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Hak Cipta © 2014 pada Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan 
Dilindungi Undang-Undang 
MILIK NEGARA 
TIDAK DIPERDAGANGKAN ...
Bahasa Inggris iii 
Kata Pengantar 
Kurikulum 2013 dirancang untuk menyongsong model pembelajaran Abad 21. 
Didalamnya ter...
DAFTAR ISI 
DAFTAR ISI.......................................................................................................
Chapter 1 
Talking about 
Self 
Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud 
Picture 1.1 
Tujuan Pembelajaran: 
Setelah mempelajari Bab 1, s...
A Warmer: Chinese Whisper 
Your teacher will divide the class into 4 groups and 
show you how to play Chinese Whisper. Lis...
Bahasa Inggris 3 
C Pronunciation Practice 
Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat 
after him/her. 
pen pal : ...
Text 1: 
An email from Hannah 
Hello, Alia! Let me introduce myself. My name is Hannah. 
I know your name from my friend, ...
Text 2: 
A letter from Saidah 
Cheers, 
Saidah 
Assalamu’alaikum Alia, 
It was very interesting to read your letter about ...
Task 2: 
After reading the text, in the chart below, identify the main ideas 
of the paragraphs, and then write the most i...
Bahasa Inggris 7 
Text 2 
Paragraph Main Idea Details 
1 Saidah was happy to 
receive Alia’s letter. 
Saidah wants to be A...
Task 3: 
Work in pairs. If you have read Text 1, refer to Questions II; if 
you have read Text 2, refer to Questions I. Re...
E-pal sound 
half sister (be) into 
mother tongue attend 
distant commuter train 
run magnificent 
Bahasa Inggris 9 
E Voc...
F Text Structure 
THINK-PAIR-SHARE 
Task 1: 
Individually, complete the following chart to find out the 
structure of the ...
Bahasa Inggris 11 
G Grammar Review 
Using be and have 
Task 1: 
Study the following pairs of sentences to identify the us...
4. My hobby __________ reading novels. I ____________ a collection 
of good novels. 
5. Bali ________ magnificent scenery....
brother, sister, father, mother, teacher, medical doctor, barista, 
engineer, footballer, author, computer programmer, pol...
Imagine that you’re invited to that party. Think about a new 
identity that you have. Then, talk to the other guests and i...
Bahasa Inggris 15 
J Reflection 
At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the 
following questions to know how effective y...
________________________________________________________________ 
________________________________________________________...
Chapter 2 
Complimenting and 
Showing Care 
Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud 
Picture 2.1 
Tujuan Pembelajaran: 
Setelah mempelaj...
A WARMER 
Work individually to classify the following phrases 
into two kinds of situation: situation A, in which you 
may...
Bahasa Inggris 19 
C Pronunciation Practice 
Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat 
after him/her. 
skirt : /...
Rahmi : Yes. Come to my room. Look at this. What do you think? 
Sinta : Terrific. I like the cover. Let me see the content...
Bahasa Inggris 21 
Notes: 
COMPLIMENTING 
Compliment is an expression to appreciate or praise other 
people. Compliment is...
Task 3: 
Pair work 
Great job! I’m glad 
you like it. 
Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud 
Picture 2.7 
Practice complimenting and ...
Bahasa Inggris 23 
E Dialog: Showing Care 
Read the dialog carefully. 
Today Imran is not feeling well. He is staying at h...
Look at the following three situations that we need to 
consider when expressing care. 
Formal situation 
I’m extremely 
s...
Bahasa Inggris 25 
Informal Situation 
F Speaking 
Task 1: 
Identify which numbers are compliments and which are 
expressi...
3. __________________________ 
__________________________ 
Thank you. You remember 
my birthday when nobody 
does. 
4. 
I ...
Bahasa Inggris 27 
Situation 5 
Your best friend handled the 
problem successfully. 
Situation 6 
Your younger sister got ...
POINTS TO PONDER 
1. Have you ever had an experience of visiting someone being 
hospitalized? Who was he/she? How did you ...
Rina, 
I have this feeling 
there’s one more star up in the sky tonight. 
And even though it’s far away, its 
brightness a...
H REFLECTION 
At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the 
following questions to know how effective your learning 
proce...
Tujuan Pembelajaran: 
Setelah mempelajari Bab 3, siswa diharapkan mampu: 
1. Menunjukkan kesungguhan belajar bahasa Inggri...
A Warmer 
Look at the pictures below. Do you know these 
places? Why do you think people visit these places? 
What can the...
Bahasa Inggris 33 
B Vocabulary Builder 
A to Z 
Look at the pictures in the warmer section again. 
Make a list of any wor...
Bayu : Stay at home? Well, you could do something more 
interesting! 
Santi : So, what about you Bayu? Do you have any pla...
Task 2: 
Later, Riri, Bayu, and Santi talk again about the plan. This 
time they want to do something together. Continue t...
5. ______________________________________________________________ 
6. ____________________________________________________...
Task 2: 
Read again the dialogue above. Identify the bold-typed 
expressions and fill in the table below with the question...
2. You plan to go to the movie this weekend. You ask several 
friends to go with you. Two of your friends definitely agree...
4. It will be the school’s anniversary next month. You and your 
friends are discussing the plan for the class performance...
Task 2: 
Act out one of the dialog for the class. 
Task 3: 
Speech 
1. First, imagine that you are a candidate for head of...
_______________________________________________________________ 
_________________________________________________________...
I Further Activities 
Have a casual chat with your friend. Tell him/her 
the activities you plan to do after school. 
____...
Chapter 4 
Congratulating 
Others 
Tujuan Pembelajaran: 
Setelah mempelajari Bab 4, siswa diharapkan mampu: 
1. Menunjukka...
A Warmer: DESCRIBING And GUESSING 
Your teacher will tell you how to play this game. 
You have to guess what words that yo...
Bahasa Inggris 45 
C Pronunciation Practice 
Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat 
after him/her. 
settle : ...
“Thank you very much. This is because you’re always with 
me,” Juna responds cheerfully. 
“I’m very happy for you, Juna. Y...
Task 3: 
Complete the following table with the expressions of 
congratulations and the responses you find in the preceding...
E Vocabulary Exercises 
Task 1: 
Complete the blanks in the following dialogs using the words 
in the box. If needed, you ...
3. Tuti : How is your business, Ria? 
Ria : ________ (4) I’ve sold 100 items 
these two days. 
Tuti : Congratulations! 
Th...
Mr. Sultoni : Hi, how are you? 
Rani : We’re good. Thanks. 
Anisa : Excellent. 
Rani : _________________ (2) hair cut, Pak...
new bag.” The partner says, “Congratulations. Your new bag 
is gorgeous.” Then develop a conversation based on that. 
Afte...
Your sister has graduated from a culinary arts 
program in Padang, West Sumatra. She wants 
to be the best chef and plans ...
Your uncle and aunt have moved to their new house. 
The house has a large garden so that they can enjoy 
gardening on week...
Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud 
Picture 4.14 
H REFLECTION 
Your friend has got an opportunity to be an 
interpreter in an inte...
Bahasa Inggris 55 
Chapter 5 
Describing 
People 
Chapter 5 
Describing People 
Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud 
Picture 5.1 
Tu...
A Warmer 
Look at the pictures below! What can you tell about 
these people? What do they look like? Discuss with your 
fr...
Task 2: 
Now, find other adjectives that describe people’s physical 
appearance and/or personality. 
_____________________...
pointed nose : / ˈpɔɪntəd noʊz / 
smart : / smɑːrt / 
plump : / plʌmp / 
helpful : / ˈhelpf ə l / 
friendly : / ˈfrendli /...
Bahasa Inggris 59 
COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS 
1. Who is being described in the text? 
2. How long have the writer and Dinda ...
List the words below. 
1. _____________________ 
2. _____________________ 
3. _____________________ 
4. __________________...
Task 2: 
Discuss with a partner and fill in the table with suitable 
information from the text. 
Part of text Purpose Deta...
Task 2: 
Put the sentences in the pattern table below. 
Model: 
Dinda is good-looking 
S be Adjective 
1. 
S be Adjective ...
7. ______________________________________________________________ 
8. ____________________________________________________...
POINTS TO PONDER 
Suppose we all looked alike. Would it be better? Why do you 
think we are created differently? Discuss t...
Task 2: 
Your friend is going to describe an imaginary friend that he/ 
she has met from outer space. Draw a sketch based ...
________________________________________________________________ 
________________________________________________________...
Chapter 6 
Visiting Ecotourism 
Destination 
Tujuan Pembelajaran: 
Setelah mempelajari Bab 6, siswa diharapkan mampu: 
1. ...
A Warmer: ODD MEN OUT 
Below are lists of words related to tourist destinations. Let’s 
play odd man out game. Play this g...
Bahasa Inggris 69 
B Vocabulary Builder 
Read the text about Tanjung Puting National Park. After you read 
it, scan the te...
D Reading 
Task 1: 
Now, read the text carefully. What do you think about the 
place described below? 
Tanjung Puting Nati...
Task 2: 
Comprehension Questions 
Answer the following questions briefly. 
1. Based on the text, can you guess what ecotou...
Paragraph Main Idea Details 
Paragraph 1 Tanjung Puting 
National Park 
offers impressive 
experience to its 
visitors. 
-...
2. ____________ her sister who likes outdoor activities, Ni 
Luh likes to stay at home reading her favorite books. 
3. Bal...
For example: 
adjectives nouns noun phrases 
beautiful bird beautiful bird 
unique monkey unique monkey 
enormous nose eno...
attractive lake 
memorable waterfall 
fresh atmosphere 
deep trees 
clear people 
gigantic air 
quiet situation 
relaxing ...
Observe the following examples. Pay attention to the order of 
the modifiers. Where is the position of the opinion adjecti...
sun screen lotion backpack mosquito repellent 
flashlight tie raincoat 
suit hat suitcase 
guitar camera jacket 
banana kn...
G Writing 
Pair Work 
Read the following description about a tourist destination 
carefully. The writer forgot to edit her...
Bahasa Inggris 79 
Guiding questions for editing: 
1. Does the writer use indentation? What should she do? 
2. Does the wr...
I Reflection 
At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the 
following questions to know how effective your learning 
proce...
Chapter 7 
Visiting Niagara 
Falls 
Tujuan Pembelajaran: 
Setelah mempelajari Bab 7, siswa diharapkan mampu: 
1. Menunjukk...
A Warmer 
Draw and Guess 
Your teacher will divide the class into two big groups 
and show you how to play Draw and Guess....
i l l _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (adjective) berkilauan 
c h _ _ _ (noun) pesona 
m i _ _ (noun) kabut 
s c _ _ _ _ (adjective) indah...
D Reading 
VISITING NIAGARA FALS 
Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud 
Picture 7.3 
Niagara Falls is the collective name for three w...
