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Juvenile delinquency

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Juvenile delinquency

  2. 2. SOME IMPORTANT TERMS • Crime- is an act harmful not only to an individual, but also to the community or the state. Such acts are forbidden and punishable by law. • Juvenile Delinquent- a person who is under the age of 18 commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. • Juvenile Delinquency- also known as youth crime, is participation in illegal behaviour by minors (<18)
  3. 3. Types
  4. 4. FACTORS INVOLVED Peer Pressure Lack of Parental Guidance Insecurity Juvenile Delinquency Media exposure Psychiatric Illness
  5. 5. The Youth Criminal Justice Act • ..DocumentsYouth Criminal Justice Act In Action.mp4
  6. 6. Penalties for juvenile delinquents • House arrest- The judge can order the minor to remain at • • • • home, with exceptions (attend school, work, counseling, and so on). Juvenile hall/juvenile detention facility- facilities designed for short-term stays. Probation after juvenile hall- Probation is a program of supervision in which the minor's freedom is limited and activities restricted. Secured juvenile facilities- facilities designed for longer term stays, like months or years. Adult jail- In some cases, a judge can send a juvenile to adult facilities like county jail or state prison.
  7. 7. • Verbal warning • Rehab • Fine- May be required to pay a fine to the government or pay compensation to the victim. • Counselling • Community service • Electronic monitoring- Juveniles may be required to wear a wrist or ankle bracelet that verifies their location at all times.
  8. 8. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN INDIA • The delinquency rate is higher among the boys than the girls. • The age group that produces the most juvenile delinquents is between12-16 years. • Low educational background is one of the main reasons for juvenile delinquency. • Juvenile delinquents are found more in urban areas. • Poor economic background is also another important cause for youth offense in India. In the year 2012
  9. 9. PSYCHOTHERAPIES • The Reality Therapy approach to counselling and problemsolving focuses on the here-and-now of the client and how to create a better future, instead of concentrating at length on the past. It emphasizes making decisions, and taking action and control of one's own life. Typically, clients seek to discover what they really want and whether what they are currently doing (how they are choosing to behave) is actually bringing them nearer to, or further away from, that goal. • Milieu Therapy is the psychiatric treatment of mental disorders by making changes to a patient's immediate environment. It involves the patient joining a group and using the combined elements of positive peer pressure, trust, safety and repetition, it provides an idealized setting for group members to work through their psychological issues.
  10. 10. • Behaviour therapy is focused on helping an individual understand how changing their behaviour can lead to changes in how they are feeling. The goal of behaviour therapy is usually focused on increasing the person’s engagement in positive or socially reinforcing activities. • Activity therapy is a healing technique that is often employed with people overcoming physical addictions or emotional issues. The main focus of the therapy is to engage the individual in creative endeavours that help to alter the thought processes of the patient in a positive manner. Activity therapy may take place between a therapist and a single patient or be utilized in a group environment.
  11. 11. CONCLUSION Juvenile Delinquency is one of the major rising concerns in the world and in India. NGOs as well as the Government have taken drastic measures to control the overgrowing cases of juvenile delinquency and hopefully someday, we will see a new world where the innocence has been restored. THANK YOU.  Done by Dipannita M of 11 ISC. ANY QUESTIONS?