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SCHOOL of DENTISTRY
DOCTOR of DENTAL SURGERY
BACHELOR of SCIENCE IN DENTAL HYGIENE
2006 – 08 CATALOG
Table of Contents
A Tradition of Pioneers 2
Overview of the School 5
Student Life 9
Bachelor of Science in Dental Hygiene 12
Doctor of Dental Surgery 20
The University of Minnesota and the Twin Cities 31
Quick Facts 32
Resource Guide 33
On behalf of our students, staff and faculty,
I am pleased to learn of your interest in
the dental profession and the University
A Letter from the Dean of Minnesota School of Dentistry. With the
unprecedented level of dental treatment
needs in our society, the confidence and trust
the public has for our judgments, and the
availability of some amazing technologies,
I contend that there has never been a better
time to enter our profession.
As one of the outstanding dental schools in the
world, we are committed to:
• Graduating dental professionals who provide
the highest quality of care and service to the
people of Minnesota and the world;
• Discovering new knowledge through
research, which will inspire innovation in the
biomedical, behavioral and clinical sciences;
• Providing oral health care to a diverse patient
population in a variety of settings; and
• Providing objective, evidence-based clinical
and independent learning experiences for
Our students enjoy a challenging clinical
education in a supportive environment that is
rich with opportunities for professional growth
and community involvement.
We are proud of our school and our reputation
for excellence, and invite you to explore more
fully the opportunities we offer.
Patrick M. Lloyd, D.D.S., M.S.
The University of Minnesota is chartered.
In 1858, Minnesota becomes the 32nd state in the union. The University
closes from 1861 through 1867 for the Civil War.
In 1888, Edith H. White set aside her love for
travel, fencing and mountain climbing to join
21 young colleagues at the University of
A Tradition of Pioneers Minnesota College of Dentistry. They were the
first class at a new dental school, and a faculty
of four taught these inaugural students how to
run a dental engine with a foot pedal, how to
make their own lab and clinical instruments and
Dr. Edith H. White, how to protect the oral health of future patients.
When the new dentists graduated three years
seen here in fencing later and launched their practices—some in
attire, was the first Midwestern hometowns and others as far away
woman graduate of the as Alaska’s Yukon Territory, where Edith White
followed the gold rush—they were hailed not
University of Minnesota only as health care experts with valued skills, but
College of Dentistry. also as true pioneers.
That leadership tradition still thrives at the
School of Dentistry. The dental hygiene
baccalaureate program is the only dental
hygiene program in the state that offers a
baccalaureate degree and is associated with a
dental school. The faculty is known throughout
the world for significant contributions to
ongoing dental research and technology. And
although today’s students no longer make their
own instruments, they remain pioneers—
in research, in education, in clinical services,
in outreach and in excellence.
Pioneering Through Research
Were Edith White in today’s class, she
would not have to navigate the Yukon to find
excitement. Exploring current research would
offer adventure enough.
The School of Dentistry has pioneered research
in pain control, fluoridation, microbiology and
disease prevention. In 1990, a $2.5 million
National Institutes of Health grant helped
launch the Oral Health Clinical Research
Center, one of only four U.S. centers funded to
transfer research and technology advances into
clinical areas to enhance diagnosis, prevention
and treatment of oral diseases.
The School is also a world leader in cancer pain
research, discoveries that link oral disease with
St. Joseph’s Oil sells for 50 cents and promises relief from toothaches, sprains, frostbite and quinsy.
An ad for Smith’s Bile Beans promised to purify the blood
by “acting directly and promptly on the Liver, Skin and Kidneys.”
“There are a variety of different
backgrounds, but you still get that
small school feeling.”
Third-Year Dental Student
heart disease, and knowledge about molecular communication, practice management, clinical
motors and how DNA is packaged into viruses. experiences and business skills.
The Minnesota Center for Biomaterials and Students pursuing advanced training can choose
Biomechanics, which works closely with 11 clinical specialty or special focus areas,
manufacturers to develop new dental products including clinical research, oral biology and
and materials, has contributed major innovations public health. Master’s and Ph.D. programs,
to the field. The Virtual Dental Patient, a offered in conjunction with the University of
computerized imaging program capable of Minnesota Graduate School, prepare general
predicting a patient’s oral health problems, is dentists, specialists, and dental hygienists
one example. Another is an artificial mouth that for academic, research and administration
duplicates one year of chewing in a single day. careers. Graduates of dental schools outside
Invaluable technology for testing the durability of the United States and Canada train here, as
of dental materials, this unique invention earned well. And a five-year award from the National
display rights at the Smithsonian Institution in Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Faculty members
Washington, D.C. provides generous support for a Dentist- are skilled dentists,
Scientist Training Program (D.D.S./Ph.D.
Choosing the Best, degree).
Then Training Them Well and researchers.
Dental equipment has changed—a lot—since But where you are
Dental students at the School of Dentistry rank
1888. The School’s Center for Contemporary
high in their undergraduate classes, with an concerned, they are
Dentistry is a state-of-the-art dental clinic that
overall 3.63 grade point average. Nationally,
features cutting-edge technology. Generous teachers first. You get
their Dental Admission Test scores are among
support from Patterson Dental Supply, Inc. the personal attention
the highest. Students accepted into the bachelor
ensures that the clinic is equipped with the latest
of science dental hygiene program are also you need.
among the best and brightest, and pursue
teaching and research as well as clinical careers. The School of Dentistry trains nearly 80 percent
of Minnesota’s dentists and a majority of those
The days of Edith White’s three-year dentistry
in neighboring states. Yet graduates also pursue
program, however, are long gone. Today the
careers as far away as Madagascar and Peru.
four-year D.D.S. program, which typically
Their education is ongoing; more than 5,000
follows four years of undergraduate classes,
dentists and dental hygienists return to the
features diverse courses in basic, clinical and
School of Dentistry each year and select from
behavioral sciences, as well as interpersonal
more than 100 continuing education programs.
University of Minnesota College of Dentistry is founded
as a division of the Department of Medicine.
Started with four professors, the College is the 8th university-based dental
school in the U.S. Dr. Gainsford Ridgeway is the School’s first graduate.