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)
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Bs bahasa inggris kelas x semester 1 (11 april 2014)

  1. 1. Hak Cipta © 2014 pada Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Dilindungi Undang-Undang MILIK NEGARA TIDAK DIPERDAGANGKAN Disklaimer: Buku ini merupakan buku siswa yang dipersiapkan Pemerintah dalam rangka implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Buku siswa ini disusun dan ditelaah oleh berbagai pihak di bawah koordinasi Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, dan dipergunakan dalam tahap awal penerapan Kurikulum 2013. Buku ini merupakan "dokumen hidup" yang senantiasa diperbaiki, diperbaharui, dan dimutakhirkan sesuai dengan dinamika kebutuhan dan perubahan zaman. Masukan dari berbagai kalangan diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kualitas buku ini. Katalog Dalam Terbitan (KDT) Indonesia. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Bahasa Inggris / Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.-- Jakarta : Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2014. iv, 116 hlm. : ilus. ; 25 cm. Untuk SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas X Semester 1 ISBN 978-602-282-479-4 (jilid lengkap) ISBN 978-602-282-480-0 (jilid 1a) 1. Bahasa Inggris -- Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan 420 Kontributor Naskah : Utami Widiati, Zuliati Rohmah, dan Furaidah. Penelaah : Raden Safrina dan Helena I.R. Agustien. Penyelia Penerbitan : Pusat Kurikulum dan Perbukuan, Balitbang, Kemdikbud. Cetakan Ke-1, 2014 Disusun dengan huruf Bookman Old Style, 11 pt ii Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  2. 2. Bahasa Inggris iii Kata Pengantar Kurikulum 2013 dirancang untuk menyongsong model pembelajaran Abad 21. Didalamnya terdapat pergeseran pembelajaran dari siswa diberi tahu menjadi siswa mencari tahu dari berbagai sumber belajar melampaui batas pendidik dan satuan pendidikan. Peran Bahasa Inggris dalam model pembelajaran seperti itu menjadi sangat sentral mengingat lebih banyak sumber belajar dalam Bahasa Inggris dibanding semua sumber belajar dalam semua bahasa lainnya digabungkan. Makin datarnya dunia dengan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi menyebabkan pergaulan tidak dapat lagi dibatasi oleh batas-batas negara. Kurikulum 2013 menyadari peran penting Bahasa Inggris tersebut dalam menyampaikan gagasan melebihi batas negara Indonesia serta untuk menyerap gagasan dari luar yang dapat dipergunakan untuk kemaslahatan bangsa dan negara. Dengan demikian kompetensi lulusan Pendidikan Menengah yang dirumuskan sebagai mampu menjadi cerminan bangsa yang berkontribusi aktif dalam pergaulan dan peradaban dunia dapat tercapai. Sejalan dengan peran di atas, pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris untuk Pendidikan Menengah Kelas X yang disajikan dalam buku ini disusun untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berbahasa. Penyajiannya adalah dengan menggunakan pendekatan pembelajaran berbasis teks, baik lisan maupun tulis, dengan menempatkan Bahasa Inggris sebagai wahana komunikasi. Pemahaman terhadap jenis, kaidah dan konteks suatu teks ditekankan sehingga memudahkan peserta didik menangkap makna yang tersurat dan tersirat dalam suatu teks; juga untuk menyajikan gagasan dalam bentuk teks yang mudah dipahami makna kandungannya dan diapresiasi keindahan pilihan rangkaian katanya. Sebagai bagian dari Kurikulum 2013 yang menekankan pentingnya keseimbangan kompetensi sikap, pengetahuan dan keterampilan, kemampuan berbahasa Inggris yang dituntut dibentuk melalui pembelajaran berkelanjutan: dimulai dengan meningkatkan kompetensi pengetahuan tentang jenis, kaidah dan konteks suatu teks, dilanjutkan dengan kompetensi keterampilan menyajikan suatu teks tulis dan lisan baik terencana maupun spontan dengan pelafalan dan intonasi yang tepat, dan bermuara pada pembentukan sikap kesantunan berbahasa dan sikap menghargai keindahan bahasa. Buku ini menjabarkan usaha minimal yang harus dilakukan siswa untuk mencapai kompetensi yang diharapkan. Sesuai dengan pendekatan yang digunakan dalam Kurikulum 2013, siswa diajak menjadi berani untuk mencari sumber belajar lain yang tersedia dan terbentang luas di sekitarnya. Peran guru dalam meningkatkan dan menyesuaikan daya serap siswa dengan ketersediaan kegiatan pada buku ini sangat penting. Guru dapat memperkayanya dengan kreasi dalam bentuk kegiatan-kegiatan lain yang sesuai dan relevan yang bersumber dari lingkungan sosial dan alam. Implementasi terbatas Kurikulum 2013 pada tahun ajaran 2013/2014 telah mendapatkan tanggapan yang sangat positif dan masukan yang sangat berharga. Pengalaman tersebut dipergunakan semaksimal mungkin dalam menyiapkan buku untuk implementasi menyeluruh pada tahun ajaran 2014/2015 dan seterusnya. Walaupun demikian, sebagai edisi pertama, buku ini sangat terbuka dan perlu terus dilakukan perbaikan dan penyempurnaan. Oleh karen itu, kami mengundang para pembaca memberikan kritik, saran dan masukan untuk perbaikan dan penyempurnaan pada edisi berikutnya. Atas kontribusi tersebut, kami ucapkan terima kasih. Mudah-mudahan kita dapat memberikan yang terbaik bagi kemajuan dunia pendidikan dalam rangka mempersiapkan generasi seratus tahun Indonesia Merdeka (2045). Jakarta, Januari 2014 Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Mohammad Nuh
  3. 3. DAFTAR ISI DAFTAR ISI..................................................................................................... iii KATA PENGANTAR........................................................................................ iv CHAPTER 1: Talking about Self ................................................................................................................. 1 CHAPTER 2: Complimenting and Showing Care................................................................................... 17 CHAPTER 3: Expressing Intention .......................................................................................................... 31 CHAPTER 4: Congratulating Others........................................................................................................ 43 CHAPTER 5: Describing People................................................................................................................ 55 CHAPTER 6: Visiting Ecotourism Destination....................................................................................... 67 CHAPTER 7: Visiting Niagara Falls ......................................................................................................... 81 CHAPTER 8: Describing Historical Places ............................................................................................. 93 CHAPTER 9: Giving Announcement .................................................................................................... 103 References .......................................................................................................................... 116 iv Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  4. 4. Chapter 1 Talking about Self Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 1.1 Tujuan Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 1, siswa diharapkan mampu: 1. Menggunakan bahasa Inggris dalam berkomunikasi tentang pemaparan jati diri dengan guru dan teman. 2. Menunjukkan perilaku santun, peduli, dan percaya diri dalam melaksanakan komunikasi tentang pemaparan jati diri. 3. Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan dari teks pemaparan jati diri. 4. Merespon makna teks pemaparan jati diri lisan dan tulis. 5. Menyusun teks lisan dan tulis sederhana tentang pemaparan jati diri. Bahasa Inggris 1
  5. 5. A Warmer: Chinese Whisper Your teacher will divide the class into 4 groups and show you how to play Chinese Whisper. Listen to your teacher’s explanation and do the activity as quickly as possible. Try to be the winner. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 1.2 Discuss with your friends what characters your group needs in order to do the activity successfully and to become the winner. B Vocabulary Builder Match the words with their Indonesian equivalents. Compare your work to your classmate’s. pen pal (noun) kereta komuter sound (verb) sangat menyukai run (transitive verb) jauh (be) into (preposition) nampaknya attend (school, college) (verb) sahabat pena distant (adjective) bahasa pertama commuter train (noun) bersekolah/kuliah magnificent (adjective) luar biasa mother tongue (noun) mengelola half sister/brother (noun) saudara tiri 2 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  6. 6. Bahasa Inggris 3 C Pronunciation Practice Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat after him/her. pen pal : / pen pæl / sound : / saʊnd / run : / rʌn / (be) into : / ɪntu / attend : / ətend / distant : / dɪstənt / commuter train : / kəmjutə treɪn / magnificent : / mæɡnɪfɪs ə nt / mother tongue : / mʌðər tʌŋ / half sister/brother : / hɑf braðər/sistər / D Reading Task 1: Jigsaw Read the text carefully. Your teacher will identify you as A or B. Students identified as A, read Text 1; students identified as B, read Text 2. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 1.3
  7. 7. Text 1: An email from Hannah Hello, Alia! Let me introduce myself. My name is Hannah. I know your name from my friend, Caroline. She told me that you sent her an email telling her that you would like to have more pen pals from the US. I’d really like to be your E-pal. You sound really cool! I guess I’d better tell you something about myself first. I’m 16 years old and I attend Thomas Edison High School here in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. I have two brothers and two half sisters and I’m the middle child. My father died a few years ago so my mother runs the house and the family business. My father was a barista. I have lots of hobbies. I like music – mostly classical music and folk music – but I don’t play an instrument. I like sports, especially tennis and basketball. At school I’m in the basketball team and I spend most of my extra-curricular time playing basket ball. I’m into animals very much. My sister and I have three dogs, a rabbit and an iguana. They need lots of attention as you can imagine. At school, I have many Hmong friends who were not fully fluent in English. Their family moved here from Asia. I enjoy talking to them about our different cultures. My favorite subjects at school are art and geography. I think I’d like to become a park ranger when I graduate, perhaps work for the National Parks Service. I haven’t got much interest in fashion, although we have ‘Mall of America,’ the biggest mall in Minnesota. We can reach the mall very easily. A commuter train runs every 15 minutes, buses also come from different directions. We can also drive to the mall. It’s much faster than going there by train or by bus. I don’t like reading but I love drawing and painting. How about you? Please drop me a line, Alia! Can’t wait to hear from you! Hannah 4 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  8. 8. Text 2: A letter from Saidah Cheers, Saidah Assalamu’alaikum Alia, It was very interesting to read your letter about yourself and your hometown. I would really like to be your pen friend. I’m a sixteen-year-old school student from Johor Bahru in Malaysia. Actually I attend an Islamic boarding school just outside the city but my family live in Kuala Lumpur. My eldest sister is a medical doctor. She will get married soon. My younger brother is an elementary school student in KL but he often writes to me via email. My favorite subjects are social sciences. I like history very much; it helps me know more how different countries existed in the past. At school we are supposed to use English at all times, even when we are in the dormitory, so we have become quite fluent although sometimes we slip back into Malay, which is our mother tongue. As for hobbies, I’m really into songs and music. My favorite singer is Yusuf Islam whose former name was Cat Steven. He’s so cool! Another singer I like is Maher Zain with his religious songs. My favorite Malay singer is of course Siti Nurhaliza. I also like watching movies, especially comedies. The actor I like best is Tom Cruise. I’m really into books. I like reading novels and short stories, mostly by Malay authors who you probably haven’t heard of. I like some writers in English, like JK Rowling and Indonesian writers too, like Andrea Hirata and Ahmad Fuadi. My dream, when I’m older, is to be a writer of science fiction books set in the distant future. I’d really love to come to Indonesia some day. I heard that it has the largest number of Muslims of any country. A book that I’ve just read mentions that there are some magnificent places to visit, such as, Bali, Sulawesi, Papua and Borneo! What about you, do you want to visit my country? Wassalam, Saidah Bahasa Inggris 5
