Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
Deliberately difficultWhy it might be better to makelearning slowerDavid DidauWellington Education Festival22nd June 2013
The most important role ofteaching is to promotelearning and to raise pupils‟achievement.Ofsted Inspection Handbook, 2013
Outstanding teaching andlearning will result in “almostall pupils … making rapid andsustained progress.”Ofsted Inspection ...
2 questionsQ: If Ofsted judge T&L by observing lessons,what does „progress in lessons‟ look like?A: PerformanceQ: Can prog...
TeachingLearningLearningThe input/output myth
• But “as learning occurs, so doesforgetting……learning takes time and is notencapsulated in the visible here-and-now of cl...
Learning & forgetting
What can be done?1. Separate performance from learning2. Introduce „desirable difficulties‟Prf. Robert Bjork, UCLA
1.Separating learning fromperformancePerformance ismeasurablebutlearning mustbe inferred from performance:it cannot be obs...
2. Why is difficulty desirable?• Rapid improvement (performance):predictability, cues, massed practice• Sustained improvem...
The (New) Theory of DisuseRetrieval strengthStoragestrengthOld friend‟saddressNew friend‟saddressChildhoodaddressWhat youl...
Rapid progress preventssustained progress• The higher the retrieval strength, thesmaller the gains from additional study o...
“The illusion of knowing”Everyone likes rapid progressBut…The route to sustained progress iscounter intuitive
Desirable difficulties• spacing• interleaving• variability• generation• testing• reducing feedback
Hermann Ebbinghaus, 1885
What the evidence saysSpaced vs massed practice d = 0.71Acquisition increased by d = 0.45Retention increased by d = 0.51Jo...
InterleavingReadingnon-fictionPersuasivewritingAudience&purposeSpelling,punctuation&grammarParagraphing&structureAnalysing...
GenerationGenerating information is morememorable than just reading itApplePearOr_____Ra______
Items we‟ve not practisedretrieving are more likely to beforgotten in the short termBut, forgetting increases chancesof re...
Testing• Which study pattern will result in thebest test results?1. STUDY STUDY STUDY STUDY – TEST2. STUDY STUDY STUDY TES...
Tests don’t have to be dull
Variability
Reducing feedback• Providing feedback of success iscounter productive• Students become dependent• Slows down pace of learn...
A teacher‟s job is not to make workeasy. It is to make it difficult. if youare not challenged, you do notmake mistakes. If...
Key messages• Performance is not evidence oflearning• Share the theory of „deliberatedifficulties‟ with your students• Don...
Sapere aude!David Didau@LearningSpylearningspy.co.ukddidau@gmail.com
Desirable difficulties• spacing• interleaving• variability•
Desirable difficulties• spacing• interleaving• variability•
Desirable difficulties• spacing• interleaving• variability•
Desirable difficulties• spacing• interleaving• variability•
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

Desirable difficulties• spacing• interleaving• variability• Ed fest desirable difficulties

32 066 vues

Publié le

Desirable difficulties• spacing• interleaving• variability• generation• testing• reducing feedback

Publié dans : Formation
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • Whoops! Thanks for publicly point that out Pete :)
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • Is it me?
    or is there a typo in disirable?
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici

×