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S A P  Orientation
S A P Orientation
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  1. 1. E – Enterprise R – Resource P – Planning
  2. 2. Enterprise Resource Planning, is a software driven business management system, which integrates all facts of the business, including Planning, Manufacturing, Sales and Marketing. ERP as a business solution aims to help the management by setting better business practices and equipping them with the right information to take timely decisions.
  3. 3. SAP BAAN Logistics People Soft HRMS Oracle Applications Finance JD Edwards MFG Pro Ramco Marshal PP,PM,MM
  4. 4. The name SAP being a German company, is an acronym for “Systeme Anwendungen, Produkte in Datenverarbeitung”. This is translated into English as: Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing
  5. 5. Founded in 1972 by five people. Wellenreuther Hopp Hector Plattner Tchira
  6. 6. Number 1 vendor of standard business application software, with a world-wide market share of 62%. Leading global provider of client/server business software solutions. 8 of the Top 10 US corporations use SAP. Available in more than 14 languages. More than 90,000 customers in over 120 countries have chosen SAP.
  7. 7. Global Basis Faster Speed Flexibility for changes (Business & IT) Quickness, alertness Extended Supply Chain Management Knowledge Sharing
  8. 8. R/2 is SAP AG mainframe solution and was first compact software package for the whole spectrum of business applications. SAP R/2 runs on mainframes. This mainframe solution is not open, although with the help of ALE (Application Link Enabled) technology, R/2 can be linked to system and share online data. SAP AG is the company name AG stands for Aktiengesellschaft, which means in English “Incorporation”.
  9. 9. SAP R/3 is integrated software solution for client/server and distributed open systems. SAP’s R/3 is the world’s most-used standard business software for client/server computing. R/3 meets the needs of a customer from the small companies to multi-billion dollar companies. The software is highly customizable using SAP’s proprietary programming language, ABAP/4. SAP R/3
  10. 10. PRESENTATION LAYER APPLICATION LAYER DATABASE LAYER In R/2 we have got two layer concept 1ST Layer 2ND Layer
  12. 12. Presentation Servers (Front Ends, Clients) Application Server Database Server
  13. 13. Request come from Presentation Server DISPATCHER D. Queue Buffer WP WP WP WP To Database Server A S
  14. 14. All requests that come in from presentation server are directed first to the dispatcher. The dispatcher pulls the requests from the queue on a first-in, first-out basis. Each request is then allocated to the first available work process. A work process handles one process at a time.
  15. 15. Basis is like an operating system for R/3. It sits between the ABAP/4 code and the computer's operating system. SAP likes to call it middleware because it sits in the middle. Basis provides runtime environment for ABAP/4 programs.
  17. 17. Programmer Administrator
  18. 18. Programmer Administrator ABAP / 4 BASIS ABAP / 4 Advanced Business Application Programming / 4th Generation Language
  19. 19. Finance Logistics HR
  20. 20. This functional area contains the necessary information on Profitability Analysis, General Ledger Accounts and Information on Reporting using the Executive Information System (EIS).
  22. 22. HR module include support on Salary and Payroll administration as well as areas such as work schedule models. This core functional area is very country specific, due to country – related taxes, employee benefits, and employment laws.
  23. 23. Logistics is the largest of the three functional areas. It includes, among others, the following modules PP - PRODUCTION PLANNING SD - SALES & DISTRIBUTION MM - MATERIAL MANAGEMENT PM - PLANT MAINTENANCE PS - PROJECT SYSTEM WM - WAREHOUSE MANAGEMENT QM - QUALITY MANAGEMENT Environment, Health and Safety
  24. 24. Organizational Structure. Financial Accounting Global Settings. (Fiscal Year, Posting Period, Document Types, Posting Keys). General Ledger Accounting. Bank Accounting. Account Receivable. Account Payable. Asset Accounting. Integration with SD and MM. Controlling, Internal order, cost center, profit center.
  25. 25. Enterprise Structure Master Data ( Creation of Customer and Material ) Pricing Order Management Special Functions (Free Goods, Listing/Exclusion, Item Proposal, Output Control) Delivery Billing Reporting Copy Control Credit Management
  26. 26. Enterprise Structure Material Master Vendor Master Purchasing (Purchase Request, RFQ, Price Comparison, Purchase Orders) Pricing Procedure Inventory Management (Goods Receipts, Goods Issue, Stock Transfer, Invoice Verification) Automatic Account Determination Reports Vendor Evaluation
  27. 27. SAP-HR Basics Organizational Management Personnel Administration Recruitment Benefits Administration Training & Event Management Personnel Development Personnel Time Management Compensation Management and Personnel Cost Planning
  28. 28. SAP R/3 Architecture ABAP/4 Development Workbench Data Dictionary Internal Tables Transactions Data Transfer (BDC’s) Reports SAP Scripts Overview of Integration Technologies (ALE, IDOC, EDI, RFC, and BAPI)
  29. 29. Scoping 1-2 Months -- Decision Making. Understanding the Organization. Analysis 3-6 Months -- Documentation, Discussions. Design 2-3 Months -- Modules, Sub Modules, Interfaces, Databases, Data flow Servers, Terminals, and Back up. Development 2-3 Months -- Parallel with Design. ABAP/4, Configuration, Applications, Transactions, Reports. Configuration 3-4 Days -- Settings to be done. Implementation/ 3-4 Months Testing/Training Post Implementation Support Time Duration for Implementation
  30. 30. HARDWARE P-4 Processor 8 GB RAM 320 GB HDD SOFTWARE WinNT, Win 2000 Server, Unix, Linux, Solaris DATABASE Oracle, MS SQL Server, Informix.
  31. 31. HARDWARE P-4 Processor 4 GB RAM 320 GB HDD SOFTWARE Windows 98/NT/2000, Unix, Linux. Solaris, Win Xp