  9. 9. Task 2: After reading the text, in the chart below, identify the main ideas of the paragraphs, and then write the most important details in your own words. Students identified as A, refer to Text 1; students identified as B, refer to Text 2. Text 1 Paragraph Main Idea Details 1 Hannah introduces herself. - Hannah knew Alia from Caroline. - Caroline told Hannah that Alia wanted to have pen pals from USA 2 3 4 5 6 6 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  10. 10. Bahasa Inggris 7 Text 2 Paragraph Main Idea Details 1 Saidah was happy to receive Alia’s letter. Saidah wants to be Alia’s pen friend. 2 3 4 5 6 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 1.4
  11. 11. Task 3: Work in pairs. If you have read Text 1, refer to Questions II; if you have read Text 2, refer to Questions I. Read the questions for your partner to answer. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS I Answer the following questions briefly. 1. How does Hannah contact Alia? Is there anybody introducing Hannah to Alia? 2. Does Hannah want to be Alia’s friend? 3. Where does Hannah study? 4. Tell me about Hannah’s family! 5. What are Hannah’s hobbies? 6. Does she like animals? What animals does she have? 7. What do Hannah and her Hmong friends love to do? 8. What profession would she like to have after graduating from her school? 9. She isn’t interested in fashion. Why? COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS I Answer the following questions briefly. 1. Does Saidah want to be Alia’s friend? 2. Where is she from? 3. Where does Saidah study? 4. Tell me about Saidah’s family! 5. What are Saidah’s hobbies? 6. Does she have favorite singers? (If yes, who are they?) 7. Does she like reading books? Which authors does she like? 8. What profession would she like to have later? 9. Is she interested in visiting Indonesia? How does she know Indonesia? 8 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  12. 12. E-pal sound half sister (be) into mother tongue attend distant commuter train run magnificent Bahasa Inggris 9 E Vocabulary Exercises Complete the following sentences using the words in the box. Remember to use the correct forms of verbs. 1. Samuel and Sholeh are experienced in preparing a wide range of menus, from simple dishes like boiled eggs and fried rice to the difficult ones like the delicious rendang and rawon. They_____ really _____ cooking. 2. Is it true that you went scuba diving in Bunaken National Marine Park in your holiday? Wow, it _____ really cool. I wish I could go there too. 3. What I love about ______ is that it takes us to our workplace and brings us home quickly because it does not get caught in traffic jam. 4. The government _____ a television station which offers many useful programs and shows few commercials. 5. The teacher and the students were talking about the _____ performance of GARUDA, the Indonesian national football team. 6. Rudi does not understand the local language. His _____ is Indonesian. 7. I am a senior high school student. Now, my childhood in kindergarten feels like a _____ memory. I remember only few classmates. 8. Nina and Ami are good friends at college. They used to _____ the same schools, from elementary to secondary. 9. An _____ is someone you make friends with by writing emails. He/She might live in another country, so you might never meet him/her. 10. Firda is now very happy to have a _____, a baby girl from her mother’s second marriage.
  13. 13. F Text Structure THINK-PAIR-SHARE Task 1: Individually, complete the following chart to find out the structure of the email or the letter above, depending on which text you have read. Parts of the Letter/ Email Purposes Details Opening To start the communication Contents Closing Task 2: Work in pairs (Students A and B) to discuss the text structure, and then share this with the class. Use the following prompts to help: a. What details can you find in the opening? b. What’s the purpose of telling the contents? c. What details can you find in the contents? d. What’s the purpose of writing the closing? e. What details can you find in the closing? 10 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  14. 14. Bahasa Inggris 11 G Grammar Review Using be and have Task 1: Study the following pairs of sentences to identify the use of be (am, is, are) and have (have, has). Do you notice the differences? Examples: 1. a. I am sixteen years old. b. I have an older sister and a younger brother. 2. a. Caroline is in the United States. b. She has many friends from Indonesia. 3. a. Nina and Ami are active students. b. They have many interesting hobbies. 4. a. I am a computer programmer. b. I have many certificates that show my knowledge and skills in computer programming. 5. a. John is a barista in a luxurious cafe. b. He has a lot of friends, who love the coffee he prepares. 6. a. We are amazed by the beautiful scenery. b. We have many interesting places to visit in this country. After observing the above examples, do you know how to decide whether to use am/is/are or have/has? Is it because the subjects are singular or plural? Do you also know when to use have/has instead of am/is/are? Is it because the sentences have complements? Is it because the sentences have objects? Task 2: Complete the sentences with be or have. Remember to use the correct forms. 1. The class _____ very boring because the students ______ no activities. 2. Alia ________ a new pen pal from America. Alia ______ lucky because now she can practice writing in English. 3. Maher Zain ________ Saidah’s favorite singer. He really ______ good voice.
  15. 15. 4. My hobby __________ reading novels. I ____________ a collection of good novels. 5. Bali ________ magnificent scenery. In fact, it _______ one of the most wonderful islands in the world. 6. My younger sister and I __________ three cats. They ______ cute. 7. Our favorite subjects _______ Math and English. We _____ a great time when we do math and English exercises. 8. Caroline and Hannah ________ similar interests in fashion. They _______ crazy about the newest trends in fashion. 9. Bob ________ a gadget maniac. He always ________ the latest version of mobile phone, which is actually not necessary. 10. Sita _______ a dream of becoming one of the next female president of Indonesia. She _____ optimistic about her dream. 11. My pen friend and I _______ a plan to meet in person. We ______ anxious to see one another. 12. The internet __________ really useful for my life as a student. It _______ a lot of important information. H Speaking GUESING GAMES: Who Am I? You’ll play a kind of guessing game ‘Who Am I?’. Your teacher will put a post-it paper with one of the words below on your back. You need to work in pairs and guess what the word on your back is by asking questions. Your partner may only answer your questions with either ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Observe the following examples of the questions. -Does it relate to a family relationship? -Am I female? -Am I a mother? - Does it relate to a profession? - Do I work in a hospital? - Am I a medical doctor? -Does it relate to a hobby? -Am I an outdoor activity? -Am I related to music? 12 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  16. 16. brother, sister, father, mother, teacher, medical doctor, barista, engineer, footballer, author, computer programmer, police officer, musician, painting, reading, singing, hiking, going shopping, outdoor guide Bahasa Inggris 13 INTRODUCTION GAME: Party Time Look at the picture. • What do you think they are doing? • Where does it take place? • Why do you think so? Check your answer with your friends. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 1.6 Source: http://www.spazioblendtower.it/spazio-blend-tower-sala-eventi/ Picture 1.5
  17. 17. Imagine that you’re invited to that party. Think about a new identity that you have. Then, talk to the other guests and introduce yourself; tell about your family, your profession, and your hobbies. You may ask another guest with questions like: May I know your name please? Can you tell me what your profession is? Or, What do you do? What’re your hobbies? Do you like painting? Do you like music? Think of other questions. You may also introduce your friends to other guests. Introduce yourself or your friends to at least two people. I Writing Responding to an email / a letter Imagine that you’re Alia. Write an email or a letter responding to the email or letter you’ve read and discussed. Use the following questions to guide you. Guiding questions for the email/letter: 1. What do you write to start your response to an email/a letter? 2. What details do you write in your email/letter? (How old are you? Where do you attend senior high school? What are your hobbies? How many siblings do you have? Etc.) 3. What do you write to end your letter/email? 14 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  18. 18. Bahasa Inggris 15 J Reflection At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the following questions to know how effective your learning process is. 1. Have you been able to understand the letter/email and the talk about one self? 2. Do you know how to describe yourself? 3. Can you write or talk about yourself? If your answer is ‘no’ to one of these questions, see your teacher and discuss with him/her on how to make you understand and be able to write or talk about yourself better.
  19. 19. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 16 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  20. 20. Chapter 2 Complimenting and Showing Care Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.1 Tujuan Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 2, siswa diharapkan mampu: 1. Menunjukkan kesungguhan belajar bahasa Inggris dalam berkomunikasi tentang pujian Bahasa Inggris 17 dan perhatian dengan guru dan teman. 2. Menunjukkan perilaku peduli, percaya diri, dan tanggung jawab dalam melaksanakan komunikasi tentang pujian dan perhatian. 3 Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan pada ungkapan memuji bersayap (extended) serta responnya. 4 Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan pada ungkapan perhatian (care) serta responnya. 5 Menyusun teks lisan dan tulis untuk mengucapkan dan merespon pujian bersayap (extended). 6 Menyusun teks lisan dan tulis untuk mengucapkan dan merespon ungkapan perhatian (care).
  21. 21. A WARMER Work individually to classify the following phrases into two kinds of situation: situation A, in which you may compliment people; and situation B, in which you may show your sympathy. Then, compare your work to your friend’. Explain the reason for the classification. have stomachache, get a trophy, have a nice new hair cut, buy a cool hat, get cuts and bruises, lose money, get several new pimples, wear self-made shirt, receive scholarship, meet a longed-for best friend, ace the history test, burn the delicious chicken soup, hit by a becak, make up with a friend after having an argument, fail a test, winning a speech contest, be unable to sleep. B Vocabulary Builder Write down the English words for the following Indonesian words. Compare your work to your classmate’s. s k _ _ _ (noun) = rok _ _ _ d e _ _ _ _ (adjective) = bagus sekali _ _ r r _ _ _ _ (adjective) = hebat _ _ _ _ i r _ (verb) = menginspirasi _ _ _ u d (adjective) = bangga _ _ c e _ _ _ (verb) = menerima _ _ _ _ es (noun) = salam/doa _ _ _ _ _ n g (adjective) = penyembuh _ _ o u _ _ _ (noun) = pikiran/angan/harapan _ _ le (adjective) = pucat _ _ _ r e _ _ _ _ _ (verb) = menghargai _ _ d y (verb) = merapikan _ _ _ f f (verb) = membuat empuk/lembut _ _ _ _ _ g h _ _ _ (verb) = menarik/merapikan 18 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  22. 22. Bahasa Inggris 19 C Pronunciation Practice Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat after him/her. skirt : /skɜːrt / wonderful : / ˈwʌndəf ə l / terrific : / təˈrɪfɪk / inspire : / ɪnˈspaɪə / proud : / praʊd / receive : / rɪˈsiːv / wishes : / wɪʃ / healing : / ˈhiːlɪŋ / thought : / θɔːt / pale : / peɪl / appreciate : / əˈpriːʃieɪt / tidy : / ˈtaɪdi / fluff : / flʌf / straighten : / ˈstreɪtn / sheet : / ʃiːt / D Dialog: Complimenting Task 1: Read the dialog carefully. Rahmi : Hello. How are things going on, Sinta ? Sinta : Hi. Good, and you? Rahmi : I’m feeling great today. How was your weekend with your family in Batu? Sinta : Excellent! We had a lovely time there. You should have gone there with us. Rahmi : Really? Hey, what a beautiful skirt you are wearing. It matches your blouse. Sinta : Thanks a lot. My sister bought it for me last month. Rahmi : Wow! That’s wonderful. Sinta : Oh, Rahmi, can I ask you something? Rahmi : Oh, sure. Please. Sinta : Have you finished writing the book we discussed two months ago?
