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Aztecs, Mayas, 
and Incas
Aztec 
s 
The empire was 80,000 
square miles and 
stretched through 
present day Mexico 
and Central America
Aztec 
s 
The heart of the 
Aztec Empire was 
Tenochtitlan. It was 
built on Lake Texcoco 
and had roads and 
bridges lead...
Aztec 
s 
Most households were 
made of adobe and 
contained an open 
area in the middle, a 
kitchen, a shrine to 
the god...
Aztec 
s 
The Aztecs were a 
warring culture. 
Warriors gained 
status by performing 
well in battle. Young 
men were trai...
Aztec 
s 
They had hundreds of 
gods and goddesses. 
They revolved around 
nature. Agriculture 
was important to 
Aztec li...
Aztec 
s 
According to an Aztec 
myth, the white-faced 
Quetzacuatl - their most 
important god. 
He is the god of 
intell...
Mayas 
The empire stretched 
from the Gulf of 
Mexico to present day 
Honduras
The pyramid was used as a calendar: 
four stairways, each with 91 steps and a 
platform at the top, making a total of 365,...
Mayas 
Most houses were made 
of adobe
Mayas 
They had hundreds of 
gods and goddesses. 
They revolved around 
nature. Agriculture 
was important to the 
Maya li...
Mayas 
They had a system of 
writing (using 
hieroglyphs) and 
books made from the 
bark of a fig tree 
called codices.
Mayas 
They had amazing 
knowledge of 
astronomy, creating 
an accurate calendar, 
plotting the 
movements of the moon 
an...
Incas 
The empire stretched 
2,500 miles down the 
west coast of South 
America. The Inca 
built roads 
stretching through...
Incas 
The Incas built their 
cities on many types 
of geography. Some 
high in the Andes and 
others along the 
coast
Tiwanaku 
Inca 
The Incas built their 
cities on many types 
of geography. Some 
high in the Andes and 
others along the 
...
Cuzco
Incas 
Most households were 
made of stone
Incas 
Religion was very 
important. They 
worshiped Viracocha. 
They worshiped 
natural forces they 
called huacas. These...
Incas 
They made beautiful 
woven clothing for 
their families and 
sold them at the 
market
AAMMAAZZIINNGG FFAACCTTSS 
These civilizations introduced chocolate (cocoa), tomato, potato, 
peppers, peanuts and several...
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Aztec inca & maya

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Aztec inca & maya

  1. 1. Aztecs, Mayas, and Incas
  2. 2. Aztec s The empire was 80,000 square miles and stretched through present day Mexico and Central America
  3. 3. Aztec s The heart of the Aztec Empire was Tenochtitlan. It was built on Lake Texcoco and had roads and bridges leading into the heart of the city.
  4. 4. Aztec s Most households were made of adobe and contained an open area in the middle, a kitchen, a shrine to the gods, and bath next door.
  5. 5. Aztec s The Aztecs were a warring culture. Warriors gained status by performing well in battle. Young men were trained at an early age to be warriors.
  6. 6. Aztec s They had hundreds of gods and goddesses. They revolved around nature. Agriculture was important to Aztec life so many of the gods were related to agriculture. They often made human sacrifices to please the gods.
  7. 7. Aztec s According to an Aztec myth, the white-faced Quetzacuatl - their most important god. He is the god of intelligence and the god of creation.
  8. 8. Mayas The empire stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to present day Honduras
  9. 9. The pyramid was used as a calendar: four stairways, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top, making a total of 365, equivalent to the number of days in a calendar year. Mayas Chichen Itza was an important city in the empire and became a major market place
  10. 10. Mayas Most houses were made of adobe
  11. 11. Mayas They had hundreds of gods and goddesses. They revolved around nature. Agriculture was important to the Maya life so many of the gods were related to agriculture.
  12. 12. Mayas They had a system of writing (using hieroglyphs) and books made from the bark of a fig tree called codices.
  13. 13. Mayas They had amazing knowledge of astronomy, creating an accurate calendar, plotting the movements of the moon and sun, and calculating the revolution of Venus around the sun.
  14. 14. Incas The empire stretched 2,500 miles down the west coast of South America. The Inca built roads stretching throughout the empire.
  15. 15. Incas The Incas built their cities on many types of geography. Some high in the Andes and others along the coast
  16. 16. Tiwanaku Inca The Incas built their cities on many types of geography. Some high in the Andes and others along the coast
  17. 17. Cuzco
  18. 18. Incas Most households were made of stone
  19. 19. Incas Religion was very important. They worshiped Viracocha. They worshiped natural forces they called huacas. These were usually related to their crops or agriculture.
  20. 20. Incas They made beautiful woven clothing for their families and sold them at the market
  21. 21. AAMMAAZZIINNGG FFAACCTTSS These civilizations introduced chocolate (cocoa), tomato, potato, peppers, peanuts and several other foods to Europeans They had a system of government with religious leaders and the rich at the top. In Aztec culture you could gain status by being a great warrior The regular people paid taxes to the rich Temples to honor the gods and to make sacrifices to keep agriculture strong They had elaborate ball games

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