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Instructional Leadership“Instructional Leadership encompasses---”Those actions that a principal takes ordelegates to others, to promote growth instudent learning (Debevoise; 1984). Itcomprises the following tasks: defining the purpose of schooling setting school-wide goals providing resources needed for learning to occur
supervising and evaluating teachers coordinating staff development programs creating collegial relationships with and among teachers
Marsh 1992 defines InstructionalLeadership “is something specific to aprincipal. It refers to anything thatschool leaders do to improve teachingand learning in the school. It focuseson learning and its promotion. This isthe reason why instructional leadersare also called learning leaders”.
What is the difference betweenleadership and management?
Leadership Management• Are their own • Are good soldiers persons• Think radically • Think incrementally• Ask what and why • Ask how and when• Innovate • Administer• Inspire trust • Ensure efficiency/ control• Have a long range • Have pragmatic/ perspective operational views• Eye the horizon • Eye the bottom line
Leadership Management• Challenge the status • Sustain the status quo quo• Focus on people and • Focus on structures/ relationship systems and tasks/ deliverables• Communicate • Command• Originate • Imitate• Do the right things • Do things right Source: Dean Tony La Viňa, Ateneo School of Government
Provision in RA 9155 (Governance ofBasic Education Act 2001) states (The Shift in Locus and Focus of theLeadership Roles of Principal in School Improvement)“There shall be a school head for allpublic elementary schools or a clusterthereof. The establishment of integratedschools from existing public elementaryand public high schools shall beencouraged.”
The school head, who may be assisted byan assistant school head, shall be bothan instructional leader and administrativemanager. The school head shall form ateam with the school teachers/learningfacilitators for delivery of qualityeducational programs, projects andservices. A core of non-teaching staffshall handle the school’s administrative,fiscal and auxiliary services,
1. Setting the mission, vision, goals and objectives of the school;2. Creating an environment within the school that is conducive to teaching and learning;3. Implementing the school curriculum and being accountable for higher learning outcomes;4. Developing the school education program and school improvement plan;5. Offering educational programs, projects and services which provide equitable opportunity for all learners in the community;
6. Introducing new innovative methods of instruction to achieve higher learning outcomes;7. Administering and managing all personnel, physical and fiscal resources of the school;8. Recommending the staffing complement of the school based on its needs;9. Encouraging staff development; and10.Establishing school and community network and encouraging the active participation of teachers organizations, non-academic personnel of public schools, and parents-teachers-community associations.
Roles of Instructional Leaders In general, they improve teaching and learning in the school. They lead in setting the school vision and formulating strategies. They are resource provider. They are instructional resource. They provide a visible presence in the school.
Roles of Instructional Leaders They understand effective practices in school. They define the school mission. They understand effective practices in curriculum, instruction and assessment. They promote and participate in teacher learning and development.
Roles of Instructional Leaders They ensure supportive and orderly environment. They understand effective pedagogy.
What does research tell us aboutInstructional Leadership?
The Victorian Educational Leadershipconsortium states their research-basedconclusions related to school leadership1. Leadership has significant effects on student learning, second only to the effects of the quality of curriculum and teachers’ instruction.2. Currently, administrators and teacher leaders provide most of the leadership in schools, but other potential sources of leadership exist.
3. A core set of leadership practices from the “Basics” of successful leadership and are valuable in almost all educational contexts.4. Successful school leaders respond productively to challenges and opportunities created by the accountability-oriented policy context in which they work.
5. Successful school leaders respond productively to the opportunities and challenges of educating diverse groups of students.