Clinic, located 200 miles north of the Twin
Cities on the campus of the Hibbing Community
College, and they treat patients in metropolitan
and out-state communities aboard a three-chair
mobile dental clinic.
The School of Dentistry has also exchanged
students and faculty with countries throughout
the world since 1921. By the 1980s, these
teaching, research and consulting experiences
had touched 88 countries, from Australia to
Tobago. Faculty and students have provided
dental care to a vast array of international
Our work affects Reaching Out to Support patients, from Republic of Malagasy villagers
virtually every person in Communities to Vietnamese refugees to members of the royal
family in Qatar (where the palace dental clinic
Minnesota. We educate Edith White and her classmates gained part of
boasts Persian rugs and Italian marble walls).
their clinical experience by dispensing free care
nearly 80 percent of
in a building on Seven Corners in Minneapolis,
the state’s practicing near their school. That community outreach
tradition not only continues, it has expanded Like Edith White, whose career took her
dentists, 58 percent of
beyond city and county borders. from Minneapolis to Chicago to Alaska, those
its practicing dental who choose a career in dentistry can expect
specialists and Today, School of Dentistry students treat a challenging and rewarding future. An aging
patients in on-site clinics—more than 100,000 population, changing patterns of dental care and
49 percent of its dental
patient visits annually—where they provide an expanding health care sector point to a strong
hygiene educators. general dental and dental hygiene services, as demand for dentists and dental hygienists in the
well as pediatric and geriatric dental services next 10 to 15 years. Research and technology
(the geriatric dentistry training program is the advances promise that tomorrow’s dentists and
nation’s first). dental hygienists will deliver a wider range of
dental and dental hygiene services than ever
The School also provides a full range of before.
specialty services, including orthodontic,
endodontic, periodontic, oral diagnosis/ Many dentists and dental hygienists work in
radiology, oral pathology, prosthodontic, and private or group practices. Excellent career
oral and maxillofacial surgery. Patients with opportunities also exist in teaching and research,
special needs also visit clinics that work with in government agencies, or in industry.
cleft lips and palates, facial dental anomalies,
smoking cessation, temporomandibular joint/ As the face of dentistry across the country
chronic facial pain, and dental implants. continues to grow and change, so, too, must the
way in which dental schools teach and students
Dental and dental hygiene students also enhance learn. The pioneering tradition that has served
their skills in community-based service learning the School of Dentistry since 1888, and led to
programs. At the Union Gospel Mission in St. outstanding performance in research, education
Paul, the low-income and homeless receive free and community service, is not just important
services. Students treat patients at two inner- to the future of today’s aspiring dental health
city clinics and five Twin Cities nursing homes. care providers. Like the leaders it launches, it is
They travel to the School’s Hibbing Dental essential.
Gophers play their first football game against Wisconsin and win 6-0.
At the intramural level, the “Dents” and “Medics” compete
fiercely to defend the honor of their respective schools.
“The Center for Contemporary Dentistry
places Minnesota on the cutting edge of
contemporary dental education.”
Dr. Dan Skaar
Department of Primary Dental Care
The Center for
Overview of the The School of Dentistry is part of the health
sciences complex on the University of
is a state-of-the-art
School of Dentistry Minnesota’s Minneapolis campus. Its main
offices, classrooms, clinics, laboratories, reading restorative clinic.
and resource rooms are located in the Malcolm
Vision: We set the standard in education, Moos Health Sciences Tower, a state-of-the-art
research and service. setting for research, teaching and practicing
dentistry and dental hygiene. Anatomy and
Mission: The University of Minnesota School histology laboratories are located in an adjacent
of Dentistry improves oral and craniofacial
health by educating clinicians and scientists Administrative Offices:
School of Dentistry
who translate knowledge and experience into
15-209 Malcolm Moos Health Sciences Tower
clinical practice. 515 Delaware Street S.E.
Minneapolis, MN 55455
The School is committed to: www.dentistry.umn.edu
• graduating professionals who provide the Accreditation and Membership
highest quality care and service to the Predoctoral dental and undergraduate dental
people of Minnesota and the world; hygiene programs and all specialty training
programs are accredited by the Commission on
• discovering new knowledge through Dental Accreditation. The School of Dentistry
is a member of the American Dental Education
research, which will inspire innovation in
the biomedical, behavioral and clinical
sciences; and Degrees Offered
The dental and dental hygiene programs
• providing oral health care to a diverse emphasize scientific, scholarly, interpersonal
patient population in a variety of clinical communication and practice management skills
required of graduates in a continually changing
School’s first dean, William X. Sudduth, introduces hypnotism
as an “anesthetic” in his popular oral surgery lectures.
In 1894, patients wishing to have teeth extracted with ether pay a deposit
of one dollar on artificial teeth.
profession. Career planning is integrated into Advanced clinical specialty training programs
the core curriculum. Each curriculum offers a are offered in endodontics, geriatrics, oral
wide range of courses in: and maxillofacial surgery, orofacial pain,
orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics
(1) basic sciences; and prosthodontics.
(2) pre-clinical and clinical sciences;
(3) behavioral sciences; A Master of Science (M.S.) in dentistry is
(4) professional, interpersonal and offered through the University’s Graduate
communications skills; and School to train leaders in dental research,
(5) practice management and business skills. education, administration, and advanced clinical
and oral sciences. This program is open to
Teaching methods are tailored to course content dentists in advanced clinical training programs
and include traditional lectures, small group and dental hygienists with baccalaureate
tutorials, cooperative learning teams, routine degrees (see the Graduate School Catalog or
laboratories and advanced simulation, clinical www.catalogs.umn.edu/grad for details).
practice in a comprehensive care facility, and
community-based clinical experiences. M.S. and Ph.D. programs in oral biology are
offered through the University’s Graduate
Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) School for those who wish to pursue advanced
The D.D.S. program is a four-year degree. basic science training.
