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Strategies in Differentiated Instruction

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Overview. Student demographics. Goals & objectives. Materials needed. Assessments. Instructional strategy #1: journal writing. Assessment: journal rubric. Instructional strategy #2: Think-Ink-Pair-Share. Instructional strategy #3: Tic-Tac-Toe: Book report.

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Strategies in Differentiated Instruction

  1. 1. Milisa Sammaciccia Ismail, MEd. Change Leadership For The Differentiated Educational Environment Strategies in Differentiated Instruction
  2. 2. Overview The content area that I selected for this assignment is based on an interactive reading assignment using various instructional tools to reinforce and develop skills. A historical background lecture on World War II (1930-1945) will need to be given to the students to assist in their understanding of the time in which the story takes place. Students will make connections through literal understanding, inferential and finally through evaluation. Different forms of interaction will take place during the project. The reading of the book, Anne Frank The Diary of A Young Girl, will be read by the teacher aloud to the classroom as a whole. The movie, The Diary of Anne Frank, will be reviewed by the class as well. Students will participate in instructional aides such as Thin-Pair- Share, journal writing, and finally a Tic-Tac-Toe selected book report. Empathetic connections are made with the reading and movie and cooperative and interactive lessons are plans to encourage participation skills. Connections to characters are developed.
  3. 3. Student Demographics  This assignment is being used in a classroom setting of 7th graders.  Classroom is differentiated with various learning styles and multiple intelligences.  Diversity in the classroom is prominent and includes students who are English language learners.
  4. 4. Goals & Objectives • Students will be able to understand the main idea of the book and movie representation. • Reasonable references will be able to be concluded by the students from information that is not evident. • Students will formulate reactions to the read text and movie presentation. • Students will be able to articulate thoughts and predictions. • Students will participate in interactive activities to promote skill building.
  5. 5. Materials 1) Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank, translated from the Dutch by B.M. Mooyaart 2) The Diary of Anne Frank, movie (2009) 3) Loose-leaf journals for students
  6. 6. Assessments Each instructional strategy that follows contains an assessment applicable to the assignment. • Journal Writing (formative assessment): we will use the grading rubric provided. • Think-Pair-Share (formative assessment): information assessment is formed through listening to the development of students thoughts and their level of interaction and understanding to verbal prompts. We will assess listening skills, active communication, note-taking during readings, and cooperative skills. • Book Report (summative assessment): we will use the point allocation provided in the quadrants.
  7. 7. Instructional Strategy #1: Journal Writing  Journal writing allows student to reflect on how keeping a written journal can help someone get through times that are difficult, as demonstrated by Anne Frank.  Journal writing is an instructional activity that allows the students an opportunity to internalize what they are learning.  Writing prompts should be developed that parallel the section being read.  When presenting this in the differentiated classroom, be sure to encourage students by using the multiple intelligences. For our visual learners, allow them to use drawings and diagrams to represent the material. For learners who are more auditory, allow them the option of presenting a dialogue between characters. “For kinesthetic learners, allow them to prepare review game rules and regulations” (Bagwell, 2011, para. 2)
  8. 8. Instructional Strategy #1: Journal Writing  “Students who use journals are actively engaged in their own learning and have the opportunity to clarify and reflect upon their thinking” (Instructional Strategies, 2011, para. 1).  Ideas, special thoughts, feelings, vocabulary and sections of interest can all be recorded in the student journal.  We will be using the reading response type journal. Students should record their questions, impressions, predictions, emotions and even a letter to a particular character they feel a connection with.  Getting ready: prepare a loose leaf booklet for each student. Prepare models and sample journal entries. Schedule time after each reading session and use of other instructional tools (such as Think-Pair- Share) to allow students to record their thoughts and ideas in their journal while the information and feelings are still “fresh”.  We shall be grading each of the journal entries bur rather will be offering constructive comments on the entries. Journals will be graded using the assessment rubric upon completion.
  9. 9. Assessment: Journal Rubric 5/5 On balance, journal responses are full and complete. Some entries are insightful and perceptive, connecting personal experience to the text and making inferences and judgments. There is a thoughtful interpretation of what was read, heard, or viewed. Some entries go beyond personal experiences or the particular to generalize some aspect(s) of the author’s craft, style, and use of language. All inferences and judgments are supported with reference to the text. Not every entry needs to be at this level for students to be rated at a 5 level. 4/5 Journal responses are complete. They show personal involvement with and understanding of the text, and make reasonable inferences and judgments. They reflect an understanding of the author’s stance and perspective on the world. Inferences and judgments are supported with reference to the text. Some entries comment on the author’s craft, style, and use of language. 3/5 Journal responses meet basic expectations but some responses are missing necessary detail or include unnecessary information. The writer relates to or identifies with characters in the text, but only makes inferences and judgments with general reference to the text. Entries show the reader connecting the text to life experiences or other texts, but not critically assessing the author’s ideas, craft, style, or use of language. 2/5 Journal responses are general and not expanded upon or may ramble repetitively without clear connections. The writer may empathize with or judge characters in the text, but not consider the context or significance of the character’s experiences. Entries show an attempt to interpret or explain the text, but make inferences and judgments with only vague reference to the text itself. Consideration is not given to the author’s ideas, craft, style, or use of language. 1/5 Journal responses are incomplete, unclear, or show little effort or insight. The writer occasionally makes observations or predictions about characters or events but these are vague and unsupported. Entries are often simply summaries or retellings of the events in the text. The writer may rate the text, but give little or no support for assertions, and any judgments are on the basis of personal opinion or pre-conceptions.
