Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.

Enemecio Dela Torre Jr.
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
A sport played by two teams of
five players on a rectangular court.
The objective is
to shoot a ball through a hoop 18
inches (46 cm) in diameter and 10
feet (3.0 m) high mounted to
a backboard at each end.
Basketball is one of the world's
most popular and widely viewed
sports.
A team score by shooting
the ball through the basket
during regular play.
FIELD GOAL
2 points – scores for the shooting
team if a player is touching
or closer to the basket than
the three-point line.
3 points(known commonly as a 3
pointer or three) - if the
player can shot behind
the three-point line.
Kinds of field goal
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
The team with the most points
at the end of the game wins.
May be issued when the game
ends with a draw.
Overtime
History
Canadian American Dr. James
Naismith, a physical education
professor and instructor at the
International Young Men's
Christian Association Training
School(YMCA) (today, Springfield
College) in Springfield,
Massachusetts, USA),
In early December
1891, USA),
was trying to keep his gym
class active on a rainy day. He
sought a vigorous indoor
game to keep his students
occupied and at proper levels
of fitness during the long New
England winters.
After rejecting other ideas as
either too rough or poorly
suited to walled-
in gymnasiums, he wrote the
basic rules and nailed
a peach basket onto a 10-
foot (3.05 m) elevated track.
Peach basketRetained its bottom,
and balls had to be retrieved
manually after each "basket"
or point scored; this proved
inefficient, however, so the
bottom of the basket was
removed, allowing the balls to
be poked out with a
long dowel each time.
This proved inefficient,
however, so the bottom of the
basket was removed, allowing
the balls to be poked out with
a long dowel each time.
Basketball was originally
played with a soccer ball.
Brown color- first balls
Late 1950s
Tony Hinkle, searching for a
ball that would be more visible
to players and spectators alike,
introduced the orange ball that
is now in common use.
Passing the ball was the
primary means of ball
movement.
Dribbling was not part of
the original game except for
the "bounce pass" to
teammates.
Dribbling was eventually
introduced but limited by the
asymmetric shape of early
balls.
Dribbling only became
a major part of the game
around the 1950s, as
manufacturing improved
the ball shape.
The peach baskets were
used until 1906 when they were
finally replaced by metal hoops
with backboards. A further
change was soon made, so the
ball merely passed through.
Whenever a person
got the ball in the
basket, his team would
gain a point. Whichever
team got the most
points won the game.
The baskets were originally
nailed to the mezzanine balcony
of the playing court, but this
proved impractical when
spectators on the balcony began
to interfere with shots. The
backboard was introduced to
prevent this interference; it had
the additional effect of allowing
rebound shots.
Naismith, handwritten diaries,
discovered by his granddaughter in
early 2006, indicate that he was
nervous about the new game he
had invented, which incorporated
rules from a children's game called
"Duck on a Rock", as many had
failed before it. Naismith called the
new game "Basket Ball“.
The first official game
was played in the YMCA
gymnasium in Albany, New
York on January 20, 1892 with
nine players.
The game ended at 1–0;
the shot was made from 25
feet (7.6 m), on a court just
half the size of a present-
day Streetball or National
Basketball Association (NBA)
court. By 1897–1898 teams
of five became standard.
Rules and Regulations
A one-point shot can be earned
when shooting from the foul line
after a foul is made.
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
Teams exchange baskets for
the second half. The time allowed
is actual playing time; the clock is
stopped while the play is not
active. Therefore, games generally
take much longer to complete
than the allotted game time,
typically about two hours.
Five players from each team
may be on the court at one time.
Substitutions are unlimited but
can only be done when play is
stopped.
Teams also have a coach,
who oversees the development
and strategies of the team, and
other team personnel such
as assistant coaches, managers,
statisticians, doctors and
trainers.
A limited number of time-
outs, clock stoppages requested
by a coach (or sometimes
mandated in the NBA) for a short
meeting with the players, are
allowed. They generally last no
longer than one minute (100
seconds in the NBA) unless, for
televised games, a commercial
break is needed.
Uniform
consists
of:
a pair of shorts
a jersey with a
clearly visible
number, unique
within the team,
printed on both
the front and back
Players wear high-
top sneakers that
provide extra ankle
support.