The School of Admission and graduation requirements are on
pp. 20–30. M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are also offered in
Dentistry has earned clinical research, biological sciences and public
an international A Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in dentistry is not health through the University Graduate School
reputation for its offered through the School of Dentistry. and the School of Public Health.
educational, clinical, However, students can earn a B.S. degree while Minnesota Craniofacial Research
research, service and completing a D.D.S. degree if the college Training Program
patient care programs. at which they completed pre-professional
The Minnesota Craniofacial Research Training
coursework recognizes the School of
(MinnCResT) Program, funded by a five-year
Dentistry’s coursework and awards the degree
award from the National Institute of Dental
independently. For more information, contact
and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), provides
your undergraduate institution.
generous support for a Dentist-Scientist Training
Program (D.D.S./Ph.D.) degree. MinnCResT
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) trainees pursue novel interdisciplinary research
in Dental Hygiene that expands the frontier and scope of dental,
The B.S. program is open to entry-level students craniofacial, and oral health knowledge in
and the Degree Completion Program is open their choice of laboratory settings in more than
to graduates of accredited associate degree 20 research fields with 80 acclaimed faculty
programs in dental hygiene. Admission and mentors.
graduation requirements are on pp. 12–19.
Other graduate degree programs include
Advanced Education Medical Scientist Training Program (M.D. and
and Graduate Programs Ph.D.); Ph.D.; postdoctoral (post-Ph.D.); post-
Advanced education and graduate programs D.D.S.; postdoctoral/Ph.D.; postdoctoral/M.S.
prepare dental professionals for careers in in clinical research; and a short-term research
specialty practice, as well as research, education experience for current D.D.S. students.
6 and administration.
The use of x-rays as a diagnostic tool becomes available for dental practice and instruction.
In 1905, the School’s operating costs are $21,387, of which half is earned
from clinic services.
defects. A head and facial pain clinic evaluates
and treats patients with chronic pain.
On-Site Patient Care Clinics, staffed by
students and faculty, account for more than
100,000 patient visits annually. Students also
fine-tune clinical skills in off-site clinics that
provide dental and dental hygiene services
to rural Minnesota communities, children of
migrant workers and the urban homeless.
An Acclaimed Research Institution
Internationally recognized for excellence
The School’s research faculty has pioneered in continuing dental education, the School
discoveries in cancer pain research, fluoride, the provides objective, evidence-based lecture,
link between bacteria in dental plaque and heart laboratory, clinical and independent learning
disease, and is making promising advancements experiences for dental professionals. Dental
in knowledge about molecular motors and how and dental hygiene students are encouraged
DNA is packaged into viruses. to participate in selected courses during their
The Artificial Mouth, a research tool for senior year. Dental graduates are eligible to
measuring the strength of dental materials attend lecture programs at no cost for 18 months
was developed here. The Artificial Mouth can after graduation.
duplicate the effects of one year of chewing in
a single day, allowing a unique opportunity to
evaluate new dental materials. The School has an active alumni organization
whose generous mentoring and financial
School researchers also developed the commitments support educational programs,
Virtual Dental Patient, a computerized, three- endowments and research projects. Dentistry
dimensional imaging program capable of magazine is published twice a year for alumni,
indexing and measuring clinical outcomes and friends, donors, students and parents to inform
predicting a patient’s oral health problems. them about School news and activities.
Special Clinics Policies
The Center for Contemporary Dentistry For a complete listing of School of Dentistry
offers students and faculty an opportunity to policies, see the Student Handbook or go to the
use the most advanced technology available. School’s Web site, www.dentistry.umn.edu. For
The Center features the latest in operatory a complete listing of University of Minnesota
equipment, clinical and administrative software, policies, go to www.umn.edu/usenate.
digital radiology, intra-oral camera and air
abrasion systems, clinical microscopy and International applicants who are accepted to
a CADCAM restorative system. The center the four-year dental program must guarantee
is generously supported by Patterson Dental sufficient funds to meet all educational and
Supply, Inc. personal expenses during their F-1 status at the
The Cleft Palate, Craniofacial Anomalies,
and Orofacial Pain Clinics provide Smoking is prohibited in all facilities of
interdisciplinary student training and patient the University except for designated private
services for people with congenital or acquired residence hall rooms.
Fire damages Medical Hall; dental classes resume
0 days later in temporary facilities.
In 1916-17, the School’s D.D.S. program expands to four years for
“preparation of dental surgeons of the best type.”
Access to Student Educational Records—In Student Services
accordance with regents policy on access to Refer to Campus Resources, on p. 33, to contact
student records, information about a student the organizations below.
generally may not be released to a third party
without the student’s permission. (Exceptions Disability services: Disability Services
under the law include state and federal ensures access to courses, services, activities,
educational and financial aid institutions.) employment and facilities for students, faculty
and staff with disabilities.
Some student information—name, address,
electronic (e-mail) address, telephone number, Students with a documented disability (i.e.,
dates of enrollment and enrollment status (full physical, learning, psychiatric, vision or
time, part time, not enrolled, withdrawn, and hearing) who need to arrange reasonable
date of withdrawal), college and class, major, accommodations must contact Disability
adviser, academic awards and honors received, Services to be eligible for services. Assistance is
and degrees earned—is considered public or available to document disability conditions and
directory information. Students may prevent the determine/implement accommodations, and for
release of public information. To do so, they information, referral, consultation and training.
The Reading Room, must notify the records office on their campus. All services are confidential.
Students have the right to review their Counseling: Counseling is available from
Center and Bio-Medical educational records and to challenge the individual faculty members, University
Library are all located contents of those records. The regents policy is Counseling and Consulting Services, Boynton
in the health sciences available for review on the Web at http:// Health Service, the Division of Dental Hygiene
onestop.umn.edu/onestop/Grades_Transcripts and the Office for Student Affairs.
complex. These facilities /RecordsPolicy.html, at 200 Fraser Hall,
contain more than Minneapolis, and at records offices on other Financial aid: The Office of Student Finance
campuses of the University. Questions may be offers financial assistance and advising.