  23. 23. Rahmi : Yes. Come to my room. Look at this. What do you think? Sinta : Terrific. I like the cover. Let me see the contents. This book is excellent. You really did a great job. Rahmi : Thanks a lot. You’ve inspired me to do this. Sinta : Your publisher should send it to all bookstores here. Rahmi : Yes, you’re right. The publisher will do it for me. Sinta : Well, that’s great. I am proud of you, Rahmi. By the way, I’ve got to go now. Have a nice day! Rahmi : You, too. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.2 Task 2: Read the sentences. Are they true or false based on the dialog above? 1. Three people are involved in the conversation. T/F 2. The conversation takes place in an office. T/F 3. Rahmi is Sinta’s sister. T/F 4. Rahmi went to Batu with her family. T/F 5. Rahmi gives a compliment to Sinta’s clothing. T/F 6. Sinta wrote the excellent book. T/F 7. Sinta compliments Rahmi’s book. T/F 8. Rahmi does not like Sinta’s compliment. T/F 20 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  24. 24. Bahasa Inggris 21 Notes: COMPLIMENTING Compliment is an expression to appreciate or praise other people. Compliment is useful to give encouragement so that people will keep on doing their best and even improve their performance. When to express compliment : - On general occasion, - When someone has done his/her best, - When you visit someone’s house for the first time, - If you notice something new about someone’s appearance. Can you think of other situations when you need to compliment? What a wonderful performance! Thank you What a nice dress! Thank you very much You look gorgeous! It’s very kind of you to say that I must express my admiration to you! Thanks a lot for your appreciation Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.3 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.5 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.4 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.6
  25. 25. Task 3: Pair work Great job! I’m glad you like it. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.7 Practice complimenting and responding to the compliments in pairs. One of you becomes A, and the other becomes B. A1. B is working really hard. A compliments B. B responds to the compliment happily. A2. B is showing a very nice drawing. A compliments B. B responds to the compliment. B1. A is wearing a new pair of shoes. B compliments A. A responds to the compliment. B2. A looks beautiful in her new skirt. B compliments A. A responds to the compliment. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.8 22 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  26. 26. Bahasa Inggris 23 E Dialog: Showing Care Read the dialog carefully. Today Imran is not feeling well. He is staying at home. He has just received a sympathy card through an email from his sister who lives far away in Singapore. The card says, “Sending you sunny smiles, warm wishes, and healing thoughts . . . Hope today finds you feeling much better!” Many of his friends also come to his house. Rama : You look so pale. I bring you some soup, fix you some tea and bake you some treats. Hope you recover soon. Imran : Thanks a lot. What a lovely friend you are! I really appreciate that. Rido : I’d also water your plants and tidy your room. Imran : Thank you very much. I’m glad you do it for me. Ramon : To help you feel better, I’d fluff up your pillow and straighten your sheets. Imran : I am so grateful to you. You’re the best friends I have ever had. Notes: Showing Care/Sympathy Sympathy expression is an expression or feeling of pity and sorrow when we know and see people are unlucky, have trouble, or are in bad condition. For example, our friend is sad because his/her grandfather is sick. We can entertain him/her by showing sympathy. By expressing sympathy, we want to show our concern or care for other people’s condition. The purpose of expressing sympathy is to comfort people who have trouble or are in bad conditions. It is also aimed to let people know that we care for them. We can express sympathy directly to him/her orally by saying something supportive. In this way, we let our friend know that we know about his/her sadness and we let our friend know that we care and want to help him/her. If the person who is in trouble is far from us, we can send him/her a letter, postcard, short message service (sms), or email to show our care/ sympathy.
  27. 27. Look at the following three situations that we need to consider when expressing care. Formal situation I’m extremely sorry to hear that. Thank you for your sympathy I was deeply sorry to hear that you’re sick. Thank you very much. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.9 Neutral Situation Please accept my condolences. Thank you so much. They are so lovely. You must be very upset. You are truly good friends. I know how it feels. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.10 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.11 It was very nice of you to think of me in this time of sadness. I’m sorry to hear that. I appreciate your thoughts and prayers. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.12 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.13 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.14 24 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  28. 28. Bahasa Inggris 25 Informal Situation F Speaking Task 1: Identify which numbers are compliments and which are expressions of care/sympathy. Task 2: Complete the spaces in the table with expressions of compliment/care and responses. No Compliments/Care Responses 1. You are such a nice boy. ____________________________ 2. You’ve helped me a lot during my difficult situation. That’s what friends are for. I really hate that situation. It was really scary. That’s awful, I agree with you. I got a bad headache. Oh dear. What a shame. I didn’t get to see John yesterday. He was already discharged. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.15 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.16 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.17
  29. 29. 3. __________________________ __________________________ Thank you. You remember my birthday when nobody does. 4. I am sorry about your accident. I’ll always be here if you need my help. ____________________________ ____________________________ 5. __________________________ I love you, too, sweety. 6. What a wonderful performance! ____________________________ 7. I know you have tried your best. I am sure next time you will get a better score. ____________________________ ____________________________ 8. __________________________ Thank you 9. Good job! Well done. ____________________________ 10. If you need anything, please just call me. ____________________________ Task 3: Let’s play scissors, rock, and paper. Work in pairs. Play scissors, rock, and paper. The winner chooses a situation from which he/she makes an expression of compliment or care. The partner responds to the expression. After that, do the scissors, rock, and paper again. Continue doing that with all the situations provided below. Compliments Care/sympathy Situation 1 You see your friend with her new haircut. Situation 2 Your friend has just lost his jacket. Situation 3 You sister can drive very well. Situation 4 Your brother is sick. 26 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  30. 30. Bahasa Inggris 27 Situation 5 Your best friend handled the problem successfully. Situation 6 Your younger sister got a bad score. Situation 7 You visit your friend’s house for the first time. Situation 8 Your friend did not win the drawing competition. Situation 9 You friend submitted her project on time. Situation 10 Your friend’s father has just lost his company. Situation 11 Your sister’s team won a game. Situation 12 Your friend’s grandmother has passed away. Situation 13 Your brother has just bought a new, smart robot. Situation 14 Your friend has just got an accident. Situation 15 Your friend has a new T-shirt. Situation 16 Your friend got his motorbike stolen. Task 4: Ball Throwing - Your teacher will tell you how to do the activity. - In turns, make a compliment or show sympathy and give a response to the expressions. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.18
  31. 31. POINTS TO PONDER 1. Have you ever had an experience of visiting someone being hospitalized? Who was he/she? How did you feel? What did you say? 2. Have you ever given any compliments to someone? Who is he/ she? Why did you compliment him/her? How did your friend feel when you complimented him/her? How did your compliment make him/her feel? G Writing Task 1: Write responses to the following sympathy cards. You may choose two among the four cards. 1. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.19 2. Tony, There are no words that can truly ease the pain of a sudden loss like this... But if caring thoughts can help, they are with you there right now. With Heartfelt Sympathy, Ana Just wanted you to know, Budi... I’m thinking of you during this difficult time. Bima Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.20 28 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  32. 32. Rina, I have this feeling there’s one more star up in the sky tonight. And even though it’s far away, its brightness and warmth still reach us here to make the night a little less dark. With My Deepest Sympathy, Ria Reaching out to you in sympathy and friendship to let you know how much I care. Indah Bahasa Inggris 29 3. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.21 4. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2.22 Task 2: Write a short letter for the following situations . The people in the situations below live far away from you. Choose 1 among the four situations. 1. Your friend’s father has just passed away. 2. Your friend from England has lost his pet. 3. Your sister failed to be admitted to a university. 4. Your uncle just got an accident.
  33. 33. H REFLECTION At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the following questions to know how effective your learning process is. 1. Do you know how to compliment people, and when do you need to do that? 2. Do you also know how to express care or sympathy to people, and when do you need to do that? If your answer is ‘no’ to one of these questions, read this chapter and do the activities again. Don’t hesitate to see your teacher or more able classmates and discuss with them how to make you understand and be able to use the expression better. 30 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  34. 34. Tujuan Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 3, siswa diharapkan mampu: 1. Menunjukkan kesungguhan belajar bahasa Inggris dalam berkomunikasi dengan guru dan teman untuk menyatakan dan menanyakan niat melakukan suatu tindakan. 2. Menunjukkan perilaku jujur, percaya diri, dan tanggung jawab dalam melaksanakan komunikasi tentang menyatakan dan menanyakan niat melakukan suatu tindakan. 3. Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan untuk menyatakan dan menanyakan tentang niat melakukan sesuatu. 4 Menyusun teks lisan dan tulis untuk menyatakan dan menanyakan tentang niat melakukan sesuatu. Bahasa Inggris 31 Chapter 3 Expressing Intention Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 3.1
  35. 35. A Warmer Look at the pictures below. Do you know these places? Why do you think people visit these places? What can they do there? Which one do you prefer to visit? Why? Discuss with your friends. Source: http://tipsberwisatamurah.com/wp-content/uploads /2013/07/Wisata-Tereksotis-di-Bali-Pantai-Kuta.jpgf Picture 3.2 Source: http://www.ancol.com/upload/photo/2012/12/08/ ed5547c2f9f5402566ecdbff78e846da.JPG Picture 3.3 Beach Amusement park Source: http://gambar-rumah.com/attachments/jakarta-barat/ 269561d1354773609-sewa-harian-condominium-mal-taman- anggrek-2br-ff-lux-6893829009_b1fa6ddb67_b.jpg Source: http://wildan220688.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/ 01-gunung-semeru.jpg Picture 3.5 Mall Mountain Picture 3.4 32 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  36. 36. Bahasa Inggris 33 B Vocabulary Builder A to Z Look at the pictures in the warmer section again. Make a list of any words (nouns or verbs) that are related to the pictures. The words that you find should start with letters A to Z. A: ____________________________ B: ____________________________ C: ____________________________ D: ____________________________ E: ____________________________ F: Ferris wheel (big wheel) G: ____________________________ H: ____________________________ I: ____________________________ J: ____________________________ K: ____________________________ L: ____________________________ M: ____________________________ N: ____________________________ O: ____________________________ P: ____________________________ Q: ____________________________ R: ____________________________ S: ____________________________ T: ____________________________ U: ____________________________ V: ____________________________ W: ____________________________ X: ____________________________ Y: ____________________________ Z: ____________________________ C DIALOG: EXPRESSING INTENTION Task 1: Read the following conversation. Take turns with your friends doing the roles. HOLIDAY PLANS A long weekend is coming. Riri, Santi, and Bayu are talking about their plans. Riri : It will be a long weekend soon. Do you have any plans? Santi : Uhm, I’m not sure. I don’t have any idea yet. I think I might stay at home.