OFFICIALS
For college, the NBA, and many
high schools, there are a total of
three referees on the court.
The table officials are
responsible for keeping track of each
teams scoring, timekeeping,
individual and team fouls, player
substitutions, team possession
arrow, and the shot clock.
Equipments
The only essential equipment
in a basketball game is the ball and
the court: a flat, rectangular surface
with baskets at opposite ends.
Competitive levels require the use of
more equipment such as clocks, score
sheets, scoreboard(s), alternating
possession arrows, and whistle-
operated stop-clock systems.
Court
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
B
a
l
l
Violations
Forfeits Possession
(The ball must stay within
the court)-the last team to
touch the ball before it travels
out of bounds.
Out of Bounds
The ball is out of bounds if
it touches or crosses over a
boundary line, or touches a
player who is out of bounds.
Traveling
The ball-handler may not
step with both feet without
dribbling.
Double Dribbling
Dribble with both hands
or hold the ball and resume
dribbling.
Carrying the Ball
Any part of the player's
hand cannot be directly
under the ball while
dribbling.
A team, once having established
ball control in the front half of their
court, may not return the ball to the
backcourt and be the first to touch
it.
The ball may not be kicked, nor
be struck with the fist.
A violation of these rules results
in loss of possession, or, if
committed by the defense, a reset
of the shot clock (with some
exceptions in the NBA).
Limits imposed on:
Limits
imposed
on:
Limits
imposed
on:
No player may touch the ball on
its downward trajectory to the
basket, unless it is obvious that the
ball has no chance of entering the
basket (goaltending).
In addition, no player may
touch the ball while it is on or in
the basket; when any part of the
ball is in the spacious cylinder
above the basket (the area
extended upwards from the
basket); or when the ball is outside
the cylinder, if the player reaches
through the basket and touches it.
This violation is known as " basket
interference ".
If a defensive player goaltends
or commits basket interference, the
basket is awarded and the
offending team gets the ball. If a
teammate of the player shooting
goaltends or commits interference,
the basket is cancelled and play
continues with the defensive team
being given possession.
HAND SIGNALS
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
FOULS
An attempt to unfairly
disadvantage an opponent
through physical contact and it’s
illegal.
Players who are fouled either
receive the ball to pass inbounds
again, or receive one or more free
throws if they are fouled in the act of
shooting, depending on whether the
shot was successful.
One point is awarded for making a
free throw, which is attempted from a
line 15 feet (4.6 m) from the basket.
Technical Foul
A more serious foul that can be
charged to a player or coach who
shows poor sportsmanship, such as
by arguing with a referee or by
fighting with another player.
The penalty involves free throws
(where, unlike a personal foul, the
other team can choose any player to
shoot) and varies among leagues.
Repeated incidents can result
in disqualification.
Disqualifying Foul (FIBA)
A foul resulting in ejection. While
in leagues other than the NBA, such a
foul is referred to as flagrant.
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
When a team shoots foul shots,
the opponents may not interfere
with the shooter, nor may they try to
regain possession until the last or
potentially last free throw is in the
air.
After a team has committed a
specified number of fouls, it is said to
be "in the penalty". On scoreboards,
this is usually signified with an indicator
light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with
an illuminated directional arrow
indicating that team is to receive free
throws when fouled by the opposing
team. (Some scoreboards also indicate
the number of fouls committed.)
If A team misses the first shot of
a two-shot situation, the opposing
team must wait for the completion
of the second shot before attempting
to reclaim possession of the ball and
continuing play.
If a player is fouled while
attempting a shot and the shot is
unsuccessful, the player is awarded a
number of free throws equal to the
value of the attempted shot. A player
fouled while attempting a regular
two-point shot, then, receives two
shots. A player fouled while
attempting a three-point shot, on the
other hand, receives three shots.
If a player is fouled while
attempting a shot and the shot is
successful, typically the player will be
awarded one additional free throw for
one point.
In combination with a regular
shot, this is called a "three-point
play" or "four-point play" (or
more colloquially, an "and one")
because of the basket made at the
time of the foul (2 or 3 points) and
the additional free throw (1
point).