420,000 reference books, Applications should be filed after January 1
directed to One Stop Student Services Center,
periodicals and research 200 Fraser Hall (612-624-1111). of the year of matriculation. Dental hygiene
abstracts. students are advised to apply for financial aid
Students are responsible for updating their at the time they apply for admission.
personal information, which can be done online
through the “Personal Information” link at Student employment: The Office of Human
http://onestop.umn.edu/onestop. Resources Job Center posts part-time and
summer job openings, but the demands of the
E-Mail: the University’s Official Means of dental and dental hygiene programs make it
Communication—Students are responsible for difficult for students to devote much time to
all information sent via their University e-mail outside employment. A number of summer
account. Students who forward their e-mail research fellowships are available to School of
account are still responsible for all information, Dentistry students.
including attachments, sent to the account.
Early graduation allows two-thirds of the dental class to serve
in the U.S. Army as first lieutenants in the Dental Reserve Corps.
In 1918, the entire class of 90 students enlists in the Dental Reserve Corps.
“You can treat patients in Australia,
lobby legislators, and make friends
you’ll keep for life.”
Senior Dental Student
Student Life Undergraduate dental and dental hygiene
students have representatives with voting
“Education must be
involved in the
privileges on School of Dentistry committees
Dental and dental hygiene students participate that deal with student concerns, including the affairs of the world,
in a variety of organizations that provide an Educational Policy Committee, Council of concerned with the
Students, Student Affairs Committee, School community and
introduction to professional life and a voice in of Dentistry Alumni Society, admissions
shaping the future of dentistry. committees, and various task force groups. committed to caring.”
These committees address issues related to
admissions, educational policy and programs, Dedication Plaque
student affairs, ethics, alumni relations, Moos Tower
publications, financial aid, counseling, tutorial
assistance and clinical affairs.
Students also participate in student
organizations, including the Center for Health
Interdisciplinary Participation, an organization
for students in the Academic Health Center,
and the Graduate and Professional Student
Association, which represents the interests of
University graduate and professional students.
The American Student Dental Association
is a student-run organization representing the
interests of dental students. The Minnesota
chapter sponsors student functions and provides
information about practice management,
managed care and legislative issues. Two
representatives from each class serve as board
members. Students may serve on eight standing
Two-year dental hygiene program, restricted to women, begins.
In 1919, the State of Minnesota started licensing “dental nurses.”
committees or apply for national positions or Fraternities and Honor Societies
externships. Leaders in the local chapter are Fraternities: There are two professional dental
elected and many attend national and regional fraternities at the University of Minnesota: Delta
meetings. Benefits include publications; life, Sigma Delta and Psi Omega. These fraternities
health, and disability insurance programs; credit have undergraduate chapters in this country, as
card program; etc. well as active international alumni chapters.
The American Dental Education Association Professional fraternities enable dental students
is open to faculty, dental students, dental to develop close ties with their peers and
hygiene students and individuals with an interest alumni. After graduation, fraternity alumni
in dental education. Membership benefits organizations across the nation provide valuable
include dental education advocacy, professional professional and social contacts, expert advice
development opportunities, publications, and professional guidance.
workshops and conferences.
Dental fraternities feature speakers, tours and
The Student American Dental Hygienists’ forums, as well as social activities. Additional
Association is a dental hygiene student’s first benefits include on-campus residence and/or
link to the profession. Members join the student parking.
chapter of the national association. Benefits
include publications, health and insurance Honor societies: Graduating dental students
programs, legislative advocacy, etc. Activities may be elected by the faculty to the Beta Beta
include community outreach, lunch and learn Chapter of the national dental honor society,
sessions, and social activities. Omicron Kappa Upsilon. Graduating dental
There are two hygiene students may be elected to the Eta
professional dental State Professional Organizations Chapter of the National Dental Hygiene Honor
fraternities at the Minnesota Dental Association: Dental students Society, Sigma Phi Alpha.
belong to the Minnesota Student District Dental
University of Minnesota: Society, which is the eighth district of the Community Outreach Programs
Delta Sigma Delta Minnesota Dental Association, the state affiliate Any dental professional will say that “doing”
and Psi Omega. of the American Dental Association. dentistry is the best way to learn: Pre-clinical
students work on typodonts (models), while
Minnesota was the first state to extend more advanced students treat patients under
membership privileges to dental students. supervision and mentoring by faculty.
This included participation on all Association
committees and voting representation on its But one of the School’s most popular programs
Board of Trustees and at policy-making sessions offers learning experiences beyond those
of its House of Delegates. Dental and dental available in the classroom or clinic. The
hygiene students are also invited to attend the School’s community outreach program enables
Association’s annual scientific meeting. dental and dental hygiene students to refine
clinical skills and develop a broad understanding
Minnesota Dental Hygienists’ Association: of the health and social responsibilities they will
One student from each dental hygiene class is have as dental professionals.
selected to serve as a voting student delegate
to the annual session of the Minnesota Dental
Graduate Dr. Jee Lum Wong returns to China and years later
is named dean of a new dental school in Nanking.
By 1988 faculty and students had amassed teaching, research, consulting and study
experience in 88 countries.
Students can participate in the following:
Hibbing Community College Dental Clinic:
In 2002, the School of Dentistry launched its
first regional dental clinic. Located 200 miles
north of the Twin Cities on the campus of
the Hibbing Community College, the clinic
is a comprehensive care facility that provides
real-life, community-based dental practice
experience for student dentists. Dental students
staff the clinic, usually working in two-week
rotations, under supervision of a faculty
Mobile Dental Unit: In 2003, the School International Exchange Opportunities: The Summer research fellows
teamed with UCare (an area HMO) to turn a School has maintained an education exchange take projects from start
37-foot Winnebago into a dental office on program for more than 20 years. Current
wheels. The three-chair clinic travels the state, exchange agreements are with the College of to finish in a dynamic
making daily trips from the dental school to Dentistry in Århus, Denmark; the Universities program designed
cities around the metro area and week-long trips of Greifswald and Heidelberg, Germany; to further careers in
to communities in greater Minnesota. the University of Bergen, Norway; and the
University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands. education and research.
Community clinics: A number of off-campus
programs help students define and refine their This program increases awareness of and
clinical skills and assist residents of Twin Cities appreciation for dentistry in a global context.
communities with access to dental care. Some Students experience a different culture, political
are single day clinics, while others are one- or system and lifestyle, and return with greater
multi-week experiences. understanding, sensitivity and acceptance of
differences in people, their customs and culture.