  37. 37. Bayu : Stay at home? Well, you could do something more interesting! Santi : So, what about you Bayu? Do you have any plans? Bayu : Definitely! My dad and I are going to go fishing. Santi : Fishing? It sounds boring too! Are you going to go fishing in the river near your house? Bayu : No. We plan to go fishing in a lake near my uncle’s house. Would you like to come with us? Santi : Fishing? I don’t really like fishing. I would rather stay at home than go fishing. Bayu : What about you, Riri? What would you like to do on the long weekend? Riri : I have made a plan with my mother about what to do on this long weekend. We are going to practice baking cookies. Santi : That sounds like a very good plan! Bayu : Are you going to bake choco chips cookies like the last time? Riri : Well, yes. That is my favorite. But we will also try to make ginger cookies. Santi : Oh, how I envy you. My mother is going to accompany my little brother to attend a drawing competition. I don’t think I can ask her to teach me baking cookies. Bayu : Ha ha, I guess you should enjoy staying at home alone. Riri : Oh, would you like to join me to learn baking cookies? You can come to my house. Bayu : It’s a good idea! Or will you go fishing with me and my dad? Santi : Uhm, not fishing I guess. But I think I would like to bake cookies with Riri. Thanks for asking me to join you Riri. Riri : No problem. I will call you on Friday to let you know the time when we can start. Santi : Thanks a lot. I will be waiting for your call. Bayu : Have a nice long weekend everyone. Riri, Santi : You too. 34 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  38. 38. Task 2: Later, Riri, Bayu, and Santi talk again about the plan. This time they want to do something together. Continue the conversation based on the given hint. Riri : Let’s do something together this long weekend. Santi : It’s a great idea! What about ____________________________? Bayu : Or we could ____________________________________________? Riri : _________________________________________________________ Santi : _________________________________________________________ Bayu : _________________________________________________________ Riri : We will __________________________________________________ Santi : _________________________________________________________ Bayu : I would rather ___________________________________________ Riri : _________________________________________________________ Santi : _________________________________________________________ Bayu : _________________________________________________________ Riri : _________________________________________________________ Santi : So, we are going to ______________________________________ Bayu : _________________________________________________________ Task 3: What do you need to consider before visiting a place? Destination? Budget? Safety? Usefulness? Time? Discuss with your friends. Bahasa Inggris 35 D Vocabulary ExerciseS Use the words you have listed in section B to make sentences. You may use more than one word in a sentence. 1. ______________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________________
  39. 39. 5. ______________________________________________________________ 6. ______________________________________________________________ 7. ______________________________________________________________ 8. ______________________________________________________________ 9. ______________________________________________________________ 10. _____________________________________________________________ E Grammar Review Using I WOULD LIKE TO, I WILL, I AM GOING TO and WOULD RATHER Task 1: Look at the excerpt from the text below. Study the sentences by paying attention to the words in the bold-typed expressions. Santi : So, what about you, Bayu? Do you have any plans? Bayu : Definitely! My dad and I are going to go fishing. We plan to go fishing in a lake near my uncle’s house. Would you like to come with us? Santi : I don’t really like fishing. I would rather stay at home than go fishing. What about you, Riri? What would you like to do on the long weekend? Riri : I have made a plan with my mother about what to do on this long weekend. We are going to practice baking cookies. Bayu : Are you going to bake choco chips cookies like the last time? Riri : Well, yes. That is my favourite. But we will also try to make ginger cookies. Riri : Oh, would you like to join me to learn baking cookies? You can come to my house. Bayu : It’s a good idea! Or will you go fishing with me and my dad? Santi : Uhm, not fishing I guess. But I think I would like to bake cookies with Riri. Thanks for asking me to join you Riri. 36 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  40. 40. Task 2: Read again the dialogue above. Identify the bold-typed expressions and fill in the table below with the question and statement forms of the expressions. See the example. Question form Statement form I would like… I would like to bake cookies. Bahasa Inggris 37 I will … I am going to … I would rather … F Speaking Task 1: Make up a short dialogue for the following situations. 1. You plan to do the Biology project at the library after school. You ask your best friend to do it together with you. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________
  41. 41. 2. You plan to go to the movie this weekend. You ask several friends to go with you. Two of your friends definitely agree with you, but two others cannot make up their minds. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 3. School holiday is coming soon. You have a plan to go to your grandma’s house in the country. You want to find out what your friend is planning. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 38 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  42. 42. 4. It will be the school’s anniversary next month. You and your friends are discussing the plan for the class performance. One of them seems to disagree with the idea because he thinks that it will need a lot of money. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 5. A friend is absent because she is sick. You plan with your friends to visit her this afternoon. However, one of them makes an excuse for not going. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ Bahasa Inggris 39
  43. 43. Task 2: Act out one of the dialog for the class. Task 3: Speech 1. First, imagine that you are a candidate for head of the student’s organization. 2. You are preparing a campaign for your promotion to be head of the student’s organization. 3. Make an outline of the plan that you will do if you are selected as president or head of student’s organization. For example: If I am selected as the head of the student’s organization, I will support sport competition in our school. We are going to have more regular practice of sports like soccer and badminton so that we can win in competitions. I would also like to .... etc. 4. Present your speech in front of the class. G Writing Write a paragraph about your holiday plan. Use I would like to …, I will …. I am going to…..and would rather …. in your paragraph. You can use the questions to guide you: Holiday plan - Where would you like to go on holiday? Would you like to go somewhere interesting or stay at home? - What are you going to do during holiday? Do you have any special interest? 40 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  44. 44. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Bahasa Inggris 41 H Reflection At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the following questions to know how effective your learning process is. 1. Are you able to identify the forms and uses of I would like to, I will, I am going to and would rather? 2. Can you make statements or questions using I would like to, I will, I am going to and would rather? If you answer ‘no’ to one of those questions, see your teacher and discuss with him/her on how to make you able to express your intention in spoken and written forms.
  45. 45. I Further Activities Have a casual chat with your friend. Tell him/her the activities you plan to do after school. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 42 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  46. 46. Chapter 4 Congratulating Others Tujuan Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 4, siswa diharapkan mampu: 1. Menunjukkan kesungguhan belajar bahasa Inggris dalam berkomunikasi dengan guru dan teman untuk memberi ucapan selamat bersayap (extended). 2. Menunjukkan perilaku jujur, percaya diri, dan tanggung jawab dalam melaksanakan komunikasi tentang memberi ucapan selamat bersayap (extended). 3. Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan dari ungkapan ucapan selamat bersayap (extended). 4. Menyusun teks lisan dan tulis untuk mengucapkan dan merespon ucapan selamat bersayap (extended). Bahasa Inggris 43 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.1
  47. 47. A Warmer: DESCRIBING And GUESSING Your teacher will tell you how to play this game. You have to guess what words that your teacher has described. For example: ‘A person who serves passengers in a flight.’ He/She is a ‘flight attendant.’ After you know how to play the game, your teacher will divide the class into two groups to play the game. The group who can guess more words will be the winner. B Vocabulary Builder Match the words with their Indonesian equivalents. Compare your work to your classmate’s. settle (verb) berhak/layak debts (noun) kekacauan hired servant (noun) anak manja inherit (verb) melunasi chase (verb) mengejar spoiled brat (noun) pembantu yang digaji scolding (noun) sindiran tajam betrayed (verb) mewarisi mess (noun) hutang deserve (verb) dengan senang hati contentedly (adverb) dikhianati 44 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  48. 48. Bahasa Inggris 45 C Pronunciation Practice Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat after him/her. settle : / ˈsetl / debts : / dets / hired servant : / haɪəd ˈsɜːrv ə nt / chase : / tʃeɪs / spoiled brat : / spɔɪld bræt / scold : / skoʊld / chaotic : / keɪˈɒtɪk / betray : / bɪˈtreɪ / deserve : / dɪˈzɜːv / contentedly : / kənˈtentədli / congratulate : / kənˈɡrætʃəleɪt / D Reading Task 1: Read the text carefully. Congratulations! Nura arrives in a big city to help her parents settle their debts. She moves into Juna’s house as a hired servant. In the house, Juna is a rich and proud young man who inherits his father’s business. He is lazy and goes to campus just to meet friends and chase pretty girls who love his wealth. In his chaotic life, Juna is betrayed by his own cousin and uncle leading to his downfall. Juna’s life is in a real mess. However, Nura helps him gain his confidence and reorganize his life. Nura begins to teach the rich spoiled brat some manners through her down to earth scolding and no-nonsense attitude. The girl helps him pick up the pieces in his life, from defeat to success. Finally, after a long struggle and hard work, he can regain his life. He is now in the position of the director of the company that he inherits from his father. Many of his friends congratulate him. Johny, his best friend, says, “Congratulations! You deserved it, man.”
  49. 49. “Thank you very much. This is because you’re always with me,” Juna responds cheerfully. “I’m very happy for you, Juna. Your company is now back to you,” another friend says. Juna replies with a happy tone, “Thank you. I cannot forget your help to me.“ Others shake his hand and say, “That’s wonderful, Juna,” “Good for you!” “Good luck,” “Best of Luck!” “Well done,” “Fantastic job!” “You must be very proud of your achievement.” He responds to them joyfully, “Oh, thanks,” “Thank you very much for saying so.” “Oh, I have a lot to learn, yet,” “I am glad you think so.” His staff also congratulate him, “I’d like to congratulate you on your accomplishment, Sir!” “Please accept my warmest congratulation,” “I must congratulate you on your success in returning the company back to your family,” Again, he answers those expressions contentedly, “It’s very good of you to say so,” “How nice of you to say that,” “Thank you very much for saying so.” Nura observes this event from the backdoor. She cries happily for her master who has changed into a mature, stable young man. Task 2: Answer the following questions: 1. Who is Nura? 2. Who is Juna? 3. What’s Juna’s negative characteristics? 4. How does Nura teach Juna? 5. What leads Juna’s life to his downfall? 6. What does Nura do to return the wealth of Juna’s family? 7. Who first congratulates Juna when he regains success? 8. How do they congratulate Juna? What expressions are used? 9. What expressions are used by Juna’s staff to congratulate him? 10. How does Nura feel about Juna’s achievement? 46 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  50. 50. Task 3: Complete the following table with the expressions of congratulations and the responses you find in the preceding reading text. The first row is done for you. Congratulating Expressions Responses Congratulations! You deserved it, man. Thank you very much. This is because you’re always with me. In congratulating, people may make more than one move, for example, “Congratulations! You deserved it, man.” Similarly, in responding to congratulating expressions, people do not only make one move, like, “Thank you very much.” Usually they also say something else, such as, “This is because you’re always with me.” Those expressions are called as extended congratulations/ Bahasa Inggris 47 responses to congratulations (pujian bersayap).
