet moved slowly
up the British channel and it was intermittently
attacked by the English.
The Spanish ships anchored off the cost of Calais
on 27th July.
The following night the English admiral set fire to
some old ships with inflammable materials and let
the wind carry them.
On seeing the fire Spanish ships move and fled
over all direction.
The victory to English
The English chase them and the invincible
Armada was scattered all over the sea.
Many ships were destroyed and many of
the soldiers were killed.
But Spain managed to return with half of
The victory made England very strong, it
added glory to both country and the Queen.
The Protestant all over the Europe
celebrated the victory and called it as divine
The victory prepared the way for English
colonies and commerce and had far
reaching consequences in the union of
Ireland and Scotland in future.
The Spanish were proud of their might
Invisible Armada, but their pride was
humbled by English.