Extramural Educational Program: Summer Research Fellowship: Summer
Extramural clinical experiences (beyond the research scholarships are available to accepted
outreach activities required in the curriculum) students for the summer before they matriculate.
are available to students during the summer of Dental and dental hygiene students with an
their fourth year in the doctor of dental surgery interest in research and postgraduate research
program. These volunteer experiences broaden training also can apply for fellowships. Research
students’ clinical experience and enhance fellows are paired with a faculty mentor.
diversity in the School’s clinical training sites. During a 10-week period in the summer, they
Students are selected for these experiences undertake a structured research program. First-
based on completion of sufficient competency time research fellows attend a weekly training
examinations for the faculty to be confident in seminar. The following spring, all summer
their ability to operate effectively in meeting fellows prepare a written research report and a
patient needs in a timely manner. poster (for presentations at local and regional
student research meetings). Stipends are
Union Gospel Mission: Students and faculty provided in the form of financial aid. For more
provide volunteer dental care for the homeless application materials and information, go to
in the St. Paul clinic. www.dentistry.umn.edu/research_fellowship.
Average U.S. dental school investment in dental research is $,955.
In 1927, admission to the D.D.S. program required two years of college.
Dental hygienists practice in a variety of settings
including private dental offices and clinics;
health departments, hospitals and long-term
Bachelor of Science care facilities; school districts or departments
of education; dental, dental hygiene and dental
in Dental Hygiene assisting education programs; private business;
correctional facilities; private and public centers
for patients with special needs; and health
The Division of Dental Hygiene is part of the maintenance organizations. A bachelor of
School of Dentistry, located in the Academic science degree in dental hygiene provides the
Health Center, on the University of Minnesota’s opportunity to serve as a commissioned officer
Minneapolis campus. in the U.S. Public Health Service.
Division of Dental Hygiene The Program
9-372 Malcolm Moos Health Sciences Tower The dental hygiene program was established
515 Delaware St. S.E. in 1919 and is accredited by the Commission
Minneapolis, MN 55455 on Dental Accreditation. It is the only dental
612-625-9121 hygiene program in Minnesota that grants a
612-625-1605 (fax) baccalaureate degree and is affiliated with a
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org school of dentistry.
The Division of Dental Hygiene offers two
programs: 1) An entry-level program for those
wishing to pursue a career in dental hygiene;
and 2) A Degree Completion Program for
graduates of accredited associate degree
programs in dental hygiene. Graduates of both
programs earn a baccalaureate (B.S.) degree.
The programs blend a solid dental hygiene
clinical education with the biological,
behavioral and social sciences, and liberal arts.
A commitment to community and service, and
to intellectual development and critical thinking
Tuition and Fees
For information on tuition, fees and estimated
total expense, consult the Class Schedule or
the estimated expense information provided by
the Division of Dental Hygiene. The School
provides all instruments and supplies. Students
pay a usage fee.
Faculty members collaborate with U.S. Public Health Service
in research on topical application of fluoride on dental caries.
In the same decade, the dental hygiene program moved from a nursing focus
to an emplasis on dental hygiene and liberal arts.
90 – 9
“If you want real-world learning—
alongside dental students and
faculty—you come here.”
Dental Hygiene Student
Reciprocity and Resident Tuition Entry-level program requirements: The Dental hygienists
Application for reciprocity is separate from following courses or their equivalents must be provide educational,
application for admission. completed in the College of Liberal Arts or
its equivalent at another regionally accredited clinical, research,
Qualified residents of Wisconsin, North institution before entry (semester credits follow administrative,
Dakota, South Dakota and Manitoba who in parentheses). All courses must be taken on an consumer advocacy,
attend the University of Minnesota may apply A–F grading basis. Biology and chemistry will
for reciprocity privileges and pay tuition equal be considered outdated if taken more than five change agent and
or comparable to Minnesota residency rates. years before the time of application. therapeutic services.
Residents of Kansas, Michigan, Missouri and
Nebraska may be eligible for reduced tuition Biol 1009—General Biology (4)
at the University through the Midwest Student Chem 1011—General Principles of Chemistry (4)
Exchange Program. For more information, call EngC 1011 or 1013—University Writing and Critical
the University residency adviser at Reading (4)
612-625-6330 or go to http://onestop.umn.edu. FScN 1112—Principles of Nutrition (3)
InMd 3001—Human Anatomy (3)
Admission Psy 1001—Introduction to Psychology (4)
Applicants should have a genuine interest in Soc 1001—Introduction to Sociology (3)
human services and in promoting public health Spch 1101—Introduction to Public Speaking (3)
and welfare. A strong interest in the natural, Phsl 3051—Human Physiology (4)**
social and behavioral sciences is encouraged. Liberal education requirements*
* Students are encouraged to complete as many
A class is admitted each fall and admission liberal education requirements as possible before
is competitive. Applicants must complete entering the program.
the University of Minnesota’s high school
preparation requirements prior to entry into the **Beginning 2007, students will be required to take
Stat 1001—Introduction to Statistics (3) in place of
program. Documentation indicating completion Phsl 3051.
of all requirements must be submitted to the
Division of Dental Hygiene by August 15 of the Degree Completion Program requirements:
year of proposed entry. The Division of Dental For information about the Degree Completion
Hygiene sets its standards and requirements for Program, contact the Division of Dental
Dental graduate program is created and School celebrates its 50th Anniversary.