  51. 51. E Vocabulary Exercises Task 1: Complete the blanks in the following dialogs using the words in the box. If needed, you may change the parts of speech. As an example see number 1. The answer for number 1 is wonderful. good luck what’s new it’s good thanks a lot wonderful popular business congratulations! I’m glad you think new hair cut mentioning 1.Dina : Hi, Yuni. What’s your daughter doing these days? Yuni : Oh, she’s in college. In fact, she plans to graduate this June. Dina : That’s_____________________! (1) You must be very proud of her. 2. Fuad : Hi Abdel. _________________? (2) Abdel : Oh, I’m going to take the driving test tomorrow. Fuad : That’s great, Abdel________! (3) Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.2 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.3 48 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  52. 52. 3. Tuti : How is your business, Ria? Ria : ________ (4) I’ve sold 100 items these two days. Tuti : Congratulations! That’s a __________________ (5) right now. Ria : ____________________ (6). 4. Rudi : You look gorgeous in this wedding dress! __________ (7). Ian : Thank you very much, ______________________ (8) so. 5. Ihsan : You look so cute in the _____________________ (9) Ali : Oh, thanks for _________ (10) that. By the way, congratulations for winning the 1st prize of the writing competition last week. Ihsan : How nice of you to say that. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.4 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.5 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.6 Task 2: Complete the following conversations with your own words. Conversation 1 Rani : Hi Anisa. Anisa : Hi, you look great in that pink head scarf. What a nice Bahasa Inggris 49 scarf! Rani : _________________ (1) to say that. Anisa : I’ve never seen you in that hat. Where did you buy it? Rani : My mom bought it for me when she went to the market. Anisa : I see. Rani : Look. The teacher is coming! Anisa : Pak Sultoni.
  53. 53. Mr. Sultoni : Hi, how are you? Rani : We’re good. Thanks. Anisa : Excellent. Rani : _________________ (2) hair cut, Pak Sultoni. Anisa : Yes, you’re looking good with your hair style. Mr. Sultoni : Thanks a lot. Rani, I heard you won the Math Olympiad. Is it true? Rani : Yes, I won the second prize last week. Anisa : ________________ (3) Mr. Sultoni : ____________ (4) to hear that. Rani : Thank you very much for saying so. Conversation 2 Rudi : Hi Ben. How are you? Ben : Hi, you look great in that black jacket. Rudi : _______________________ (1) saying so. Ben : I’ve never seen you in that outfit. Is it new? Rudi : My sister bought it for me when she went to Singapore. Ben : Oh, I see. Rudi : Look. What a nice new hair style! Who did your haircut? I like it a lot. Ben : _____________________ (2) think so. My brother did it. I can ask him to do yours if you want to. Rudi : Yes, please. Look! Andi is coming. Ben : Hi Andi, I heard you won the Speech Contest last month. Congratulations! _________________ (3) Rudi : Fantastic! It’s a great job, bro! Andi : Oh, thanks. It’s ____________________ (4) actually. Please note that at the end of the word ‘congratulation’ there must be an ‘s’ attached to it. So, never say ‘congratulation’ without an ‘s’. You must say, “Congratulations.” F Speaking Let’s play scissors, rock, and paper. Work in pairs. Play scissors, rock, and paper. The winner chooses for himself/herself a situation. The partner makes an expression of congratulations. For example, the winner chooses situation 5. He/She says, “I just bought a 50 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  54. 54. new bag.” The partner says, “Congratulations. Your new bag is gorgeous.” Then develop a conversation based on that. After that, start all over again by doing the scissors, rock, and paper again, and so forth. Continue doing that with all the situations provided in the table below. 1. haircut 2. jacket 3. speech contest 4. got driver’s licence 5. new bag 6. math Olympiad 7. best student 8. writing competition 9. new baby 10. new house 11. graduation 12. getting married 13. new job 14. successful business 15. new book 16. talented singer 17. best model 18. drawing competition Bahasa Inggris 51 19. create new robots 20. best writer 21. best teacher G Writing Write down the inside parts of the congratulation cards based on the cover. Two cards have been done for you as examples. Write at least two sentences. Tomy has just been promoted to be the branch manager of Jepara Ukir Company in London. Dear Tomy, Congratulations on your Promotion. Sharing in your happiness today… and wishing you a wonderful future.. filled with dreams coming true. Zettira Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.7
  55. 55. Your sister has graduated from a culinary arts program in Padang, West Sumatra. She wants to be the best chef and plans to open her own restaurant. Your friend has successfully quitted his smoking habit. He feels healthier and more energetic now. He is also happy because now he can save money that he used to spend on cigarettes. Your niece has got a sugar glider from her parents. They are happy because she has been brave enough to donate her blood to PMI (the Indonesia Red Cross). Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.8 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.9 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.10 52 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  56. 56. Your uncle and aunt have moved to their new house. The house has a large garden so that they can enjoy gardening on weekends. Your immediate neighbor, who has been married for 10 years, has got a cute baby girl. Your aunt has got married to a man she loves. They met when they were involved in medical corps deployed for a peace mission in a conflict area in Middle East. Rina and Rudi, So many paths to choose from -- yet a moment here, a different turn there, and you may never have met to experience a love so right! Isn’t it amazing the way life works? Wishing You Both a Beautiful Life Together Lia & Tomy Bahasa Inggris 53 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.11 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.12 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.13
  57. 57. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 4.14 H REFLECTION Your friend has got an opportunity to be an interpreter in an international conference on inter religion dialogue to create and preserve peace and harmony. At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the following questions to know how effective your learning process is. 1. What have you learned from this chapter? 2. Have you been able to do all the exercises here? 3. What is your plan to improve your ability in congratulating others? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 54 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  58. 58. Bahasa Inggris 55 Chapter 5 Describing People Chapter 5 Describing People Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 5.1 Tujuan Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 5, siswa diharapkan mampu: 1. Menunjukkan kesungguhan belajar bahasa Inggris terkait teks deskriptif sederhana tentang orang. 2. Menunjukkan perilaku peduli, percaya diri, dan tanggung jawab dalam melaksanakan komunikasi terkait teks deskriptif sederhana tentang orang. 3. Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan pada teks deskriptif sederhana tentang orang. 4. Merespon makna dalam teks deskriptif, lisan dan tulis, sederhana, tentang orang. 5. Menyusun teks deskriptif lisan dan tulis sederhana tentang orang.
  59. 59. A Warmer Look at the pictures below! What can you tell about these people? What do they look like? Discuss with your friends! Source: http://arnellis.files.wordpress.com/ 2011/12/100_1796.jpg Picture 5.2 Source: http://vhynaulia.files.wordpress.com /2008/08/dsc_4489.jpg Picture 5.4 Source: http://purwosudiro.files.wordpress. com/2009/02/img_3962.jpg Picture 5.3 Source: http://dutadamai.files.wordpress. com/2011/02/dsc_1311.jpg Picture 5.5 B Vocabulary Builder Task 1: Look at the words in the box. Do you know the meaning? Check your dictionary. tall eyebrow pointed nose friendly short blonde hair smart skinny calm shy plump chubby round face kind helpful stubborn 56 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  60. 60. Task 2: Now, find other adjectives that describe people’s physical appearance and/or personality. _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ Task 3: Then, put the words into the correct group in the table. Bahasa Inggris 57 Facial features Physical appearance Personality ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ C Pronunciation Practice Listen to your teacher reading the following words. Repeat after him/her. tall : / tɔːl / short : / ʃɔːrt / calm : / kɑːlm / round face : / raʊnd feɪs / eyebrow : / ˈaɪbraʊ / blonde : / blɒnd / shy : / ʃaɪ / kind : / kaɪnd /
  61. 61. pointed nose : / ˈpɔɪntəd noʊz / smart : / smɑːrt / plump : / plʌmp / helpful : / ˈhelpf ə l / friendly : / ˈfrendli / skinny : / ˈskɪni / chubby : / ˈtʃʌbi / stubborn : / ˈstʌbərn / D R eading Read the following text, and then answer the following questions. MY BEST FRIEND I have a lot of friends in my school, but Dinda has been my best friend since junior high school. We don’t study in the same class, but we meet at school everyday during recess and after school. I first met her at junior high school orientation and we’ve been friends ever since. Dinda is good-looking. She’s not too tall, with fair skin and wavy black hair that she often puts in a ponytail. At school, she wears the uniform. Other than that, she likes to wear jeans, casual t-shirts and sneakers. Her favourite t-shirts are those in bright colors like pink, light green and orange. She is always cheerful. She is also very friendly and likes to make friends with anyone. Like many other girls, she is also talkative. She likes to share her thoughts and feelings to her friends. I think that’s why many friends enjoy her company. However, she can be a bit childish sometimes. For example, when she doesn’t get what she wants, she acts like a child and stamps her feet. Dinda loves drawing, especially the manga characters. She always has a sketchbook with her everywhere she goes. She would spend some time to draw the manga characters from her imagination. Her sketches are amazingly great. I’m really glad to have a best friend like Dinda. 58 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  62. 62. Bahasa Inggris 59 COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS 1. Who is being described in the text? 2. How long have the writer and Dinda been friends? 3. What does Dinda look like? 4. What are her favourite clothes? 5. What kind of t-shirts does she like? 6. Describe Dinda’s personality briefly. 7. Why do many friends enjoy Dinda’s company? 8. What is Dinda’s bad habit? 9. What is Dinda’s hobby? 10. How does the writer feel about Dinda? E Vocabulary Exercise Look at the puzzle below. Find 16 words related to how to describe a person and write in the space provided. When you finish, use the words in sentences. H A N D S O M E F B O S S Y C F G H J E R T Y U L O P S T C Y E T K C R E A T I V E A R U A A A H P N Q U I E T L U H S M D E I T G C A U V L A Z Y R I E R U E H Z L F F T J G I L R I S K I N N Y R E U O Y I F O E D L C Z E I K S I A G U K F T D E O W E M N N N E L R H N I F U S N B I G E N E R O U S H R M D B E A U T I F U L H Y U A L K A D A L W E R T K O L R Y U T A L K A T I V E R U T
  63. 63. List the words below. 1. _____________________ 2. _____________________ 3. _____________________ 4. _____________________ 5. _____________________ 6. _____________________ 7. _____________________ 8. _____________________ 9. _____________________ 10. _____________________ 11. _____________________ 12. _____________________ 13. _____________________ 14. _____________________ 15. _____________________ 16. _____________________ F Text Structure Task 1: Answer the questions below about the text. 1. Who is being described in the text? _____________________________________________________________ 2. What points are used by the writer to describe the person? a. __________________________________________________________ b. __________________________________________________________ c. __________________________________________________________ 3. What is the writer’s opinion about the person being described? _____________________________________________________________ 60 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  64. 64. Task 2: Discuss with a partner and fill in the table with suitable information from the text. Part of text Purpose Details from the text Bahasa Inggris 61 Identification part Description part Task 3: Compare your work with other pairs. Share the result with the class. G Grammar Review USING ADJECTIVES Task 1: In the previous units, you have learned how to use adjectives in sentences. Now, observe the adjectives in the reading text excerpt below. Dinda is good-looking. She’s not too tall. She is always cheerful. She is also very friendly and likes to make friends with anyone. Like many other girls, she is also talkative. She likes to share her thoughts and feelings to her friends. I think that’s why many friends enjoy her company.