Positions
During the first five decades of
basketball's evolution, one guard,
two forwards, and two centers or
two guards, two forwards, and one
center were used.
Since the 1980s, more specific
positions have evolved, namely:
1.Point guard: usually the fastest
player on the team, organizes the
team's offense by controlling the ball
and making sure that it gets to the
right player at the right time.
2.Shooting guard: creates a high
volume of shots on offense, mainly
long-ranged; and guards the
opponent's best perimeter player on
defense.
3.Small forward: often primarily
responsible for scoring points via cuts
to the basket and dribble
penetration; on defense seeks
rebounds and steals, but sometimes
plays more actively.
4.Power forward: plays offensively
often with their back to the basket;
on defense, plays under the basket
(in a zone defense) or against the
opposing power forward (in man-to-
man defense).
5.Center: uses height and size to
score (on offense), to protect the
basket closely (on defense), or to
rebound.
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
Shooting
The act of attempting to score
points by throwing the ball through
the basket, methods varying with
players and situations.
Some of the shots are:
Set Shot- taken from a standing
position, with neither foot leaving the
floor, typically used for free throws,
and in other circumstances.
Lay-up Shot- requires the player to be
in motion toward the basket, and to
"lay" the ball "up" and into the basket,
typically off the backboard (the
backboard-free, underhand version is
called a finger roll).
Jump Shot- taken in mid-air, the ball
released near the top of the jump.
This provides much greater power
and range, and it also allows the
player to elevate over the defender.
Failure to release the ball before the
feet return to the floor is considered
a traveling violation.
Slam Dunk--the player jumps very
high and throws the ball downward,
through the basket while touching it.
Circus Shot- a low-percentage shot
that is flipped, heaved, scooped, or
flung toward the hoop while the
shooter is off-balance, airborne,
falling down, and/or facing away
from the basket.
Back-shot- a shot taken when the
player is facing away from the
basket, and may be shot with the
dominant hand, or both; but there is
a very low chance that the shot will
be successful.
air-ball - a shot that misses both
the rim and the backboard
completely.
brick - a particularly bad shot, or
one that only hits the backboard.
Rebounding
Objective:
To successfully gain possession
of the basketball after a missed field
goal or free throw, as it rebounds
from the hoop or backboard.
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
PASSING
A method of moving the ball
between players. Most passes are
accompanied by a step forward to
increase power and are followed
through with the hands to ensure
accuracy.
Some of the pass are:
Staple Pass(chest pass)- the ball is
passed directly from the passer's
chest to the receiver's chest.
Bounce Pass- the passer bounces the
ball crisply about two-thirds of the
way from his own chest to the
receiver. The ball strikes the court and
bounces up toward the receiver.
Overhead - used to pass the ball over
a defender. The ball is released while
over the passer's head.
Outlet Pass - occurs after a team gets
a defensive rebound. The next pass
after the rebound is the outlet pass.
No-look Pass- pass the ball with
great accuracy and they know
exactly where each of their other
teammates prefers to receive the
ball. A special way of doing this is
passing the ball without looking at
the receiving teammate.
Behind-the-back Pass- involves
throwing the ball behind the
passer's back to a teammate.
DRIBBLING
The act of bouncing the ball
continuously with one hand, and is a
requirement for a player to take
steps with the ball. To dribble, a
player pushes the ball down towards
the ground with the fingertips rather
than patting it; this ensures greater
control.
Crossover
Ball handlers frequently
dribble behind their backs,
between their legs, and switch
directions suddenly, making a less
predictable dribbling pattern that
is more difficult to defend against.
The most effective way to move
past defenders while dribbling.
BLOCKING
Performed when, after a shot is
attempted, a defender succeeds in
altering the shot by touching the
ball. In almost all variants of play, it
is illegal to touch the ball after it is in
the downward path of its arc; this is
known as goaltending.
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
To block a shot, a player has to
be able to reach a point higher than
where the shot is released. Thus,
height can be an advantage in
blocking. Players who are taller and
playing the power forward or center
positions generally record more
blocks than players who are shorter
and playing the guard positions.