In 1941, the leading cause of rejection of WWII military inductees was
English proficiency: Applicants who are not Information for Accepted Applicants
native English speakers must submit written Immunizations: Students are required to have
evidence of a Test of English as a Foreign a health clearance as a condition of enrollment
Language (TOEFL) score. The TOEFL is and must complete and submit an Academic
offered in computerized format. A TOEFL score Health Center Immunization Record. The
of at least 79 is required. The TOEFL must form must be returned for students to register
have been administered within two years of the for classes. For more information, go to the
date of application. See p. 33 for registration Boynton Health Service Web site at
Application Procedure Criminal background check: Minnesota law
Applications are accepted from December 1 requires that a person who provides services
to February 1 for entry the following fall. that involve direct contact with patients in
Requirements include: health care facilities licensed by the Minnesota
There’s a lot to learn. Department of Health have a background
• High school graduation; check conducted by the state. The background
A study partner shares • ACT, PSAT, or SAT scores; check covers a wide range of criminal offenses
the workload and • Transcripts of all high school and college and agency-findings related to maltreatment
provides support and courses; of children or vulnerable adults. Individuals
• Evidence of plans to complete specified disqualified from having direct patient contact
encouragement. prerequisite requirements before entry; as a result of the background check may
• A minimum 2.00 GPA (cumulative, be determined ineligible for a degree in the
prerequisite and science coursework). program.
However, a GPA well above a 2.00 is usually
necessary to be admitted; Leave of absence: A Leave of Absence Request
• Biology or chemistry, and composition, must be submitted to the Director of Dental
psychology and/or sociology grades must Hygiene. Leaves of absence are granted for
appear on the transcript at the time of up to one academic year only; students must
application. complete the program requirements in effect at
the time they re-enter the program.
University of Minnesota students: Students
already enrolled at the University apply by
submitting an Application for Undergraduate
Change of College to the One Stop Student
Services Center, 200 Fraser Hall. Forms are
available at the center (624-1111) and online at
Other prospective students: Students
not currently enrolled at the University of
Minnesota may apply by submitting the
Application for Undergraduate Admission
at http://admissions.tc.umn.edu or to the
University’s Office of Admissions.
First American Dental Association accreditation team
visits the School, which is ranked 6th in the nation.
In 1948, President Truman signs a law creating the National Institute of Dental
Research as a branch of the National Institutes of Health.
Curriculum Spring Semester
DH 3221 Local Anesthesia and Pain Control 2
The following courses must be completed DH 3224W The Dental Hygiene Care Process:
to satisfy graduation requirements (semester Clinical Application IV 4
credits follow in parentheses) and must be taken DH 3227 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology:
A–F unless otherwise noted. Dental hygiene Clinic II 0
students are also required to participate in DH 3231W Research Methods in Dental Hygiene 3
DH 3235 Dental Hygiene Care for
one or more off-campus day and weeklong Special Needs Patients 2
community outreach programs. See p. 10. PubH 3001 Personal and Community Health 2
Sophomore Year Senior Year
Fall Semester Credits Fall Semester The Bachelor of Science
DH 2111 Dental Anatomy 2 DH 4125W The Dental Hygiene Care Process:
DH 2121 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: Clinical Application V 6 degree expands your
Clinical Application I 5 DH 4128 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: career options. That’s
DH 2132 Head and Neck Anatomy 1 Clinic III 0
BioC 1001 Elementary Biochemistry 3 DH 4131 Epidemiology, Prevention, what sets us apart from
MicB 4001 Microorganisms and Disease 2 Dental Public Health, and
Liberal Education Requirements 3 Community Outreach 3
an associate degree
DH 4132W Ethics, Jurisprudence, and Principles program.
Spring Semester of Practice 2
DH 2210 Oral Histology and Embryology 2 DH 4137 Patient Management (PCG) 1
DH 2212 Dental Hygienist-Patient Relationship 2
DH 2221 Periodontology 3 Spring Semester
DH 2222 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: DH 4226 The Dental Hygiene Care Process:
Clinical Application II 3 Clinical Application VI 5
DH 2231 Cariology 2 DH 4229 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology:
Phsl 3051 Human Physiology 4 Clinic IV 3
DH 4231 Periodontology II Lecture 1
May/Summer Session DH 4232 Community Outreach 1
DH 2211 General and Oral Pathology 2 DH 4233 Legislative, Social, Economic,
DH 2233 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: and Practice Factors in Oral Health 2
Clinical Application 1 DH 4238 Patient Management (PCG) 1
DH 2235 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology 0
DH 3134 Dental Hygiene Care for Pediatric The Division of Dental Hygiene retains the right to
Patients 1 revise, add and/or delete any course or requirement.
Students will complete requirements in effect at the
Junior Year time they enter/re-enter the program.
DH 3111 Biomaterials and Principles of Student Support Program
Restorative Techniques I 4 The Division of Dental Hygiene monitors
DH 3123 The Dental Hygiene Care Process: academic performance and provides tutoring
Clinical Application III 4
and consultation as necessary. Counseling and
DH 3126 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology:
Clinic I 0 advising are available through the Division, the
DH 3131 Periodontology I Lecture 1 University Counseling and Consulting Service
DH 3132 Applied Nutrition in Dental Hygiene and faculty.
DH 3133 Pharmacology 2
DH 3135 Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology:
Theory, Principles and Radiographic
All states require licensure of dental hygienists.
In 1953, the School’s dean initiates the first university-based dental assistant
program in the U.S. It is discontinued in 1982 under pressure of budget reductions.
Dental Hygiene (DH) DH 3123. The Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application III. (4 cr
DH 2111. Dental Anatomy. (2 cr Prereq-DH student) Dental hygiene treatment planning, alternative instruments, and
All deciduous/permanent teeth, including tooth form, function, advanced skills related to implementation of dental hygiene care.
and relationship to oral health. Calcification, eruption, Clinical experience.
exfoliation patterns. Ideal static occlusion, dental terminology,
DH 3126. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic I. (0 cr; A-F only.
tooth annotation systems. Lab includes identification/annotation
Exposing patient radiographs, interpretation, panoramic/extraoral
DH 2121. The Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application I. (5 cr; technique, quality assurance procedures.
A-F only. Prereq-DH student)
DH 3131. Periodontology I Lecture. (1 cr; A-F only. §DENT 5611. Prereq-
Dental hygiene care process, assessment principles related
to medical and oral health status, dental hygiene clinical
Periodontal anatomy. Physiology/etiology of periodontal
procedures, and development of instrumentation skills.
diseases. Clinical, histopathological, and pathogenesis of
DH 2132. Head and Neck Anatomy. (1 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) gingivitis/periodontitis. Role of genetics, tobacco use, and
Anatomical structures of head/neck as they relate to practice of systemic disorders. Preventive/therapeutic procedures associated
dental hygiene. with diagnosis, prognosis, treatment planning, and initial phase
of periodontal therapy.