  65. 65. Task 2: Put the sentences in the pattern table below. Model: Dinda is good-looking S be Adjective 1. S be Adjective 2. S be Adjective 3. S be Adjective 4. S be Adjective Task 3: Look at the adjectives in the reading text and vocabulary exercise of this unit. Use the adjectives to make up sentences on your own. 1. ______________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________________ 4. ______________________________________________________________ 5. ______________________________________________________________ 6. ______________________________________________________________ 62 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  66. 66. 7. ______________________________________________________________ 8. ______________________________________________________________ 9. ______________________________________________________________ 10. _____________________________________________________________ Source: http://icsf.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/pb210013.jpg Picture 5.6 Bahasa Inggris 63 H Speaking Task 1: Who are in the picture? 1. Look at the picture. Think of one person in the picture and give a name to that particular picture. 2. For example, you name that person Dina. 3. Describe Dina to your friends, for example: She has long hair. She is sitting on the chair on the right side. 4. Your friend will point to the picture that you refer to. Check if your friend point to the correct picture. 5. Take turns with your friends and do the same. 6. You can also take any photograph from any source such as magazine, internet, brochures or newspaper and do the same thing.
  67. 67. POINTS TO PONDER Suppose we all looked alike. Would it be better? Why do you think we are created differently? Discuss the answers to the questions with your classmates. I Writing Prepare a photograph. It can be a personal photo-graph or a family photograph. Write a letter or email to a friend and describe the people in the picture. _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ J FURTHER ACTIVITIES Task 1: Look at the picture below. Can you describe it? Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 5.7 64 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  68. 68. Task 2: Your friend is going to describe an imaginary friend that he/ she has met from outer space. Draw a sketch based on his/ her description in the box below. Show the picture to your friend and check if your picture matches his/her description. Bahasa Inggris 65 Task 3: Share the result with the class. K Reflection At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the following questions to know how effective your learning process is. 1. Can you identify the information in the descriptive text? 2. Do you know the type of language structure that you can use to describe a person? 3. Can you describe a person following the structure of a descriptive text? If your answer is ‘no’ to one of these questions, see your teacher and discuss with him/her on how to make you understand and be able to tell or write about a person’s description better.
  69. 69. ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 66 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  70. 70. Chapter 6 Visiting Ecotourism Destination Tujuan Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 6, siswa diharapkan mampu: 1. Menunjukkan kesungguhan belajar bahasa Inggris terkait teks deskriptif sederhana tentang tempat wisata. 2. Menunjukkan perilaku peduli, percaya diri, dan tanggung jawab dalam melaksanakan komunikasi terkait teks deskriptif sederhana tentang tempat wisata. 3. Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan pada teks deskriptif sederhana tentang tempat wisata. 4. Merespon makna dalam teks deskriptif, lisan dan tulis, sederhana, tentang tempat wisata. 5. Menyunting teks deskriptif tulis tentang tempat wisata. 6. Menyusun teks deskriptif lisan dan tulis sederhana tentang tempat wisata. Bahasa Inggris 67 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 6.1
  71. 71. A Warmer: ODD MEN OUT Below are lists of words related to tourist destinations. Let’s play odd man out game. Play this game in groups of four. Find the word that does not belong to the same category as the other words in the same group. That word is the odd word (the odd man). Cross out or circle the word and explain your reason. Look at the example. Compete with other groups to finish this game. outdoor camping ground air conditioner sleeping bag 1 wave trees sandy breeze 2 savannah botanical garden wood jungle 3 canopy leafy green blue 4 cool hot cold fresh 5 coral clear sofa fish 6 dirty nice clean comfortable 7 ship boat raft canoe 8 fall down rock splash waterfall 9 valley amusement park hot spring crater 11 sunny wet warm hot 12 terrible amazing awesome marvelous 13 impressive interesting boring unforgettable 68 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  72. 72. Bahasa Inggris 69 B Vocabulary Builder Read the text about Tanjung Puting National Park. After you read it, scan the text quickly to find the English equivalents for the Indonesian words below. You are given the dashes and some letters of the English words as the clues. Each dash represents a letter. After you find the words, compare your answer to your friends. _ _ _t_ _ _ _ _ _ (noun) ekoturisme _ _ _tin_ _ _ _ _ (noun) tujuan _ _ _ _ _ _ _la (noun) tanjung un_ _ _ _ (adjective) tidak seperti s _ _ _ _ (noun) hidung (binatang) _ _ _ _mo_ _ (adjective) sangat besar es_ _ _ _ _ _ _ (verb) mendirikan h_ _ _ _ (noun) pusat/inti _ _ _ _ _ss_ _ _ (adjective) mengesankan ex-_ _ _ _ _ _ _ (adjective) bekas tangkapan _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _tion (noun) pelestarian _ _ _z_ _ _ (adjective) mengagumkan C Pronunciation Practice Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat after him/her. destination : /ˌdestɪˈneɪʃ ə n / peninsula : / pɪˈnɪnsjələ / unlike : / ʌnˈlaɪk / snout : / snaʊt / enormous : / ɪˈnɔːməs / establish : / ɪˈstæblɪʃ / heart : / hɑːrt / impressive : / ɪmˈpresɪv / ex-captive : / eks ˈkæptɪv / preservation : / ˌprezəˈveɪʃ ə n / amazing : / əˈmeɪzɪŋ /
  73. 73. D Reading Task 1: Now, read the text carefully. What do you think about the place described below? Tanjung Puting National Park One of the internationally famous ecotourism destinations in Indonesia is Tanjung Puting National Park in the southwest of Central Kalimantan peninsula. Tanjung Puting National Park offers impressive experience to its visitors. This is called a park, but unlike any park that you have seen in your city, this is a jungle! It is a real jungle, which is home to the most incredible animals in the world: orang utans and proboscis monkeys! The male proboscis monkeys are interesting because they have enormous snout. So, imagine yourself to be in the jungle and meet these special animals in their original habitat. What will you do when you meet them? To see orang utans we should go to Camp Leakey. Camp Leaky is located in the heart of Tanjung Puting National Park. This is a rehabilitation place for ex-captive orang utans and also a preservation site. This camp was established by Birute Galdikas, an important scientist who has studied orang utans since 1971. Source: http://orangutanexplore.com Picture 6.2 To reach the place, we should take a boat down Sekonyer river. The boat is popularly called perahu klotok which is a boathouse that can accommodate four people. The trip by the boat to Camp Leaky takes three days and two nights. The traveling in the boat offers another unforgettable experience. You sleep, cook, and eat in that klotok, night and day during your journey into the jungle. In daylight, on your way to Camp Leaky, you can see trees filled with proboscis monkeys. At night, you can enjoy the clear sky and the amazingly bright stars as the only lights for the night. Text sources: 1. www.lonelyplanet.com, 2. www.Indonesian.travel.com, 3. www. Exploguide.com 70 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  74. 74. Task 2: Comprehension Questions Answer the following questions briefly. 1. Based on the text, can you guess what ecotourism is? 2. As one of ecotourism destinations, what does Tanjung Puting Bahasa Inggris 71 National Park offer to tourists? 3. How is the park different from the parks in the cities? 4. How is Camp Leaky related to Tanjung Puting National Park? 5. How can people reach Camp Leaky? 6. What does the word ex-captive tell you about the orang utans in Camp Leaky? 7. What is special about the means of transportation to Camp Leaky? 8. How interesting or uninteresting is the journey on the way to Camp Leaky? Why do you think so? 9. How interested are you in visiting Tanjung Puting National Park? What makes you interested (or not interested) in the park. 10. Give some examples of other ecotourism destinations that you know. POINTS TO PONDER Tourists probably bring food and snacks in paper or plastic packages when they visit a tourist destination. What should they do with the wastes? If you were also a tourist, what would you do? Task 3: After reading the text, in the chart below, identify the main ideas of the paragraphs, and then summarize the most important details in your own words. Work individually first, then compare your answer to that of your classmate sitting next to you.
  75. 75. Paragraph Main Idea Details Paragraph 1 Tanjung Puting National Park offers impressive experience to its visitors. - a jungle which is the habitat of orang utans and proboscis monkeys Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 E Vocabulary Exercises Complete the following sentences using the words in the box. preservation impressive destination unlike enormous establish ex-captive peninsula snout amazing center 1. Although Butet has never taken any private English course, she could speak English very fluently with a foreigner who visited my school yesterday. Everybody at my school admires Butet’s _____________ English. 72 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  76. 76. 2. ____________ her sister who likes outdoor activities, Ni Luh likes to stay at home reading her favorite books. 3. Bali has been the most popular tourist __________ for years, but Indonesia has many other beautiful places to offer to international visitors. 4. The local government needs to ____________ an information center to attract more tourists to visit Indonesia. 5. The _____________ dancers are dancing energetically to show some of the beautiful cultures of Indonesia. 6. In the morning, thousands of people go to the same direction to the ___________ of the city to work and that creates a long traffic jam every day. 7. When people hear the words Tanjung Kodok, they may associate the name with a _______________ like Tanjung Puting National Park. 8. ______________ orang utans may not be afraid of meeting with humans because they used to live with them as illegal pets. 9. I always appreciate the strength ants have because although they are very small they can carry ________ load of food. 10. Their unusually large _______ differentiates proboscis Bahasa Inggris 73 monkeys from other monkeys. 11. We may not keep endangered animals that are protected by the law as our pet. If we have one, we should send it to _____________ site where it can live in a more natural habitat. F Grammar REVIEW Nouns and Adjectives As you know, noun is a thing, a place, or a person, an animal, while adjective is a word that describes a noun. An adjective that describes a noun is called a modifier. A noun that goes with a modifier is called a noun phrase. Observe where the position of the modifier is.