H
EI
G
H
T
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
Tallest players ever in the NBA
Manute Bol and Gheorghe Mureşan,
who were both 7 feet 7 inches
(2.31 m) tall.
Tallest player in the history of
the WNBA
Margo Dydek at 7 feet 2 inches
(2.18 m).
 Tallest current NBA player
Hasheem Thabeet,who stands at
7 feet 3 inches (2.21 m).
Shortest player ever to play in
the NBA
Muggsy Bogues at 5 feet 3 inches
(1.60 m).
Shortest player in the WNBA
Debbie Black at 5' 2.5, just half an inch
taller than Los Angeles Sparks point
guard Shannon Bobbitt and just edging
out Temeka Johnson.She is a half inch
shorter than the shortest NBA player
in history, Muggsy Bogues.
Manute
Bol
Muggsy
Bogues
Gheorghe
Mureşan
Margo
Dydek
Debbie
Black
Hasheem
Thabeet
Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.
1 sur 97

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Basketball - compiled by Enemecio H. Dela Torre Jr.

  • 2. A sport played by two teams of five players on a rectangular court. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter and 10 feet (3.0 m) high mounted to a backboard at each end. Basketball is one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports.
  • 3. A team score by shooting the ball through the basket during regular play. FIELD GOAL
  • 4. 2 points – scores for the shooting team if a player is touching or closer to the basket than the three-point line. 3 points(known commonly as a 3 pointer or three) - if the player can shot behind the three-point line. Kinds of field goal
  • 6. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins. May be issued when the game ends with a draw. Overtime
  • 8. Canadian American Dr. James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School(YMCA) (today, Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA), In early December 1891, USA),
  • 9. was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters.
  • 10. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled- in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10- foot (3.05 m) elevated track.
  • 11. Peach basketRetained its bottom, and balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored; this proved inefficient, however, so the bottom of the basket was removed, allowing the balls to be poked out with a long dowel each time.
  • 12. This proved inefficient, however, so the bottom of the basket was removed, allowing the balls to be poked out with a long dowel each time.
  • 13. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball. Brown color- first balls
  • 14. Late 1950s Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball that is now in common use.
  • 15. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement.
  • 16. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls.
  • 17. Dribbling only became a major part of the game around the 1950s, as manufacturing improved the ball shape.
  • 18. The peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were finally replaced by metal hoops with backboards. A further change was soon made, so the ball merely passed through.
  • 19. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got the most points won the game.
  • 20. The baskets were originally nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators on the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference; it had the additional effect of allowing rebound shots.
  • 21. Naismith, handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called "Duck on a Rock", as many had failed before it. Naismith called the new game "Basket Ball“.
  • 22. The first official game was played in the YMCA gymnasium in Albany, New York on January 20, 1892 with nine players.
  • 23. The game ended at 1–0; the shot was made from 25 feet (7.6 m), on a court just half the size of a present- day Streetball or National Basketball Association (NBA) court. By 1897–1898 teams of five became standard.
  • 24. Rules and Regulations A one-point shot can be earned when shooting from the foul line after a foul is made.
  • 28. Teams exchange baskets for the second half. The time allowed is actual playing time; the clock is stopped while the play is not active. Therefore, games generally take much longer to complete than the allotted game time, typically about two hours.
  • 29. Five players from each team may be on the court at one time. Substitutions are unlimited but can only be done when play is stopped.
  • 30. Teams also have a coach, who oversees the development and strategies of the team, and other team personnel such as assistant coaches, managers, statisticians, doctors and trainers.
  • 31. A limited number of time- outs, clock stoppages requested by a coach (or sometimes mandated in the NBA) for a short meeting with the players, are allowed. They generally last no longer than one minute (100 seconds in the NBA) unless, for televised games, a commercial break is needed.
  • 32. Uniform consists of: a pair of shorts a jersey with a clearly visible number, unique within the team, printed on both the front and back
  • 33. Players wear high- top sneakers that provide extra ankle support.
  • 35. For college, the NBA, and many high schools, there are a total of three referees on the court. The table officials are responsible for keeping track of each teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team fouls, player substitutions, team possession arrow, and the shot clock.
