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ICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn Menteith

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How we can change dogs emotions in order to solve the behavioral problems.

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ICAWC 2015 - I Second that Emotion - Carolyn Menteith

  1. 1. I Second That Emotion Carolyn Menteith DipCABT, KCAI
  2. 2. We need to know why what we do works….
  3. 3. Dogs feel emotions!
  4. 4. It isn’t enough to think “what is he doing?” You need to think “how is he feeling?”
  5. 5. Behaviour is just a symptom of an emotion
  6. 6. Noise phobia Behaviour = panting, panic, denning, shaking etc Emotion = fear (of noises)
  7. 7. Separation related behaviours Behaviour = Panting, panic, vocalisation ,loss of toilet training, destruction, self mutilation etc Emotion = fear (of being alone)
  8. 8. Dog to dog aggression Behaviour = reactivity, lunging, barking, attacks etc Emotions = fear (of strange dogs), relief (when they go away) or frustration
  9. 9. Dog to human aggression Behaviour = stiffening, growling, barking, lunging, snapping, biting etc Emotion = fear (of strange people or of what they might do)
  10. 10. Squirrel chasing Behaviour = running after small animal Emotion = Pleasure!
  11. 11. Counter surfing Behaviour = stealing forbidden food Emotion = pleasure!
  12. 12. Dogs do things that give them pleasure - even if we would rather they didn’t!
  13. 13. If we want to change any behaviour, we need to change the emotion that drives that behaviour Suppressing the behaviour doesn’t change the emotion
  14. 14. To change behaviours, we can take fear and frustration, and work to replace those emotions with relief and pleasure
  15. 15. We can also take pleasure-driven ‘problem behaviours’, and teach the dog how to get even more pleasure a more acceptable way!
  16. 16. Training… Four ‘outcomes’ will make a difference to future behaviours
  17. 17. Plus nothing at all…!
  18. 18. R+, P+, R- & P- Definitions: Anything that is reinforced will be repeated Anything that is punished will happen less often Positive and negative are just adding or taking away something
  19. 19. Positive reinforcement = pleasure = a behaviour that will be repeated! The more pleasure, the more likely it is to be repeated…
  20. 20. Positive punishment = fear = the behaviour will happen less often
  21. 21. P+ works… We used it in schools for years until we became more progressive! Self-preservation says avoid what is dangerous…
  22. 22. Problems with P+ • increase fear in that situation • decrease the dog’s ability to learn • increase an avoidance or aggressive response • cause confusion We don’t know the fallout of P+ until it comes back to bite us!
  23. 23. The ‘negatives’… R- and P- R- = the bad stuff stops = relief P- = the good stuff stops = frustration
  24. 24. When in doubt, ask “would I rather do that behaviour out of fear of punishment, or would I rather do it because it gives me pleasure?”
  25. 25. Carolyn Menteith ICAWC 2015 www.dogtalk.co.uk All photos used with permission where I could find owners - but apologies for any that slipped through the net which I am happy to remove!

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