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Raising Children in a Digital Age

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Raising Children in a Digital Age

  1. 1. Dr Bex Lewis @drbexl Senior Lecturer in Digital Marketing 01 April 2020 Adventists North, Wellington, New Zealand Raising Children in a Digital Age https://www.slideshare.net/drbexl
  2. 2. Today’s Plan • Who are we? • The digital environment • Social networks & mobile phones • Conversation is key • Some particular concerns • A reminder about values • Some useful resources • Q&A
  3. 3. My Twitter Bio Life Explorer, author, speaker, SL #digitalmarketing MMU, Christian, digital culture, @digitalfprint, #KeepCalm, #BusyLivingWithMets #WIASN #Pockets #Cheese
  4. 4. Published by Lion Hudson February 2014 *Working on new edition *Italian (Nov 2015) *Chinese (2016) http://j.mp/RCIDAge Dr Bex Lewis @drbexl
  5. 5. Digital Literacy "digital literacy defines those capabilities which fit an individual for living, learning and working in a digital society” https://www.jisc.ac.uk/guides/developing-digital-literacies
  6. 6. Responsibility? “Social media companies have a responsibility to protect people who use their technology, and we want to hear what more can be done to keep children and young people safe from online threats. This Government is determined to make Britain the safest country in the world for young people to be online, and to make sure that everyone – including the public sector, technology firms, parents and children themselves – is playing their part.” Karen Bradey MP, Government Internet Safety Strategy, April 2017 http://drbexl.co.uk/2017/04/20/media-discussing-responsibility-social-media-companies-re-safer-internet-ucbmedia/
  7. 7. https://www.justice.g ovt.nz/justice-sector- policy/key- initiatives/harmful- digital- communications/
  8. 8. What do you know about each other?
  9. 9. Interaction On Twitter you only have 160 characters in your ‘bio’ to make yourself ‘known’ to other people, other social media is similar… Find someone with whom you have something in common, that you didn’t know already *think achievements, hobbies, travel, interests, family
  10. 10. The Digital Environment
  11. 11. https://www.faceb ook.com/BBCArc hive/videos/4725 72483115787/
  12. 12. https://www.thea tlantic.com/maga zine/archive/201 7/09/has-the- smartphone- destroyed-a- generation/5341 98/
  13. 13. Understand! “If we want resilient kids we need to understand what young people’s experiences are online, listen to their concerns, and intervene with their best interests in mind.” Jane Tallim, Co-Executive Director, MediaSmarts, Canada, January 2015 http://mediasmarts.ca/research-policy/young-canadians-wired-world-phase-iii-trends-recommendations
  14. 14. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/12103150/Rembrandt-The-Night-Watch-The-real- story-behind-the-kids-on-phones-photo.html
  15. 15. HAVE smartphones destroyed a generation? “Giving lip service to the difference between correlations and causality, as Twenge does at several points, is not enough. ‘Of course, these analyses don’t unequivocally prove that screen time causes unhappiness’, she writes (her emphasis). ‘[I]t’s possible that unhappy teens spend more time online’. In fact, the analyses she refers to don’t prove causality at all, let alone unequivocally. At another point Twenge writes that ‘Depression and suicide have many causes; too much technology is clearly not the only one’. In fact, we don’t know (at least from the evidence she presents) that it is a cause at all.” http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/parenting4digitalfuture/2017/08/11/some-thoughts-on-the- atlantic/http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/parenting4digitalfuture/2017/08/11/some-thoughts-on-the-atlantic/
  16. 16. The Myth of the ‘Digital Native’ Read more: http://drbexl.co.uk/2014/02/11/digitalparenting-the-myth-of-the-digital-native-sid2014 Image: https://medium.com/@blucy94/lets-talk-about-digital-natives-8217e406ed89
  17. 17. Social Networks & Mobile Phones
  18. 18. https://datareportal.com/reports/digital-2020-new-zealand
  19. 19. https://littletonpublicschools.net/cybersafety
  20. 20. https://gs.statcounter.com/social-media-stats/all/new-zealand
  21. 21. Mobile/Cell Phone Boundaries? An ideal time to discuss mobile phone boundaries with your child is the day you buy their first one. These should include: • sticking to a budget • the use they can put it to/any access you may have • understanding what to do about security if the phone gets stolen/limiting the chances of it being stolen • knowing what will happen if they lose or break it http://gph.is/1sD0FtZ
  22. 22. http://www.huffingtonp ost.com/janell-burley- hofmann/iphone- contract-from-your- mom_b_2372493.html
  23. 23. https://www.verywell .com/social-media- contract-for-tweens- and-parents- 3288520
  24. 24. Conversation, Conversation, Conversation https://unsplash.com/photos/8H9ph_Jp3hA
  25. 25. H/T @God_Loves_Women http://drbexl.co.uk/tag/addiction/
  26. 26. It’s not just ‘the kids’… “In some ways, it seems difficult to explain the power of social media on my everyday life, including my academic life, because I’m so embedded within it, that many things have just become ‘normal’. If I need some ideas, some quotes, some suggestions of readings, I will just put a post up, and see what catches people’s attention, but it goes much deeper than that! I always want to emphasise the importance of online/offline interactions, and how the lines between them have blurred more and more as the years have gone on. Potential collaborations start online, and lead to offline meet-ups, or a conversation starts offline, and the ideas continue flowing online. Sometimes they stay fully online, and that’s fine too!” ‘Bex Lewis’, in Ord, T. Theologians and Philosophers on Social Media, 2017
  27. 27. Self-Regulation… Charlotte Robertson, the co-founder of Digital Awareness UK, said: “We speak to thousands of students on a daily basis about safe internet use and while it’s a matter of concern to see the emotional impact social media is having on young people’s health and wellbeing, it’s encouraging to see that they are also employing smart strategies such as digital detoxing to take control of their social media use. http://bit.ly/GuardianSocMedChildren (05/10/17)