  • 37. The only essential equipment in a basketball game is the ball and the court: a flat, rectangular surface with baskets at opposite ends. Competitive levels require the use of more equipment such as clocks, score sheets, scoreboard(s), alternating possession arrows, and whistle- operated stop-clock systems.
  • 38. Court
  • 41. Violations Forfeits Possession (The ball must stay within the court)-the last team to touch the ball before it travels out of bounds.
  • 42. Out of Bounds The ball is out of bounds if it touches or crosses over a boundary line, or touches a player who is out of bounds.
  • 43. Traveling The ball-handler may not step with both feet without dribbling. Double Dribbling Dribble with both hands or hold the ball and resume dribbling.
  • 44. Carrying the Ball Any part of the player's hand cannot be directly under the ball while dribbling.
  • 45. A team, once having established ball control in the front half of their court, may not return the ball to the backcourt and be the first to touch it.
  • 46. The ball may not be kicked, nor be struck with the fist. A violation of these rules results in loss of possession, or, if committed by the defense, a reset of the shot clock (with some exceptions in the NBA).
  • 50. No player may touch the ball on its downward trajectory to the basket, unless it is obvious that the ball has no chance of entering the basket (goaltending).
  • 51. In addition, no player may touch the ball while it is on or in the basket; when any part of the ball is in the spacious cylinder above the basket (the area extended upwards from the basket); or when the ball is outside the cylinder, if the player reaches through the basket and touches it. This violation is known as " basket interference ".
  • 52. If a defensive player goaltends or commits basket interference, the basket is awarded and the offending team gets the ball. If a teammate of the player shooting goaltends or commits interference, the basket is cancelled and play continues with the defensive team being given possession.
  • 55. FOULS An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent through physical contact and it’s illegal.
  • 56. Players who are fouled either receive the ball to pass inbounds again, or receive one or more free throws if they are fouled in the act of shooting, depending on whether the shot was successful.
  • 57. One point is awarded for making a free throw, which is attempted from a line 15 feet (4.6 m) from the basket. Technical Foul A more serious foul that can be charged to a player or coach who shows poor sportsmanship, such as by arguing with a referee or by fighting with another player.
  • 58. The penalty involves free throws (where, unlike a personal foul, the other team can choose any player to shoot) and varies among leagues. Repeated incidents can result in disqualification.
  • 59. Disqualifying Foul (FIBA) A foul resulting in ejection. While in leagues other than the NBA, such a foul is referred to as flagrant.
  • 61. When a team shoots foul shots, the opponents may not interfere with the shooter, nor may they try to regain possession until the last or potentially last free throw is in the air.
  • 62. After a team has committed a specified number of fouls, it is said to be "in the penalty". On scoreboards, this is usually signified with an indicator light reading "Bonus" or "Penalty" with an illuminated directional arrow indicating that team is to receive free throws when fouled by the opposing team. (Some scoreboards also indicate the number of fouls committed.)
  • 63. If A team misses the first shot of a two-shot situation, the opposing team must wait for the completion of the second shot before attempting to reclaim possession of the ball and continuing play.
  • 64. If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is unsuccessful, the player is awarded a number of free throws equal to the value of the attempted shot. A player fouled while attempting a regular two-point shot, then, receives two shots. A player fouled while attempting a three-point shot, on the other hand, receives three shots.
  • 65. If a player is fouled while attempting a shot and the shot is successful, typically the player will be awarded one additional free throw for one point.
  • 66. In combination with a regular shot, this is called a "three-point play" or "four-point play" (or more colloquially, an "and one") because of the basket made at the time of the foul (2 or 3 points) and the additional free throw (1 point).
  • 67. Positions During the first five decades of basketball's evolution, one guard, two forwards, and two centers or two guards, two forwards, and one center were used.
  • 68. Since the 1980s, more specific positions have evolved, namely: 1.Point guard: usually the fastest player on the team, organizes the team's offense by controlling the ball and making sure that it gets to the right player at the right time.
  • 69. 2.Shooting guard: creates a high volume of shots on offense, mainly long-ranged; and guards the opponent's best perimeter player on defense. 3.Small forward: often primarily responsible for scoring points via cuts to the basket and dribble penetration; on defense seeks rebounds and steals, but sometimes plays more actively.