DH 2191. Independent Study. (0-6 cr [max 6 cr]. Prereq-DH student)
Individually arranged study, instruction, or research with faculty DH 3132. Applied Nutrition in Dental Hygiene Care. (1 cr; A-F only.
to meet student needs/interests. Prereq-DH student)
Principles of diet/nutrition applied to dental hygiene patient care.
DH 2210. General and Oral Pathology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Skills in dental dietary counseling.
Topics in pathology related to dentistry and oral cavity. Oral
benign/malignant tumors. Infectious, inflammatory, and DH 3133. Pharmacology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student)
immunologically mediated lesions/diseases. Principles of pharmacology, physical/chemical properties of
drugs, modes of administration, therapeutic/adverse effects, drug
DH 2211. Oral Histology and Embroyology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH actions/interactions.
Development of orofacial region. Structural microscopic DH 3134. Dental Hygiene Care for Pediatric Patients. (1 cr; A-F only.
anatomy of oral hard/soft tissues applicable for rendering clinical Prereq-DH student)
treatment. Knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for providing dental
hygiene care for pediatric patients.
DH 2212. Dental Hygienist-Patient Relationship. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-
DH student) DH 3135. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: Theory, Principles, and
Use of clinical research and evidence-based clinical decision Radiographic Analysis. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student)
making when communicating scientifically based clinical therapy Atomic radiations. Characteristics, production, and control of
and treatment modalities. Promotion of active participation by radiographs. Radiographic exposures, recent concepts. Radiation
patient in clinical decision making. biology, dosimetry, protection, regulations. Discrepancies and
technical errors in intraoral radiographs. Radiographic anatomy.
DH 2221. Periodontology. (3 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Radiographic evidence of deviations from normal anatomic
Periodontal diseases. Etiology, assessment, and treatment variations.
options. Clinical experience in debridement, root planing, and
placing periodontal dressings. DH 3136. Patient Care Group I (PCGs). (1 cr; A-F only)
Small-group, cooperative learning integrating dental and dental
DH 2222. Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application II. (1-4 cr hygiene students. Application of patient care skills taught
[max 4 cr]; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) in other courses. Focuses on communication skills, patient
School of Dentistry clinical systems. Various medical/emergency management, team work, collegiality, and practice philosophy
conditions affecting patient care and preventive strategies for necessary for practice of dental hygiene.
dental diseases. Skill development in fluoride, sealant, and air
polishing techniques. Evaluation of products used in treatment of DH 3191. Independent Study. (0 cr. Prereq-DH student)
dental caries and periodontal diseases. Clinical experience in dental hygiene care.
DH 2231. Cariology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) DH 3203. Dental Hygiene Care for Special Needs Patients I. (2 cr; A-F
Dental caries. Etiology, pathology, and prevention. only)
Knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for providing dental
DH 2233. Dental Hygiene Care Process: Clinical Application. (1 cr; S-N hygiene care for pediatric/orthodontic and geriatric patients and
only. Prereq-DH student) individuals with disabilities.
Clinical experience in dental hygiene patient care.
DH 3221. Local Anesthesia and Pain Management. (2 cr; A-F only)
DH 2235. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH Concepts in administration of local anesthesia, nitrous oxide-
student) oxygen sedation, and other methods of pain management.
General principles of radiology, radiation physics, dosimetry, Anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, patient assessment,
biology, radiation protection, regulations, concepts of imaging. indications and contraindications, selection of agents, injection
DH 3111. Biomaterials and Principles of Restorative Techniques I. (4 cr techniques, complications, emergency management, and legal/
Prereq-DH student) ethical considerations. Lecture, lab, clinic.
Principles of biomaterials, restorative techniques. Lecture, DH 3224. The Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application IV. (1-4
preclinical experiences. cr [max 4 cr]; A-F only)
DH 3112. General and Oral Pathology. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Evaluation of dental hygiene patient care and assurance of
Circulatory disturbances, inflammation, and tumors. Emphasizes quality in the dental hygiene profession. Clinical experience in
diseases affecting oral cavity, dental caries, periodontal diseases, dental hygiene patient care.
oral neoplasias, and similar problems.
Faculty and students launch a community-based oral cancer detection program.
Over the next 15 years, 32,391 people received free screenings for oral cancer
in 17 Minnesota communities.
DH 3227. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic II. (0 cr; A-F only.
Prereq-DH student) Course Symbols
Exposing patient radiographs, interpretation, panoramic/extraoral
technique, and quality assurance procedures. ,........The comma, used in prerequisite listings, means “and.”
DH 3231. Research Methods in Dental Hygiene. (3 cr; A-F only. Prereq-
#.......Approval of the instructor is required for registration.
Develop skills in scientific method and analyzing research §.......Credit will not be granted if credit has been received for the course listed after this symbol.
findings; emphasis on types of research, problem selection,
hypothesis writing, research planning and design, data collection A prerequisite course listed by number only (e.g., prereq 5246) is in the same department as the
and measuring techniques, analysis and interpretation of data, course being described.
and writing the research proposal.
DH 3235. Dental Hygiene Care for the Geriatric Patient and the Patient
With Special Needs . (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) DH 4231. Periodontology III Lecture. (1 cr; A-F only. §DENT 6613. Prereq-
Knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for providing dental DH student)
hygiene care for geriatric patients and patients with special Clinical procedures associated with surgical phase of periodontal
needs. therapy. Evaluation of periodontal treatment, maintenance
DH 4125. The Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application V. (1-7 phase, and relationship between periodontics and other dentistry
cr [max 7 cr]; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) disciplines. Roles of clinical research in periodontics.
Adapt dental hygiene care process to meet preventive/treatment DH 4232. Community Outreach. (1 cr; S-N only. Prereq-DH student)
needs of traditional and special needs patients. Analyze patient Dental hygiene education in various community settings.
preventive/treatment need through case presentation. Community
service, cultural diversity, family violence issues. New products, DH 4233. Legislative, Social, Economic, and Practice Factors in Oral
techniques, research. Health. (2 cr; A-F only. Prereq-DH student)
Current status/trends in dentistry in relation to health care
DH 4128. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic III. (0 cr; A-F only. promotion, regulation, and delivery and political/legislative
Prereq-DH student) process.