  28. 28. “Some have tested extreme detoxes. Susan Maushart, writing for the Daily Mail, undertook a six-month “technology blackout” for her entire family, which she viewed as a consciousness raising exercise rather than a long-term strategy.7 Paul Millar, a technology journalist, disconnected from the internet for a year but found that, after the initial feeling of “freedom”, he picked up other bad habits. He ignored his post and his friends, allowed the dust to gather on his exercise equipment, failed to turn boredom into creativity, and sat and did nothing. On analysing this for an article for The Verge magazine, he was able to make more informed technology choices once he reconnected.” Raising Children in a Digital Age, p181
  29. 29. Some Particular Concerns
  30. 30. Addiction? ‘It is interesting to note that we’ll frequently talk about internet addiction, but this accusation is not made at those whose noses are buried in a ‘good book’, or a newspaper. There’s something about the digital that attracts particular criticism, and we need to consider whether it is valid condemnation, or whether any of our habits or lifestyles, when viewed as a whole, require more consideration.’ Lewis, 2018 See also: https://www.ted.com/talks/johann_hari_everything_you_think_you_know_about_addiction_is_wrong?
  31. 31. Thecoresignsofaddiction • The activitybecomesthemost importantthing ina person’slife. • Moods changeinaccordancewiththe activity. • Continually higherdosesofan activityarerequiredtoachievetheoriginalsensations. • Withdrawalsymptomssuchasanxiety and depressionareexperiencedwhenthe activityis stopped. • Increasingconflictoccurswiththoseintheclosestsocialcircle. • Thereisatendencytoreturntothe activityafterperiodsofcontrol(relapse). • The “sunkcost”fallacyisexperienced:notwanting toabandonsomethingaftersomuchtime hasbeensunk intoit. RaisingChildreninaDigitalAge,p168 Listen: http://bit.ly/children-womans-hour; http://bit.ly/premier-deloitte-addiction
  32. 32. Screentime • Interactive: The child should be required to do something, otherwise they may just as well be watching TV; interaction means they will be engaged in what they are doing and learning from it. • Complementary: A link to current school subjects, hobby or a day’s activity. Repetition and variation will support learning. • Variety: Learning happens every day in a variety of ways, both direct and indirect. Children benefit from variety and making choices. Interactive screens are part of the variety. • Moderation: Don’t let it be the only way they learn. Too much of any single thing can be detrimental. Keep mixing it up. • Age-appropriate: Just as we consider the appropriateness of the films our children watch, the same consideration needs to be given to the content they consume on a tablet. http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/parenting4digitalfuture/2017/09/06/tablet-totalitarianism/
  33. 33. The Bullied The Bully The Bystander
  34. 34. Increased time spent online will most likely increase exposure to negative experiences – but also the positive opportunities. Nancy Willard, a cyberbullying expert, calls for us to work on the “understanding that the vast majority of young people want to make good choices, do not want to be harmed, and do not want to see their friends or others harmed”. We can’t control their whole environment, online or offline, so parents need to give their children the capability to deal with problems as they come across them. Raising Children in a Digital Age, p.63
  35. 35. BBC: Be Smart “We’re doing this because all the research tells us that children and young people respond best to their peers. Whether they’re under pressure to take part in a dangerous prank, or to victimise someone, or whether they’re an online bully themselves, stories told by other young people are most likely to resonate and to help them cope, or change their behaviour.” Andrew Tomlinson, Executive Producer, Media Literacy, BBC Learning http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/aboutthebbc/entries/f1f50247-4902-4998-bf58-3e2d3c007587
  36. 36. Friendship
  37. 37. https://figure.nz/chart/mmv1VDtlvS YBRXxR-iTzuqrhLMeY0c31K https://figure.nz/chart/bdQy4jn1Bq Mjo4l3-AZ0eMHRsXcLCb3rz
  38. 38. Image: Stockfresh
  39. 39. To monitor or not to monitor? Image Credit: Stockfresh
  40. 40. Who sees this? 1. Parents 2. ‘Kids’ 3. Newspaper 4. Enemy Image Credit: Stockfresh
  41. 41. A reminder about values
  42. 42. Human Beings at machines, not “are machines” Image Source: Stockfresh
  43. 43. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/28/well/mind/how-to-be-mindful-with-facebook.html?
  44. 44. Progressive Responsibilty • Do it for them • Do it with them • Watch while they do it • Let them do it for themselves. Will Taylor
  45. 45. Do not … leave them to their own devices Be involved • Seek to understand what/how they are using • Not just the latest ‘moral panic’ • Negotiate boundaries: write family agreements • Talk to them, listen to them • Be alongside them - especially in the early years • Consider your own habits
  46. 46. Social Media or Society? “If we don’t like what social media is presenting us [with], we should look at society instead, not just the tool they communicate with.” Caroline Criado-Perez, 2013 Source: http://www.interhacktives.com/2013/12/04/5th-hackney-debate-social-media-blessing-curse/
  47. 47. Some Resource Suggestions
  48. 48. https://www.netsafe.org.nz/
  49. 49. https://nationalonlinesafety.com/guides
  50. 50. https://unbound.com/books/taming-gaming/ http://bit.ly/children-gaming
  51. 51. https://www.dia.go vt.nz/Censorship- Online-Safety
  52. 52. https://www.police.govt.nz/advice-services/cybercrime-and-internet/internet-safety
  53. 53. Connect further: http://drbexl.co.uk/ @drbexl https://mmu.onlinesurveys.ac.uk/raising-children-in-a-digital-age-2

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