  • 70. 4.Power forward: plays offensively often with their back to the basket; on defense, plays under the basket (in a zone defense) or against the opposing power forward (in man-to- man defense). 5.Center: uses height and size to score (on offense), to protect the basket closely (on defense), or to rebound.
  • 72. Shooting The act of attempting to score points by throwing the ball through the basket, methods varying with players and situations.
  • 73. Some of the shots are: Set Shot- taken from a standing position, with neither foot leaving the floor, typically used for free throws, and in other circumstances. Lay-up Shot- requires the player to be in motion toward the basket, and to "lay" the ball "up" and into the basket, typically off the backboard (the backboard-free, underhand version is called a finger roll).
  • 74. Jump Shot- taken in mid-air, the ball released near the top of the jump. This provides much greater power and range, and it also allows the player to elevate over the defender. Failure to release the ball before the feet return to the floor is considered a traveling violation.
  • 75. Slam Dunk--the player jumps very high and throws the ball downward, through the basket while touching it. Circus Shot- a low-percentage shot that is flipped, heaved, scooped, or flung toward the hoop while the shooter is off-balance, airborne, falling down, and/or facing away from the basket.
  • 76. Back-shot- a shot taken when the player is facing away from the basket, and may be shot with the dominant hand, or both; but there is a very low chance that the shot will be successful.
  • 77. air-ball - a shot that misses both the rim and the backboard completely. brick - a particularly bad shot, or one that only hits the backboard.
  • 78. Rebounding Objective: To successfully gain possession of the basketball after a missed field goal or free throw, as it rebounds from the hoop or backboard.
  • 80. PASSING A method of moving the ball between players. Most passes are accompanied by a step forward to increase power and are followed through with the hands to ensure accuracy.
  • 81. Some of the pass are: Staple Pass(chest pass)- the ball is passed directly from the passer's chest to the receiver's chest. Bounce Pass- the passer bounces the ball crisply about two-thirds of the way from his own chest to the receiver. The ball strikes the court and bounces up toward the receiver.
  • 82. Overhead - used to pass the ball over a defender. The ball is released while over the passer's head. Outlet Pass - occurs after a team gets a defensive rebound. The next pass after the rebound is the outlet pass.
  • 83. No-look Pass- pass the ball with great accuracy and they know exactly where each of their other teammates prefers to receive the ball. A special way of doing this is passing the ball without looking at the receiving teammate. Behind-the-back Pass- involves throwing the ball behind the passer's back to a teammate.
  • 84. DRIBBLING The act of bouncing the ball continuously with one hand, and is a requirement for a player to take steps with the ball. To dribble, a player pushes the ball down towards the ground with the fingertips rather than patting it; this ensures greater control.
  • 85. Crossover Ball handlers frequently dribble behind their backs, between their legs, and switch directions suddenly, making a less predictable dribbling pattern that is more difficult to defend against. The most effective way to move past defenders while dribbling.
  • 86. BLOCKING Performed when, after a shot is attempted, a defender succeeds in altering the shot by touching the ball. In almost all variants of play, it is illegal to touch the ball after it is in the downward path of its arc; this is known as goaltending.
  • 88. To block a shot, a player has to be able to reach a point higher than where the shot is released. Thus, height can be an advantage in blocking. Players who are taller and playing the power forward or center positions generally record more blocks than players who are shorter and playing the guard positions.
  • 91. Tallest players ever in the NBA Manute Bol and Gheorghe Mureşan, who were both 7 feet 7 inches (2.31 m) tall. Tallest player in the history of the WNBA Margo Dydek at 7 feet 2 inches (2.18 m).
  • 92.  Tallest current NBA player Hasheem Thabeet,who stands at 7 feet 3 inches (2.21 m). Shortest player ever to play in the NBA Muggsy Bogues at 5 feet 3 inches (1.60 m).
  • 93. Shortest player in the WNBA Debbie Black at 5' 2.5, just half an inch taller than Los Angeles Sparks point guard Shannon Bobbitt and just edging out Temeka Johnson.She is a half inch shorter than the shortest NBA player in history, Muggsy Bogues.