Exposing patient radiographs, interpretation, panoramic/extraoral
technique, quality assurance procedures. DH 4241. Extramural Clinical Dental Hygiene. (0-6 cr [max 6 cr]; A-F
DH 4131. Epidemiology, Prevention, Dental Public Health, and Com- Students participate in educational/clinical experiences with
munity Outreach. (3 cr; A-F only. §DENT 5401. Prereq-DH student) diverse patient populations in community outreach clinics.
Epidemiological methods of investigation, patterns of oral
diseases. Scope/content of specialty of dental public health. DH 4250. Dental Hygiene Community Outreach Elective. (0-8 cr [max 8
Assess plan, implement a community dental health program. cr]; S-N only. Prereq-DH student)
Individually arranged dental hygiene clinical experience in
DH 4132. Ethics, Jurisprudence, and Principles of Practice. (2 cr; A-F community outreach clinics.
only. Prereq-DH student)
Career planning, team building, employment seeking, DH 4292. Curriculum Development in Dental Hygiene. (3 cr)
jurisprudence, and ethical decision making. Curriculum development /management. Competency based
education and outcomes assessment. Role of accreditation in
DH 4191. Independent Study. (0-6 cr [max 6 cr]. Prereq-DH student) dental hygiene education.
Individually arranged study, instruction, or research with faculty
to meet student needs/interests. DH 4293. Course Development in Dental Hygiene. (0-4 cr [max 4 cr];
DH 4211. Principles of Restorative Techniques II. (3 cr) Principles/practice of course development, testing, and
Restorative Techniques. Clinical experiences. evaluation.
DH 4226. Dental Hygiene Care Process Clinical Application VI. (1-5 cr DH 4294. Directed Research. (0-4 cr [max 4 cr])
[max 5 cr]; A-F only. Prereq-DH student) Critical literature review and/or individual empirical research
Advanced dental hygiene care process. Analyze patient project leading to a written report, and/or intensive observation/
preventive/treatment need through case presentation. Community participation in the clinical research center.
service, cultural diversity, family violence issues. New products,
techniques, research. DH 4295. Instructional Methods in Dental Hygiene Education. (0-4 cr
[max 4 cr]; A-F only)
DH 4227. Advanced Dental Hygiene Clinical Experience I. (0-6 cr [max 6 Application of principles of learning, learning styles, teaching
cr]. Prereq-DH student) styles, and instructional methods. Microteaching of selected
Development of skills in sonic/ultrasonic scaling/assessment, instructional skills.
treatment planning, documentation, implementation/evaluation
of dental hygiene care. DH 4296. Issues in Dental Hygiene. (0-3 cr [max 3 cr]; A-F only)
Issues, trends, and research related to dental hygiene. Current
DH 4228. Advanced Dental Hygiene Clinical Experience II. (0-6 cr [max literature.
6 cr]. Prereq-DH student)
Development of skills in sonic/ultrasonic scaling/assessment, DH 4297. Dental Hygiene Education: Supervised Teaching. (1-4 cr [max
treatment planning, documentation, implementation/evaluation 4 cr]; A-F only)
of dental hygiene care. Observation/participation in supervised teaching experience in
dental hygiene education.
DH 4229. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic IV. (3 cr; A-F only.
Prereq-DH student) DH 4298. Dental Hygiene Process of Care: Clinical Application. (1-4 cr
Exposing patient radiographs, interpretation, panoramic/extraoral [max 4 cr])
technique, quality assurance procedures. Clinical care of patients.
Cleft Palate Clinic moves to the School from Sister Kenny Institute.
The clinic provides diagnostic and comprehensive treatment-planning services
for people with repaired cleft lip and palate and other maxillofacial anomalies.
Shirley Burgen Lichtwardt Memorial
Scholarship: For selected juniors and seniors
who are in good academic standing and have
The program blends a established financial need.
solid dental hygiene Kathleen J. Newell Outstanding Dental
education with the Hygiene Student Award: For selected juniors
biological, behavioral and seniors who exhibit scholarship and
and social sciences, and
the liberal arts. Sigma Phi Alpha Eta Chapter Membership:
National Dental Hygiene Honor Society
established to recognize and honor excellence
in scholarship, service, and character among
graduating dental hygiene students. A maximum
of 10 percent of each graduating class is
selected for membership.
Sigma Phi Alpha Award: Awarded to the
sophomore, junior and senior who maintains
the highest GPA.
Procter Gamble Excellence in Dental
Hygiene Award: Awarded to a selected
junior who exhibits scholarship, leadership,
service and contribution to the dental hygiene
Scholarships and Awards
The following awards are presented to dental Naomi Rhode Dental Hygienist-Patient
hygiene students during the annual Honors Day Relationship Award: Awarded to a selected
and Senior Recognition Reception programs. senior who exhibits the most interest and skill in
the dental hygienist-patient relationship.
Louise C. Ball Scholarship: For selected
juniors and seniors who are in good academic Metro Dental Fellow Student Award:
standing and have established financial need. Awarded to the senior student (selected by
junior students) and junior student (selected by
Gordon Marie Hackborn Scholarship: sophomore students) who each exhibits a high
For a selected sophomore in good academic level of interpersonal communication skills,
standing who has had a personal or professional is involved in other activities, and serves as a
challenge while pursuing his/her academic goals mentor to junior and sophomore students.
in dental hygiene.
Park Dental Service Excellence Award:
Ione M. Jackson Scholarship: Established Awarded to a sophomore, junior, and senior
to honor a former University of Minnesota student in recognition of commitment to quality
program director, the scholarship is awarded patient care and service to the community and
to a qualified senior who wishes to become a for being a true professional who provides
dental hygiene educator. excellent patient service, education, and
School researcher photographs viruses and extends
knowledge of basic biology at the vascular level.
In 1969, Minnesota was the first state to mandate continuing education for dentists and dental hygienists
to maintain licensure.