  77. 77. For example: adjectives nouns noun phrases beautiful bird beautiful bird unique monkey unique monkey enormous nose enormous nose pristine jungle pristine jungle Task 1: Study the following sentences. Identify the noun phrase by circling the adjectives and underlining the noun. Draw an arrow to show how the adjectives modify the nouns. Number 1 is done for you as an example. 1. Mount Bromo has amazing scenery. 2. Tanjung Puting National Park offers an impressive experience. 3. Birute Galdikas is an important scientist. 4. The traveling in the boat offers another unforgettable experience. 5. At night, you can enjoy the clear sky and the bright stars. 6. Local people call proboscis monkeys Bekantan. 7. Fruits are orang utans’ favorite food. 8. Keeping orang utans as our pet is an illegal act. 9. In the rehabilitation site, ex-captive orang utans learn to live a natural life. 10. In a real jungle, we can see many incredible animals. 11. Imagine yourself to be in the jungle and meet these special animals in their original habitat. 12. The gigantic trees in the forest indicate that the forest is well preserved. Task 2: Make noun phrases. The words on the left columns are adjectives and the words on the right column are nouns. Combine them to make noun phrases. See number 1 as an example. 74 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  78. 78. attractive lake memorable waterfall fresh atmosphere deep trees clear people gigantic air quiet situation relaxing water friendly journey beautiful food delicious cave large flora and fauna various souvenirs 1. delicious food 2. __________ __________ 3. __________ __________ 4. __________ __________ 5. __________ __________ 6. __________ __________ 7. __________ __________ 8. __________ __________ 9. __________ __________ 10. __________ __________ 11. __________ __________ 12. __________ __________ 13. __________ __________ 14. __________ __________ Bahasa Inggris 75 Task 3: From the previous task, you have reviewed noun phrases made by combining adjectives and nouns, such as pristine jungle, beautiful garden, etc. Those kinds of adjectives are called opinion adjectives because the adjectives tell about our opinion about something. If we want to give more information, we can add more modifiers to the thing (noun) we describe. For instance, in addition to the opinion adjectives, we can also inform the size, and the color, the age, and nationality of the thing (noun).
  79. 79. Observe the following examples. Pay attention to the order of the modifiers. Where is the position of the opinion adjectives? Example: a beautiful old tree → opinion age noun a beautiful reddish leaf → opinion color noun a beautiful Indonesian island → opinion nationality noun The following is the common word order of adjectives before a noun. Opinion Size Age Color Nationality Materials Noun impressive large old purple Chinese ceramic vase beautiful little young dark Indonesian - girl However, it is very rare to find noun phrases with more than 3 modifiers like in the examples in the table above. Now, read the phrases below. Identify the modifiers. See number 1 as an example. 1. large black stones → size color noun 2. a shallow small lake → _____ _____ _____ 3. cold tiny droplets → _____ _____ _____ 4. sweet yellow corns → _____ _____ _____ 5. powerful small ants → _____ _____ _____ 6. beautiful white orchids → _____ _____ _____ 7. a unique golden monkey → _____ _____ _____ 8. favorite thick books → _____ _____ _____ 9. an enormous reddish snout → _____ _____ _____ 10. misty grey morning → _____ _____ _____ 11. a beautiful little young girl → _____ _____ _____ _____ 12. a nice old American woman → _____ _____ _____ _____ 13. breathtaking blue waves → _____ _____ _____ _____ 76 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  80. 80. sun screen lotion backpack mosquito repellent flashlight tie raincoat suit hat suitcase guitar camera jacket banana knife potato chips life vest cooking and eating utensils blanket pop corn flip-flop sneakers diary medicine Bahasa Inggris 77 Task 4: THINK PAIR SQUARE What do we need to bring? What will you need to bring if you visit Camp Leaky, which is located in a jungle, in the heart of Tanjung Puting National Park? Make a list of the items that you will probably bring to make your journey successful. Be ready to explain why you need to bring them. You can choose from the following items and add other items if necessary. Remember not to bring too many things. Work individually first. After your personal list is done, compare it to your classmate’s beside you. Work in pairs to produce one list. Then work in groups of four students to produce one newest list of items. Add the right adjectives to each item to make your list more informative. Do not forget to give the reason for each item you decide to bring. For example: a little yellow flashlight to use in darkness. Source: http://gabbish.com/category/style/ Picture 6.3
  81. 81. G Writing Pair Work Read the following description about a tourist destination carefully. The writer forgot to edit her draft. Can you find the errors in the text and help her edit the text? Use the guiding questions that follow to help you. If you go to Batu city in East Java, do not forget to visit Cuban Rondo. Cuban Rondo is a must-see waterfall because of it spectacular scenery. The first amazing natural charm to enjoy is the huge greenish rock. The gigantic rock and its vegetation that surrounds the waterfal soar high into the sky. The top of the rock bends inward so that when we stand close to the waterfal, we will feel as if we were inside of a gigantic cave or a bowl giant. The greatness of the nature will make you feel very small and price God The second scenery to enjoy is the waterfall itself. from the top of the soaring rock, huge amount of water continuously falls down, splash on the large black stones at the bottom of the waterfall, and forms a shallow small lake and stream. The Source: http://nugrohorino81. student.umm.ac.id/2012/08/ 02/kabupaten-malang/ Picture 6.4 water in the lake and stream crystal clear and icy cold. The wind that blow the falling water and the splash produce millions of tiny droplets of water. The wind can blow your boat. The droplets covers the small lake and visitors in mist. Yes, you will get wet. But you can go to the mall. When the sunlight shine through the cold tiny droplets, you will see rainbows on the earth, not in the sky, that seems close enough to you the senery is breathtaking. End the trip with something that can warm you up. In the rest area, you can buy roasted sweet corns. If that is not enough, you can also buy drinks hot delicious and meatball soup hot. When you go home, leave nothing in the area but your footsteps and bring home only your memory unforgettabel about the beautiful Cuban Rondo Waterfall. 78 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  82. 82. Bahasa Inggris 79 Guiding questions for editing: 1. Does the writer use indentation? What should she do? 2. Does the writer use correct paragraphing? 3. If you were to divide the text into some paragraphs, how would you do it? 4. Are there any irrelevant sentences? Can you help her find out if any? 5. Are there any misspelled words? Can you help her find out if any and correct them? 6. Does she use correct grammar in all of her sentences? Help her check the following things: a. whether the verbs in the sentences are suitable with the subjects, b. whether the places of the modifiers in the noun phrases are correct. 7. Does she begin all sentences with capital letters? Check the sentences and correct any mistakes you find. 8. Does she end all sentences with full stops? Correct them if she does not. H Speaking Pair work Have you ever visited a waterfall or other natural tourist objects? What is interesting or not interesting about the place? Will you recommend that place to your friends? Why? Take turns describing the places.
  83. 83. I Reflection At the end of this chapter, ask yourself the following questions to know how effective your learning process is. 1. What have you learned from this chapter? 2. Can you do all the exercises here? 3. What is your plan to improve your ability in describing places? J Further Activities Noun phrase (NP) is an important element in giving people a lot of information. That is why it is important that you learn to create noun phrases. To do that you will need to read a lot of texts, such as science texts, that often use noun phrases. Find a biology text and identify the noun phrases used. Share what you have with your classmates. 80 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  84. 84. Chapter 7 Visiting Niagara Falls Tujuan Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 7, siswa diharapkan mampu: 1. Menunjukkan kesungguhan belajar bahasa Inggris terkait teks deskriptif sederhana tentang tempat wisata. 2. Menunjukkan perilaku peduli, percaya diri, dan tanggung jawab dalam melaksanakan komunikasi terkait teks deskriptif sederhana tentang tempat wisata. 3. Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan pada teks deskriptif sederhana tentang tempat wisata. 4. Merespon makna dalam teks deskriptif, lisan dan tulis, sederhana, tentang tempat wisata. 5. Menyunting teks deskriptif tulis tentang tempat wisata. Bahasa Inggris 81 Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 7.1
  85. 85. A Warmer Draw and Guess Your teacher will divide the class into two big groups and show you how to play Draw and Guess. Listen to your teacher’s explanation and do the activity as quickly as possible. Try to be the winner. Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 7.2 B Vocabulary Builder Read the text about Visiting Niagara Falls. After you read it, scan the text quickly to find the English equivalents for the Indonesian words below. You are given the dashes and some letters of the English words as the clues. Each dash represents a letter. After you find the words, compare your answer to your friends. c r _ _ _ (verb) melewati/ melintasi g o _ _ _ (noun) jurang a t t r _ _ _ _ _ _ (noun) pertunjukan p o _ _ _ _ _ _ (adjective) menghantam s o _ _ _ _ (adjective) terendam w a t _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (adjective) anti air 82 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1
  86. 86. i l l _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (adjective) berkilauan c h _ _ _ (noun) pesona m i _ _ (noun) kabut s c _ _ _ _ (adjective) indah e x h _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (adjective) mendebarkan p l _ _ _ _ (verb) tercebur s a n _ _ _ _ _ _ (noun) penangkaran p r e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (noun) pelestarian d u _ _ (adverb) petang Bahasa Inggris 83 C Pronunciation Practice Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat after him/her. niagara : / naɪˌæɡ ə rə / gorge : / ɡɔːrdʒ / veil : / veɪl / bridal : / ˈbraɪdl / cave : / keɪv / hurricane : / ˈhʌrɪkən / illuminated : / ɪˈluːməneɪtəd / scenic : / ˈsiːnɪk / boat : / boʊt / exhilarating : / ɪɡˈzɪləreɪtɪŋ / plunge over : / plʌndʒ ‘oʊvər / sanctuary : / ˈsæŋktʃuəri / apparatus : / ˌæpəˈreɪtəs / entrance : / ˈentrəns /
  87. 87. D Reading VISITING NIAGARA FALS Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 7.3 Niagara Falls is the collective name for three waterfalls that cross the international border between the Canadian province of Ontario and the USA’s state of New York. They form the southern end of the Niagara Gorge. From largest to smallest, the three waterfalls are the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. The Horseshoe Falls lie on the Canadian side and the American Falls on the American side. They are separated by Goat Island. The smaller Bridal Veil Falls are also located on the American side, separated from the other waterfalls by Luna Island. There are various attractions that people can enjoy in Niagara Falls, six of them are described here. The first to enjoy in Niagara Falls is Cave of the Winds. This attraction helps people get closer to the falls and go face-to-face with the pounding waters of the Falls. People can get soaked on the Hurricane Deck where they are just feet from the thundering waters. Waterproof clothing and sandals are provided. A trip at night when the Falls are illuminated in a rainbow of color is really amazing. 84 Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Semester 1

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