  10. 10. Instructional Strategy #2: Think-Ink-Pair-Share  This instructional activity allows students to predict what will happen during a class-read story and become interactive. Student are given time to “think” about the topic(s) presented at different intervals of the story. Students can be matched up with a peer to develop a their thoughts or, teachers can use a Q&A strategy with the classroom as a whole. This instructional tool fosters a willingness towards classroom participation.  Rotation of students during different segments is suggested to encourage student interaction and varying perspectives.  Assessment of this strategy presents itself in the form of information assessment where the teacher can quietly walk around the interactive groups and assess what is being discussed.  “Think-Ink-Pair-Share helps students develop critical thinking skills in the following areas: making predictions, problem solving, decision making, and consensus building” (Strategies, 2011, p. 26).
  11. 11. Instructional Strategy #2: Think-Ink-Pair-Share  Discussion prompts should be developed. A list of targets should be created before beginning each reading section.  “Describe the strategy and its purpose with your students, and provide guidelines for discussions that will take place. Explain to students that they will (1) think individually about a topic or answer to a question;(2) pair with a partner and discuss the topic or question; and (3) share ideas with the rest of the class” (Using Think-Pair-Share, 2011).  “Think” – this is where the teacher begins to ask higher level questions in order to deepen critical thinking processes.  “Pair” – students are paired up to share their thoughts and work together. Through this interaction, they are able to gain another insight.  “Share” – the classroom comes together and shares the ideas and thoughts about their responses to the given prompts.
  12. 12. Instructional Strategy #3: Tic-Tac-Toe- Book Report 1. Discuss novel basics, using notes or Powerpoint: • Intro • Genre • Setting • Characters • Plot • Plot resolution • Theme • Recommendation Possible points = 60 2. Create a poster promoting the novel as a new release. • Include information about the author. • poster board size • Use persuasive language to encourage people to buy your book. Possible points = 51 3. Act out a scene from your book. • Costume/props realistic for character • Short paragraph explaining the scene (written or oral) Possible points = 45 4. Write a one-page, double spaced, character sketch. This is NOT a picture. It is TYPED description/analysis of a single character. • Physical description • Personality • Actions • Motivation • How this character is like/unlike you. Possible points = 80 5. Write a book review of your book as though you are the book critic for the Courier Journal. • A brief summary of the story • Critical analysis – “This is good . . . this is bad . . “ • Recommendation Possible points = 68 6. Write a test. • 10 multiple-choice • 10 true/false • 5 essay Indicate the correct answers for the multiple-choice and true-false. List suggested responses to the essays. Possible points = 60 7. Develop a travel brochure, using Publisher. • Describe the setting as a vacation destination. • Provide pictures and a physical description. • Points of interest • Recreational opportunities • History, if applicable Possible points = 60. 8. Develop a setting map of the setting, using Publisher. • A map of the setting that includes important areas where the action takes place. • Pictures of the setting • Write a paragraph explaining ways the setting affected the story. Possible points = 51 9. Redesign the book cover. • Front cover: title, author’s name, picture pertaining to the book • Back cover: synopsis of the book, author information, and one “praise” comment from another source Possible points = 45
  13. 13. Instructional Strategy #3: Tic-Tac-Toe- Book Report  Through this form of instructional strategy, students are allowed to select the tasks that are of interest them.  3 activities/selections in a particular row are selected by each student from the choices presented.  All 3 selections are formulated and placed together in a single report.  Cover sheet should include the title of each report.
  14. 14. Resources Bagwell, L. (2011). Differentiated instruction activities. eHow, Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/list_6461444_differentiated- instruction-activities.html Coleman, Initials. (2011). Book report rubric. Retrieved from http://www.myteacherpages.com/webpages/VColeman/index.cfm ?subpage=1182767 Diary of Anne Frank Book (Image). Retrieved on 15 July 2011 from http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/48855.Anne_Frank Diary of Anne Frank Movie (Image). Retrieved on 16 July 2011 from http://allaboutwarmovies.com/2011/03/10/the-diary-of-anne- frank-2009-the-bbc-mini-series/ Tic-tac-toe book report. (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.lanesville.k12.in.us/lcsyellowpages/BKRptRResponseF orms/TTTbkreport2010.pdf
  15. 15. Resources Continued… Instructional strategies online: what is journal writing. (2011). Retrieved from http://olc.spsd.sk.ca/de/pd/instr/strats/journal/ Journal (Image). Retrieved on 16 July 2011 from http://freetechjournal.com/tech- experts/press-and-journal.html Rubric for journal. (n.d.). Retrieved on 16 July 2011 from www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/docs/ela102030/pg168.pdf Strategies that differentiate instruction. (2011). Retrieved 17 July 2011 from http://www.sdesa6.org/content/docs/StrategiesThatDifferentiateInstructionK_4- 080808.pdf Test (Image). Retrieved on 16 July 2011 from http://www.ct4me.net/standardized_test_preparation.htm Teacher Reading (Image). Retrieved on 17 July 2011 from http://studentpersonalpages.loyola.edu/smdripps/www/teacherresources.html Using the think-pair-share technique. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.readwritethink.org/professional-development/strategy-guides/using- think-pair-share-30626.html